The Pilsen neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois was once made up predominantly of Czechoslovakian people and its last identity was a predominantly Mexican community. The east side of Pilsen has undergone a lot of gentrification and the main core and identity of this gentrification has been art. In the 1990’s Pilsen was a community in which many people would not feel comfortable walking alone at night whereas today it is known by many as a trendy art neighborhood. In just 20 years Pilsen has undergone a large identity change which has impacted the residents and community in a myriad of ways. Pilsen has become more of an art community than an immigrant community and is also now being populated by students due to its closeness to the Columbia College and has made many feel driven out of their homes. According to Flores “Young people gravitate towards art, they gravitate towards culture. When the artists came, young people came, and then the gentrification came,” while many young people are attracted to the art and diversity Pilsen is home to they are also contributing to the problem and in many cases decreasing the diversity of the neighborhood. Pilsen residents are resisting the gentrification of their neighborhood through festivals and demonstrations as well as making their opinions known through art which is almost ironic considering it is largely due to the influx of artists and students that Pilsen is undergoing gentrification in the first place. It seems that the residents of Pilsen are faced with gentrification on different levels. The influx of artists into the community has created positive change in Pilsen and encouraged art and other cultural outlets to take place. The true gentrification threat to Pilsen is the process of the middle class moving into this working class neighborhood and causing an increase in property values. This in turn leads to higher takes and eventual displacement of the existing residents who find...
...Analyzing Gentrification Through the Lenses
Analyzing Gentrification Through the Lenses
Professor of Urban Affairs and Planning at Hunter College, Peter Kwong once said, “Living in this gentrification environment is much more difficult for residents. Actually, what they’re doing is killing the indigenous culture.” This process of gentrification that Kwong is referring to is defined as the purchasing and renovating of low-priced properties, usually by higher income individuals, in often deteriorated urban neighborhoods. The result is an influx of wealthier residents, and in effect, higher property prices. Gentrification applies to many different aspects of society, especially in urban communities. It is important to analyze the complex process of gentrification through several different lenses. For example, the effect of art and artists on how popular a neighborhood gets. Another significant perspective to consider is the social and cultural aspect. There are two different viewpoints on the effects of gentrification. On one end, the gentrifiers do not realize that they are causing racial tensions within the community, yet on the other end, older residents of gentrifying neighborhoods are objecting to this injustice. Moreover, gentrification also impacts the economics of a neighborhood. These impacts include both the positive and negative situations for their...
Dr. W. Holmes
Poli 304 Seminar in Urban Problems
Gentrification or Economic Development
Historic preservation has traditionally been simply restoring historically significant architectural or geographical sites for aesthetic value or for the benefit of future generations to better understand the ways and styles of the past. As the National Trust for Historic Preservation explains, “when historic buildings and neighborhoods are torn down or allowed to deteriorate, a part of our past disappears forever. When that happens, we lose history that helps us know who we are, and we lose opportunities to live and work in the kinds of interesting and attractive surroundings that older buildings can provide” (NTHP web site).
Recently the use of historic preservation has also begun to be viewed by cities and towns as a means to economic development and urban renewal. According to advocates, historic preservation has aided in local economic and community revitalization, increased tourism and employment, and preserved regional history, culture, and pride. However, historic preservation has often lacked public support due to a negative reputation. Some see it, not as a means to revitalizing local communities, but rather, as simply driving the problems further under the surface or into other areas, namely, as a means to gentrification. This reputation is not entirely unfounded, as there have been instances...
Prohibition-era musical based on a 1926 play of female criminals in Chicago. It is a tale of sin, corruption, knockout dancing, and edge-of-your-story showstoppers that explore feminism as well as the relationship between sex and marriage. Not only does it entail social issues, but the changes in theatre too.
Roxie Hart and Velma Kelly are main characters of the musical. The plot follows them throughout their journey to freedom desperately trying to keep fame to their names with scandals and drama. (1920s)
Based on a 1926 play by Maurine Dallas Watkins. A claimed reason for its more recent success is due to the way she crafted the play, with musical numbers as the plot.
Watkin’s set the foundation on the Kander and Ebb production because she made personal. Events that occurred within the musical, are historical events that actually happened in Chicago that she wrote about first hand as a reporter in the 1920s. It is composed in the 1920s vaudeville style, but modernized by the issues at hand. The issues of society along with the feminist views exhibit Chicago’s impact in the history of musical theatre.
Emphasized show-biz and media, showing its large role in the 1970s happenings.
The vaudeville style effected the music heavily. Stylistically, vaudeville brings not only drama, but comedy in the duration of the short acts. All That Jazz is an example of this.
Everything Comes Together:
...Rhetoric 105, Section B4
6 December 2012
The Effects of Race on the city of ChicagoChicago has been known for its violence. Many claim that it is due to class while others think it is due to race. Research of gangs typically does not include the role of race, though a closer look at gangs in Chicago tells a story of hatred between races. Frederic Thrasher, an experienced sociologist of gang research, followed Robert Park, a noted liberal and leader of the Chicago Urban League, in arguing that gangs were the problem of violence in the city and not race. Park says “gangs” came from the “city wilderness” without regard to race, creed, or color. Park along with Thrasher are both wrong since it is because of race that the prevalent amount of gangs in Chicago formed.
Race for Park was just another variable, declining in significance with modernization. Racial inequalities could best be explained by class, family and employment patterns, and other economically-based factors. The Chicagoans, early and late, have been hampered by this nonracial ecological theory. This theory becomes apparent with a closer look at the history of Chicago's gangs. The history of Chicago's gangs reflects the traditional factors of immigration, poverty, or social disorganization; at the same time, reveal the centrality of race to the Chicago gang experience.
In the beginning of the 20th century, immigrants and...
Gentrification is affecting the African American community in Harlem negatively because it is slowly wiping out black owned businesses. A lot believe it negatively changes the culture of neighborhoods. People might argue that it creates more jobs and brings in a more educated and wealthier population to the area being gentrified, which can improve the community in the long run. Gentrification is the enemy of the poor, and does little to aid those who are forced to move out. Those who support it are only interested in profits rather than improving communities. Gentrification forces middle and low-income residents out of Harlem, ruins their small businesses and changes life.
Harlem’s culture and population was mostly influenced by the Great Migration. The Great Migration was a massive movement of African Americans who migrated north in search of a better life. In the article The African American Great Migration reconsidered, Sarah Jane Mathaieu states that African Americans migrated north “as a politicized response to their region's social, economic, and political climate. Simultaneously domestic and international migrants, African Americans used relocation as a measure of their freedom, as an exercise of their civil rights” (19). African Americans wanted to escape racism and avoid being lynched in the south, the bee weevil attacked cotton crops so there was a large decline in agricultural work....
...GentrificationGentrification is the rehabilitation/renewal of a deteriorated neighbourhood by new residents who are wealthier than the long-time residents. This can cause an increase in house prices and lead to the displacement of the long-time residents. It is often small scale and incremental, usually instigated by individual people and is often accompanied by landscape and street furniture improvements. An example of Gentrification is that of Notting Hill. Although the place is now a bustling urban area, in the mid-eighteenth century a country hamlet that was known for it's gravel pits and roadside inns had proved to be a magnet in attracting highwaymen. The unpopular tollgate, which gave the main road it's name appeared during this time. The Industrialisation brought many workers in from the countryside (urbanisation), with the landlords building tiny terreced houses to rent to the poor. During the Victorian Times Notting Hill was a rough, working class area and by the 1950's the area had become synonymous with slum landlords and inner-city deprivation. In 1958, it was the scene of many race riots after the tensions arose between the newly arrived afro-caribbean community and the teddy boys of the facist British Unioon, a secound riot then took place during the infamous Notting Hill Carnival in 1976.
The past 30 years have seen a steady northwards swarm of gentrification, with estate agents coining names like...
...The documentary, Flag Wars, takes a look at the two groups of people in Columbus, Ohio going through a period of competition and war. The African Americans who are currently living in the community are in danger of losing their home to the new white and gay residents who want to restore the area with new homes. This creates gentrification because it causes some of the long-time residents of the community to lose their home when they can’t afford to pay for it anymore.
I believe that gentrification has more of a negative effect on the community in Columbus, Ohio because you can see that the current African American residents in the community are constantly getting housing violations for simple things like having a carved sign above their homes. One of the current resident believes that the violations are happening only because the new residents moving in on the same block. I also think that the only reason Columbus, Ohio is being gentrified is because of the location, architecture, and culture of the area. The newer residents are moving in because they think that it is a desirable location to live in.
The program enhances my opinion about race, privilege and poverty because the newer residents in the community have the money to buy the run-down homes in the community, while the older residents who can’t afford to keep their homes because they don’t have enough money are being forced out the neighborhood. One of the current residents that live...
...GENTRIFICATIONGentrification is a sensitive issue that brings different impacts to the people in a community. It is also taking over several neighborhoods in Queens and Brooklyn. These neighborhoods have undergone through gentrification for quite a long time to bring new people in. Others think this was good idea for the economic development while the residents feared that this could cause expensive housing, social out-casting, and loss of cultural value. Although change seems to be constant in this world, but the changes that gentrification is bringing are not the changes that the people are looking forward to see.
One of the negative impacts of gentrification is the expensive housing. “Since 2000, average market rents have doubled in Greenpoint-Williamsburg, and rent stabilized tenants face increasing pressure from landlords looking to flip their apartments to the affluent young people now flooding the neighborhood” (Paul 188). Every neighborhood that is undergoing through gentrification has these landlords who are offering higher rentals in order to drive out these longtime residents and gain more profit from the developers and new people. These residents were left with no choice but to move out. These circumstances made them feel that gentrification is implying that they aren’t well of enough for their own neighborhood.
When longtime residents are driven out...