In India 69 crore(6.9 billion) people belong to 15-60 year age group. This is the working age group. Growth of any nation depends on its youth. It is possible only if the youth get proper education. Higher education plays a key role to produce Good engineers, doctors, administrators, artists etc.
Today, we have 16 IIT’s, 30 NIT’s, 13 IIM’s and around 550 universities in all over India. But still the nomination rate in higher education is only 13%. In developed countries this rate is approximately 57%. Our government is spending 0.7% of its GDP on education and 19% of education expenditure is for higher education. But our educational institutes are passing through the lack of quality. Our 25% engineers and managers are not suitable for industry and market.
More than 90% of our private institutes are not providing standard level of education.
In such situations we can have following solutions-
1. Concentrating on enhancing the capabilities and approach of students by introducing research oriented facilities.
2. The privatization is necessary to increase the number of graduates. If we want to increase our nomination rate to 20% till 2020 in, it is necessary to invest Rs. 5 lakh crore. So we need the help from private sector but there should be no compromise with quality of education. We have seen the negative impact of privatization, that it has converted the education to the business. So there should be some strict policies to control this problem also.
3. It needs to link the education with Society and Industry in more compact way.
4. We need the Distributed development of education system by opening good colleges in rural and backward areas of the nation also.
5. There should be the option to get the technical education in Hindi and other Indian languages also.
6. It is require to provide the honourable environment for each stream, subject or field...
...education. These institutions, with the exception of some notable ones, have however, not been able to maintain the high standards of education or keep pace with developments, especially in the fields of knowledge and technology.
Over time, financial constraints with exploding enrolments, and a very high demand from primary and secondary education has led to the deterioration in the financial support provided by the Government. On top of this, an overall structure of myriad controls with a rigid bureaucracy has stifled its development. However, on the science and technology side, India has built up the largest stock of scientists, engineers and technicians.
Since 1950-51, when there were only 2,63,000 students in all disciplines in 750 colleges affiliated to 30 universities, the growth of highereducation in India has been phenomenal. Today, there are more than 11 million students in 17,000 colleges affiliated to 230 universities and non-affiliated university-level institutions. In addition, there are about 10 million students in over 6500 vocational institutions. The enrolment is growing at the rate of 5.1 per cent per year. However, of the Degree students only 5 per cent are enrolled into engineering courses, while an overall 20 per cent in sciences. The demand for professional courses is growing rapidly.
Both public and private institutions operate simultaneously in...
HigherEducation in India – Issues and Challenges
HigherEducation in India is improving gradually after Independence. It is in the second place in the world after United States. Some institutions of India, such as the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), National Institute of Technology (NITs) and Jawaharlal Nehru University have been globally acclaimed for their standard of education. University Grants Commission (UGC) and the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), are two apex organisations that cater for the highereducation in India. The solutions for the below mentioned Issues, Challenges and Concerns of HigherEducation in India discussed in this paper would improve the status of Highereducationsystem in India.
Issues Challenges and Concerns dealt in this paper includes :
Autonomy of Universities, Access, Equity, Caste-based Reservation, Quality, Cost of Education, Declining Enrolment in Traditional Fields of Knowledge, Red Tapism, Vocationalization at the First Degree Level,Privatization and other Domestic Issues and Challenges of HigherEducation in India...
Highereducation in the present world has a very long history. Highereducation has deep roots in the early sixth century when first monastic schools were started in Europe which later developed to the famous European university in Bologna during the period between 1088 and 1090. This is the origin of highereducation with all present systems of highereducation borrowing much from this first intuition and system of highereducation. Until early 20th century, highereducation institutions and particularly universities and high level colleges catered only for the elites in the society. Though in this time basic education was enough to secure an individual a well-paying job, the costs of securing a place in the institutions of highereducation as well as maintaining the costs for the period of a given course locked out the middle income earners as well as the poor. Statistically, by the start of 20th century, 3 per cent of the world population had enrolled in universities and other colleges offering highereducation programs. This number was much concentrated...
...Education is fundamental to human progress. It plays a prominent role in all-around development of individual as well as society. A large number of books have been written on the importance of education. Education plays a key role in creating patriotic, disciplined and productive manpower.
Educated manpower constitutes precious assets as well as agents for advancing the nation. Education means the fostering of personality through the unhampered development of innate qualities of a human being. It aims at integrated development of personality.
In principle, education to the citizen is the responsibility of the State since India is a welfare State. It is an integral part of the social sector of the economy. It adds to the efficiency and productivity of human resources leading to sustainable economic growth. Its direct and indirect effects can be observed on the performance of economic sector and social sector of the country. The role of State is important in education sector for its vertical and horizontal growth.
Educationsystem in India is similar to that of various other South Asian countries. It consists of three major components- general education, vocational and technical, which till liberalisation of economy were public domain, i.e. they were State’s responsibility class grading divided...
...Education in India is seen as one of the ways to upward social mobility. Good education is seen as a stepping stone to a high flying career. EducationSystem in India currently represents a great paradox. On the one hand we have IIMs & IITs that rank among the best institutes in the world and on the other hand there are number of schools in the country that don't even have the basic infrastructure. Even after more than 50 years after independence we are far away from the goal of universal literacy. But on a positive note, Indian professionals are considered among the best in the world are in great demand. This signifies the inherent strength of Indian educationsystem.
The Educational structure in India which operates at all conceivable levels from pre-school to post doctoral is of monumental proportions. According to a World Bank report there are more than 7,40,000 formal schools; more than 3.6 million teachers are working on full time basis; there are more than 175 Universities offering under graduate and post graduate courses and about 6000 colleges affiliated to these universities.
The educational structure in India is generally referred to as the Ten + Two + Three (10+2+3) pattern. The first ten years provide undifferentiated general education for all students. The +2 stage, also known as the...
...Understanding the Indian EducationSystemIndia today is the second largest highereducation network in the world.
Universities in India are set up by the Central or State Governments by means of legislation, while colleges are established by either the State Governments or private bodies / trusts.
All colleges are affiliated to some university.
The different types of universities are:
Central or State Universities -- while the former are funded directly by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, the latter are set up and funded by the various state governments.
Deemed Universities - which enjoy the same academic status and privileges as a university. Examples are the Deccan College of Post Graduate and Research Institute, Pune; Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai; Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore; etc.
Institutions of National Importance
They are university-level institutions that are established or designated by Acts of Parliament and funded by the Central Government.
Most universities are 'affiliating universities', which prescribe to the affiliated colleges the admission criteria and courses of study, hold examinations and award degrees.
University departments impart postgraduate education and conduct and promote research in a variety of disciplines.
Undergraduate and, to some extent, postgraduate instruction is imparted by the colleges affiliated to a...
...Essay #1: Education
When it comes to education, many people automatically have a negative reaction; especially when discussing the United States’ educational system. Whether it is grade school or a highereducation, most people would agree that something needs to be changed. However, finding the specific “what” that should be changed in the educationsystem is hard, because it’s failure is a combination of many things, rather than one direct problem. As citizens, we know that flaws are expected in any sort of process/system and the educationsystem, being so vast, is bound to have many issues in its own. Authors and scholars from around the world, such as Jonathan Kozol, David Orr, Sir Ken Robinson and many others, help present these flaws to the public through intense persuasive and informational writing/speaking. Data shows that the United States has been and continues to fall behind other countries like Finland, Hong Kong, Canada, Japan, and Korea in typical testing of subjects like mathematics, science, and reading (Husén 455). Standards of education are varying from country to country and this is a direct reflection of differing goals per country on national scale, in terms of education. The United States has seemingly lower overall standards of education, as well as various...
...HIGHEREDUCATIONSYSTEM IN SOUTH AFRICA
South Africa’s current highereducationsystem is classified as: “medium knowledge producing, with low participation and high attrition rates, with insufficient capacity for adequate skills production and having a small ‘number of institutions which are in chronic crisis mode’.” (Badsha, N 2011. p4). A major concern regarding universities is the under-preparedness of students and the subsequent high dropout and graduation rates. I aim to outline and address the reasons behind students low performance rates, academic failure and their motives behind withdrawing from a tertiary institution. I will discuss a number of issues our country’s educational system has to deal with and how implementing a 4year degree program could be the best solution to save our nation from damnation.
Since 1994 our country’s main focus has been emphasized on redressing the inequalities of the past. Highereducation institutions have been restructured to follow programs, based on values of equality and democracy. Highereducation in South Africa is a factor that determines the success of an individual and in the bigger picture, the nation as a whole. As a developing country, it is crucial that the South African youth acquire satisfactory qualifications and skills so that they can contribute to...