Human rights refer to the "basic rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled." Examples of rights and freedoms which have come to be commonly thought of as human rights include civil and political rights, such as the right to life and liberty, freedom of expression, and equality before the law; and economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to participate in culture, the right to food, the right to work, and the right to education. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life. The right to life is the essential right that a human being has the right not to be killed by another human being. The concept of a right to life is central to debates on the issues of abortion, capital punishment, euthanasia, self defense and war.
Freedom of speech is the freedom to speak freely without censorship. The term freedom of expression is sometimes used synonymously, but includes any act of seeking, receiving and imparting information or ideas, regardless of the medium used. In practice, the right to freedom of speech is not absolute in any country and the right is commonly subject to limitations, such as on libel, slander, obscenity, incitement to commit a crime, etc.
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him. It is one of...
...Humanrights and the violation of humanrights in india
HumanRights in India
Humanrights and the violation of humanrights is an important area of concern in India. This essay will talk about some of the humanrights that are being violated in India, the reasons they are violated, and how the problem can be stopped.Humanrights should be defined first, they are as follows:
It enshrines the right of every human being to: `life, liberty and security of person'; freedom from slavery; torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment; and arbitrary detention; equality before the law; and a fair trial; freedom of movement; nationality; the protection of the family; the ownership of property; freedom of thought, conscience and religion; participation in the government of his country; social security; work with just remuneration and the right to form or join a union; an adequate standard of living; and education. The Declaration ends by affirming the individual's duties to the community, and in the same spirit, states that `Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realised'. (Chiriyankandath et al., 1993)
The declaration was ambitious...
...HumanRights Violation in the Philippines
“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”
Humanrights describe equal rights and freedom for everybody by the fact of being human and without distinction of any kind of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinions. However, many people have always suffered from the lack of them throughout history. In fact, the lack of humanrights has a lot of effects on people lives.
Humanrights is defined as the rights as freedom from unlawful imprisonment, torture, and execution and regarded as belonging fundamentally to all persons. Another definition for humanrights is those basic standards without which people cannot live in dignity. To violate someone’s rights is to treat that person as though she or he were not a human being. To advocate humanrights is to demand that the human dignity of all people be respected. Everyone is entitled to this rights and freedom. It belongs to all human being and that it is fundamental and essential to every type of society. Human...
...Humanrights refer to the natural or basic rights and freedoms to which all people are entitled to. Traditionally, the rights and freedoms of citizens were protected by an Act of Parliament or by the judges in developing the common law. Prior to World War II, the convention for the protection of humanright and freedom was drafted in 1950s by the Council of Europe. It was drafted because of disgust with fascism and an anxiety to protect basic freedom. On 1953, it has developed to become an international treaty, which all 47 countries of the continent of Europe are bound by the European Convention of HumanRights and Fundamental Freedoms 1950, also known as ECHR. United Kingdom (UK) was one of the first countries to sign the Convention in November 1950. Although it entered into force in the UK on 3rd Sept 1953, UK chose not to incorporate its terms into domestic law. Therefore UK was only bound to ECHR on the matter of international law and not within the domestic legal system. During 1960s, there are few parties concerned had campaigned for the enactment for HumanRights Act in UK. These parties are the commentators and public interest groups. However, due to several criticisms and the reluctant of UK government to pass such legislation, the HRA did not enact until 1998. Though the convention did not incorporate into domestic law, UK...
...that specified the basic rights of the English people. However, in the year 1950, the United Kingdom Government signed the European Convention on HumanRights, to protect people’s rights from abuses seen under Hitler’s rule, following the Universal Declaration on HumanRights made by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1948. Even so, the European Convention on HumanRights had not ratified and incorporated itself into law until 1998 when Parliament enacted the HumanRights Act.
The HumanRights Act 1998 states that when judges are deciding cases in which a question about a Convention right has been brought forward, the court must take into account any judgment, decision, declaration or advisory opinion of the European Court of HumanRights. This means that instead of a conflicting decision by the United Kingdom court, the court must follow decisions of the European Court of HumanRights.
An example of this was seen in the case of Re Medicaments (No 2), Director General of Fair Trading v Proprietary Association of Great Britain (2001). The Court of Appeal had refused to follow the decision of the Supreme Court in the earlier case of R v Gough on grounds that it was slightly different to decisions of the European Court of...
One of the most undeniable and challenging foreign policy debates of the last several years has concerned the future of democracy and its role in human-rights law. The idea of Western societies encouraging democratization of non-western societies is believed to be cultural imperialism, which abuses the power of states in the developing world. However for the purpose of this paper, I view the support of democratization by Western societies as a positive approach to achieving the core significance of the Universal Declaration of HumanRights that is supposedly recognized by all states.
The Universal Declaration of HumanRights was created on the notion of a common human race. It represents the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are naturally entitled. Of the fifty-eight countries that were members of the United Nations in 1948, forty-eight countries initially approved the document. Essentially all of the world’s states have approved it since then, which indicates that in any event its principle articles should be used by all states as an instrument in binding international law
in spite of the presence of treaty ratification or state of war. Considering the fact that most countries have agreed to abide by the Declaration of HumanRights, it can...
...The United Nations office of the High Commissioner for HumanRights (2010) claims that everyone is equally entitled to humanrights without discrimination. In the western society, the principles of freedom, democracy and humanrights are fundamental rights. However, the People’s Republic of China, commonly known as China, is still known as the largest humanrights violator in the world. This raises the question whether or not western companies should continue doing business in China despite of the humanrights violations. To find an answer to this question, the humanrights violations and the values of the Chinese population will be analysed. Furthermore, the impact of these violations on the business world will be discussed.
Humanrights violations in China
China is one of the last five communist states in the world. The People’s Republic of China is led by the Communist Party of China (CPC). They implement heavy restrictions in many humanrights areas. The Chinese constitution foresees fundamental rights for all Chinese citizens such as, the freedom of speech, press, religion, etc. However, in reality these fundamental rights are not granted to the Chinese citizens. The human...
Moral Problem in a Contemporary Society
University of Minnesota
War on Terrorism and Basic HumanRights
The essential moral fact about war is that the innocent are suitable targets of physical violence. The morality of the battlefield discriminates not between the innocent and the guilty, but between the combatant and the noncombatant. Combatants, however, cannot be equated with the morally guilty, since opposing combatants are likely to have equally legal entitlements to moral innocence. Each is licensed, legally and morally, to try to kill as many of the other side as possible. Each enjoys this license because each acts in self-defense against the other. The reciprocal burden of risk generates the space that permits injury to the morally innocent. Yet, every military force also has a persuasive ethical duty to abate the risk of injury to its own forces. Each endeavors to create an asymmetrical state of affairs in which the enemy suffers the risk of injury more while its own forces remain safe. The absurdity of riskless warfare arises when the chase of asymmetry undermines reciprocity. Without reciprocal imposition of risk, what is the moral underpinning for injuring the morally innocent? Humanrights belong to each and every member of humankind irrespective of sex, race, nationality, socio-economic group, political opinion, sexual orientation or any...
...How English Principles Influenced Colonial Government
In the late 1600s, English people started to receive more rights. One of these rights include trial by jury. During this time, the English Bill of Rights came to be, which was a document signed by King James II’s daughter Mary and her husband William, that guaranteed basic rights to all citizens. It would be hard for England to control the “New World” overseas so the colonists had to create their own government. The representative government, The English Bill of Rights and basic rights, and the Magna Carta played a big role in creating this new government.
The representative government created three different kinds of colonies. They were charter colonies, where settlers were given a charter to set up, proprietary, where people were ruled by proprietors (individuals or groups who received land grants from Britain), and royal, where the king appointed a governor and ruled. With these three types of colonies, colonists were allowed to participate in government as long as it was through a legislature. It was believed by English people that certain basic rights should be protected by the government.
The English Bill of Rights was made to protect the basic rights of citizens. The English Bill of Rights was important to the colonists because it allowed them to have basic...