Higher Education in Ukraine: an Overview
For Ukrainians education has always been of the highest value. Universities have been compared with temples, and their mission to serve society by means of education and science has been the priority. During the last 18 years the system of education in Ukraine has undergone deep changes and transformations, the long-term aim of which is to create a system based on the European model of higher education. This series of articles will be devoted to the process of educational reform, its influence on Ukrainian society, on state activities, on the attitudes of the academic society and of the students to the results achieved thereby, as well as to what is to be done in the future (see below for some relevant facts about Ukraine today, Figure 1 ). According to the Constitution of Ukraine, access to education is granted equally to all citizens. Education in Ukraine comprises a complex structure of the European type. It includes pre-school education, comprehensive secondary education, vocational technical education (VET in EU terminology) and higher education (Bachelor, Specialist and Master). There is also a postgraduate research education system for science degrees: Candidate of Science and Doctor of Science (Doctoral and Post-Doctoral education in EU terminology). The system of education as it currently exists is presented in Figure 2. Secondary education is compulsory. As a rule, schooling begins at the age of six. Since 2005, an eleven-year school program has been replaced with a twelve-year one. In the last (11th or 12th) grade, pupils take External Independent Tests. These tests are later used to determine university admission. The state guarantees a person freedom of choice, providing him or her with the possibility of obtaining an education according to his or her mental and professional abilities. As a result of the reforms made in the educational process, a multi-cycle higher education system has been introduced,...
...Highereducation in UkraineUkraine today is the most interesting country among the former Soviet Union republics where one can study, work and rest, get acquainted with the history of the country. Highereducation in Ukraine has always been and still preserves high quality of education. Over 18 years of independence the country has built a well-developed, competitive and ramified system of national education in European educational area.
More and more foreign students choose Ukraine for study. Annual increase of students is 10%. 40 000 foreign students gain high standard education in Ukraine. The large number of students is from China, Guinea and Turkmenistan.
The most popular professions are Medicine, Computer Engieering, Engineering specialties and Economic & Finance.
The academic year in higher educational establishments in Ukraine starts on the 1st of September. It is divided into two terms, the first term is from September to the end of January and the second begins in February and ends in June. Each term lasts 17-18 weeks, followed by a 3 week examination period.
Foreign citizens who would like to enter the higher educational establishments in Ukraine get visas at the Embassy or diplomatic representative of Ukraine...
In Ukraine, as in other developed countries, highereducation is considered to be one of the main human values. Ukraine has inherited from the past a well-developed and multifunctional system of highereducation.
The highereducation consist of higher educational establishments, scientific and methodological facilities under federal and municipal governments and self-governing bodies in charge of education. The highereducation structure includes also the post-graduate and Ph. D. Programs and self-education. The highereducation includes two major educational levels, namely basic highereducation and full highereducation. The educational level is trait of highereducation by the level of gained quality which provides comprehensive development of an individual and which will do to get an appropriate qualification. The legislation sets the following educational and qualification levels - junior specialist, bachelor, specialist, master, as well as scientific degrees of candidate of sciences (assistant professor) and doctor of sciences (Ph. D.). Educational and qualification level is trait of highereducation by the level of gained qualities which will...
HigherEducation, or Higher Priced Education?
The Marriam-Webster online dictionary defines highereducation as “education beyond the secondary level; especially : education provided by a college or university.“ It's no secret to modern students that a highereducation is necessary to advance in their professional life. There is always a cost to advancement and that cost can sometimes create a glass ceiling that is difficult for people in certain social strata to break through. The rising cost of highereducation and its requirement for jobs creates a conflict for people in lower economic brackets. While the social value of highereducation is difficult to argue against, the problems associated with affording highereducation are very real social problems that must be considered.
In Western society we have goals we are expected to achieve. At a very early age we begin preparing our children for school. There is no law demanding that children attend a specific school, nor that upon entering adult life they pursue highereducation. Children can be home schooled or attend any school of their parents' choosing. However, having a degree of some kind gives one many advantages in America. One who possesses...
...education. These institutions, with the exception of some notable ones, have however, not been able to maintain the high standards of education or keep pace with developments, especially in the fields of knowledge and technology.
Over time, financial constraints with exploding enrolments, and a very high demand from primary and secondary education has led to the deterioration in the financial support provided by the Government. On top of this, an overall structure of myriad controls with a rigid bureaucracy has stifled its development. However, on the science and technology side, India has built up the largest stock of scientists, engineers and technicians.
Since 1950-51, when there were only 2,63,000 students in all disciplines in 750 colleges affiliated to 30 universities, the growth of highereducation in India has been phenomenal. Today, there are more than 11 million students in 17,000 colleges affiliated to 230 universities and non-affiliated university-level institutions. In addition, there are about 10 million students in over 6500 vocational institutions. The enrolment is growing at the rate of 5.1 per cent per year. However, of the Degree students only 5 per cent are enrolled into engineering courses, while an overall 20 per cent in sciences. The demand for professional courses is growing rapidly.
Both public and private institutions operate simultaneously in India. Most of the growth in the...
...Mapping Australian highereducation
Grattan Institute Report No. 2012-1, January 2012
This report was written by Andrew Norton, Grattan Institute HigherEducation Program Director. Grattan Associates Julian Reichl and Ben Weidmann, and Grattan interns Peter Deutscher and ShanVerne Liew, contributed to the report’s research and production. We would like to thank the members of the Grattan Institute’s HigherEducation Reference Group for their helpful comments.
Senior Institutional Affiliates
National Australia Bank Wesfarmers Stockland Google
The opinions in this report are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of Grattan Institute’s founding members, affiliates, individual board members or reference group members. Any remaining errors or omissions are the responsibility of the author. This version was revised on 14 March 2012. The only significant change was to correct funding levels for maths and science in table 8 on page 50. For further information on the Institute’s programs, or to join our mailing list, please go to: http://grattan.edu.au/
This report may be cited as: Norton, A, 2012, Mapping Australian highereducation, Grattan Institute, Melbourne.
All material published, or otherwise created by Grattan Institute is licensed under a...
...HEI’s in the
The typology is a system for classifying highereducation institutions that shall guide policy makers in rationalizing distribution and operation of highereducation institutions (HEIs) in the Philippines.
More particularly, typology is aimed at determining the number and distribution of different types of HEIs in the country as well as, per region and province; guide researchers, students, policy- or decision-makers in analyzing and making decisions regarding the highereducation sector; and provide basis for the rationalizing standards, for allocating resources and for targeting development interventions for different types of HEIs (Teodoro, 2010).
b. Discuss the guiding principles in the typology of HEIs in the Philippines as proposed by Dr. Bernardo?
Proposed typology of HigherEducation Institutions (HEIs) in the Philippines by Dr. Bernardo.
1. Research University
2. Specialized Research University
3. Teaching University
4. Specialized College
5. Associate College
According to Dr. Bernardo institutions of higher learning shall be classified on the basis of the following features:
1. Level of highereducation programs - to distinguish institutions that have the capability to offer highereducation programs beyond the...
...HigherEducation in the USA
'The more you learn, the more you earn", said the pop singer Cyndi Lauper as she accepted her high school diploma -- at the age of 35! Although Cyndi made it without a high school degree, most people don't. In the USA today, about 75% of jobs require some education or technical training beyond high school. The lowest wage earners in the USA are those without high school degrees; college graduates out earn those without a college education; people with master's degrees outearn those with only a bachelor's: and the highest incomes of all are earned by people with advanced professional or academic degrees. These generalizations explain why the majority of young Americans go to college. However, despite the average, more diplomas don't always mean more money. Many skilled blue–collar workers, salespeople, business executives, and entrepreneurs outearn college professors and scientific researchers. And great athletes and entertainers outearn everyone else!
But college education is not only preparation for a career; it is also (or should be) preparation for life. In addition to courses in their major field of study, most students have time to take elective courses. They may take classes that help to understand more about human nature, government, the arts, sciences, or whatever else may interest them.
Going to college, either full-time or part-time, is becoming the automatic...
...the factors for graduate unemployment. The factors are weak English which is 56%,bad social etiquette 36%,demand too much pay 32%,degrees not relevant 30%,fresh grads too choosy 23% and no vacancies 14%
So I am here today to give all of you view what is actually causes of this unemployment that have become serius problem in our country nowadays
First off all,I would like to explain what is actually graduate umemployment means.
Unemployment occurs when a person is available to work and seeking work but currently without work,graduates are unable to secure job after graduating from respective universities and collage universities.Graduate unemployment is unemployment among people with an academic degree.Researchers have voiced that highereducation institutions, the job market and the needs of the labor market for graduates are different in comparison to twenty years ago.
Statistic shown that most of the umemployed graduates are from IT-related fields, and breakdown of the umemployment graduates are,Malay 96.33%,Chinese: 1.73%,India:1.70%,and Others:0.24%.
First causes unemployment in Malaysia is lack of experience.
Ladies and gentleman,
Nowadays, the employer will find the worker who had a lot of experienced one compared to the one without experience. Lack of experience and skills are also causes of graduate unemployment. Generally, most organizations prefer to employ graduates with experience. Furthermore, in Malaysia, the private...