NAME: LUCY ENEONYIKPE OGBOLE
COURSE: SOC 203A(GLOBAL VILLAGE)
ASSIGNMENT: INQUIRY 2 (HUMAN RIGHT FORUM)
INDIVIDUAL POSITION ESSAY.
WORD COUNT: 782
DATE: TUESDAY 12TH FEBRUARY 2013
Globalization can be defined basically as the international integration of countries developing from the interchange of worldviews, goods, services, ideas, culture, religion, politics etc. In short, it is the relationship of people of different views from different countries breaking the natural boundary that separate countries.
The DREAM act being the acronym for Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors is an American legislative proposed bill that provides conditional permanent residency to certain illegal aliens of good moral character who graduate from U.S. high schools, arrived in the United States as minors, and lived in the country continuously for at least five years prior to the bill’s enactment. The act is a combination of immigration, education and globalization, which is a vital key.
I take the pro globalist position that supports the idea of globalization and all consequences it brings. My stance is that “the DREAM act is the big step in advancing and promoting globalization in the world in terms of education and immigration moving the world while breaking natural boundaries to becoming a global village.” The DREAM Act serves the pathway to citizenship for hundreds of thousands of young illegal immigrants with the use of a green card by undocumented residents who had come to the U.S at the age of 15 or younger, graduated from an American high school and completed either 2 years at an institution of higher learning or times in the armed forces. The act seems to be very important to the armed forces because it will contribute to the military’s recruitment efforts and readiness. This act seems to be limited and targeted at only the best and brightest young people in order to gain legal...
...Critically examine the proposition that national boundaries have been surmounted by the phenomenon of globalisation and that therefore, national governments are no longer able to promote independent economic policies.
Marxism conceived of globalization to a great extent as simply the worldwide expansion of the capitalist mode of production (Amin and Luckin 1996:225).
The global expansion of production methods and networks has resulted in a proverbial shrinking of the globe, leading analysts to argue that globalisation is constricting the capacities of states and governments to control economic policies and processes within their borders.
Baylis and Smith (1998) define globalisation as the 'intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa.' In this essay, Globalisation is understood as a phenomenon, and a process that eases the movements of labour, services, capital and goods and information across the globe. It has evolved partly due to the trend of increasing international trade across national boundaries and the conduct of business activities in more than one country. Put simply, it is a process that involves the growth of inter-dependency between national markets and industries on a worldwide scale (Brooks, Weatherston and Wilkinson, 2011).
As globalisation progresses the status of national boundaries as obstacles to...
EFFECTS OF GLOBALIZATION
December 2, 2013
Globalization and modernization play a major role in a nation’s development. Nations such as China and Vietnam have ventured into the global economic stage in order to preserve their future . Their government’s reform laws on global manufacturing and exporting has improved their economic growth. Globalization both brings a positive and negative outcome and greatly influences the course of the nation.
In 1978 Chinas leaders reformed their economic policy in order to revitalize their stagnant economy. This had a positive effect on Chinas economic future. The reform included liberizing foreign trade and investment . This globalization event paved the way for foreign manufacturing companies to be able to operate in China. Pre 1978 life in china was plaque by poverty, famine, and income inequalities. The annual economic growth was 6 percent per year. After globalization economic growth went up to 9 % annually after 1978, and is now at an amazing 15% in the last few year( Hu & Khan, 1997). Another positive impact from globalization is the percentage of people living in poverty. As more factories were built, more jobs were created reducing the people living in poverty from 270 million during the year of 1978 to 100 million in 1985. (Wikipedia,2013)
Chinas low cost of labor has propelled the nation’s economic growth...
...the positives that globalization can bring. Religion, languages, cultures, arts, food, and music were rapidly exchanged at this time. However, because it covered such great distances, the exchanges weren't done rapidly. (Nye)
The next great example of globalism, and some say where modern globalism began, was when the Europeans discovered North and South America and the islands of the "New World." After the Europeans made their discoveries beginning at the end of the 15th century, there was a worldwide shift of people, goods, and ideas, such as religion, that followed. The discovery of the New World brought with it the spread of foods, insects, and animals around the world. Most people are surprised to learn, for example, that the reason why there are tomatoes in Italy today is because it spread from the New World. Starting early in the 19th century, transportation technology had advanced significantly to the
point where traveling was both much faster and much more efficient (Nye). Steamships and railroads greatly allowed for both people and goods to be interchanged at a much faster rate. This continued in the 20th century with the creation of the automobile and eventually the airplane. One can now order or send a product through mail with overnight delivery no matter the country!
Compounding the advances in transportation were the advances in electronic communications, mainly though land phones, cell phones, and the internet...
...a country are available to the rest of the world as a result of globalization. It is much easier for people to travel, communicate and do business internationally. Globalization essentially is the growth of an industry to a world wide scale. Attempted in the past by the first colonialists, globalization has in more recent times, been increasing rapidly due to improvements in communications, information and transport technology.Globalization is considered beneficial to the free trade movement among global markets. Globalization creates the opportunity for domestic businesses to compete internationally with a larger customer base. It has the ability to tap into a massive potential customer base and still maintain low cost of goods and services because of cheaper labor that is outsourced to under developed countries. Globalization creates a demand for companies to be driven and motivated and keep up with demand s of the market. This leads to the development of new products and services. By keeping companies competitively challenged, the drive among businesses around the world becomes more customer-orientated when developing new and innovative products. Companies are always looking for “the next big thing”. Through globalization, businesses around the world are given the opportunity to positively impact their societies and facilitate the spread of different cultural practices....
...Globalization 2.0 – 4.0
By: Tommy Campbell
Globalization is defined as the integration of the world economy into one market. Globalization has gone through four phases: Globalization 1.0-4.0. In globalization 1.0, the driving force of that era was countries globalizing by imperial conquest to gain resources and wealth. In globalization 2.0, the era was characterized by the standardization of production and the market through the globalization of production and markets. In globalization 3.0, it was characterized by the differentiation that sets MNC’s and individuals apart through global marketing, core competency, and social media. And in globalization 4.0, it was characterized by the dissemination of information info across subsidiaries, worldwide. International business activities have had to adapt accordingly has each phase progressed.
In section II, examples from WSJ articles of the globalization phases and techniques of 2.0 through 4.0 will be analyzed by the ways they influence international business activities. In section 2.1, globalization is defined and illustrated by Ford’s plan to increases its presence in Europe and African companies adjust to the Wal-Mart way. In section 2.2, globalization 3.0 is defined and illustrated by McDonald’s plan to open vegetarian-only...
...the pace has increased rapidly since the mid 1980’s.The term globalization means international integration. It includes an array of social, political and economic changes. Unimaginable progress in modes of communications, transportation and computer technology have given the process a new lease of life. This paper is an attempt to outline the growth of Indian economy, effects, culture, technology, driving force and transformation that India is going through due toglobalization, liberalization and privatization.
The world is more interdependent now than ever before. Multinational companies manufacture products across many countries and sell to consumers across the globe. Money, technology and raw materials have broken the International barriers. Not only products and finances, but also ideas and cultures have breached the national boundaries.
The concept of globalization was first introduced by Adam Smith, the father of modern economics in the year 1776 through the book titled, “Wealth of the Nations”, and since then the globalization has been liked yo-yo.
In the days of yore, British, Chinese, Indians and Mughals were involved in global business. The Chinese used to sell silk to the world and buy dynamites. The British used to come to India to buy condiments and in return India used to buy ammunition.
So, the point is that - globalization is not a new concept. In the good old...
...Globalization is the integration of production and sales into foreign countries. Globalization is resorted to as the need for expansion arises with a need to gain new market, marketing channels, cheaper production facilities, access to new technology, skills and financing. Over the years, Globalization has created extensive benefits to many people, including the parent and Host countries.
Procter and Gamble is a multinational company, with its headquarter situated at Cincinnati Ohio, Procter and Gamble was founded on October 31st 1837 under the Joint ownership of William Procter and James Gamble. The company has of over 129,000 employees and over 300 brands of product globally, its line of products include, personal and health care products, cleaning supplies, prescription drugs, baby and family care etc.
Over the years as demand exceeds the capacity of production at the Cincinnati factory, Procter and Gamble began the process of integrating into other countries in order to broaden its level of production and increase in sales volume, this move involves the establishment of their presence in other countries aimed at manufacturing and product sales. Procter and Gamble became an International company in 1930 with the acquisition of the Thomas Hedley Co. and afterwards branched out their line of production into other countries by various acquisitions of other manufacturing companies and building of production facilities globally....
Globalization and General Electric (Ge)
Question No 1:-
Why do you think GE has invested so aggressively in foreign expansion? What
Opportunities is it trying to exploit?
GE has invested so aggressively in foreign expansion because of the potential development that is possible. The United States is a prominent developed country, while other countries are still developing. This gives GE the possibility to expand their business by giving the country new products and opportunities to develop their economy. GE takes advantage of the economic uncertainty of foreign countries to move into the country at a lower cost. For example, when “Asia slipped into an economic crisis GE spent $15 billion acquiring companies in just six months” (International Business, textbook p. 37). With this aggressive investment, the company’s then CEO, Welch, realized that the European Economy had a weak point in the year 1989 to1995 which he took advantage of and invested about $17.5 billion in European market. With these amounts, half went to the acquisition of 50 new companies.
Question No 2:-
What is GE trying to achieve by moving some of the headquarters of its global businesses to foreign locations? How might such moves benefit the company? Do these moves Benefit the United States?
By GE moving some of its headquarters to foreign countries they are trying to achieve a closer relationship with the people and government of...