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Muharram 15, 1434
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History of the Sunnah -I: At the time of the Prophet
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Muslims were, early on, aware of the significance of the Sunnah and its authority. They, one generation after the other, were keen to preserve the Sunnah because they saw that as a part of the preserving of the last revelations man is ever to receive. Their efforts were unabated, and the remarkable job they did is unparalleled in the experience of any other religion or civilization.
At the time of the Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ):
One of the main reasons behind this is the fact that the Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) clearly taught the Companions may Allaah be pleased with them the importance of his Sunnah, its place in Islam and their role in saving it, teaching and conveying it to others around them and to those who would come after them. In so doing, he sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) followed an effective methodology, which will be briefly outlined below:
1. He sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) emphasized the importance of seeking knowledge and teaching it to others. He sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said: "Seeking knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male and female)." [Ibn Maajah] Also, he sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said: "Whosoever pursues a path to seek knowledge therein, Allaah will thereby make easy for him a path to Paradise. No people gather together in one of the houses of Allaah (mosques), reciting the Book of Allaah and studying it among themselves, without tranquility descending upon them, mercy enveloping them and angles surrounding them, and Allaah making mention of them to those (angels) who are with Him." [Muslim]
2. He sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) always had a center for teaching. Most of the time, it was the mosque.
3. He sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) was soft in his dealings and always facilitated things and made them easy for others. He sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) was merciful and humble and made himself readily available.
4. He sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) never pushed people into anything. Instead, he sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) gradually taught them and led them to change. He sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) always motivated them to follow his example and be their best.
5. He sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) would not continuously teach or work with them, but he would give them enough breaks to avoid overstressing or boring them.
6. He sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) spoke plainly and clearly and he sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) talked to people at their level of understanding and intellectual ability. Whenever appropriate, he sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) spoke to people in their own...
...Paper - I
1. Sources: Archaeological sources:Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments Literary sources: Indigenous: Primary and secondary; poetry, scientific literature, literature, literature in regional languages, religious literature. Foreign accounts: Greek, Chinese and Arab writers.
2. Pre-history and Proto-history: Geographical factors; hunting and gathering (paleolithic and mesolithic); Beginning of agriculture (neolithic and chalcolithic).
3. Indus Valley Civilization: Origin, date, extent, characteristics, decline, survival and significance, art and architecture.
4. Megalithic Cultures: Distribution of pastoral and farming cultures outside the Indus, Development of community life, Settlements, Development of agriculture, Crafts, Pottery, and Iron industry.
5. Aryans and Vedic Period: Expansions of Aryans in India. Vedic Period: Religious and philosophic literature; Transformation from Rig Vedic period to the later Vedic period; Political, social and economical life; Significance of the Vedic Age; Evolution of Monarchy and Varna system.
6. Period of Mahajanapadas: Formation of States (Mahajanapada): Republics and monarchies; Rise of urban centres; Trade routes; Economic growth; Introduction of coinage; Spread of Jainism and Buddhism; Rise of Magadha and Nandas. Iranian and Macedonian invasions and their impact.
7. Mauryan Empire: Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta, Kautilya and Arthashastra; Ashoka;...
...wRGEARJGNEJRLK HREJKH ERN GREKGERgkwergwEGJ WJRE GWKJER GWKERGKWERJG KW EJRGKJEW GEWKJG WJKEW tgkjE WGWEwejk GREJkgerkah earh jkearherakjh earkjh earkjh eraljherajl heral jhreajl heraj lheralj heralj her jlheraljh earh erah teh eat haahearh erah eath eath eta heth urhgqaehg isodghsdouihgaeuhwrg rwlnslnsdlgnetlnlsnrlgneorignerg eth yrh yr wehfb ygrwugy wrghrGrigirGW BER GBR TB AD B ADB RTAH ART HBAED TH ATEH ERTA HET AH RTH AER G ERAG ERA GE RAG REA GYA ER TRE HG R gera ha terh aerh brt h erag er yht hqrajgkjjern jkwrbn rejk bkrjw r wgj rg hgr kgh jurghurghrgr guhrg uh rg huri i hur uh o rgoh h hgeohuwfeuhwf hewouu rwoeqoiew uowefh uwrugowfeugwfe ugo wefugo uwegf ugowfe guoewfugwfe guwegufew guwfe ugefw ug feguw geufw guwefguwefgufewugewfgufgukdgdask g jksdjkwgjhwerjkt jhwjkwget kwettw t y wu u 7jae ga efv SD Gf hh eahr hreh tthr th ht he her rherhe erh rhejt rtjr jy kuu kku yu kkty j j ht gr gr gr gr RE REAHT EAHA ERT HET YH TE JTE AJ TAE J TE JA ETJ TE HE TAH ET J EATJ ET HA ET HAE TH AER AERH RE H AE HRER AH EAHLTRKE ALJHB KJB HK VFR DFF J UIJI IOH UHU IO I KIVNJK RERUUHGRE NTHENMTHE KT THT HTTJT Over the years, many have arisen to become what is commonly known as, a leader. Traits of a leader vary from being dedicated and altruistic to having courage and making sacrifices. All of those who step up to be a leader have a certain goal that they are trying to achieve. However, not all are successful in reaching what they aim for. This is what separates the true...
Today one of the most cherished ideologies of America is the fact that everyone is and should be created equal. With this cherished ideology bringing a sense of pride and diversity to America we must keep in mind that this cherished ideology did not always exist. Since 1865 various individuals and groups have not been able to receive and express their rights to full equal status in the United States. These different individuals and groups have seemingly fought for their rights in equality and have become pioneers in the fight for evolution for equality.
In 1865 African Americans in the United States under the 13th amendment were freed from the terrible burden of slavery. Through the 14th amendment they were given the right to citizenship and the right to equal protection. The 15th amendment gave them the right to vote regardless of their skin color race or any other type of servitude. These amendments were meant to be enforced and make a serious change in the everyday life of the average American.
With these amendments passing in 1865 they were meant to make a serious change towards the evolution of equality. These changes did not seem to happen right away and African Americans were still not being treated with equality. The average African American at this time were being denied there newly given rights every day making life extremely hard to stay...
Final Exam Part 2
On this world map, indicate the following features:
The Ring of Fire
The Mississippi River
The Gobi Desert
II. Graphic Organizer
Fill in the table below about these five major world religions. Do not fill in the shaded boxes.
Name at least
one Holy Text
How do you achieve
Describe their view about the afterlife.
Do good deeds to get good karma until you break the samsara or cycle of reincarnation and reach enlightenment
Believe the Four Truths are true and real, follow the Eightfold Path, meditation is one of the major steps to reach enlightenment
God promised the Jews, people of Israel, paradise and those who hate the Jews and mistreat them are going to go to Hell
People who believe in all the five pillars and do them and do righteous deeds go to heaven while the disbelievers and those who sin are punished and go to Hell
III. Short Answer
1. Explain the role of river valleys in the development of civilizations. Name at
least two river valleys as examples. (10 points)
Rivier valleys first and foremost provided water, a basic necessity for humans. It also provided fertile soil for agriculture, which led to settlements and brought hunting and gathering to an end....
...Name: Andiswa Mlambo
Unique number: 844868
Assignment : 04
The reform of Alexander11 [1855-1881] were meaningless and left tsarist Russia unchanged ; do you agree? Give reasons for your answer.
I agree that the reform of Alexander11 [1855-1881] were meaningless and left tsarist Russia unchanged. The disastrous state of affairs left by Nicholas I meant that change had to come to Russia. His son, Alexander II was responsible for introducing major changes to the social system and other important aspects of life in Russia. Because of this, the reign of Alexander II was one of the most important periods in Russian history. Many historians believe that if Alexander II had been prepared to grant moderate political concessions, along with his social, legal and military reforms, Russia might have gradually become a constitutional monarchy. But although Alexander did tackle the urgent problem of serfdom, his reforms did not go far enough and he too was determined to hang on to his autocratic power.
After the defeat in the Crimean War many Russians now realised that Russia's only hope for military survival lay with modernisation. This would mean industrialisation to supply the military, improvements to communications and the introduction of a railway system. Financial reforms were introduced to meet the needs of the government not of the private sector. In 1860 Alexander II established the State Bank to provide credit...
...was very worried about my name in the US because it has another meaning, I do not want people to make fun of my name when they pronoun it. But then, nothing happens, people in there do not care who am I, how I look or treat me in different ways. I realized in there has so many races of people who come from other countries and they treat each other equally. To be honest, I not really like Black African Americans much because I think they always annoy, but not because of that reason I treat them not equally or have bad attitude toward them!
This is the first time I had heard about Latino. It is really a new knowledge for me. Although I am very confused and did not understand all of thing about Latino, I still enjoy and interested in their history. According to the book “Harvest of Empire-Juan Gonzales,” it said: “…Latinos numbered a mere 9.1 million and represented just 4.5 percent of the population as recently as 1970.” (Juan Gonzalez, p.16) In my opinion, when Latino immigrates to the US with a huge amount, they all bring to the US a new culture, new race, new physical characteristic, etc. For example, the popular music in the US at that time was Latin music. “But now Latino migrant, the product of those old relationships, have invaded the North American garden, kitchen, and living room. We are overflowing its schools, its army, even its jails.” (Juan Gonalez, p.18) In another side, Latino also brings immigrant different skin color in the US and that made...
Shackleton’s Way: Analysis & Review
Weber State University
Shackleton’s Way: Analysis & Review
Unfortunately, I missed the opportunity to participate in the group discussion in person on the day we were on campus. I have since emailed both particpants in my group, Anna Guzman and Tara Rhodes, who both responded promptly that everyone was submitting short answers to the questions in our discussion group, to compare and analyze. I have since compared and reviewed their answers with mine and we have similar opinions on Shackleton’s leadership traits, the meaning of the great achievement of failure to us all seemed to be that his greatest achievement was successfully keeping his team of men alive for two years. Not only did he keep them alive, they were for the most part happy and positive until the end. I think we also all agreed that leading by example was the greatest motivator he gave to his team. People are more likely to do what you ask if they see you alongside of them working just as hard. Learning about Shackleton has been one of the most enjoyable parts of my BSN education and I look forward to researching and learning more about him.
Shackleton possessed many leadership traits that I am still in awe of after reading this book. He was thoughtful, organized, determined, and passionate to name a few. The trait that stands out the most that sets him apart is flexibility. He planned for months, even years...
... History Assignment: 3
Q.1) What were the main characteristics of the writings of the Nationalist School of Historiography?
Ans: The Nationalist School of historical writing contributed to the self- confidence, self-assertion and a certain national pride which enabled Indian people to struggle against colonialism especially in the face of denigration of India's past and the consequent inferiority complex promoted by colonial writers. K.A. Nilakanta Sastri and other historians also helped overcome the regional bias. In this respect, as in many others, nationalist historical writing in India became a major unifying factor as far as the literate Indians were concerned. Nationalist historiography flourished mainly in dealing with the ancient and medieval periods.
In the First Generation, the Indian historians began writing ancient Indian history. Most famous among them was R.G. Bhandarkar. The Indian historians did not have any new perspective on Indian history. They blindly followed the model set by the British historians who focussed on dynastic narratives or political history.
In the Second Generation, the Indian historians continued to write political and dynastic history, but the interpretations were based on the nationalist point of view. This period saw the growth of nationalism. In the 1920’s and the 1930’s the Second Generation felt the impact of the National Movement. Some of...