Nowadays human dignity is everywhere, to the public place, to the political, economic, social or medical concept. Dignity is defined as a moral, legal, ethical or political term that means a being has an innate right to be treating equitability. Every human being has the basic right of equality, respect, freedom, acceptance, and to think, express his moral beliefs. According to human rights doctrine, “Human dignity is a universal, indivisible, independent, and interconnected concept”. “Human dignity is also an open concept. The meaning varies with the development of the apparatus of human rights protection” (Buijsen, M, 2010). Human dignity involves respect through the society and the culture because people come from different universes as families, countries, and religions so their beliefs could make up different system of morals. My essay will be examined by exploring two key perspectives on the issue: First it will be on the Dignity and inequality. This part underlines the notion of dignity at the centre of health care and how actions can improve health in an ethical framework. This perspective raises fundamental questions around dignity, inequality and autonomy. Marmot, M wants try to improve medicine and patient care with an equal treatment between them. The other perspective, will examined the Health-care counter reform in United States. It opposed two main ideas between the American government and the Catholic social teaching in the health-care and the patient protection. This perspective pointes out how Obama Care, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, reformed the health insurance industry and the American health care system as a whole. These two perspectives underline not only the human dignity as the properly concept but also as a multidimensional term.
Heath-care is one of the issues the most difficult to reasoned in human dignity concept because many approaches can be considering differently. Does Human being have the right to choose or not? Does someone has or has not human dignity because his or her past? According to Dignity and Inequality (2004), “dignity must be in the centre of health in order to improve it”. Richard Horton raised two fundamental questions about human dignity. “What is dignity, is it an absolute? And how does it relate to other concepts, can we measure it, how does it relate to inequality in society? We cannot give a proper definition of human dignity but following these questions, Marmot answered that all humans deserve the right to the basic health-care because we don’t have dignity if we are not able to express autonomous control over his or her life. This idea is founded on the fact that there are two basic human needs: “ health and autonomy”. (Doyal and Gough). Without these two concepts, humans cannot have a dignity. The main idea in this perspective is inequality and dignity are dependent. Following Marmot’s idea, the dignity can be reduced or increased relative to our place in the society. That suggests, “ our set of social arrangements are crucial” (Marmot, M, 2004). Relative to this idea, I think that the perspective should belong in the quadrant 1A because as Kant, Horton or Marmot believed, dignity is absolute and we have to treat someone with respect. “ I should treat you as if you were Socrates rather than a pig”(Marmot, M, 2004). 1B can also belongs in the quadrant because without our capacities we can’t have dignity. The patient has to be autonomous, responsible and control himself. Last, 2B also can belong because Marmot said, “excessive inequality is linked to reduction in individual dignity “. If the dignity can be reduced the dignity can be lose. The society can determine the degree of human dignity in function our social position. This perspective may have influenced first of all by Marmot‘s background. First, he was in a poor family of immigrants into East London where both of his parents left school very soon. During his...
...From the Catechism of the Catholic Church
2270 Human life must be respected and protected absolutely from the moment of conception. From the first moment of his existence, a human being must be recognized as having the rights of a person - among which is the inviolable right of every innocent being to life.72
Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before you were born I consecrated you.73
My frame was not hidden from you, when I was being made in secret, intricately wrought in the depths of the earth.74
2271 Since the first century the Church has affirmed the moral evil of every procured abortion. This teaching has not changed and remains unchangeable. Direct abortion, that is to say, abortion willed either as an end or a means, is gravely contrary to the moral law:
You shall not kill the embryo by abortion and shall not cause the newborn to perish.75
God, the Lord of life, has entrusted to men the noble mission of safeguarding life, and men must carry it out in a manner worthy of themselves. Life must be protected with the utmost care from the moment of conception: abortion and infanticide are abominable crimes.76
2272 Formal cooperation in an abortion constitutes a grave offense. The Church attaches the canonical penalty of excommunication to this crime against human life. "A person who procures a completed abortion incurs excommunication latae sententiae,"77 "by the very commission of the offense,"78...
...Running head: PATIENTS’ DIGNITY AND THE EFFECTS OF NURSING CARE
Patients’ Dignity and the Effects of Nursing Care
Patients’ Dignity and the Effects of Nursing Care
Modern healthcare is moving toward a patient-centered care, emphasizing patients’ autonomy, and participation in decision making about treatment. Despite these expectations, patients feel vulnerable not only due to disease process, but also due to the power exerted by the hospital system. Critical care settings often consider patient’s physical needs as the only aspect requiring care. The fast-paced focus and limited time in emergency department make it difficult to attend to the holistic needs of the patient. Physical barriers of the equipment connected to the patient hinder the humanistic view of the patient and the necessary communication for ensuring dignified interactions. The dignity of patients is a major concern in healthcare, and every human being has the right to be treated with respect and dignity. More appreciation and better understanding of dignity is needed among nurses to improve the quality of care. According to Neno (2006), nurses need to continuously improve their skills and competencies to ensure that people are treated with dignity. Patients present to the hospital already vulnerable due to illness, and place their lives...
...Our existence as human being is complementary with our missions or goals in life. It somehow tells us what we want, what we need, and what we aspire of in due period of time. Personally, I do believe that those reasons of our existence, being alive, here and now are primarily based on that goal. Unless we might say, it is the need of the rope. Stop! And life is just until there. Absolutely, it could not be. If then, one might be foolish to do or to be such. Most probably, the way we crave for something that will fulfill our existence could be based on palpable experience, external things. In usual and plebeian way of life, it is actually true and might be for it manifests giving value by fulfilling all the potentialities that we have given by Someone’s gift of life.
Good looks, money, material possession, fame and popularity are maybe our external or sentient goals in life. It seems to be appearing temporarily in our world but then its may sometimes our source of survival. If we are just contented with what we have and what we are, it can manifest a realm of mediocrity. We want to have good looks since we have given the nature that can be possibly developed to somewhat superficially better or best. It is our natural inclination to have such, for it is our nature. It would be irrational for us to neglect to become what nature has meant us to become. So, be human in nature because we are human beings. We want that money and...
...identifies dignity with humanity and respect for persons, where recognition thereof is a foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.
Dignity manifests in ourselves on various levels, from the basic where it is inalienable and common, then to the developmental level where dignity can be achieved or lost, recognized or withheld. Dignity therefore is identity.
This identity is the uniqueness that differentiateshumans to non-humans. In this respect, mixing our biological finitude with cultural refinements, we radically differ from animals. Animals do not form cultures. Animals inherit some skills by copying the behavior of others, but genetics remains the dominant mode of intergenerational information transfer.
Humans can participate intensively in the knowledge and skills that each other has acquired. This collaborative learning is what has produced human cultures. Humandignity includes the capacity for growing into and assimilating a cumulative transmissible culture.
It could be said that one person’s dignity is distinctively a Filipino, be that he is raised in the Philippines, not only is he raised in that landscape but into that culture. To differentiate, animals, failing such cultural heritages, fails in such possibilities of dignity.
...Dying With Dignity
Professor M. Shane Heard
In Partial Fulfillment of Credit for;
English 108: College Writing and Research
Missouri Western State College
March 9, 2005
On Tuesday, March 24, an elderly Oregon woman, acting with the aid of a doctor, dosed
herself with potent chemicals and died. The woman had lived with breast cancer for
more than 20 years. By all accounts her final hours were private and peaceful, as she
became one of the first people in American history to end her life lawfully with the aid of a physician (Oregonian A1).
She was able to end her life peacefully due to controversial legislation passed in her state. The Death with Dignity Act was passed by the state of Oregon in 1994. It allows physicians to prescribe a lethal dose of medication so that a terminally ill patient can end his or her life. The requirements set forth by the state statute are as follows: "An adult who is capable, is a resident of Oregon, and has been determined by the attending physician and consulting physician to be suffering from a terminal disease, and who has voluntarily expressed his or her wish to die, may make a written request for medication for the purpose of ending his or her life in a humane and dignified manner" (Death with Dignity Act 569.32) Therefore, it is of great importance that the Death with Dignity Act remains law. It sets a president for the United States. If the...
...There is ongoing controversy regarding the issue of human cloning in countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia which have made attempts or have done research in reproductive cloning. Countries like Australia have prohibited human cloning in 2006. (NHMRC, 2007) Advocates who involve congress members, editorial writers, fertility specialists...and so on gave benefits of human cloning, yet not enough to justify the moral and ethical issues underlying the controversy. Human cloning refers to the creation of a genetically identical copy of an existing human or growing cloned tissue from that individual. This essay will illustrate the major ethical concerns associated with human cloning that lead to the conclusion that human cloning should not be encouraged. The greatest moral objection against human cloning lies in the claim that individuals may be unnecessarily harmed, either during experiments or by expectations after birth. Given the immature technology of human cloning, safety issues may arise. Secondly, at the level of human rights, human cloning may violate two fundamental principles which human rights are based on: the principle of equality between individuals and the principle of non-discrimination. (de Dios Vial Correa, year unknown, internet) Furthermore, the issue of whether...
...Oregon's Death with Dignity Act
Mountain View High School
Oregon’s Death with Dignity Act, gives competent Oregon adults the right to commit physician assisted suicide through a lethal dose of medication, also known as physician assisted suicide. A doctor was behind the movement, and a big of question of the era was how people should handle the end of their life. The law faced several judicial complications and challenges before becoming an accepted and legitimate law in Oregon. Physician assisted suicide is controversial and interest groups dealing mainly with but not limited to human liberties and religious reasoning contrast on the topic.
Policy Identification and Explanation
Under ORS Chapter 127: Death with Dignity Act (127.800-127.995), a capable adult Oregon resident who has been diagnosed with a terminal illness by a physician may request a prescription for a legal dose of medicine for the purpose of terminating the patient’s life (ORS Chapter 127: Death with Dignity Act, 1994). A person is considered eligible for the lethal medication if they are an adult, of at least eighteen years of age, are mentally capable, a resident of Oregon, have been determined by an attending physician as suffering from a terminal illness, and have voluntarily expressed their wish to die (ORS Chapter 127: Death with Dignity Act, 1994). A patient must prove their residency...
...Enhancing dignity in the
care of people with
Professor Lesley Baillie
Florence Nightingale Foundation
Chair of Clinical Nursing Practice,
London South Bank University and
University College :London Hospitals
Types of dignity
• Humandignity: the dignity that all humans
have and cannot be taken away
• Social dignity: experienced through
interaction -dignity-of-self and dignity-inrelation (Jacobson 2007)
• So for people with dementia:
• We must acknowledge and respect their
• We must recognise how their dignity is
affected by how they feel and by our
interactions with them
What is the
How does it feel
to have dignity?
How does it
feel to lose our
The meaning of dignity
• Dignity is concerned with how people feel, think
and behave in relation to the worth or value of
themselves and others. To treat someone with
dignity is to treat them as being of worth, in a
way that is respectful of them as valued
(Royal College of Nursing [RCN] 2008, p.6)
Definition of dignity
• When dignity is present:
• people feel in control, valued, confident,
comfortable and able to make decisions for
• When dignity is...