In the beginning, the okies agreed to work for the proposed salaries without protesting. But as the latter would go more and more downward, the okies started to display their discontent and their intention to revolt. The owners who knew very well that hunger would necessarily lead to anger elaborated plans and strategies that would allow them to control the situation. First, they would send their agents and spies inside the camps to intimidate the okies and localize the so-called agitators. Much attention was attached to intimidation and provocation, and huge sums of money were spent for that purpose. The owners feared revolt, and instead of dealing with its causes, they concentrated on how to crush it. At the same time, beside the working conditions, which were getting worse and worse, the owners sent spies and policemen to make trouble in the camps. The intimidators were sent among the okies to prevent the situation from getting out of hand. That fear appeared in the policemen's comment when some okies were digging the land belonging to the owners. One of the policemen said: “Did you see his face when we kicked them turnips out? Why, he'd killa soon's he' d look at him. We got to keep these here people down or they'll take the country. They'll take the country. Outlanders, foreigners. (95)” The first who were targeted were the leaders of the okies, called red agitators by the owners. The latter were convinced that when protest leaders were neutralized, the remaining okies would not dare protest any more. One okie revealed this situation to Tom Joad who had freshly arrived in California : “Look if the folks get together, they' s a leader-got to be fella that does the talkin'. Well, first time this fella opens his mouth they grab' im an' stick' im in jail. An' if they' is another leader pops up, why, they stick' im in jail. (96)” This shows how the owners denied the right of speech and of association to their compatriots, which should be unthinkable in a country...
...Know Its Difference
Difference between Lean and Mass Production
Oct 23rd, 2011 @ 04:18 pm › Sunil Tinani
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Mass production refers to a manufacturing process in which products are manufactured on a mass scale. For example, ball-point pens are items that are used by everyone and so these are mass-produced. Lean production refers to a manufacturing process in which items are produced based on current demand trends. For example, if a particular gold necklace design is in demand, then jewelers will typically gauge this demand and produce a limited number of the in-demand necklaces.
Here is how lean and mass production differ:
A mass production process focuses on manufacturing in large-sized lots. The idea is to manufacture the maximum number of products in one lot. For example, commonly-used consumer items such as packaged food, shoes, and many other items that enjoy mass appeal are mass-produced. Alean production process focuses on producing as per the latest market demand. For example, a high-end car that is priced at several millions may be produced on an order basis.The mass production process requires the company to stock the manufactured products in a warehouse. These products are dispatched to market intermediaries (distributors). These distributors then supply these products to retailers. A lean productionprocess generally supplies direct to the customer. Stocking of products is not required – however, a market intermediary...
...Grapes of Wrath
“If a young man is about to commence in the world ... we say to him publicly and privately, go to the West. There, your capacities are sure to be appreciated and your industry and energy rewarded.", were the words of the former lead editor of the New York Tribune Horace Greely, regarding the necessity of expansion of the United States of America to the Western coast. Beginning with the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 during the Democratic Jefferson Era, the concept of America’s right to reach the western coast became more obvious than ever during the nineteenth century. During the 1830’s as well as the 1840’s these “god given” rights were introduced to a concept known as “Manifest Destiny”. Many expeditions and annexations of states in the far west soon gave all Americans throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries the idea that the West was a symbol of equal opportunities for all, both economically and socially. However, these perceptions were only materialistic hogwash and in fact resulted in the exact opposite. Corporate systems and discrimination ultimately defined the West during these times, and weren’t able to be known to the individuals out back East. These unlawful lands were open to the opinion of the writer, thus resulting in works that helped to speak out against the corrupt “utopia” of the West. One of the most famous works to help unfold the diabolical actions done in this territory was the American...
1 November 2008
Man vs. Man: Darwinism
“If a man owns a little property, that property is him, it’s a part of him, and it’s like him… But let a man get property he doesn’t see, or can’t take time to get his fingers in, or can’t be there to walk on it—why, then the property is the man (Steinbeck 424).” This quote identifies the thought process of a tenant farmer being evicted from his home, the land he grew up on, in chapter five of John Steinbeck’s Pulitzer Prize winning novel, The Grapes of Wrath. John Steinbeck speaks of the relationships and humanity shown between the bank, landowners, and tenant farmers throughout this chapter. However, Steinbeck’s words can be interpreted to strongly support the tenant farmers, and get the reader to sympathize with the farmers as he hones in on their losses and their feelings. Throughout chapter five of The Grapes of Wrath, Steinbeck presents the malice and inhumanity that greed can instigate by showing how the bigger power, the bank, can cause people to turn against people of a lower strata then themselves in order to get by. Through the viewpoint of the landowner, the tractor driver, and the farmer tenants, Steinbeck is able to get the readers to feel the callousness shown to the farmer tenants and the lack of power held by the landowners and tractor driver.
Steinbeck stresses the fact that the economic system victimizes all classes. The...
November 1, 2012
Changes Along the Road
John Steinbeck’s book, The Grapes of Wrath, shows the audience future changes in America, namely the coming Industrial Revolution, and the conflict between the locals and the Okies. These themes are supported by subplots of desperation, hunger, and the upcoming change in America. These subplots are particularly highlighted and illustrated in chapters 11 and 21.
Steinbeck begins chapter 11 with a metaphor illustrating the coming change in the United States. The Industrial Revolution was coming and Steinbeck used this metaphor to show how machines would change the way the farmers lived their life. Steinbeck used this chapter not only for a picture of their vacant homes but as future inference for the coming times of disconnect between farmers and their land.
“So easy that the wonder goes out of work, so efficient that the wonder goes out of the land and working it, and with the wonder the deep understanding and the relation” (115) Farming, to Steinbeck, was not just a way that crops were produced, but a lifestyle. Steinbeck understood that the little things mattered to farmers and their industry. Things like the way that land was worked from generation to generation, the care and dedication that were put into the seasonal turning of the soil, and rotating the crops to make sure the land stayed well. All these things were, for the farmer, not simply for this short...
... “The last clear definite function of man-muscles aching to work, minds aching to create beyond the single need-this is man.” (Sparknotes) John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath is a novel that emphasizes the ill treatment and extreme poverty of migrant workers. Steinbeck was an American legend who was born an ordinary person in an average hard working American home. In his novel The Grapes of Wrath John shows how he incorporates the hard working mentality of American citizens, how they are poorly treated, and mentions the poor conditions in which they live. Steinbeck was a very famous author who became well known through his own hard work ethic.
John Steinbeck was a phenomenal author who became well known for his novels pertaining to the social issues of his time. He was born in Salinas, California in 1902. He attempted to go to college at Stanford University where he worked hard but never came out with a degree. He left college to attempt to be a free-lance writer in New York but failed to do so. He returned to California and continued to write novels. The novel that started his career by making him well known was Tortilla Flat, a book about the everyday humorous stories about Monterey paisanos which he published in 1935. He later published The Grapes of Wrath in 1939. The Grapes of Wrath was Steinbeck’s most famous novel and is the reason he is so well know...
...Grapes of Wrath Long Research essay
One of the greatest historical fiction novels written, The Grapes of Wrath written by John Steinbeck, is not only vividly descriptive, but includes incredibly complex themes, allowing the reader to delve into the meaning endlessly. One of these themes discusses the liberation of women for men in the novel, a complex subject that Steinbeck envelopes in his story almost discreetly. The two main women in the novel that liberate them selves from men are Ma Joad and Rose of Sharon, neither liberation is extremely evident but both are complex.
Ma Joad is a wonderfully complex character in the Grapes of Wrath. In the very beginning of the novel Steinbeck states that she is a citadel, the center and last defense of the family. She is often known as the person who holds the Joads together through all the trials they face on their journey. Ma joad experienced liberation, in the case that she fills the role of Pa. It was never Ma Joads intention to take Pa Joads place in the family hierarchy, yet this is what happened when Pa could no longer fill his role. This was because Ma Joad cared for the wellness of others, all her goals were based on her family and wanting the best for them. On the other hand Pa Joads goals were very selfish and were very self-centered, based on proving his masculinity to his household and his community. Pa however failed in his...
29 of November 2012
This Is Our Land
To human beings, environment is vital. After spending a number of years in one place, it is very human nature to become attached. This is especially true with farmers. They spend their lives learning the land around them. The land becomes a friend to them, having almost human value. In the novel The Grapes of Wrath, author John Steinbeck conveys the connection people have with their land, how big, greedy, corporations take that away, and how family unity provides the strength to overcome the hardships that are set in place by the corporations.
All humans think of a home as a place for comfort. They say that home is where you make it, but these farmers did not get that right away. In The Grapes of Wrath, the Oklahoma farmers feel they belong to the land and do not want to leave it. In response to Muley Graves' refusal to leave, Jim Casy says, "' Fella gets use' to a place, its hard to go'"(65). Muley's refusal to leave shows that he is physically and emotionally attached to the land he farmed before his eviction. It is illegal for him to remain on the land; yet, he cannot bring himself to leave his home. The land has become a part of him.
Human beings also can become proprietary about their land. They believe that the land belongs to them, and they belong to it. Before the Joad family is finished packing, Grampa decides he does not...
...Throughout John Steinbeck’s novel The Grapes of Wrath, many concepts appear that were noted in How to Read Literature Like a Professor by Thomas C. Foster. However, the three chapters of Foster’s how-to guide that most apply to Steinbeck’s novel were “It’s All About Sex…,” “Every Trip is a Quest (Except When It’s Not),” and “It’s More Than Just Rain or Snow.” On more than one occasion these concepts are hidden within the book, and two of them actually seem somewhat linked together. After reading between the lines, The Grapes of Wrath has an extremely intricate plot and many ulterior meanings. Foster’s book helps to solve these meanings and make it so that the novel can be completely understood.
According to How to Read Literature Like a Professor, “sex doesn’t have to look like sex.” In fact, during the 1930’s when The Grapes of Wrath was published, writers weren’t allowed to include any straightforward sexual scenes in their novels. Writers then found a way to get around this restriction by hiding these scenes behind perfectly normal behavior. The first time this is seen in Steinbeck’s novel occurs in Chapter 15 when the Joad family stops at a small hamburger stand. In this stand, there are two employees, Mae and Al. Al clearly has feelings for the character Mae, feelings which Mae doesn’t notice. Steinbeck describes how Al “looks up at the vivaciousness in Mae’s voice.” He then goes...