HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES
Is Iran A Threat to International Security?
Human rights in Iran are not very respected.
Women in Iran and their rights:
Although women can vote and run for Parliament, if they do not follow the social norms, they are subject to beatings and torture for violating the norms.
Although women do have certain rights, their rights are limited: A woman inherits half of the share of her brothers.
A woman needs her husband’s permission to work outside
the home or to leave the country.
Norms: In Iran, the women must wear a hijab and their dress code requires them to cover their bodies with a long body coat. If they do not respect the dress code à
A frequent form of public punishment for Iranian women are “Honour killings” “Honour killings” are when women are murdered usually by their own relatives when they believe that whatever offence they committed has brought “dishonour” to the family. Burning
Despite the official ban on torture, in 2005, the following methods of inhumane treatment were reported as “common” practice in Iranian prisons: Beatings of the eyes, ears, back, and feet
Hanging by the arms and legs
Burning with cigarettes
There are death sentences for social and political offences including: apostasy (when someone abandons their religion)
blasphemy (taking god’s name in vain)
repeated sodomy (unnatural sex ex: oral or anal sex)
How does Human Rights Abuses connect to the question?
-Promotes violence, inequality, no rights for women.
-Instability and fear in the country.
...Humanrights in Pakistan:-
Pakistan’s humanrights situation is a complex one, as a result of the country's diversity, large population, its status as a developing country and a sovereign, Islamic republic as well as an Islamic democracy with a mixture of both Islamic and colonial secular laws. The Constitution of Pakistan provides for fundamental rights, which include freedom of speech, freedom of thought, freedom of information, freedom of religion, freedom of association, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly and the right to bear arms. These clauses are generally respected in practice. Clauses also provide for an independent Supreme Court, separation of executive and judiciary, an independent judiciary, independent HumanRights commission and freedom of movement within the country and abroad.
Although the government has enacted measures to counter any problems, abuses remain. Furthermore, courts suffer from lack of funds, outside intervention, and deep case backlogs that lead to long trial delays and lengthy pretrial detentions. Many observers inside and outside Pakistan contend that Pakistan’s legal code is largely concerned with crime, national security, and domestic tranquility and less with the protection of individual rights.
In May 2012, President Asif Ali Zardari signed the National Commission for Human...
A right that is believed to belong justifiably to every person. Humanrights are commonly understood as "inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being. Humanrights are thus conceived as universal (applicable everywhere) and egalitarian (the same for everyone). Theserights may exist as natural rights or as legal rights, in both national andinternational law.
What are humanrights?
Humanrights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our humanrights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.
Universal humanrights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law. International humanrights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect...
...Iran. Breaking stereotypes.
Iran is one of the world’s oldest continuous civilizations, with settlements dating back to 4000 B.C. Thus an eclectic cultural elasticity is defining characteristics of the Persian spirit .To best understand Iran, their related societies and their people, one must first attempt to acquire an understanding of their culture. Wander one of the many bazaars, and experience the organized chaos of sights, sounds, and smells that will tempt you at every turn. Discover the 2,500-year history of Persian carpets. Iranians have woven beautiful rugs for over 2,500 years. When creating rugs, Iranian weavers often make a mistake intentionally. They want to show their belief that “only God is perfect.” After oil, Iran’s second largest export commodity is carpets. Iran currently produces more rugs and carpets than all other countries in the world put together.
Marvel at the bridges and squares and other gathering places, and witness a thriving culture where people enjoy spending time together. Consider life under a theocracy, with no separation of church and state, where actions are closely controlled. Meditate at one of the mosques or temples, reflecting what daily spirituality means to this culture. Experience the history, the architecture, the ruins, and their inspiration. Take pleasure in the landscape, from grandiose mountains to high plateaus to desert valleys, baked in the sunlight and...
Many people do not know what humanrights they are entitled to, but yet they are violated every day. Humanrights violations can be found just about anywhere, including in current events and in many novels, such as Night, by Elie Wiesel. Just one news headline can be examined and the rights that were not upheld will be easily exposed for all to see. It is just as easy to do the opposite and find news articles that violate a specific humanright. Current events are not the only place to find violations though; the book Night, by Elie Wiesel, displays many examples as it tells the story of life inside a concentration camp.
First off, humanrights are what every human being is born with; they are specific, inalienable rights that cannot be taken away because of someone’s ethnicity, sex, nationality or any other means of discrimination. When an event occurs that violates one of these rights, the right can be found on the United Nations Universal Declaration of HumanRights, which includes all 30 humanrights. One event can violate multiple humanrights such as one that was brought to attention on September 9, 2014. In this news article, African Union soldiers were...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrights universal and innate or is the Universal Declaration of Human...
...Humanrights in today’s world have become pivotal to the functioning of our society as a whole, largely due to the increased occurrences which in turn have led to greater awareness and repudiation of the same in the world community. In present times the humanrights field encompasses a broad range of civil, political, economic and social rights which shows its all pervasive nature, and the accountability for the violation of these rights by state and non-state actors alike. The scope of humanrights in today’s day and age has thus widened considerably as gradually the individual becomes an end in himself and is recognized as being of primordial concern.
Humanrights law is a subset in the field of humanrights. Humanrights are what define a society; hence the humanrights law takes primacy over all the laws. There is nothing more important than the development of humanrights in an evolving society
Humanrights and criminal law are closely inter - related. My personal interest lies towards humanrights as under the criminal law. Today we see all kinds of crimes being committed- state or non-state, say torture of prisoners, child labour, or most importantly...
...torture is an unacceptable practice.
The aim of this essay is to critically analyse how the Committee against Torture and the HumanRight Committee have both generated a rich jurisprudence on the extent of state obligations related to the prohibition of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment beyond the traditional view of or preventing the use of torture in interrogations.
Torture has received so many international recognition due to its wide use in the Second World War. Torture is clarly defined in section 1 (1) of the Convention against Torture as ‘…any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession’. Other explanation of torture is that it ‘…is intended to humiliate, offend and degrade a human being and turn him or her into a thing’.1
There is a wide record of the use of torture since the history of mankind. For example, in the Roman law, it was customary to apply torture as a way of uncovering the commission of a crime.2 Also, there were reports of torture being permitted in situations where a confession was needed for a punishment in Japanese and Chinese criminal code.3. Also, the United Nations in its Special Rapporteur on torture in 1987 to the United Nations HumanRights Commission, indicated that torture is a common...
History 2011: Section 104
The Cairo Declaration and HumanRights
In 1990, the Cairo Declaration on HumanRights in Islam was established in order to create humanrights laws in the nation of Islam. The Cairo Declaration states all the basic humanrights that people of Islam had, but the problem with the document is it restricts those samehumanrights by stating in article 24, “All the rights and freedoms stipulated in this Declaration are subject to the Islamic Shari'ah.” If the Shari’ah has a contradictory statement to what is in the Cairo Declaration, the humanrights of any individual may be restricted, because the Shari’ah has more control over the rights of individuals in Islam. The Cairo Declaration is differs from the Universal Declaration of HumanRights, because it still restricts individual’s freedoms, unlike the Declaration of HumanRights which enables humanrights. The existence of the Cairo Declaration suggests there was a weakness in the international humanrights movement in the 1980’s and 1990’s, because it shows that Islam still has the power to limit the natural rights of its citizens.
The 1990 Cairo...