Human rights violations are a major occurrence in many countries throughout the world. Human rights include being free from abuse, assault, and exploitation. Major violations in these countries include human trafficking, exploitation of women and children, discrimination and abuse. The scope of this analysis includes human rights violation against women and children in Ghana, Columbia and India; three different countries on three different continents. The United States and large U.S. corporations have trade agreements and conduct day- to- day business in each of these countries. These powerful entities have an obligation to not only conduct responsible business but to also ensure the social welfare of the local population.
The United States is one of Ghana’s primary trading partners and many U.S. businesses have market share in the West African country. The U.S. has maintained a trade agreement with Ghana since the year 2000, and has good political and business relationships with the country. However, there is a startling amount of violence and abuse occurring with its society. Despite our country’s close financial ties with Ghana, the population is suffering, without any attention or action being taken by the U.S. population. According to the Department of State, “violence against women and children; female genital mutilation…; societal discrimination against women, trafficking in women and children; and child labor, including forced child labor” are major issues in Ghana’s society. Reports indicate that Ghana is a source, hub, and destination for trafficking of women and children for forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation. Most of the destitute children bought and sold are either boys forced to work arduous hours in fishing communities or girls used as domestic servants. Women are bought and sold while being promised education and steady work, but upon arrival in foreign locations, they are forced into prostitution. Not only are women and children being bought and sold, those that stay in Ghana are being abused at an alarming rate. A recent study in Ghana on violence revealed that one in three women has been beaten, slapped or physically punished by a current or a previous partner. The government is still trying to ratify domestic violence policy that would make it easier to actually prosecute offenders. Despite open protest from women’s advocacy groups, proposed legislation ideas have not been turned into law. Along with abuse, women face considerable amounts of discrimination in the workplace and elsewhere. Women with skills and training are minimally discriminated against but, according to State Department findings, “Women, especially in rural areas, remained subject to burdensome labor conditions and traditional male dominance.” Ghana appears to be doing little to protect its women and children, and the United States Government, along with many domestic corporations continue to conduct ongoing business there without rebuke or censure.
Marking the most significant trade contract in the Western Hemisphere in over a decade, the U.S. and Columbia signed a free trade agreement in February 2006. Columbia’s economy is fueled by a plethora of natural resources and a highly educated population. Columbia is the second largest agricultural market in Latin America, and the United States has significant economic ties with Colombia. The South American country is currently the 31st largest goods trading partner with the U.S., with $14.3 billion in total goods traded during 2005. The stock of U.S. foreign direct investment in Colombia was $3.4 billion in 2005, a 20.7% increase from 2004. Unfortunately, our trading partner commits vast amounts of unchecked human rights violations that hurt the Columbian communities and weaken the society. Child abuse, sexual exploitation of women and children, and active recruiting of children into paramilitary groups are common occurrences in Columbia....
...that support the fulfilment of rights and choices of individuals with dementia while minimising risk of harm
RIGHTSHumanrights; independence; respect; freedom to do what I want; to protect myself and my property; to be heard; to vote; to express my sexuality; right to an education/work.
RISK Danger; part of life; unacceptable or acceptable; who’s risk? risky activities; risk of harm; injury; protection.
CHOICE Independence; ‘my life’; variety of; priorities; making the right choice; making the wrong choice; what to eat; what to wear; relationships; place to live.
HARM Danger; pain; intentional or unintentional; long lasting or short lasting; reputation; sense of identity/safety.
ABUSE Physical; emotional; ﬁnancial; sexual; neglect; law; vulnerable; prison; shocking.
TRUST Friendship; feeling – safe, secure, positive; enabling; back up; care; love. Money in Trust
DIGNITY Free from embarrassment; acknowledged as a human being; a way of being/carrying oneself; sense of self; lack of dignity – abuse, damage, pain, fear
1.1 Explain the impact of key legislation that relates to fulfilment of rights and choices and the minimising of risk of harm for an individual with dementia
HumanRights Act of 1998 - This Act became law on the 9th November 1998 and mostly came into force on 2 October 2000. Its aim is to...
Union rights and consultation
Below is a list of the main features of current employment legislation
Employment Act 1996
Equalities and Discrimination laws
Employment Act 2008
Health and safety legislation at work Act 1974
Why do legislation relating to employment exists?
The reason employment law exist is to stop the exploitation of workers by their employers, and to ensure that the employeesrights are being followed. If these law didn’t exists them employer would be took advantage of and may not be treated correctly and fairly. The laws cover all aspects that could arise, weither this involves age, gender, disability. The laws protect employees from unfair bosses. if there wasn't laws then there would be no rules, and companies could do whatever they want. These legislation are also in place to support employers.
Below are sources and types of information and advice available in relation to employment responsibilities and rights:
There are many places you can get information from these could include:
• Web sites
• Information leaflets
• Citizens Advice Bureau
Describe the terms and conditions of own contract of employment
My contract of employment covers Job Location, as regards to where I am based in my employment. A job description, which describes the duties...
...Understanding employment responsibility and rights
1.1 Aspects of employment covered by law
Hours worked (Working time directive (WTD))
Health and safety
Redundancy and dismissal
1.2 Main features of current employment legislation
Equality and discrimination
Health and safety
1.3 Outline why legislation relating to employment exists
UK employment law exists to protect employees and workers against circumstances they may face in their working lives – these are known as ‘statutory rights’. Although the protection available to employees and workers differs (generally, employees have greater rights than workers), every person who works for an employer is protected from discrimination in the workplace, has the right to receive the national minimum wage, and to work no more than 48 hours per week unless they wish to. These employee rights apply regardless of whether the employee or worker is temporary, fixed-term or permanent, or how long they have worked for the employer.
1.4 Identify sources and types of information and advice available in relation to employment rights and responsibilities
Sources of information and advice can be accessed in person or on-line:
ACAS – Advisory, conciliation...
...HumanRights and Social Justice Integrated Paper
Viewpoint and Concepts that Best Clarify the Dilemmas in Hugo’s Case
Hugo’s story highlights the value conflicts that social workers face in every-day practice. The policies that dictate the funding, the scope of services, and the eligibility for the services that Hugo may need in order to actualize his basic humanrights were developed within a system that continues to practice within the Rawlsian theory of social justice frame work. Therefore, these government policies tend to support the concept that people are only entitled to their “fair and due share” of services and/or access to resources if they are working to enhance the good of the over all society (Banerjee, 2005, p. 13). In Hugo’s case, there are psychological, cultural and physical factors that may impact his ability to maintain gainful employment. These individual aspects of Hugo’s life situation are not taken into consideration in determining how long he can receive supports, or what types of supports he receives. The state-funded financial benefits that Hugo requires in order to have his very, basic needs met; such as food, clothing and shelter, have a five-year limit. Because there is no consideration to humanrights behind the 5-year...
KTI is a manufacturing company. They use a certain amount of harmful elements, however they are trying to reduce their pollution and become more ecological. Even though environmentalism is not the boss' Carl Damon's main priority, becoming green would give the company a better image, and make them stand out from their competition. For this reason, they have hired an employee, Jacquie Lipscomb, who is a big supporter of the environment and would help the company improve their ethics.
Key Issues & Problems
The main issue here is that the company had planned to become more ecological in order to boost their image, however they did not stick to plan. In consequence, this brought doubts to employee Jacquie Lipscomb about how truthful the company really is. Lipscomb decided to work for KTI because she was passionate about the environment, and Carl Damon hoped that she would bring awareness towards the entire company about being more ecological. Nonetheless, they did not follow their resolutions, which shows a lack of commitment, as well as communication, as Lipscomb was unaware of what was happening “behind the scenes” at the company. KTI's dishonesty led Lipscomb to distrust the company and question her working in such an environment, disrespecting her beliefs. This also shows a lack of “compassion” towards the employees on the behalf of the boss Carl Damon.
Jacquie Lipscomb and Carl Damon had different motives. Even though they agreed to...
...Assignment 1: Apple Inc. - Corporate Responsibility and Marketing Strategies
Instructor: Dr. Jean Fonkoua
BUS508- Contemporary Business
Apples ethics and socialresponsibility
In researching the Apple Company’s Social (Supplier) and ethical responsibilities I found that their initiatives are geared toward Empowering Workers, Labor & HumanRights, Health & Safety, Environment and Accountability. I think their approach is interesting but I feel that a large company like Apple can do way more for the local communities and country as a whole.
Apples stance on empowering their workers is a wonderful thing. I think more companies need to recognize that a happy workforce makes for an overall greater employee and customer experience. Apple Inc. employs staff all over the world and is committed to treating employees with respect and dignity. The company provides educational resources for all of their employees giving them the opportunity to earn an undergraduate degree. Apple has very high standards and expectations in the industry. They provide their employees with the appropriate tools necessary to meet the high bar set forth; communicate and maintain a safe and respectable workplace. Training on the Apples Code of Conduct is mandatory for all new and existing employees.
When it comes to Labor & HumanRights...
...which shall not be less than 7 years but which may extend to life or for a term extending up to 10 years and shall also be liable to fine unless the woman raped is his own wife, and is not under 12 years of age, in which case, he shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to 2 years with fine or with both.This section in dealing with sexual assault, in a very narrow purview lays down that, an offence of rape within marital bonds stands only if the wife be less than 12 years of age, if she be between 12 to 16 years, an offence is committed, however, less serious, attracting milder punishment. Once, the age crosses 16, there is no legal protection accorded to the wife, in direct contravention of humanrights regulations.How can the same law provide for the legal age of consent for marriage to be 18 while protecting form sexual abuse, only those up to the age of 16? Beyond the age of 16, there is no remedy the woman has.The wife’s role has traditionally been understood as submissive, docile and that of a homemaker. Sex has been treated as obligatory in a marriage and also taboo. Atleast the discussion openly of it, hence, the awareness remains dismal. Economic independence, a dream for many Indian women still is an undeniably important factor for being heard and respected. With the women being fed the bitter medicine of being “good wives”, to quietly serve and not wash dirty linen in public, even...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrights universal and innate or is the Universal Declaration of Human...