US History H
29 November 2014
Horror of War
The main theme in
All Quiet on the Western Front
is the brutality of war. This theme
comes up in every scene of the novel. This story speaks the truth about the war rather than romanticizing it and emphasizing on the idea of the honor, patriotic duty, adventure, and glory. All Quiet on the Western Front
displays the war how it really was. Using images of fear and meaningless to replace the romantic visions of heroism. This novel focuses much on the physical and psychological damage that war brings. In the end, almost every major character is dead. This shows war’s horrible and devastating outcome on the young generation of men who were recruited and forced to fight.
One of the worst things about war is the images shown to man. Men killed by the millions in terrifying ways. Bodies blown to pieces, limbs broken, and flesh melted from the bones. Along with the deaths, there are many injuries that often outnumber dead men. As Paul Baumer witnessed his friend, Franz Kemmerich’s, death in the hospital, the injuries were terrifying and often lead to death. Kemmerich’s death was the first sign of the meaningless of life and death in the war. The turmoil was expressed in the lines, “Day after day goes by with pain and fear, groans and death gurgles. Even the death room I no use anymore; it is too small.” (Remarque 19)
In the novel and in war the men have no where to hide from bombs and bullets. Paul and his friends must reside in dirt trenches where death surrounds them. “We lie under the network of arching shells and live in a suspense of uncertainty. If a shot comes, we can duck, that is all; we neither know nor can determine where it will fall.” (Remarque 101)
They sleep holding their bread so no rats steal it. The dirt surrounding them turns dark as it absorbs the blood of the fallen. ...
...Explore the ways in which Sherriff’s Journey’s End present the horrors of war. Compare and contrast your finding with Sebastian Faulks’ treatment of the same theme in Birdsong, ensuring that your response is informed by interpretations of other readers.
Both Sherriff and Faulks depict the horrors of war through the various dramatic and linguistic techniques used. Some of these horrors can be perceived as the separation from loved ones, the responsibilities and expectations men faced in the trenches and the deaths of innocent men despite class, status and beliefs. Faulks however, portrays the horrors of war in a different way, focusing on the graphic imagery, experiences of the characters and landscapes to convey the horrors.
Early on in the first Act of Journey’s End, the horrors of war are revealed to the audience through the stage directions, “yellow candle-flames light the other corner”. The meaning could be ambiguous as it holds both a literal and metaphorical connotations; Sherriff symbolises how the unnatural conditions the characters exist in-the trench lit by artificial light-represents how the world men survived in, is one that is unnatural and one mankind should not be compelled to live in. Towards the end of the play, Sherriff uses vivid depictions in the stage directions to recreate, in a detailed way, the setting in...
...The Horrors of War
R C Sherriff, the author of ‘Journey’s End’ was himself an officer in the East Surrey Regiment. His play is based upon his real-life experiences during the war, mirroring the way he and his comrades lived and fought and in a way re-living some of the war’s fantastic atmosphere of constant fear and incidents. Some very strong, positive characters and a hint of humor make this play successfully dramatic.
In 1913, Europe was dominated by two power blocks. The Triple Alliance consisted of Germany, Austria and Italy and in the Triple Entente were Britain, France and Russia. The event which sparked off World War One was the war was the assassination of the heir to the Austrian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Bosnia. As Austria declared war on Serbia, Russia got its armies together to support Serbia. Germany, supporting Austria, then declared war on Russia and France.
When Britain declared war on Germany in August 1914, the mood in Britain was one of heroic optimism. Many, young and even under aged, men responded to the government to enlist in the army. However, far from it all ending quickly, World War One lasted four bitter years. The consequences were tragic. By the end of 1918, millions of casualties were dug into trenches in France on either side of no-man’s land.
‘Journey’s End’ was set in 1918, when the German...
...The Horrors of War
The horror of war is a very important theme that people nowadays should understand. I chose this theme to portray different scenarios during war. The four texts that I chose were the book, Goodnight Mister Tom by Michelle Magorian; the short story, “The Sniper” by Liam O’Flaherty; the non-fiction novel, Going Solo an autobiography by Roald Dahl; and the film, “Saving Private Ryan” directed by Steven Spielberg. There is a good variety of perspectives of horrors during war.
At the beginning of the book, Goodnight Mister Tom, a young evacuee is sent from his home in London to a small village, Weirwold. Throughout the text, Michelle describes to us the abuse that the young evacuee gets from his mother. Will, the evacuee, starts to settle into the village and although he has been separated from his mother, it seems as though it is better for him, because Mr. Tom cares for him and shows him a loving home, rather than his dark home where he is abused and is badly cared for. Close to the end of the story, the horror of war is clearly shown, when Wills’ best friend is killed from an air raid while visiting his injured father during World War II. Will was “finding it painful to sit down next to an empty chair, he would...
...Horrors of War.
War to me is like a never-ending plague. The reason I say this, is because, I have met lots of people, who went to war for the sake of defending their country. War is devastating to countries and most individuals. Men and women can be left disturbed mentally, physically, and socially for the rest of their lives.
But first, let us look at the causes, they are: Culture of violence, Globalization, Use of environmental resources, Colonialism and neo-colonialism, Racial, ethnic, religious, and gender intolerance, Gender injustice, Lack of protection and respect for children & youth, Lack of democracy and just global governance, Belief that violence and warfare are inherent in human nature, Local community violence, and lastly religion.
I know that people including the government have their reasons to support the present war in Iraq. Reasons like 1) Saddam Hussein is wicked; 2) he won't be able to put up much resistance; 3) we need a cheap supply of good oil; 4) the economy is stuck; 5) our missile warheads are rusting away; 6) new destruction weapons must be tested; 7) it would be good for Israel; 8) it would be bad for Russia; 9) we like a good intense show; 10) we like to feel civilized; 11) some Muslims don't appreciate all that we do for them; 12) in general, we have very high principles and very low instincts (Alba).
But war affects every one of...
17 October 2012
Horrors of War
Men returning from the trenches on the frontlines of WWI were the first men to truly experience the magnitude of sheer power and what destruction artillery could wreak when used in mass numbers, forced to sit in trenches and bunkers for hours on end while being hit by barrage after barrage of battery fire. Some of those who lived through this may have returned home much different men than when they left, suffering from what was called shell shock at the time. Men returning from the heart of Europe after WWII saw a much different style of combat, but it was just as brutal and personal as their WWI counterparts experienced. They were the men who cut down the Nazi war machine and re-conquered the land that was steamrolled by the German military in the years before, like WWI, men were returning home with what was then called “combat fatigue”. Regardless of the differing circumstances and situations soldiers went through in the great wars, the affects of shell shock and combat exhaustion on infantry was too much too handle for many men, ultimately leading to post traumatic stress disorder and all the issues it created during a time when it was not officially recognized or treated compared to modern standards. Both In A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway and Band of Brother by Stephen Ambrose, are first-hand-account about both...
...dead have seen the end of war"
The world has turned a blind eye to the wars that are occurring at this very moment, while subconsciously knowing how vile and pestilent these wars are. Millions die, millions more are injured, and survivors are left with crippling memories that will never heal. Shell-shocked soldiers could not fall asleep at night because they are tormented by the nightmarish sounds; the non-stop barrage of mortars and bullets. They could not function in society anymore because whether they knew it or not, the War had effected their minds and they could not be healed. Famous author and writer, Earnest Hemingway was a war veteran that served in the First World War. He came out of the War with countless memories and interesting, capturing stories. On a day just like any other he was injured on the battlefield and fell in love with nurse in a tragic Romeo and Juliet type of story which one of his novels is based on. Many of his morals and lessons from the War can be followed throughout his writings. In The Sun Also Rises and A Farewell to Arms both in print by Ernest Hemingway, readers discover that war can be physically and emotionally damaging by examining alcoholic tendencies, relationships of the main characters as well as visible scars, both emotional and physical.
In The Sun Also Rises by Hemingway, the...
...Journey’s End: The Horror of War
RC Sheriff uses many ways to emphasize just how horrible life at the front, through characters’ behaviour, sounds shown in the performance directions, general themes explored throughout the play, etc. The following essay will describe mainly how the character’s behaviour is affected by the war, and will begin by explaining this, and will also describe how RC Sheriff uses stage directions to highlight these points, as well as to dramatize the play a little. Quotes will be set out as follows: “quote” (character, page number).
The character who seems to be the most affected by the war, is clearly Stanhope, who drinks to try and rid himself of the fear he feels inside. For this reason, he is considered, by some, to be a drunkard, and a “freak show exhibit, who gets payed a bottle of whisky simply to satisfy the morbid curiosity of people to be seen drinking it” (Osborne, pg. 5). This is not only showing how the war affects Stanhope, but is also one of the main story lines of the play. His rather serious drinking problem can be seen to affect his overall behaviour in the play, especially towards those characters more inferior in military standing.When under the influence of alcohol, Stanhope’s humanity is brought to light, making Mason, in particular, very much afraid of him, as well as showing that he can, occasionally, be humorous:
For example, his treatment of...
...To all the man-made machinations, war is the most mischievous and dangerous. It is said, “Man proposes, God disposes.” But in case of war, God proposes, man disposes. War is not a natural calamity. Hence the entire responsibility for war falls on man.
Sometimes, one is apt to doubt that if man is in any way different from wild animals. Ever since two men appeared on the earth, they have been quarrelling with each other. According to WEB Yeats, men fight with each other like weasels in a ditch, why is it so?
The earliest wars were fought with bows and arrows. Later man began to use swords, spears and daggers. But in modern times, man has invented and amassed heaps of weapons of mass destruction. There are the nuclear weapons of numerous kinds, rockets, missiles, sub-marines, poisonous chemical and bacterial weapons. It is difficult to believe that man has become more civilized in any way.
The modern century has witnessed two great world wars. Man still remembers the catastrophic destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the twinkling of an eye. But it is a pity man has not learnt much from this diabolical devastation. After the Vietnam War there has been terrible Gulf War.
Whereas in the olden wars, only the kings and their armies were affected, in modern wars the civilians have to bear the brunt of destruction. Green, waving...