In chapter 8 of The Thirteen American Arguments, Howard Fineman discusses the tensions between local and national authority. (a) List three issues that Fineman deals with directly in the book and briefly describe how each of those issues creates tension between local and national authority. One of the more recent issues fashioning local v. national authority is Hurricane Katrina. The government’s response to the natural disaster was poor, and locals claimed the federal government did not do enough. The people wanted more help. Like Finman said, “It was the national government’s duty to build and maintain the dams, locks, and levees…”. Slavery caused severe tension between the states and federal government. Knowing that they would lose hope for creating a constitution if slavery was abolished, the founders in Philadelphia postponed the date of ban for 20 more years, and until then, slaves could be imported. This ban eventually led to the Civil War. The attacks on the Trade Center in 1993 raised questions about the national authority’s ability to protect its citizens within the states. It was claimed that local police forces did a much better job than the FBI at the Trade Center site reacting to the attack. This is an example of how states might have some role of local civil protection. (b) Choose three more issues not listed in the book that also demonstrate this tension between local and national authority and briefly describe them; Immigration is a prominent local v. national issue in today’s society. Border states like Arizona and Texas are getting a lot of illegal immigrants crossing over their borders. Those states desire assistance from the federal government to stop the immigration, but the federal government might not want to stop the immigration or put the resources into it. Other states are saying let us deal with it, but the federal government does not want the states to handle it by themselves. Gay marriage is another popular topic...
...Government of Jammu and Kashmir
Civil Secretariat, Education Departmen.
Subject: - Placement/Postings of P.G. Masters as I/C Lecturers in the discipline of Chemistry.
Government Order No. 475-Edu of 2008
D A T E D: 23-09-2008
With a view to filling up the available vacancies of Lecturers in Chemistry discipline, the P.G. Masters/Teachers figuring in the Annexure “A” on the basis of Seniority/eligibility are hereby placed as I/C Lecturers in their own pay and grade with charge allowance as admissible under rules in the discipline of chemistry for a period of six months or till the posts are filled up on regular basis, whichever is earlier. This placement however will not confer any superior claim in them viz-a-vis others and shall not be without prejudice to the superior claim as may be existing or get established and shall be subject to the outcome of any case or claim decided or pending disposal before the Hon’ble Courts.
The officers figuring in Annexure “A” shall report to Director of School Education Kashmir/Jammu of their respective division with in a period of 21 days from the date of issue of this order. The director school education, Kashmir/Jammu shall allow these I/C Lecturers to join and post them in their respective divisions against the available vacancies to our come the shortage of teaching personnel in Chemistry discipline subject to verification of following: -
a. that the P.G. certificate on the basis of...
AP Government and Politics
Essay # 3
19 November 2012
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington Essay
After watching the movie Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, many of the government activities that we learned so far this year were represented in the film. This film was about how a senator died and the events leading to the appointing of the new senator. Also the movie displayed how a man would go to any length to pass a bill he believe in and how he held the longest filibuster in history in order to pass that bill.
One of the government activities that we learned this year was how difficult the process is of appointing a new senator if one were to die. In the beginning of the film a group of reporters are scrambling about and shouting in telephones that the current senator, Samuel Foley, has died. The senior senator heard this news and immediately calls the governor and addresses to him the situation at hand. The governor then calls Mr. Taylor and tells him the news. Taylor tells the governor that he must appoint a new senator to fill in the open seat and to complete Foley’s term. The governor turns down many of the appointees until he domes up with the idea of appointing Mr. Smith, who is the leader of the boy rangers, for senator. He convinces Taylor that he will be perfect for the job because Smith has no clue about politics and wont cause any trouble or get in the way of Taylor’s plans and he agrees....
...POLITICAL PARTY PROGRESSION IN TEXAS
The Political Party Progression in Texas
Do the political parties affect policy making and Implementation? The text explained the history of the Texas Party System and how much it has changed, how it will continue to change, and how these changes affect Texas Policymaking.
The Texas Political Party System and its supporting individuals have changed over the years. At one time the south was considered to be mostly Democratic. As the south began to become affected by the Civil War and continued on through the Reconstruction, the South became the one-party Democratic South. This situation changed drastically in the year 2002 when the “Grand Old Party (GOP)” captured the majority of the seats in the Texas House. Furthermore, the GOP was a nickname for the Republican Party in Texas. The GOP could continually count on the loyalty of African Americans, German Americans livining in the Hill Country who had opposed secession before the Civil War, and few others.
Additionally, the Republication Party more than doubled in Texas going from thirty-five members up to seventy-two members between the years of 1981 and 2001.
Not only has the Texas Party System changed over the years, but the voting patterns have also shown differences in how individuals vote based on their ethnicity, race, region and place of residence. Currently, the African Americans and the Latinos of Texas tend to be...
...and (c) Great Compromise?
a.) Proposal to create a strong national government.
b.) Proposal to create a weak national government.
c.) Plan to have a popularly elected house based on state population and a state-selected senate, with two members of each state.
11. Define and give the significance of (a) republics, (b) judicial review, (c) federalism, (d) enumerated powers, (e) reserved powers, and (f) concurrent powers.
a.) A government in which elected representatives make the decisions.
b.) the power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional.
c.) Government authority shared by national and local governments.
d.) Powers given to the national government alone.
e.) Powers given to the state government alone.
f.) Powers shared by the national and state governments.
12. What did the framers of the Constitution think about human nature? Thought people were ambitious and self-interested. They thought that people want power and want control.
13. Define and explain the significance of (a) separation of powers and (b) factions.
a.) Constitutional authority is shared by three different branches of government. ; it helps avoid the misuse and abuse of power given to a person or group and it distinguishes the different and separate groups including their responsibilities and limits.
b.) A group with a distinct political interest....
...White Paper: A Recommendation for Xlandia
Every Government needs a framework in order for them to efficiently work, regulate, and rule the masses. This framework is known as a Constitution, and it is a set of fundamental principles created according to the desires and needs of those involved in its forging. Now Government power is limited when there is a mutual respect on the restraints on power, a constitution with legal limits on power, individual rights are protected in the constitution, and in all there is a status quo for promoting what is best for everyone. To add to this there is a separation of powers and the power must be shared. However, the polar opposite of a limited government is an unlimited government which includes two types, an Authoritarian and Totalitarian. Within a Totalitarian government, there is one dominant leader supported by a mass party, the media is controlled, there is no opposition allowed, terror is used to maintain power, and individual behavior is controlled. In an Authoritarian government, it is controlled by a single person or a dominant elite, the military shows full support, the government itself is not accountable for its actions, the media can be censored, and the public is not allowed to criticize the government.
Now if you are looking for structure, something with a final say, a written constitution is the way to...
...System of Government may be required for Pakistan as per follows.
This country needs change in system of government. We must have Presidential form of Democracy as in America and it is quite clear that this Parliamentary form of democracy is totally failure also the martial laws after the constitution of 1973 is C.T. test that this Parliamentary form of democracy is badly failure and even worst system of Government and simply dragging this country and nation to big ditch. This system of Government should not prolong any more as it is not only wasting precious time of nation but declining it to drastic situation even it is generating such approach of nation which is really horrible. We as a nation is almost losing all human values, ethics and quality, we are having every worst attitude for which many nations were abolished from the face of earth by nature. We do not have national approach but just self survival at any cost. All this is horrible for not even us but for our coming generations. The best system of Government is only democracy but true democracy not the dictatorship wearing skin of democracy. The best example of democratic system of Government having closest example to initial Islamic system of Government, and it can be said that may be the idea of American System of Government by a jurist Austin may have been taken from initial Islamic system of...
...The government of the state of Texas is a difficult and complicated institution that is composed of many different levels. The question comes in to everyone's mind at one time or another whether or not to trust the government. It could be that people believe that the officials will take advantage of their power, or simply people don't like the idea of being controlled by someone who is not a family member or friend. To avoid this centralized power, thegovernment is divided into stages and this is a reasonable ground for trusting the government. Government runs this state and it does deserve to be trusted.
Our government here in Texas has three major parts that play a significant part in our decision making process. These levels have been deigned to decentralize power and make it more affective for the public's needs. The primary level is the Texas legislature. It is almost a given to say that everyone has at least heard of the legislature. Some variables that the legislature contains are the Lt. Governor, the Speaker of the house of Representatives and Committee Chairs. The Speaker acts as the presiding officer over the house and has two levels of power. These two levels are institutional powers which allow the officer to preside over the Legislative Audit Committee and Sunset Advisory Committee.
The procedural powers include those of appointing most committee members, assign...
...Government Regulations on Businesses Advantages and Disadvantages
This paper will discuss the proposed views on the advantages and disadvantages of government regulations on businesses.
Government Regulations on Businesses Advantages and Disadvantages
There are advantages and disadvantages that may be associated with the regulations that government imposes on businesses. It is best to examine the reasoning behind regulations first prior to determining the potential advantages or disadvantages that are viewed with government regulations. Government serves as an overseer of the way that businesses operate in society, and regulations establish the guidelines and rules for businesses in the marketplace. Businesses would not have a standard to go by without regulations and it could result in corruption because there would be no rules to avoid problems. Regulations established by the government forces businesses to think of ways to maintain success within the boundaries of rules, which will benefit the market for society.
Government regulations fall under the basis of two types social and economic regulations. Social regulations protect the interest of the public, such as...