"Recognition of the inherent dignity and of equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world Everyone has the right to life, liberty and the security of person."
With these few words, the United Nations has pretty much summed up the mission of Human Rights Watch, an international non-governmental organization whose only aim is to ensure the well being and the inherent rights to life that all human beings are entitled to. By using means such as the media for example, Human Rights Watch sets out to not only insure that all human beings live their lives with dignity but to also bring to justice those who, through merciless dictatorships, suppress the happiness and basic human rights of their people. This paper will first explain briefly the history of Human Rights Watch; second, it will describe a major undertaking, mainly its role in the War on Iraq, past and present, third, reasons of the success of the organization in this undertaking, and finally the implications of the said undertaking in international relations and international organizations. THE HISTORY OF HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
Human Rights Watch was founded in 1978 and was known first as Helsinki Watch. It was originally intended to enforce the provisions on human rights that were laid out by the Helsinki Accords. It then spread to Central America in the 1980s in response to the countless human rights abuses that were made in many of the civil wars that took place there. Soon enough it began spreading throughout the world, forming different Watch committees through out the world, such as the Middle East, Central America, South America, and Asia, etc. In 1988, all the different watch committees united to form one committee, thus forming Human Rights Watch. Their headquarters are located in different parts of the world, mainly New York, London, Brussels, Moscow, and over 70 countries. In regions where there are extensive investigations, they set up temporary offices to accommodate their investigations.
How does Human Rights Watch make the world aware of human rights abuses in a country? The answer can be found on their website, where they post their strategy for ensuring the human rights of all. "Human Rights Watch researchers conduct fact-finding investigations into human rights abuses in all regions of the world. Human Rights Watch then publishes those findings in dozens of books and reports every year, generating extensive coverage in local and international media." After that, they then "meet with government officials to urge changes in policy and practice -- at the United Nations, the European Union, in Washington and in capitals around the world. In extreme circumstances, Human Rights Watch presses for the withdrawal of military and economic support from governments that egregiously violate the rights of their people."
In conclusion, Human Rights Watch will use any viable resources in order to ensure that the world is informed of Human Rights abuses that occur in the world, and set out to remind the world that, yes, it is their business to get involved and do something about it. One cannot just stay put and do nothing while someone uses their god-given power to suppress a nation. IRAQ ONE OF THE MANY MAJOR UNDERTAKINGS OF H.R.W.
Sadaam Hussein took over as president of Iraq in 1979 and was known to many, especially to Human Rights Watch, as one of the most ruthless, merciless leaders who has ever been in power. Although claiming to be a devout Muslim, he was a "member of the Sunni minority", and "repressed and persecuted Iraq's restive Shiite majority". His cruelty was not reduced only to the Shiite majority. According to Human Rights Watch, Sadaam Hussein ordered that chemical weapons be tested on his own people, the Iraqi Kurds that lived in Northern Iraq. Iraqis were subjected to torture if they were even suspected of not liking Hussein's regime. In...
...Russia, 11.5% of the population are unemployed. 28.6% of the population live below poverty line”. As maintained by the U.S. Department of State, “Millions of Russian workers are underemployed. Unemployment is highest among women and young people”. Through HumanRightsWatch, I learned that “Until recently, women made up approximately half of Russia's work force”. However, due to “the overall dislocation of the Russian economy”…numerous people found themselves unemployed and in need of work in “market that no longer values their skills”. “In many regions of Russia, women's unemployment exceeds 80 percent… Scholars monitoring the rates and causes of unemployment maintain that actual unemployment is much higher. According to the federal Department of Employment, only 25 percent of the unemployed even try to register as unemployed” (1). What does this mean for Russian women? This means that she is at her most vulnerable state, open for predators just waiting to jump at the chance to steal her, manipulate her, lure her into a world that will eat her whole and spit her out looking old, worn out, and many times dead.
These predators, usually mafia, tend to look for young, attractive girls to lure or kidnap into the trade of human flesh. What many people don’t realize is that these young, poor, and naïve girls typically don’t know that such a devastating thing could ever happen to them. The trafficking of women...
Over the years Human Trafficking has grown tremendously. Besides the fact that it is getting worse and worse each year, a majority of which is due to the economy, society has negligently treated the issue of human trafficking by obtaining a careless attitude. Most have the “it will not ever happen to me”, or “it only happens in other parts of the world” mentality. But realistically that is just not the case.Human trafficking is happening all around the world and the chances of it happening to you are highly increasing. Reported by Bilich (2000)”Every 40 seconds in the United States, a child becomes missing or is abducted.” As startling as this statistic may sound, it shows the reality of how unsafe our children really are. Although children may be the most targeted, adults over the age of eighteen are also a target for human trafficking. We as a whole need to resolve the problem before it gets worse.
Definition and statistics of Human Trafficking
Although many of us know the basis of human trafficking there is a lot more to the idea then one may know. Human trafficking (also considered modern-day slavery) is said to be by Cornell University (2005) “[any] victim who is forced, defrauded or coerced into labor or sexual exploration. Annually about 600,000 to 800,000 people-mostly women and children are trafficked across national...
...Combating Human Trafficking
Over the past several years, human trafficking has become a sizable world-wide problem. Human Trafficking has had a considerable affect on the World and United States. To combat this, several laws and initiatives have been enacted. While this allows for some headway in combating this problem, there are still several things that we can do to help. This review of literature on Human Trafficking focuses on these areas and provides the information on the steps that can help combat this epidemic.
Human trafficking, also known as trafficking in persons is slavery. The United Nations defines human trafficking as "The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation". The Department of Justice notes that human trafficking frequently involves the trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation and also often involves exploitation of agricultural and sweatshop workers, as well as individuals working as domestic servants.
The University of Pittsburgh's Legal Paper (Jurist Law) estimates that...
...HumanRights -Role of NGO
“The evolution of the humanrights movement clearly illustrates humanity’s ongoing struggle toward creating a better world.”– Robert Alan
Many organizations around the world dedicate their efforts to protecting humanrights and ending humanrights abuses. Public support and condemnation of abuses is important to their success, as humanrights organizations are most effective when their calls for reform are backed by strong public advocacy. Non Governmental Organization is one of the examples of such groups. In every part of the globe, there are Non-Governmental Organizations’ (NGOs) working every hour of the day to document the injustices heaped upon women, children and the under-class, standing beneath the bottom rung of the society. By their active campaigning, they remind Governments to keep their promise in order to give practical shape to goals set by various national and international conventions on humanrights. India is estimated to have between 1 million and 2 million NGOs. The NGO are a necessary corollary to the democratic machinery of the government, they are means of democratic empowerment of those who are less powerful and less advantaged as the government machinery and its authorized institution are not always sufficient to guarantee the protection of...
HumanRights Research Paper
Savannah State University
November 21, 2014
In this essay I will express my view of what I consider to be basic humanrights and what the violation of humanrights is and why it is wrong and unethical. Examples will be provided from events throughout history that demonstrated violation of humanrights.HumanRights Violation Research Paper
The freedom to express an opinion and to act freely without violating the rights of others is known as humanrights. This refers to the basic merits and liberties to which all humans are entitled. The topic of humanrights is a very controversial subject that has received lot of attention over the years. Many people may have different opinions on what frames humanrights but the majority of society believes that everyone should have the same privileges. Regardless of religion, race, or gender, all individuals have the rights to the same freedoms.
Globally speaking the world has faced a lot of human discrimination jointly in the past years, and these humanrights violations are still going on today. All human beings suffer...
...Humanrights violations are a major occurrence in many countries throughout the world. Humanrights include being free from abuse, assault, and exploitation. Major violations in these countries include human trafficking, exploitation of women and children, discrimination and abuse. The scope of this analysis includes humanrights violation against women and children in Ghana, Columbia and India; three different countries on three different continents. The United States and large U.S. corporations have trade agreements and conduct day- to- day business in each of these countries. These powerful entities have an obligation to not only conduct responsible business but to also ensure the social welfare of the local population.
The United States is one of Ghana’s primary trading partners and many U.S. businesses have market share in the West African country. The U.S. has maintained a trade agreement with Ghana since the year 2000, and has good political and business relationships with the country. However, there is a startling amount of violence and abuse occurring with its society. Despite our country’s close financial ties with Ghana, the population is suffering, without any attention or action being taken by the U.S. population. According to the Department of State, “violence against women and children; female genital mutilation…; societal discrimination against...
How is Trafficking of Women and Girls a violation of HumanRights?
“To deny people their humanrights is to challenge their very humanity” (Mandela). Humanrights can be defined by United Nations as rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. Victims ofhuman trafficking have had their most basic form of rights taken away from them; rights that they were guaranteed from at the point of birth. This means that they have been stolen of their humanity, as if they were an object. Trafficking is a violation of humanrights because it robs women and girls of the rights of freedom of: speech and expression, highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, education, and social interaction.
Primarily, human trafficking violates a victim’s intrinsic right of speech and expression through intimidation and force. In the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, it declares freedom of speech and expression to everyone, without discrimination. “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech…” (U.S. Constitution). This...
...HumanRights Education (HRE) according to Shiman 1999 is ‘all learning that develops the knowledge, skills and values of humanrights’. If HRE is effective then it can change a person’s values, attitudes and behaviour which could potentially be life changing (University of Minnesota, 2009).Despite the widespread recognition of the importance of education and that education is a basic humanright; there are staggering statistics to show that many people go without a basic education. Many children miss out on good quality education or any type of education at all due to political and religious conflict against their right to an education. Throughout this essay challenges to HRE will be critically discussed and examples of the challenges to HRE will be given using case studies.
The question of why education is so significant in today’s society is often raised. However many people do not see that education is perhaps one of the most important factors in life. Without education it would be virtually impossible for the world to develop and to eradicate poverty and famine. Through education society can move forward due to people gaining skills and knowledge which give them the ability to devise new ideas to help improve the world. The ability to gain a good job with high pay all comes from a good education and money enables a person to have a better future and live in comfort (Dr....