Human Rights in China are Right around the Corner
As the only one country that combines Communist politics and capitalism economy, approximately all topics related to China spontaneously arouse debates. Nowadays media from western countries are particularly interested in the progress of human rights in China, which is also what I want to explore. I prefer to focus on the freedom of speech. Do we Chinese have real freedom of speech and how has it developed compared to the past?
Recently, an artist whose name is Ai Weiwei caught attention and made the front pages of mainstream newspapers. Now it is not because of Ai’s outstanding painting or architectural skills or tour exhibitions around the world or even how much he earned through his artworks’ auction, but because after 81 days’ detention in Beijing, he was released and asked to pay about 2.4 million dollars within fifteen days for tax evasion, otherwise he could not escape the accusation from the Supreme Court and leading to be imprisoned completely.
This huge fee astonished many people and also made people think of some potential political reasons, because firstly, Ai is the person who is always disagreeing with policies and words of the Communist party. Additionally, Ai is the first one in Chinese history to have personal art shows abroad and he is also the Chinese consultant of the 2008 Olympic stadium, so his social statue cannot be easily ignored. In fact, according to what Ai had done before, he is quite a sensitive person to both the politicians and mass media home and abroad. And people like him, who are always wandering the edge of justice and law, are exactly where foreign media interests lies, and the media are prone to conclude these issues as “human rights violations.”
Secondly, the majority of people all have the desire to abandon corruption and equalize human rights among Chinese people and elimination of privileges. It is no exaggeration to say that people like Mr. Ai are rare who are considerable adventurous enough to speak these inner aspiration of all the citizens out. So some of his offensive and incendiary words towards the ruling Communist Party in China would make the officials embarrassed. Combined with reasons above, Ai Weiwei is distinguishable from the “prisoners,” and western media focus on his affaire as an unjust treatment of human rights in China where he does not have the right to freedom of speech.
According to a recent interview from the New York Times with him, Mr. Ai considered, “there was never any talk of unpaid taxes” and “all they wanted to talk about was state subversion” (Andrew Jacobs). These words happened to meet the media’s assumption and implied that what the government concerned is to stop his offensive words towards the Party. Then it made people connect this affaire with human rights that seem to be restricted under the domination of the Party, which is the main purpose of this interview. In terms of the Chinese, media from other countries would like to concentrate on the current situation of human rights in China and query the capability of the Chinese officials. We cannot deny that under the one-party dictatorship, social problems like wealth inequality among all age groups or contempt for human rights and dignity or even skyrocketing material prices are inevitable. However, these problems are not exclusively existing in China but worldwide. Who can get entire freedom in speech and who can achieve complete equality in the community? The answer is no one. It exists in many Chinese memories that the U.S media tends to provoke America or other capitalism countries to doubt the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party. The media reporters or government officials partly consider that people in China live under such circumstances that people do not have adequate space for speech freedom. Reports like how media from other countries judge China become popular phenomena, which is also considered as political plots...
...China vs. HumanRights
Over the past few decades, the world witnessed the astronomical rise of countries once considered “third-world”. Perhaps, the most quintessential of all is the rise of China. Evidences of the middle kingdom ongoing industrial revolution are present in the air, in its water, and in the vast transformation of the country’s landscape. “A total of sixteen out of the top twenty most polluted cities are inChina” (Walsh). While 2010 marks the year China surpassed Japan as the world’s second largest economy, economists predict it will surpass the US by the year 2020.
With its increasing popularity as the world leading economy, China has been under constant speculation from the world media, regarding its international and domestic affairs. The issue of Humanrights has always been a heated topic of discussion surrounding China’s draconian regulation. Despite minor efforts for improvements Post-Mao era, Communist regime of China still relies heavily on restrictions of humanrights as a mean to protect its legitimacy and social stability. National leaders and humanrights organizations around the world consistently pressure the Chinese government to establish fundamental humanrights for its citizens, now that it is one of the world’s...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrights universal and innate or is the Universal Declaration of Human...
...Humanrights in today’s world have become pivotal to the functioning of our society as a whole, largely due to the increased occurrences which in turn have led to greater awareness and repudiation of the same in the world community. In present times the humanrights field encompasses a broad range of civil, political, economic and social rights which shows its all pervasive nature, and the accountability for the violation of these rights by state and non-state actors alike. The scope of humanrights in today’s day and age has thus widened considerably as gradually the individual becomes an end in himself and is recognized as being of primordial concern.
Humanrights law is a subset in the field of humanrights. Humanrights are what define a society; hence the humanrights law takes primacy over all the laws. There is nothing more important than the development of humanrights in an evolving society
Humanrights and criminal law are closely inter - related. My personal interest lies towards humanrights as under the criminal law. Today we see all kinds of crimes being committed- state or non-state, say torture of prisoners, child labour, or most importantly...
...HRV1601: HumanRights, Values and Social Transformation
Semester 01/ Assignment 01
The Historical Background and Development of HumanRights
Table of Contents
2) The Development of HumanRights
3) Historical Documents of HumanRights
3.1) The English Bill ofRights (1689)
3.2) The American War of Independence (1775-1783)
4) Developing and Maintaining a HumanRights Culture in South Africa
5) The South African Constitution
6) The South African Bill of Rights
A right is an inherent, irrevocable entitlement held by all human beings from the moment of birth. According to Ndungane (as stated in Slater 2010:19), “A humanright is a right that a human person has simply by virtue of being a human person, irrespective of his or her social status, cultural accomplishments, moral merits, religious beliefs, class membership or cultural relationships”. Basic humanrights are not earned or deserved, and should not be considered a privilege, but an imperative implement for the well-being and peacefulness of mankind. This...
...Humanrights in Pakistan:-
Pakistan’s humanrights situation is a complex one, as a result of the country's diversity, large population, its status as a developing country and a sovereign, Islamic republic as well as an Islamic democracy with a mixture of both Islamic and colonial secular laws. The Constitution of Pakistan provides for fundamental rights, which include freedom of speech, freedom of thought, freedom of information, freedom of religion, freedom of association, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly and the right to bear arms. These clauses are generally respected in practice. Clauses also provide for an independent Supreme Court, separation of executive and judiciary, an independent judiciary, independent HumanRights commission and freedom of movement within the country and abroad.
Although the government has enacted measures to counter any problems, abuses remain. Furthermore, courts suffer from lack of funds, outside intervention, and deep case backlogs that lead to long trial delays and lengthy pretrial detentions. Many observers inside and outside Pakistan contend that Pakistan’s legal code is largely concerned with crime, national security, and domestic tranquility and less with the protection of individual rights.
In May 2012, President Asif Ali Zardari signed the National Commission for Human...
...slavery, sickness and other arbitrary executions. To prevent such atrocities in the future, there are legal responses and non-legal responses to deal with the contemporary humanrights issues which is genocide.
First of all, legal responses refer to the UN humanright treaties and Genocide Convention that were adopted in 1948 and approved the Universal Declaration of HumanRight (UDHR) by the United Nation.
The Genocide Convention (1948) outlaws genocide, crime against humanity and crime under international law . All participating countries that ratified the convention will be prevented and punished the genocide in the war or a peace of time.
The Declarations defines the civil and political rights ( including the right to life, the right of liberty, and a fair trial) as well as the economic social and cultural rights( including the right to social security and participating in cultural right in one’s community).
In this case, Cambodia was a party that ratified the Genocide Convention on 14.10.1950. It was enforceable where the Senior Leader of Khmer Rouge between1975 -1979 under the definition of Convention. In contradiction, it was enforceable but it could not desist the massacre that happened in the 1975-1979.
Next, Cambodia was ratified the UDHR and International Convention on Civil and...
An environmental impact assessment (EIA) is an assessment of the possible positive or negative impact that a proposed project may have on the environment, together consisting of the environmental, social and economic aspects.
The purpose of the assessment is to ensure that decision makers consider the ensuing environmental impacts when deciding whether to proceed with a project. The International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) defines an environmental impact assessment as "the process of identifying, predicting, evaluating and mitigating the biophysical, social, and other relevant effects of development proposals prior to major decisions being taken and commitments made." EIAs are unique in that they do not require adherence to a predetermined environmental outcome, but rather they require decision makers to account for environmental values in their decisions and to justify those decisions in light of detailed environmental studies and public comments on the potential environmental impacts of the proposal.
EIAs began to be used in the 1960s as part of a rational decision making process. It involved a technical evaluation that would lead to objective decision making. EIA was made legislation in the US in the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) 1969. It has since evolved as it has been used increasingly in many countries around the world. As per Jay et al.(2006), EIA as it is practiced today, is being used as a...
...Humanrights are universal, indivisible and interdependent. Humanrights are what make us human. When we speak of the right to life, or development, or to dissent and diversity, we are speaking of tolerance. Tolerance will ensure all freedoms. Without it, we can be certain of none.
<br>The raging ethnic cleansing in Kosovo is an example of intolerance. The Serbians will not tolerate the Albanians at any cost. They are forcing them from their homes, turning the streets into killing fields. This civil war seems unstoppable because of the intolerance of one race against another. No respect for individual rights, basic humanrights.
<br>Another example is right in our own back yard. I am speaking of hate crimes which plague our society. They are no different today than centuries ago when slavery was allowed. One race against another. One religion against another, it is all the same. Hate is the opposite of tolerance. We can only live together through an expression of tolerance of the differences each of us brings into this world. We should embrace the differences and share the differences. For this is how we learn, through each others' differences. Tolerance in all cultures is the basis of peace and progress.
<br>Our country was founded on the basic idea that all man and women are created equal with liberty and justice for...