The choice of right versus wrong can be a relatively simple one to make. In most cases the right choice has positive implications and the wrong choice negative ones. What happens when we are faced with two choices that can be equally right? What do we rely upon to make these decisions that have competing virtues? Right versus right decisions are defining moments in shaping a person’s character. That being said, the lecture, Defining Moments by Badaracco (2002) is appropriately titled. Badaracco goes on to lay out a framework for addressing right versus right dilemmas. This framework by Badaracco addresses the following four questions: 1)Which course of action will do the most good and the least amount of harm? 2)Which alternative best serves others’ rights?
3)What plan can I live with that is consistent with basic values and commitments? 4)Which course of action is feasible in the world as it is? Given the situation with Alison and AlphaSoft Corporation, I would say that the course of action that will do the most good and the least amount of harm is to let Alison continue with her current position and positively influence her to continue her education and complete her MBA. Alison was hired into a position that did not require an MBA and moved up the ranks with hard work and her leadership has positively and financially benefitted the company. Badaracco (2002) quotes the famous utilitarian John Stuart Mill who once said “The essence of responsible behavior is doing whatever promotes the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people”. The best thing to do to make the greatest number of people happy is to maintain the status quo of sorts and leave everything as it is. It cannot be said that Alison did not earn her position.
In regards to Badaracco’s second question we need to focus on rights. Badaracco (2002) talks about the Declaration of Independence and the ideas of human rights and states that we “live in a world where we are surrounded by rights: human rights, political rights, and economic rights”. Also to be thought about are rights of fairness, respect and safety. Alison deserves fairness due to the fact I mentioned earlier that she was originally hired into a position at AlphaSoft that did not require an advanced degree. Others at AlphaSoft during that same time were hired into her current position sans an advanced degree. In addition, I would say that Alison deserves the respect that should come to someone who has attained a Senior Vice President position and maybe even more so since she did it without an advanced degree.
The third question to be considered involves conscious and values. It is that little voice we all have inside ourselves and makes us look in the mirror. Badaracco (2002) offers that this question can be attributed to the great philosophers Aristotle and Confucius. They felt the right thing to do should come naturally and instinctively. Per Badaracco (2002) it should not be “a matter of deliberation and calculation”. Samantha in HR may not know enough about Alison and her work ethic but given that she is a Senior Vice President should give her the benefit of the doubt. She should know that there is more to a person than the credentials that follow their name. I don’t think Samantha or anyone else in HR could sleep at night if they stripped Alison of her position that she worked hard for and deserved. That is what I feel this question is about, people searching their consciousness and asking themselves what they can live with as an individual and also as a company.
The fourth question is a very pragmatic one. Badaracco (2002) ties this question to the 15th century Italian philosopher Machiavelli. The name Machiavelli gives many a bad taste in their mouth as he was known for being deceitful for personal gain. Machiavelli stood for the immoral or dishonest guy that got ahead in life. But in the end we must be real and open our eyes to the world...
...Are apes capable of using the language?
During the recent time frame scientists have shown that such mammals as chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans are capable of learning and using ASL (American Sign Language) and several artificial languages like, for example, «Yerkish.» However, there is a controversy in how far that ability of great apes spans. There are two different groups of researchers, experimenting with language and apes, those who are in favor of a «traditional» approach, and those who prefer a new, «modern» one. Most debates among them are about the questions
 Can great apes meaningfully relate words?
 Can apes create sentences?
Having in mind these two questions, I tried to find the answer using the literature written by researchers belonging to both «traditional» and «modern» doctrines.
Can great apes meaningfully relate words?
«Traditional» researchers believe that great apes cannot meaningfully relate words. They believe that apes just use words which are mostly liked by their trainers in each concrete situation, but they can be meaningless to apes. For example, «only 12 percent of utterances were spontaneous-that is, 88 percent were preceded by a teacher's utterance» (Herbert Terrace, 1979). In addition, a famous psychology professor at Columbia University, Herbert Terrace, argues that «even if an...
Planet of Life
Apes to Man
Sir Mario De los Reyes
(Social Studies Teacher)
Trisha R. Alimorong
Planet of Life: Apes to Man is narrated by Stacy Keach, presented by Discovery
Channel. A must see documentary regarding the Theory of Evolution. Originally produced
for Discovery Channel, each episode covers a separate chapter in the biography of the
world. This episode examines the evolution with the use of computer animation.
The film talks about how apes like Lucy, who is known to be a three million year
old ape that walked upright or with two legs and revolutionized or grew and changed into
one of the modern men and women who populate the world in every continent, nation and
city today. The first stage in evolution is walking upright or with two legs just like Lucy
did. The second is having the ability to speak or make different kinds of sounds. This is the
cause of the straightening of the spine which allows the neck to follow for them to be able to
One hundred million years ago, dinosaurs walked the earth. They no longer exist
today because of the asteroids that hit their home and eventually killed all of them. The
earth, after some time, regained its life forces because some small creatures that got
through the great tragedy that put an end to the era of the...
...Homo Sapiens and The Great Apes
Imagine walking through the zoo and approaching the habitat of the great apes. Suddenly, you find yourself thinking about how different you are from these creatures. They can’t speak, they aren’t advanced, and don’t wear clothes. It is at this moment that you start to feel superior to these animals. Realizing this, you start to believe that you are in no way similar to these animals. This description is a common belief for most humans, the idea that we are in no way similar to the great apes. Though there are many biological and social differences between Homo Sapiens and the great apes, who are all members of the Hominoidea Infraorder, (a sub-classifaction of the primate order within the animal kingdom) there are also many similarities.
When comparing Homo Sapiens and great apes, there is a lot to compare biologically. Humans differ from the great apes in a few ways. For instance, humans are bipedal (the ability to walk upright) while the great apes are quadrupedal (the ability to walk on all fours). Also, great apes have much more hair on their body, whereas Homo Sapiens have less hair. This allows Homo Sapiens to use sweat glands to regulate body temperature when running long distances, which was a direct result of bipedalism. Another way in which humans differ from the great apes is grip. Homo Sapiens have a...
...Rights for Great Apes
I support scientists researching on and experimenting with great apes. Since scientists don’t want to jeopardize the lives of humans, they test on apes. If they were not testing apes, then they would be testing other animals which other people would also fight against. Scientists perform tests on these apes for one very important reason, “98.4 percent of the DNA in chimpanzees (and 97.7 percent of the DNA in gorillas) is identical to the DNA of human beings.” This proves that there is no better animal to conduct tests and experiments than apes because their genetic similarities. This means their reactions, results, and the effects will most likely be similar to those of human beings. I do agree with testing apes, whether for research, or for new products; anything that can better the lives of humans. However, I do not support scientists treating these apes so poorly, and in harsh conditions. In the National Geographic film, we witnessed Jane Goodall at a research lab where dozens of chimpanzees, ranging in ages, were held captive in small cages barely big enough to move, and were fed small portions. It was clear these chimpanzees were facing great fear and trauma while being held in captivity. Testing the apes is okay but it is not fair to treat them so harshly and immorally. Apes are living creatures...
Rise of the Planet of the Apes
‘Rise of the Planet of the Apes’, directed by Rupert Wyatt is about Will, one of the main characters, taking Caesar home so that he doesn’t get put down. He finds out that the drug, ALZ112, to cure alzheimers was passed onto Caesar, which makes him really intelligent. At the end of the movie he gives all the other apes the drug and they all escape from the enclosure, Will’s old work and from the zoo. Then hundreds of apes are running riot. In this movie Rupert Wyatt expresses that keeping wild animals domesticated can have bad consequences, that trying to increase intelligence is wrong and that things are supposed to happen for a reason and not to be changed. The director uses sound, camera and mise-en-scene to show how Caesar and Wills relationship changes through out the film.
At the start of ‘Rise of the Planet of the Apes,’ Will and Caesar are not very close as they have just met. Will was not sure how to take care of a baby ape, and he is mostly interested in Caesar when he finds out that the drug ALZ112 was passed onto him by his mother. In the first scene Caesar depends on Will to feed him and take care of him. The director shows that Will is not that interested in Caesar in sound when Will says, “This isn’t my responsibility, its company property.” This shows that Will does not care for Caesar and that they have not bonded yet. Wyatt shows...
The Culture of Great Apes
Bonobo’s and chimpanzee’s are very intelligent species. From using tools and herbal medicines to caring for and raising their young, there are more than a few things that set them apart from other species in the animal kingdom. Culture is a society’s shared and socially transmitted ideas, values, and perceptions, which are used to make sense of experience and generate behavior and are reflected in that behavior . Using this definition it seems that our nearest relatives, the great apes, possess culture. In human terms, culture means something not entirely different but different none the less to me.
I would argue that most humans interpret culture as something entirely different. Culture could be described most simply as art and various improvements that are not necessary but more pleasing aesthetically. As an example various art forms that humans have created over time and the amenities that we have invented to make our lives more comfortable, like the creation of objects that serve no survival purpose. It is in this sense that I would argue against the culture of primates as it has not been observed yet that they possess the ability to create objects solely for entertainment or aesthetic purposes.
The definition from the book is interesting to me. I find it interesting because the book used a definition assumedly made by an anthropologist or paleontologist which clearly helps to further or...
...Great Apes as Food
This article talks about the love for great apes meat in Central Africa. Although some religions forbidden ape meat as food but others like to consume the meat and they actually prefer it from the other meats.
There are many reasons why central Africans like Consuming great apes as food other than the taste. In Some parts of central Africa people believe that eating Apes as food would bring strength and power that these great apes possess. Medicine plays a role in encouraging apes meat. Gorilla's hands are used by athletes to make them stronger. Also the gorillas flesh is used to cure backache. even though there is enough beef or pork meat in the region, the market for ape meat is still high and people actually pay much higher prices to get chimpanzee meat.
Because of the founding of new hunting technologies the numbers of apes hunted are increasing every year . unfortunately because apes are so close to human they can transfer viruses easily, and many diseases are actually carried because of bushmeat.
This article was fascinating. While I was reading, I got shocked and disgusted at the different ways you can cook a gorilla. But it makes sense to eat bushmeat when there is less protein available. One other thing I got shocked from was the price of bushmeat which was much higher than pork or beef. They value...
...The Hairy Ape
The childhood of Yank had been a complete distressing childhood that Yank never wanted to talk about. Yank had gone through horrible moments when he was a child. Listening to his father who was abusive was a misery for Yank as a kid. Yank’s parents used to fight severely every night that they would break the furniture. Yank left his home when his mother died because of tremens. Yank was so tired of his father’s punishment and beatings that he had no other option but to run away from home.
Yank had been projected as a fireman working in a ship. In the beginning of the drama Yank had been displayed as a happy person who knows that the work he does is important for the ship. But soon he comes to know that he stands nowhere in the society. His social status was null and he could not do anything to raise his standard.
His lack of knowledge holds him back from understanding the world and understanding where he belongs in life. No education means that Yank has to rely on his strength and the little skills that he has to help him endure and get through life. However, these skills will not get him to a higher class in society because he still has no education. Yank's inability to think not only puts him at a lower social class, but renders him unable to fit in or defend himself in the world besides when he's on the ship.
Yank meets Mildred Douglas who is a daughter of a rich man. Mildred goes through the same identity crisis. Mildred is a woman...