A PAPER ON:
‘Human rights and food security’
SHASHANKA KUMAR NAG
LL.M- THIRD SEMESTER
HIDAYATULLAH NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY
Address: Shashanka Kumar Nag
LL.M (Third Semester)
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I declare that the work submitted by me for this seminar is a result of my own effort. I affirm that there is no plagiarism and copying, either partially or entirely, from someone else's works, without giving proper credit and acknowledgement to the source(s)/author(s).
“There are people in the world so hungry, that God cannot appear to them except in the form of bread.” Mahatma Gandhi
Human rights are commonly understood as "inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being." Human rights are thus conceived as universal (applicable everywhere) and egalitarian (the same for everyone). These rights may exist as natural rights or as legal rights, in both national and international law. The doctrine of human rights in international practice, within international law, global and regional institutions, in the policies of states and in the activities of non-governmental organizations, has been a cornerstone of public policy around the world. Many of the basic ideas that animated the human rights movement developed in the aftermath of the Second World War and the atrocities of The Holocaust, culminating in the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Paris by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. The ancient world did not possess the concept of universal human rights. Ancient societies had "elaborate systems of duties... conceptions of justice, political legitimacy, and human flourishing that sought to realize human dignity, flourishing, or well-being entirely independent of human rights". The modern concept of human rights developed during the early Modern period, alongside the European secularization of Judeo-Christian ethics. The true forerunner of human rights discourse was the concept of natural rights which appeared as part of the medieval Natural law tradition that became prominent during the Enlightenment with such philosophers as John Locke, Francis Hutcheson, and Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, and featured prominently in the political discourse of the American Revolution and the French Revolution. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, partly in response to the atrocities of World War II. Although the UDHR was a non-binding resolution, it is now considered by some to have acquired the force of international customary law which may be invoked in appropriate circumstances by national and other judiciaries. The UDHR urges member nations to promote a number of human, civil, economic and social rights, asserting these rights as part of the "foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world." The declaration was the first international legal effort to limit the behaviour of states and press upon them duties to their citizens following the model of the rights-duty duality. The right to food, and its variations, is a human right protecting the right for people to feed themselves in dignity, implying that sufficient food is available, that people have the means to access it, and that it adequately meets the individual's dietary needs. The right to food protects the right of all human beings to be free from hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition. The right to food does not imply that governments have an obligation to hand out free food to everyone who...
...Food insecurity and malnutrition
Generally, foodsecurity mean that food was adequate and available for people. In past many years, there were existing many definitions for foodsecurity. However, the concept of foodsecurity was hard to definite because it was affected by some complicated problems and many different associated aspects (McDonald, 2010). For recently, the definition for foodsecurity was that it was not only need the adequate food supply for people, but just it was providing the sufficient nutritional food for people good health life (Shaw, 2007; Barrett, 2010). It was ensure that sufficient food was accessed and remained for people in every country, which was an important challenge for foodsecurity and stability. Recently, there still some problems were affecting foodsecurity around world such as food price increasing, natural disaster, population increasing and climate change and global financial crisis (McDonald, 2010). These increasing problems result in food insecurity. Hence that the significant increasing malnourished people become a key issue in food insecurity, malnutrition was a complicated problem in worldwide which included micronutrient deficient...
REALISATION OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC RIGHTS
PAPER ON TOPIC
RIGHT TO FOOD: AN INSTANCE OF
3rd Semester LLm
Department of Law
RIGHT TO FOOD: AN INSTANCE OF HUMAN RITHS
The humanright to food has its contemporary origin within the U.N. Universal HumanRights framework. Ensuring the right to adequate food and consequently the right to be free form hunger is specifically enshrined in a number of HumanRights instruments. It is obvious that without adequate food people cannot lead a health, active lives. They are not employable. They cannot take care of their children and thus children become unhealthy and illiterate.
Since its inception, the United Nations had identified access to adequate food as both an individual right and a collective responsibility. The 1948 Universal Declaration of HumanRights proclaimed that “every one has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well being of himself and his family, including food. Two decades later the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966 developed...
...MADHYA PRADESH HUMANRIGHTS COMMISSION
SUMMER INTERNSHIP -2012
TOPIC: HUMANRIGHTS- RIGHT TO FOOD
I owe a great many thanks to a great many people who helped and supported me
during the preparation of this project.
My deepest thanks to the Deputy Secretary Mr. Kuldeep Jain, the guide of the
project for guiding and correcting various documents of my research with due attention
and care. He has taken to go through the project and make necessary changes as and
I also thank other staff and members of MPHRC for extending their support
whenever I was in need of it.
My deep sense of gratitude to my institute, National Law Unversity, Odisha for
providing me with the opportunity to work at such a brilliant institution in the field of
Thanks and appreciation to my co-internees at MPHRC for their support.
The right to food is a humanright. It protects the right of all human beings to live in
dignity, free from hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition. The right to food is not about
charity, but about ensuring that all people have the capacity to feed themselves in
The right to food is protected under international...
...to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Sustainable agriculture, in terms of foodsecurity, rural employment, and environmentally sustainable technologies such as soil conservation, sustainable natural resource management and biodiversity protection, are essential for holistic rural development. Indian agriculture and allied activities have witnessed a green revolution, a white revolution, a yellow revolution and a blue revolution
Foodsecurity is a condition related to the ongoing availability of food. Concerns over foodsecurity have existed throughout history. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), foodsecurity "exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life".
Ensuring foodsecurity ought to be an issue of great importance for a country like
India where more than one-third of the population is estimated to be absolutely
poor and one-half of all children malnourished in one way or another. There have
been many emerging issues in the context of foodsecurity in India in the last two
decades. These are: (i) economic liberalization in the 1990s and its impact on
...The term “FoodSecurity” originated in 1960’s and 1970’s. Public interest in global and domestic foodsecurity grew between the years 1972-74. FoodSecurity means that all the people at all times have physical, economic and adequate amount of nutrition required to them.Food Security is one of the major problems related to nutritional status.
It also means that people who producefood are also able to earn a decent living, have good surroundings, well and a proper diet. A person is called as food secure when he has his proper diet and does not suffer starvation and hunger.
The World Food Summit of 1996 defined foodsecurity as existing - “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life”.
The term“FoodSecurity”has evolved and expanded over time to integrate a wide range of food-related issues and to completely reflect the role of food in human’s life. The evolution of FoodSecurity has led to change in human’s mind.
In India where more than 1/3rd of the population is estimated to be food insecure and malnourished. There have been many emerging issues from the past 2 decades in the context of food...
...FoodSecurity Act hits selection criteria hurdle
All efforts to bridge the gap between government estimates and the Sonia Gandhi-led National Advisory Council over the FoodSecurity Act are coming up against a central concern posed by the Congress chief: How can the selection criteria ensure the poor and deserving don't get left out?
NAC members who interact with the government point out that Sonia repeatedly underlines her personal experience over the years during visits to deprived areas where she has found that the poor are simply not counted in any state survey and are denied any benefits.
The Congress chief's poser that the inability of the poor, particularly tribals and dalits, to access below poverty line cards needed to tap official welfare schemes will defeat the very objective of a law providing 35 kg food grain a month to the widest set of recipients is proving tough to answer.
Here, even automatic inclusion parameters may not mean the severely disadvantaged groups will be assured a minimum level of foodsecurity, said sources familiar with the Congress supremo's thinking.
Sonia is keen the proposed law be effective in addressing needs of those who live on the brink and need state support and her conviction that exclusion criteria are applied in a bureaucratic manner and end up leaving the needy out in the cold tilts the scale towards universal eligibility...
...Foodsecurity refers to the availability of food and one's access to it. A household is considered food-secure when its occupants do not live in hunger or fear of starvation. According to the World Resources Institute, global per capita food production has been increasing substantially for the past several decades. In 2006, MSNBC reported that globally, the number of people who are overweight has surpassed the number who are undernourished - the world had more than one billion people who were overweight, and an estimated 800 million who were undernourished. According to a 2004 article from the BBC, China, the world's most populous country, is suffering from an obesity epidemic. In India, the second-most populous country in the world, 30 million people have been added to the ranks of the hungry since the mid-1990s and 46% of children are underweight.
Politicians may be in a position to influence the definition of the poverty line in India but they cannot hide the symptoms of poverty. In 2005, 46% of children in India aged under 3 years were underweight. Any improvement in this indicator since 1990 has been far too slow to suggest that the target of 26.8% by 2015 for the Millennium Development Goals can be achieved.
The underlying pattern of food production tells the story. In the period 1990-2007, grain yields in India grew at an average rate of 1.2% per annum,...
...Interdiciplinary Essay: FoodSecurity in Developing and Undeveloped countries
Due: 25 June 2015
Student Name: YU
Student ID # 2151242
Foodsecurity has been a vital problem in the world over the past two decades, especially in undeveloped and developing countries. Foodsecurity is defined as “the state of having reliable access to an adequate, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life” (The World Food Summit, 1996). Unfortunately, foodsecurity has decreased in both undeveloped and developing countries, this has affected on people’s health, environment as well as economic.
To begin with, food insecurity and poverty are problems that are faced by undeveloped and developing countries. According to The Hunger Map, in Afghanistan, proportion of undernourished in total population is 26.8%, Ethiopia has 32% of its population are undernourished, in Namibia, the proportion is 42.3% while this percentage in Zambia has reached 47.8%,… It is easy to observe that most of the countries has highest proportion of undernourished are undeveloped and developing countries which have slow economic development. In other words, foodsecurity and economic growth have a mutual interaction. It is only in a sustainable economy that the societies can solve the problems of hunger and famine,...