In this paper, the main focus will lie on the differences that the librarians and students have when they tend to retrieve or manage the information that they search through online databases. Furthermore, we will discuss the importance of the knowledge management and controlled vocabulary as the main distinction between those librarians who are successful at information retrieval and teaching it and those students that aren’t. We will discuss this under the light of some of the large search engines or web portals that are available to the librarians and the students as part of their search archives like Google; highlighting some of the facts that should be known and/or taught about these web portals before they can be used to gather accurate information. Introduction
There are many kinds of information retrieval tools existing in the internet for Librarian and patron usage which allows access to thousands of documents in the internet. The internet is composed of numerous computer networks worldwide and has become a powerful tool for information storage, retrieval and dissemination. Locating specific information from such a huge network may require numerous search techniques, time and patience when searching for a subject in the web even if the information is just a click away. This process may involve visits to numerous websites and reading the available information. This lengthy search process can be reduced to a less extensive time if the correct vocabulary is utilized for searching as there are hundreds of sites available in the net. Many adults, teenagers, children, students, etc., not being schooled in search techniques may find themselves in a quagmire receiving information both related and unrelated to their topic of interest. One of the ways to do this effectively is through the application of the process of knowledge management. Knowledge management, as the name suggests, simply means to manage or tackle the information that one is exposed to when gathering data on a particular subject. In the modern and highly developed world today, knowledge management has become an even more important phenomenon for any and every organization to ensure the use of accurate and appropriate information. This is so because the accessibility to information outlets has increased tremendously as a simultaneous reaction to the technological advancements. They key in knowledge management is to be able to distinguish and separate all the relevant information for the completion of a task from the irrelevant information. Furthermore, if the process of knowledge management is to be successful within the libraries, for use of both the librarians and the students, then the environment should be such where all the data gathered is accessible and acceptable for everyone. Since most libraries are basically information sharing centre, this isn’t hard to achieve. Besides that, the librarians can use the history of data stored on their systems to establish and distinguish between search patterns and the ways in which most students articulate their information demands (Schwarzwalder, 1999). Body
For this paper, we used the help of various researches conducted in the past to compare and contrast the differences between the skilled/unskilled librarians and the high/low achievers amongst the students when analyzing their overall ability to understand, collect and manage the information they need with regards to a certain topic or task. All of the comparisons were done based on four different aspects: first, the use of meaningful understanding of the task at hand; second, the use of gathering relevant and detailed data on the task based on the meaningful understanding of it; third, the ability to remember the primary and important facts gathered; and fourth, the overall method applied to collect the information. All of the results showed that the skilled librarians and the high achieving students were much better equipped to handle all...