The line between harm and offence is often indistinct, yet the two are separate. People who are harmed have a limited choice in reaction, while people who are offended can choose to respond in different manners. For instance, a person is crossing the road when a car appears. The driver is drunk and unable to notice the pedestrian. Since the driver is unable to come to a halt, he collides into the pedestrian. The pedestrian suffers from emotional trauma as well as physical injuries, he is harmed. In another situation, the driver manages to stop in time. The pedestrian is unharmed, but he may take offence at the driver. In this essay, hate speech is viewed as the main means of creating offence, and censorship as a solution to hate speech is discussed.
What is hate speech? Hate speech is language spoken with the purpose of inciting violence, intimidation, degradation, prejudicial action against a person because of differences in skin color, race, religion, nationality, sexual preferences etc. Good speech is language that avoids causing offence or harm. Censorship is the avoidance of issues with the potential to offend or harm others. Although censorship and good speech are slightly different, they are used interchangeably in this essay. Is censorship the answer to hate speech? In the following example, although censorship was in place so no students would be insulted by the text, it was still unable to prevent offence being taken.
Mrs. Heifetz coincidentally found an altered excerpt in her child’s exam paper. The comprehension passage had missing words from a book excerpt which she was very familiar with. Initially she thought it was just one of the occasional quirks used by teachers to avoid misinterpretation of the text. Driven by curiosity, she then checked several other Regents English exam papers for the past three years. She discovered that a vast range of the text had been sanitized to avoid sensitive topics such as race, religion, ethnicity, sex,...
...HateSpeechHatespeech is a form of communication that discriminates against one person or one group. “Hatespeech is a term for speech intended to degrade, intimidate, or incite violence or prejudicial action against someone based on race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, or disability. The term covers written as well as oral communication.” (USA Education Guides). In many countries, the right to free speech is guaranteed under the constitution, however, it is a right that should not be used to discriminate, abuse or undermine other people. Many people do misuse of the rights that they have in a democratic society and it can often hurt others in many ways. Although freedom of expression should be respected, hatespeech is a form of discrimination that should be punishable by law.
Many people believe that freedom of expression gives them the right to talk about absolutely everything and they can really talk about everything, as long as it does not discriminate against another person. Hatespeech ridicules and belittles people who do not need to hear it. Freedom of expression has to be a limit; the right of freedom of expression is not absolute because it can influence the other people' life. People cannot say anything calumnious or slanderous without consequences, like be...
...Free Speech vs. Harmful HateSpeech
Freedom of speech is instilled at the beginning of the Bill of Rights and it allows citizens of the United States to express their opinions without being afraid of what might happen to them, much like in other countries. Many times people are directly or indirectly harmed by others’ actions that are considered a right under the freedom of speech clause. Though, some people worry that if we do not allow for complete freedom of speech, it is hard to figure out what the limits are. So how can we distinguish between what is covered under our freedom of speech right and what is not if there are no limits? Freedom of speech is a constitutional right given to every citizen, entitling them to voice their opinion however they see fit. However, in order to be protected in schools and businesses, many boundaries have been placed on free speech in order to regulate harmful hatespeech. However, this comes with a disadvantage, people are supposed to be protected from harmful hatespeech in schools and businesses; actions are taken to protect this, though, other factors of free speech are taken away when what is considered harmful and what is not can not be distinguished.
Freedom of speech is a big problem on school campuses because the...
Edward Oliver, Jr
Thomas Jefferson one of the founding fathers once said, “A democracy cannot be both ignorant and free.” The first amendment structured to give United States citizens the right to speak freely is an essential law that builds the foundation of the United States Constitution. The first amendment is one of the most controversial laws that higher instructions of learning, churches, state, and local governments have debated for several centuries. So the question is should the United States government place a measure to regulate people from hateful language? When a rap artist writes music to degrade women and display expletive lyrics that warrants a disclaimer for underage children listening to their music should the government stop the rap artist from expressing their genre of music? Most people would agree that hatespeech is an abnormal behavior, which warrants some form of punishment to individuals in involved in hatespeech. However, some people in society may have a different definition of hatespeech, then the next person. In addition, some may even believe that because there is a first amendment that all speech should be permissible.
Lawmakers have made provisions for...
...This paper will address some of the issues surrounding hatespeech and its regulation. I will explain both Andrew Altman and Jonathan Rauch's positions in the first two sections. The third section will be on what Altman might say to Rauch's opposite views. I will then discuss my view that hatespeech should never be regulated under any circumstance especially in the name of protecting someone's psychology, feelings, or insecurities like Altman prescribes. In the end, I will conclude that we should not agree with Altman despite his well intentioned moral convictions to push for hatespeech regulation. Although hatespeech is a horrible act, people must learn to overcome and persevere through difficult situations and not leave it to the law to protect their feelings and insecurities.
I. Altman's Position:
Altman is very careful while proscribing a solution to the issues surrounding the regulation hatespeech. He maintains that regulations on hatespeech must be view point neutral, meaning that no moral, political, or religious convictions be involved in decisions of regulation. Most of the cases of regulation that he examines display what Thomas Grey of Stanford calls "practical neutrality," or an intervention of regulation meant to protect individuals from illocutionary speech...
In the first amendment of the United States constitution, American citizens are guaranteed the right to free speech. This is a fundamental right of American law, and one of the foundations of the U.S. Constitution. It is also the breeding ground for one of the most widely debated issues in America: What, if any, measures should be put into place to regulate hateful language? Most people will agree under one definition or another that hatespeech is a socially deviant activity and worthy of some form of punishment. However, each person's definition of hatespeech is different from the next. Some might say that there is no such thing as hatespeech, and that because of the first amendment any and all speech should be allowed. However, there are laws against slander and libel, which make it a criminal action to defame any person in speech or writing. Some might say that any and all speech that is negative in any way towards any group is hatespeech. However, many religious groups are opposed to homosexuality because of their religion, and are allowed to speak out and protest against it in the United States. Hatespeech is defined by the American Heritage Dictionary as "Bigoted speech attacking or disparaging a...
...the issue of free speech. The First Amendment states, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances." Even though free speech is one of the core American values proudly embedded in each citizen, some poopAmericans find themselves torn between whether or not to limit the freedom of speech on behalf of hatespeech. Most law-abiding citizens disagree with hatespeech, but must realize even speech that promotes hate, racism, and even crime is still protected by the Constitution of the United States. Free speech should not be limited, because it would infringe on one of the basic rights of Americans and would prevent students in public universities from practicing their freedom to learn.
Many moralpoop, law-abiding American citizens find themselves divided between the balance of hatespeech and free speech. The Oxford English Dictionary defines hatespeech: "speech expressing hatred or intolerance of other social groups, especially on the basis of race or sexuality; hostile verbal abuse." Americans are proud to have the...
...HateSpeech Codes: Ineffective and Unconstitutional
Even though there has been a large increase in the number of hatespeech codes in colleges and universities, the increase in the amount of hatespeech incidents across the nation shows that these guidelines are ineffective. While hatespeech codes attempt to create a safer more politically correct environment on college campuses by establishing principles and guidelines for students to follow, they are inherently ineffective because they are only attempting to cover up hatespeech and are not addressing the root of the problem-hate. Also, they contradict the First Amendment of the United States constitution which entitles everyone to freedom of speech. Hatespeech codes are merely guidelines and principles. In order to make a real difference in the atmosphere of today's increasingly multicultural college campuses, college administrators and student leaders must work together to combat ignorance and create a respectful more tolerant environment by changing the mindset of students.
Hatespeech refers to any expression that intends to degrade, intimidate, or incite violence or prejudicial action against a group of people based on their race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, or...
Since the Oklahoma City Bombing in 1995, the number of hate sites has increased from one to many. “Today, Simon Wiesenthal Center and the Anti-Defamation League have documented about 2,800 hate sites,” and growing (Leet, 288). Since globalization took place in our world, the internet has become a place where anyone is able to expose all sorts of information to the billions of eyes of the public. Globalization has it’s positive effects and also, increasingly, it’s negative; Hatespeech on cyberhate sites is one of them. The United States is one of the most diverse countries in the world. There is however still a notion that the white people are the ‘superior race’. Racial discrimination is still very much alive in our world today and minorities are treated differently whether it may be conscious or unconscious. Many groups such as the KuKlux Klan, the Neo-Nazis, and the Skinheads have a firm belief that minorities should perish for the world only needs the ‘elite’. As the usage of the internet increases, these hate speeches have become more prominent.
The hatespeech in these sites are not only the ground work for exclusion created by language, it can also lead to “psychological distancing or moral exclusion” (Leet, 298). Globalization should have more positive effects in our world. The difference of culture, skin color, and...