Human Rights Violation
What do you think of when you hear the term “Child Soldier”? You probably think of a normal child who has been trained to become an armed soldier from his early childhood. No, the reality is that child soldiers still do exist in many parts of the world. First of all, what do you mean by child soldiers? Child soldiers are any children under 18 years of age who is a member of the armed forces or an armed group. Today, child soldier has been one of the major issues in the economy of human civilization. It has fore mostly impacted many countries from developing and moving a step forwards in their humanitarian activities. So, as a relation of us towards the development of humanity and human civilization, every individual in this world should try their best to erase this particular violation or term “Child Soldier” from history.
As briefly discussing about this particular human right violation, this violation has been one of the major issues in Canada and many other countries. As concisely defining this topic, a child soldier is any children under 18 years of age who is part of any kind of regular or irregular armed force or armed group in any capacity. The definition also includes girls recruited for sexual purposes and for forced marriage. It does not, therefore, only refer to a child who is carrying or has carried arms. Children are more likely to become child soldiers if they are displaced from their homes, separated from their families, living in combat zones or have limited access to education. Children may join armed groups as the only way to guarantee daily food and survival. In some situations, children may ‘voluntarily’ take part in warfare, not realizing the dangers and abuses they will be subjected to. Most likely these children are responding to economic, cultural, social and political pressures.
As discussing different facts about Child Labour in Canada and worldwide, the major fact has been estimated that...
...Violation of ChildRights
First of all, if we want to talk about violation of childrights we have to define childrights, what they are, and to whom they are intended.”A child is any human being below the age of eighteen years, unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.", World leaders in 1989 decided that children needed a special convention, because children often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders also wanted to make sure that people under 18 year old have humanrights too.
UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989 and entry into force on September 2nd 1990. The Convention spells out the basic humanrights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The four foundation principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views...
...Child marriage is a serious form of humanrightsviolation affecting young girls globally. It was estimated 10 million girls under the age of 18 get married every year (Bruce & Clark 2004) and according to Population Council Analysis of United Nations Country Data on Marriage (2002), more than 100 million girls will get married in the next decade if the current pattern persists. Girls who are disproportionately the most affected by this inhumane practice suffer tremendously. It is unreasonable such practice that robs away a girl's childhood can exist, considering the devastating effects such as physical and psychological damages, severe health consequences and denial of personal development.
1.1 Physical and Psychological Damages
Many young girls who are being forced into marriage face abuse and violence as their daily reality, yet most of them believe that a husband is justified in beating his wife (Jenson & Thornton 2003). For example, in Kenya, 36 percent of girls married before 18 consider the action of a husband beating his wife is acceptable as compared to 20 percent of married women (UNICEF 2005). Prolonged violence behaviours towards child brides including coercive sex, verbal abuse, slapping and beatings cause them to be emotionally affected and undergo post-traumatic stress. According to Khan and Lynch (1997), such symptoms are like feeling of hopelessness, helplessness and...
...Q) Can the violation of humanrights ever be justified?
What is humanrights? We have always heard the phrase ‘humanrights’ being used in newspapers, essays, even in daily life but have we ever truly understood its meaning? Humanright is an act that aims to protect the basic welfare of the people in the world regardless of age, religion or race. It is an act that aims to ensure that there is equality among the people. However, the question here is – Is it being followed? Are people, companies and governments abiding by the basic rights or is there any rights being opposed? I believe that the humanrights act was passed for a reason and under no context should it be acceptable to violate it.
Under humanrights, we have the right of freedom, the right to education, to healthcare, to equal job opportunities, to minimum wages and to equality where we are not discriminated based on our race, religion or gender. Yet even with all of these in place, there are still cases where there is inequality.
The rights to freedom gives us the power of choice, to make our own decisions, to speak our mind, to live our life as we wish and to do what we want how and when we want to. But do we really have the right to freedom?...
March 22, 2013
Economic Problems in Society
“The rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened.” John F. Kennedy shows how important HumanRights is everywhere. If one law is broken against HumanRights, pandemonium is expected from other citizens. The HumanRights system has been around for over 200 years in American history and is continuing to bring peace and stopping deter aggression, but many countries in the world seem to forget about HumanRights or forget about the meaning to live as a human being. China and North Korea both hold strict rules and regulations on how families in that country should live. In Iran, people can be executed just for being gay. There are many different fields in which HumanRights needs to be looked at and reformed properly through strategic methods that will help ratify peace. The way to restore HumanRights properly is by having the Private Sector and Voluntary Sector, since not government ran, provide the ones harmed by violations given care and having rehabilitation for the accused, otherwise chaos could break loose.
Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, always wants to ratify HumanRights to make it the safest it can...
...UN CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was brought into effect to recognise that Children needed their own set of specific humanrights that should be protected and that these were a universal right not a privilege. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was drawn up and accepted by the UN in 1989. The UK government agreed to abide by the principles in 1991 and it was fully implemented in 1992. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is the most universally recognised set of standards for protecting the rights of children and numerous countries have agreed to abide by it. The Convention forms a set of articles that highlight the minimum entitlements of all children. These articles have been split into four main categories: the general requirements for all the rights; the basic rights to life, survival and development of one’s full potential; being kept safe from harm; and respecting the views of the child. The Convention also sets out minimum standards in areas such as health care, education and social services to protect those children’s rights. There are 54 articles in total that apply to all children with no exceptions, here are two examples; Article 19 states that all young people have the...
...A childsoldier any person under the age of 18 who is a member of an armed force or political group (government or otherwise). These young combatants participate in all aspects of contemporary warfare. They wield AK-47s and M-16s on the front lines of combat, serve as human mine detectors, participate in suicide missions, carry supplies, and act as spies, messengers or lookouts. Some are even recruited as sexual slaves.
Physically vulnerable and easily intimidated, children typically make obedient soldiers. Many are abducted or recruited by force, and often compelled to follow orders under threat of death. Others join armed groups out of desperation. As society breaks down during conflict, leaving children no access to school, driving them from their homes, or separating them from family members, many children perceive armed groups as their best chance for survival. Others seek escape from poverty or join military forces to avenge family members who have been killed. Many girls have reported enlisting to escape domestic servitude, violence and sexual abuse.
For various reasons, it’s impossible to give a global figure for the number of childsoldiers at any one time. Military commanders frequently conceal children or deny access to observers. Armed groups frequently operate in dangerous, inaccessible zones to which observers do not have access and many children perform support roles and...
a) The nature of the humanrights issue
A childsoldier is a person under the age of 18 who participates, directly or indirectly, in armed conflicts as part of an armed force or group, in either armed and supporting roles. The use of children in armed conflict is considered to be a form of slavery or human trafficking. Although children join armed groups ‘voluntarily’ it often involves coercion, force or deception, or the child may see no other option for survival but to join. The UN and humanrights watch estimated that the number of children serving in armed conflicts at between 200 000- 300 000. The UN reported 57 armed groups’ worldwide using childsoldiers.
b) Where the humanrights issue occurs.
Worldwide conflicts that have involved childsoldiers include:
* Palestinian territories
In Uganda more than 30 000 children have been kidnapped to serve as soldiers and slaves my lord’s resistance army (LRA); the boys are forced to loot and burn villages and to torture and kill neighbours; girls are raped or become sex slaves.
c) The legal and non legal responses to childsoldiers both include...
...use of ChildSoldiers in Liberia
Generally stated, this paper seeks to establish the role of childsoldiers in the escalation of armed conflict in Africa. The previous chapters have discussed the regional armed conflicts where childsoldiers were used or are being used like the case of DRC Congo. This chapter will critically analyse the use of childsoldiers in Liberia. There were approximately 120,000 childsoldiers who were participating in armed conflicts in Africa. Out of these, approximately 24,000 were in the Liberian conflict. Liberia is not a poor country. It has natural resources that could sustain its estimated population of 3.2 million people. The question is how the available resources was being utilised and how did it contribute in fuelling the conflict. The availability of precious minerals and hard wood timber in Liberia contributed greatly in escalating and maintain the 14 years Liberian conflict.
The age of the childsoldier does not guarantee their immunity from being deployed the battlefield because while most are in their teens, some are as young as seven years old. Being so tender in age, they may start out as cooks, messengers, porters or guards, but often end up on the frontlines of combat. In Liberia, many boys some as young as nine or ten man...