Liberalism is currently the dominant ideology of the western world. As with any system of beliefs, leadership style or ideology, liberalism has too received ample criticism. Liberals argue that their ideology provides society with the ability to be individuals within a community by continuing to make strong legislation on civil rights. Although liberals believe strongly in individual rights and freedoms, its critics strongly question when these individual freedoms become a detriment to the society or country at large. Throughout this paper the role of today's liberal government will be evaluated, focusing on both the effectiveness and the short comings of its ideology. To start, liberal democracy came to fruition when the American Revolution happened in 1776, and is still holding strong to present day. American people were sick and tired of paying taxes to the British Empire so that they in return could pay off their war debts. The Americans felt that this was intolerable and unfair to be manipulated by the British rule, so they declared their own independence. On July 4, 1776 the declaration of Independence was written up stating "All men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable Rights that among these are Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." This is what the Americans wanted and felt that the British were not providing them with, so when writing the Declaration of Independence this was a major issue to have no government be in place that contradicts their core values. From this document over the years liberalism has been formed and spread to many different parts of the world. To understand why liberalism is the dominant ideology of the world we must truly know what its values are. Liberalists take pride in being able to speak their minds (freedom of speech), being able to have a broad range of acceptance when it comes to different ethnicity groups and religions and finally having the ability to treat everyone fairly. Everyone in Canada has a set guideline of rights which are the same for every person in Canada; this is outlined by the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Examples of some of the fundamental freedoms that are applicable to everyone are: "Everyone has the following fundamental freedoms:
a) Freedom of conscience and religion;
b) Freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication; c) Freedom of peaceful assembly; and
d) Freedom of association."
This is what makes liberalism so effective, everyone has rights and these cannot be taken away. If they are in jeopardy then you can take legal action to remedy this injustice. So now that we understand what liberalism is and what it is meant to stand for we can now discuss what we believe to be the strengths and weaknesses.
Equality is a major aspect of liberalism, and I believe it to be one of the major strengths of this ideology. Equality means that everyone is treated the same, there is no preferential treatment because a person is white or black, rich or poor, and everyone in our society has equal opportunity. Canada is known as a multi-cultural nation and I believe equality is the major attraction to the majority of the immigrants that come to our nation. There are many aspects to equality that make liberalism an attractive type of government, liberalists believe in equal opportunity which means in the workforce employers cannot favor one type of ethnic group. All persons who are qualified for a job should get an equal chance at employment. People that consider themselves to be liberal believe in or accept people for who they are, unlike the USA who thinks you are American first, then your personal history second. Canada accepts people for who they are and doesn't expect people to put their personal history behind them because they move to a different country. Canadians try to learn from other cultures and adapt to their ways and maybe refine...
...HRV1601: HumanRights, Values and Social Transformation
Semester 01/ Assignment 01
The Historical Background and Development of HumanRights
Table of Contents
2) The Development of HumanRights
3) Historical Documents of HumanRights
3.1) The English Bill ofRights (1689)
3.2) The American War of Independence (1775-1783)
4) Developing and Maintaining a HumanRights Culture in South Africa
5) The South African Constitution
6) The South African Bill of Rights
A right is an inherent, irrevocable entitlement held by all human beings from the moment of birth. According to Ndungane (as stated in Slater 2010:19), “A humanright is a right that a human person has simply by virtue of being a human person, irrespective of his or her social status, cultural accomplishments, moral merits, religious beliefs, class membership or cultural relationships”. Basic humanrights are not earned or deserved, and should not be considered a privilege, but an imperative implement for the well-being and peacefulness of mankind. This...
The Cyrus Cylinder (539 B.C.)
The decrees Cyrus made on humanrights were inscribed in the Akkadian language on a baked-clay cylinder.
Cyrus the Great, the first king of Persia, freed the slaves of Babylon, 539 B.C.
In 539 B.C., the armies of Cyrus the Great, the first king of ancient Persia, conquered the city of Babylon. But it was his next actions that marked a major advance for Man. He freed the slaves, declared that all people had the right to choose their own religion, and established racial equality. These and other decrees were recorded on a baked-clay cylinder in the Akkadian language with cuneiform script.
Known today as the Cyrus Cylinder, this ancient record has now been recognized as the world’s first charter of humanrights. It is translated into all six official languages of the United Nations and its provisions parallel the first four Articles of the Universal Declaration of HumanRights.
The Spread of HumanRights
From Babylon, the idea of humanrights spread quickly to India, Greece and eventually Rome. There the concept of “natural law” arose, in observation of the fact that people tended to follow certain unwritten laws in the course of life, and Roman law was based on rational ideas derived from the nature of things.
Documents asserting individual...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrights universal and innate or is the Universal Declaration of Human...
...Humanrights in today’s world have become pivotal to the functioning of our society as a whole, largely due to the increased occurrences which in turn have led to greater awareness and repudiation of the same in the world community. In present times the humanrights field encompasses a broad range of civil, political, economic and social rights which shows its all pervasive nature, and the accountability for the violation of these rights by state and non-state actors alike. The scope of humanrights in today’s day and age has thus widened considerably as gradually the individual becomes an end in himself and is recognized as being of primordial concern.
Humanrights law is a subset in the field of humanrights. Humanrights are what define a society; hence the humanrights law takes primacy over all the laws. There is nothing more important than the development of humanrights in an evolving society
Humanrights and criminal law are closely inter - related. My personal interest lies towards humanrights as under the criminal law. Today we see all kinds of crimes being committed- state or non-state, say torture of prisoners, child labour, or most importantly...
Liberalism is a uniquely modern idea supporting the thesis that human beings have inherent rights given to them by the universe and their governments. This modern idea also holds that as human beings there also exists the right to free trade in whatever goods available and with whom it is so desired. While the modern era gave rise to some of the greatest ideas and ideals in history, at the root of most of them was liberalism. Liberalism supports equality, humanrights, and free trade which can be found in ideals of the Enlightenment, the civil rights movements across the globe, and humanrights campaigns throughout time.
Liberalism is a political ideology first and foremost. It developed during the nineteenth century as a direct result of the Industrial Revolution and the ideals of the Enlightenment. (Getz & Brooke, 2012) Liberalism is based upon the idea that individuals all deserve certain freedoms that should be guaranteed to them by their government and is also based on certain economic freedoms.
The ideals that would become liberalism were introduced to the world by great thinkers like John Locke, Adam Smith, Jean Rousseau, and Thomas Hobbs. These ideals began with the Enlightenment, a time in history when reason and...
11 October 2013
Spreading Our Roots
As intelligent beings, the human race has always been riddled with arguments about rights. This phenomenon is completely natural to humans and is part of what separates us from animals. Perhaps it is our intelligence, our natural course given by divine beings, or just simply a part of who we are through evolution that causes us to believe in and assert our basicrights. To evaluate this idea, it is necessary to examine human history and modern belief.
Two great writers from American history, Thomas Jefferson and Thomas Paine, wrote extensively on this subject. Both of whom lived in a time of major revolutionary beliefs relating to humanrights: the era of American Revolution. Their core beliefs were transcribed into their documents; these motivated and proclaimed a new American ideal on true freedom and inherent rights. Jefferson, who drafted the Declaration of Independence, the document which proclaimed an absolved relationship between the Colonies and the King of England, wrote many fiery and revolutionary ideals about humanrights into his draft of the Declaration. The first sentence of the document is very important and sets the tone for the entire paper:
“When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people...
...The History of HumanRights November 30th, 2012
The belief of basic and inalienable rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled
to by virtue of his or her humanity lie within early traditions and documents of many cultures
dating as far back as 539 BCE. The documents of these cultures include the Cyrus Cylinder, the
Hindu Vedas, the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi, the Bible, the Quran and the Aztec Codes.
Documents such the Magna Carta (1215), the English Bill of Rights (1689), the French
Declaration on the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789), and the US Constitution and Bill of
Rights (1791), each of which include certain individual rights, are basis to many of today’s
humanrights documents and laws. It was a long fight towards the rights we carry today, people
throughout the world have drawn from the principles these documents express to support
revolutions that assert the right to self-determination.
When humans first began settle and develop organized city states, there were no
...Origins of HumanRights
The emergence of rights in political thought is generally regarded as relatively recent, though any historical study of rights reveals how indeterminate the philosophical charting of the evolution of rights has been. Humanrights are considered the offspring of natural rights, which themselves evolved from the concept of natural law. Natural law, which has played a dominant role in Western political theory for centuries, is that standard of higher-order morality against which all other laws are adjudged. To contest the injustice of human-made law, one was to appeal to the greater authority of God or natural law.
Eventually this concept of natural law evolved into natural rights; this change reflected a shift in emphasis from society to the individual. Whereas natural law provided a basis for curbing excessive state power over society, natural rights gave individuals the ability to press claims against the government The modern conception of rights can be traced back to Enlightenment political philosophy and the movement, primarily in England, France, and the United States, to establish limited forms of representative government that would respect the freedom of individual citizens.
John Locke, in his Second Treatise on Government (1690), described a 'state of nature' prior to the...