Recent years have shown an increase in terrorism across the world. Americans have felt the impact of major terrorist attacks, such as the 9/11 attack, and, more recently, the bombing of the Boston City Marathon on April 15, 2013. But these terrorist attacks are not limited to the United States. Countries from Indonesia to Saudi Arabia are experiencing these attacks as well. Although terrorism is spread out, it seems that there is heavier terrorist activity in certain areas of the world and these sites do have certain things in common. It is up to the government of the United States to determine laws, procedures and organizations that will effectively prevent these attacks from occurring, and the United States has a moral obligation to become involved in stopping terrorist activities in other countries, not only for humanitarian reasons, but also to prevent the spread of terrorism to America. Living under the threat of terrorism has had a profound effect on the individual lives of Americans since 9/11 and has caused changes in American priorities. There is heavier terror activity in certain areas of the world due to the ethnic groups in those countries wanting more power, and due to religious extremists. These areas most likely have ethnic groups which do not get along with each other (ex: the Middle East). Areas of the Middle East are holy lands for Jews, Christians, and Muslims alike. Although they all worship the same god with different names and some different ideals, they don't get along because of misunderstandings. When the religious fundamentalist extremists get into the mix, there we have it: terrorism. Also, since many western countries have oil interests in the Middle East, they tend to get involved, causing even more extremists, who claim to have the duty of purging all imperialists, infidels, or those who challenge THEIR interests, and there we have it again: terrorism. ( Enotes.com, Topic: Terrorism and Society, 2012) For example, in...
...world into war. This was the first time that the United States would participate in a war against and idea, terrorism, and not a declaration of war against a country itself.
In every war that the United States had been involved in, they had been faced against an enemy in the form of a country. Whether it was Spain, Mexico, Britain, France, Germany, Japan, or even against itself, the United States always had a target. These “targets” usually had a uniform; they were also in support of a dictator, king, or even a tyrant. But with the War on Terror, the United States and its allied NATO Nations were not taking actions against a country; they were taking actions against an ideology that had affected the entire planet. The route of this ideology can be traced back to one man, Osama bin Laden.
Osama bin Laden, with the help of the United States, forced an invading Soviet Russia out of the country of Afghanistan in the 1980’s. Then, with the support of a radical Islamic state, and the formation of a radical group calling themself al-Qaeda, he declared war on the United States in 1996 (Lansford, Watson & Covarrubias, 2009). Bin Laden was quoted saying, “If the instigation for jihad against the Jews and the Americans…is considered a crime, then let history be a witness that I am a criminal (Lansford, Watson & Covarrubias, 2009).” With this foundation of hatred towards...
...“Is The War On Terrorism A War?”
The GlobalWar on Terrorism is a military campaign that began shortly after the terrorist attacks of September 11th 2001. First used by George W. Bush, the phrase ‘war on terror’ has become to be conceptualized as a term used to signify ‘global military, political, lawful, and conceptual struggle targeting both organizations designated as terrorists and regimes accused of supporting them.” The war on terror main focus has been with Islamist militants and Al-Qaeda. The war in Afghanistan and Iraq are both considered to be part of the war on terrorism. There is much speculation on whether the war on terror is actually a war. This essay will argue that both points of view are valid. There are reasons which validate the war on terrorism as being considered an actual war such as the fact that an actual decelaration of war was waged by both the US and Al-Qaeda, it can be considered a new way of war, and that ultimately like war, terrorism is a mean to a political end. On the other side of the spectrum, it may not be considered a war because it does not have a clear end or possible victory, it does not have a confined battle space as...
...THE SOCIOLOGY AND PSYCHOLOGY OF TERRORISM: WHO BECOMES A TERRORIST AND WHY?
A Report Prepared under an Interagency Agreement by the Federal Research Division, Library of Congress
Author: Rex A. Hudson Editor: Marilyn Majeska Project Managers: Andrea M. Savada Helen C. Metz Federal Research Division Library of Congress Washington, D.C. 20540–4840 Tel: 202–707–3900 Fax: 202–707–3920 E-Mail: [email protected] Homepage: http://loc.gov/rr/frd/
Dear Reader: This product was prepared by the staff of the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress under an Interagency Agreement with the sponsoring United States Government agency. The Federal Research Division is the Library of Congress's primary fee-for-service research unit and has served United States Government agencies since 1948. At the request of Executive and Judicial branch agencies, and on a cost-recovery basis, the Division prepares customized studies and reports, chronologies, bibliographies, foreign-language abstracts, databases, and other directed-research products in hardcopy and electronic media. The research includes a broad spectrum of social sciences, physical sciences, and humanities topics using the collections of the Library of Congress and other information sources world-wide. For additional information on obtaining the research and analytical services of the Federal Research Division, please call 202–707–3909, fax 202–707–3920), via E-mail [email protected], or...
GlobalTerrorism and International Law
Academic Writing and Research Methods
Table of contents
What is terrorism? 5
Terrorism and Human Rights 6
Conspiracy Theories 8
International Law, Change of Law and Human Rights 9
The principle objective of this research is to inform about the World Trade Center collapse, as a the main terrorist act so far, and to illuminate the changes that this act brought in United States of America along with the member states of...
Ryan M. Faught
Arkansas Tech University
Terrorism has been a major topic of research for many years. We’ve learned a lot about terrorism and terrorist groups, but there are still major questions to be answered. What exactly is a terrorist? What causes ordinary people to become terrorists? What attracts people to terrorism? How do terrorist groups in the Middle East recruit and radicalize people from all over the world? In this paper I will discuss these questions and more according to the knowledge I’ve gained from reading these five research papers.
Terrorism is the use, or threat, of action which is violent, damaging or disrupting and is intended to influence the government or intimidate the public and is for the purpose of advancing a political, religious or ideological cause (De Zulueta, 2006). This or any definition of terrorism is still subjective depending on the “terrorist” and the situation. For instance, most Americans don’t consider the founding fathers as terrorists, but freedom fighters. In the same way, radical Muslims may look at al Qaeda as freedom fighters, although most of the world would view them as terrorists. The deciding factor that separates freedom fighters from terrorists appears to be the intentional murder of innocent people. Terrorist groups, such as al Qaeda are well known for such murders. Rather than merely fighting for freedom, they wish to create a...
Ethics of Peace and War
December 11, 2014
The Morality of Terrorism
People tend to use violence in order to resolve disputes; we deal with violence on a daily basis, from local criminals to wars overseas to fighting non-state actors such as terrorists. The way on how we should respond to terrorists and terrorist’s acts often brings up several ethical questions such as: is terrorism ever justified? Or whether or not is it ethical to use torture and preemptive war as a technique to prevent suspected attacks on a state? These are controversial issues that are constantly being debated from all perspectives. In this essay we will explore this questions from different viewpoints in order to get a broader perspective and be able to make educated judgments towards this issue.
Terrorism is often defined as those activities that i) involve violent acts towards human life that violate the law and ii) appear to be: intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; influence policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; and finally affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, murder or kidnapping. From the just war theory point of view, terrorism is always an impermissible tactic, since it involves the killing of innocent civilians. After 9/11 the U.S. launched a military campaign to destroy the perpetuators, at first Osama Bin...
WHAT IS TERRORISM:
The word “TERRORISM” is a word that literally terrorizes people all around the world .But first of all what that this word terrorism mean . Terrorism is not new, and even though it has been used since the beginning of recorded history it can be realatively hard to define. Terrorism has been described variously as both a tactic and strategy; a crime and a holy duty; a justified reaction to oppression and an inexcusable abomination. Obviously, a lot depends on whose point of view is being represented. Terrorism can also be stated as the use of violence to achieve a political goal. Yes violence is there; striking terror is there, but for what reason? It is either to establish a government or to destroy one, or to establish a state, or to create one, or to destroy a state. In some cases, terrorism has been a means to carry on a conflict without the adversary realizing the nature of the threat, mistaking terrorism for criminal activity. Because of these characteristics, terrorism has become increasingly common among those pursuing extreme goals throughout the world. But despite its popularity, terrorism can be a nebulous concept. Even within the U.S. Government, agencies responsible for different functions in the ongoing fight...
...WAR ON TERROR
Brief discussion on the “War on Terror”
“WAR ON TERRORISM” means war against terrorist worldwide. The attack of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001 in New York City was the start of the campaign against terrorism. The War on Terror was the response of the Bush administration to that barbaric act of Sept. 11 committed by the Jimaa Islamia with a clear agenda to eradicate and eliminate all terrorists’ acts and bring order and justice through the enactment of a domestic and international law on terror. A campaign was initiated with various groups such as military, political, religious and civil society ostensibly to “curb the spread of terrorism”. Though the phrase “WAR ON TERRORISM” was thought to be as an act of justice, however it brings both benefits and threats because it would violate the human rights as critics argue.
Is it necessary to wage war against this terrorist? Is it worth to be wage? Do these terrorists tell us something that is worth to be heard? Or they just want to spread chaos around the globe? Does the ANTI-TERRORISM LAW OR HUMAN SECURITY ACT really promote justice and security around the world? Or is it just another threat to spread more and more chaos and fear? Here the issue invites discussion. For the Bush administration, of course it IS...