This report aims to study the importance of maintaining good relationships between China and Australia. Because this is an enormous topic itself, the report is narrowed to illustrate the economic significance and determine the positives (negatives) associated with Australian-Chinese economic relationship.
It also has an aim to examine whether Australia does enough in order to support the human rights in China, and can Australia interfere in this so sensitive issue without damaging its relationships with China.
For the past 30 years China has undergone a rapid change .Since the "Open door" policy has been announced in 1978, China has transformed itself from a third-world country to a second largest world economy. It is clear that in our globalized world, China is a factor with a huge importance. With its enormous population, economical, political and military power China must not be underestimated. China has earned its place as one of the dominant players in the world stage. China has also preformed significant political changes- it is far of being considered as a western style democracy, but there are has been a significant improvement in the rights of the Chinese citizens.
Australian -Chinese relationships have gone a long way since the end of the cold war. In the 50s and 60s Australia considered China more as a communist treat than a partner. This view has completely changed .Due to its economic development and democratizations; China has become one of the most important Australian trading partners. The significant number of Australian born Chinese also contributes for the close relationships between the countries.
Another major step taken in order to strengthen the political and mainly economical ties between the countries is the proposed-Australia-China Free Trade Agreement. The benefits of which are discussed further in the report.
Despite that, there are undoubtedly economic advantages of Australian Chinese relationships a number a problem occur. The most significant of them are the continuing abuses of human rights in China. The most noticeable of them are the treatment of the ethnic minorities, lack of freedom of speech, freedom of movement and religious freedom. Another significant issue is environmental. Experts once thought China might overtake the United States as the world’s leading producer of greenhouse gases by 2010, possibly later. Now, the International Energy Agency has said China could become the emissions leader by the end of this year, (2007) and the Netherlands Environment Assessment Agency said China had already passed that level. http://nytimes.com/2007/08/26/world/asia/26china.html?_r=1
Last year (2006) had presented Australian public with another major issue! Australia has signed a deal selling uranium to China reversing long-standing policy in dealing with the nuclear weapons state. Despite the fact that China claims the uranium is used to build new nuclear reactors, there is not guarantee what happens to the uranium after entering the Chinese nuclear program.
It is obvious that the Australian- Chinese relationships are quite complex and need to be approached with great attention considering the importance they carry for Australia. The above mentioned issues are precisely going to be examined in the following report.
Let’s start with some figures that underline the leading position of China on the world stage. The fact that talks for itself is that China is the Second biggest economy in the world, confirmed by The International Monetary fund and the World Bank. (Roughly 15 times bigger than the Australian). Just this fact itself is enough to explain how important China for Australia is. These figures are going to be taken into account later in the report.
China is the 4th largest country in the world and the most populated. With around 1.3 billion it is accounted for 1/5 of the world population. However it is ranked quite low on...
...Qiu Guixi (David) (pass: SIS and pseudo : SIS)
My view on how to do business in china (2 000 words) for the paper
For assignement ( 500) BMW or KFC
34 local governement
Autonomous regions can use their own language
Hong kong can not decide about military issue and diplomic relation with foreign countries
Ca a pris du temps pour la chine d’entrée dans le WTO
HK keep UK system and macao keep portuguese system
Example, in mainland of chine there are not casino
Before 1978 china had a plan economy
Special economic zones (SEZs) began in 1979
3 changes in these SEZ (small village become modern cities, from agricultural economies to industrial ones, from poopr societies to relatively rich ones)
Experiences from these SEZ (
In 1984 extend to 14 coastal cities
Applying the successful experience from SEZ, learning from the four tiger, using advantage of coastal cities, deepening la transformation de l’économie chinoise,
Achievement (there are 5 achievement)
Attracting tremendous FDI, promoting socialist market system
Third steps : opening the central and western regions to the world in 2000
Le but: réduire l’écart entre les region de l’est et de l’ouest
Atteindre le common prosperity
Shanghai Free Trade Zone
The vehicles for doing business in china
Direct sales to chinese end-users,
trade with commission agents,
With the growing and rising economies, located in the southern hemisphere Australia and China are home to billions of citizens. Australia is known to be the sixth largest nation in the world and the only nation to govern an entire continent and its outlying islands. On the other hand, China holds 20% of the world’s population, and populates the most people in the world. When comparing the growing economies ofAustralia and China, there are many aspects to consider including; economic growth, employment and unemployment, quality of life, environmental quality, and the role of the government in health care, education and welfare payments in which needs to be taken into consideration. There are many similarities between Australia and China and therefore, comparisons will be made between these two nations in certain aspects.
Economic Growth refers to how fast an economy is expanding through its production of goods and services. The economic region of Asia is seen to be the fastest growing economic region in the world. Australia’s average annual economic growth of 3.2% over the past three decades is slower than most economies in Asia, but on the other hand faster than most of the advanced economies in the world such as the USA, as shown in figure 1.2. This is due to the fact that once industrialisation...
...Australia and China Similarities and Differences
Australian links with China extend well beyond the last 40 years at an official and non-official level. Their economic relationship has grown rapidly in recent times, especially the trade relationship. From being distant partners, the trade relationship is one of the key strands linking the two countries.
Economic Growth and Quality of life
Australia’s economic outlook is deteriorating. The commodity boom, predicted to go on forever, is showing signs of slowing. Meanwhile, China’s factory demand figures are a good sign for its economy. Australia has been enjoying strong, consistent economic growth, low unemployment and increasing living standards. It benefited from the increasing wealth of emerging nations, especially China and India, and demand for commodities. Meanwhile, government spending, lower interest rates and a credit-fuelled investment boom in China helped Australia avoid the worst of the economic slowdown in developed markets. But now economic growth in China, India and other emerging markets is slowing.
Australia's political and economic advantages are complemented by its welcoming attitude and excellent quality of life. With Australia’s GDP per person being $61,000 which makes the Australian people some of the wealthiest people in the...
...We live in a world shaped by human migration. Everyday, people make a decision to leave their hometown — or even their own country — and move elsewhere to work, study, retire, or reunite with their families. Migrating is a huge decision to make and personally, I think it’s impossible to choose one out of the 196 countries in this world! There are so many examples of people doing just that but I’m going to talk about the Chinese people and their decision to move toAustralia and not any other country on the globe.
So, why did so many Chinese people decide that they want to travel to that country? What doesAustralia have that attracts more Chinese newcomers every year? Australia is a beautiful and very promising but is it enough to convince new settlers? Here are some factors that persuaded the Chinese.
1. The news of gold discoveries in Australia captured the Chinese peoples attention and sparked a gold rush in 1851. It prompted many Chinese miners to come to Australia as an opportunity for a job and easy money. Many were also in search of a fortune and this significantly increased the population in Australia. In fact, it was the main reason behind the Chinese invasion because after collecting enough money, many Chinese peoples invited their families and friends, and the population multiplied as the years went by.
2. In the...
...today are made in China. Trade between Australia and China has heightened in the last couple of years. China has one of the world’s largest economies. It has an increasing role in shaping the world economy, accounting for a third of the increase in the world’s gross domestic product and imports for the period 2000 to 2003 (The Economist 2004). It is also home to a population of 1.3 billion inhabitants, consuming a variety ofgoods from food items to luxury commodities, toys, clothing, gifts, most car parts and many more things Australia benefits from. For non-agricultural goods, Australian import tariffs are generally low. The most notable exceptions are on motor vehicles and textiles, clothing and footwear imports. However, Australia has undertaken to unilaterally reduce these tariffs over time, with tariffs on motor vehicles, textiles and footwear scheduled to decline to 5 per cent by 2010, while tariffs on clothing will be reduced to 10 per cent by 2010 and to 5 per cent by 2015. Product safety and quality are serious matters to australia, that must be addressed quickly and transparently to maintain consumer confidence. It is important to pursue a fact-based assessment of the issue to ensure accurate understanding of the problems and address them with the appropriate solutions. Most of these problems include, the...
...Nature and Location:
China is a country located in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of over 1.35 billion.
China is the fourth largest country in the world behind Russia, Canada, and the United States.
Australia is a continent and a country in the Southern Hemisphere, lying to the south of Southeast Asia, which divides the Indian and South Pacific Oceans. The population of Australia is 23 million.
In 2009 China surpassed Japan to become Australia's largest export market, the Australian and Chinese economies are strongly complementary. As a result, our trade and investment relationship is substantial and has developed well beyond its modest beginnings in the 1970s. According to Australian statistics, two-way merchandise trade has grown from $113 million in 1973, just after the establishment of diplomatic relations, to $78.2 billion in 2009. China is Australia's largest trading partner, with total trade (goods and services) in 2009 valued at $85.1 billion, an increase of 15.1 per cent over the previous year.
Government and/or NGO Roles:
The Australian Government established the Australia-China Council (ACC) in 1978 to promote mutual understanding and foster people-to-people relations between Australia and China. The Chairperson is appointed by the Executive...
...differences between Australia and ChinaAustralia and China are known to be different in almost every characteristic According to Hofstede’s Cultural dimensions. These two countries are different in all the five aspects, which are, individualism, power distance, uncertainty avoidance, masculinity and long term orientation. Begin with China; Chinese people are very collectivism as they like to do things in group, high in power distance as inequality is considered to be normal and low score in uncertainty avoidance as they like to live with rules and instruction. China is masculinity and highly long term oriented society. On the other hand, Australians got the second-highest score in term of individualism, thus low score in power distance, as they believe in egalitarianism. They ranked high in uncertainty avoidance because they view unexpected situation as a challenge. Lastly, they are masculinity and short-term orientation society (China - Geert Hofstede, n.d.).
If you don't know history, then you don't know anything. You are a leaf that doesn't know it is part of a tree, said Michael Crichton (Quotes About History, n.d.). As to look into Australian and Chinese communication style, history is the most important thing that reflects people’s lifestyle, including the way they communicate with each other. Therefore, to begin, I would like to first...
...You are a leaf that doesn't know it is part of a tree, said Michael Crichton (n.d.). As to look into Australian and Chinese communication style, history is the most important thing that reflects people’s lifestyle, including the way they communicate with each other. Therefore, to begin, I would like to first emphasis on both countries’ history of how it affected the way people converse.
In 1770 James Cook, came to Australia with his ship, claimed the country as the British Crown and Britain decided to use Australia as a colony for convicted prisoners. On 26 January 1788, the British royal navy arrived at the Sydney Harbour with around 1500 people, including 750 criminals to the colony (The nation and its people, n.d.). Since then, 26 January is considered as the national day of Australia. Thus to the indigenous Australians, they regard this day as the Day of Mourning as they believe that it denoted the maltreatment of white settlers who took away their land, culture, and humanrights (Aboriginal Day of Mourning, n.d.). At the present time, Australian people are open-minded and relax. They are mostly get used to the sarcasm as they used to be satirized for the origin of their country. People find it is common to use sarcasm as a practical joke (Expectation of the Australian workplace, n.d.).
As for China, Confucius, developed by Chinese philosopher, have...