GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
By Demi Pirrone
On the first page of the association’s website, treatments and the use of medication are depicted, with several links to more information on specifics. Getting professional help, clinical trials, and circumstances with older adult anxiety is also generally talked about in the first page. On the side of the page, a link is given to find a qualified, specialized therapist for the anxious individual. Links to other disorders such as OCD, crippling phobias, and depression are also shown, which contain facts to inform the reader about each mental disorder. Definition Given
“Generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by persistent, excessive, and unrealistic worry about everyday things.” (http://adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/generalized-anxiety-disorder-gad) Association
The webpage is for the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, a nonprofit organization founded in 1980 determined to prevent and treat mental disorders often caused by stress, particularly generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, social anxiety, and depression. Self-Tests/Checklists
The website has a variety of screening tools for each specific disorder treated by the ADAA, each with “yes” or “no” as answer choices. However, the website itself does not automatically retrieve an answer; one must print out the sheet and take it to their doctor. Although a seemingly benevolent move, this creates an inconvenience for the test takers to quickly obtain their answer and work from there.
The site has many easy, accessible links that will help the viewer with their problems quickly. For example, the side bar has a “Find a Therapist” button that links the viewer to another page for locating a therapist between a certain radius of the current location. The website suggests to find professional help, and join a...
...The Anxiety of Elling
This paper explores the life of Elling and how he is forced to break through his problem with anxiety. His problems, or symptoms, will be compared to the criteria held by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) for GeneralizedAnxietyDisorder (GAD). Elling is a fictional character in a Norwegian film with the same title. I have gained better understanding of the disorder, one of which I have, through the study of this character and his behaviors. Within the paper is a summary of the movie and a comparison as to why I believe Elling would be diagnosed with GeneralizedAnxietyDisorder, based off of the DSM criteria.
The Anxiety of Elling
Fear is an emotion that everyone experiences from time to time throughout his or her life. Fear is part of a biological response to danger. This emotion was programmed into each human being eons ago through evolution to alert us to the presence of danger by releasing adrenaline into our bloodstream, triggering the flight-or-fight response, which alerts us to the presence of danger and enhances our chances of survival. Anxiety itself is a chronic fear, which continues even when the direct threat is not present (Pinel, 2007, p.494).
Anxiety is a common occurrence and emotion in everyday life. Yet...
...Individual Treatment in Group Process Practice
Psychoeducational Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy for
Divorced Women Experiencing Anxiety and Depression
August 20, 2012
Axis I 300.02 GeneralizedAnxietyDisorder
296.23 Major Depressive Disorder, Single Episode, Severe without Psychotic Features
Axis II V71.09 No diagnosis
Axis III None
Axis IV Problems with primary support group, problems related to the social environment, occupational problems, problems related to interaction with the legal system
Axis V GAF 50 (current); GAF 91 (highest past year)
Patient is experiencing depressed mood for most of the day and has feelings of excessive guilt and worry. Patient is unable to sleep and has been unable to concentrate. Patient is easily fatigued, irritable, and has been unable to control her excessive worrying for over six months.
Will need to identify and alter the dysfunctional thought patterns, attitudes and beliefs, which may trigger and perpetuate the patient’s anxiety and depression.
The patient presents increasingly depressed mood with excessive worrying and anxiety. Since her divorce, she has an intense fear of social situations and believes that her life is “over” that her mood is “pretty...
I. Panic Disorder
a. Symptoms of Panic Attacks
1. Palpitation, pounding heart
3. Trembling, shaking
4. Shortness of breath
5. Feelings of choking
6. Chest pain or discomfort
8. Dizziness, light-headedness, or faint
9. Derealization or depersonalization
10. Fear of losing control
11. Fear of dying
12. Chills, hot flushes
13. Tingling or burning sensation on the skin
ii. At least one of the attacks is followed by one month or more of the following:
1. Persistent concern
3. Change in behavior
b. ________of people develop panic disorder at sometime in their lives, usually between late adolescence and mid-thirties
II. Theories of Panic Disorder
i. Genetic predisposition:
iii. Cognitive Model
1. Bodily sensations
iv. Vulnerability stress model:
a. Treatment for Panic Disorder
i. Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs):...
GeneralizedAnxietyDisorder (GAD) also includes Overanxious Disorder of Childhood (OAD) and when categorized with the other anxietydisorders, is “one of the most frequent forms of child psychopathology, affecting about 10% of young people”, ( Muris Merckelbach, Mayer, and Snieder, 1998). It is characterized by excessive anxiety and worry that must be present for at least six months for the diagnosis to apply. There are several symptoms associated to GAD including: restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge; being easily fatigued; difficulty concentrating or mind going blank; irritability; muscle tension; sleep disturbance. And while at least three of these must be present for a diagnosis of GAD in adults, only one need be present in children or adolescents.
One difference between adult GAD and childhood or adolescent GAD is the types of anxieties and concerns that manifest themselves. In adults the worries seem to be more social or occupational.
In children or adolescents the anxieties and worries often concern the quality of their performance or competence at school or in sporting events, even when their performance is not being evaluated by others. There may be excessive concerns about punctuality. They may also worry...
...had an epiphany and discovered that she had acquired GeneralizedAnxietyDisorder.
Individuals across the nation should be more aware of GeneralizedAnxietyDisorder so that proper precautions can be taken to treat it. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, "Generalizedanxietydisorder is characterized by persistent, excessive, and unrealistic worry about everyday things." Anxiety is absolutely paralyzing. It can deter individuals from functioning on a daily basis. Symptoms of (GAD) include: loss of interest, tiredness, irritability, nervousness, dizziness, and the inability to rationalize.
Anxietycentre.com lists over fifty symptoms of anxiety that range from mood to sleep. So the next time that you find it difficult to concentrate in class, consult with your serotonin level.
GeneralizedAnxietyDisorder is acquired due to a lack of serotonin in the brain. According to Dr. Keith Nemec from Natural News, "Serotonin is one of the most important neurotransmitters. It regulates mood, sleep and appetite and affects learning and memory. Symptoms of low serotonin include anxiety, depression, sugar cravings and insomnia." In order to increase the amount of serotonin in the brain, individuals who suffer from depression...
...Anxiety can take on many definitions. However, generalizedanxietydisorder focuses on the events in everyday life. When someone like James in our case study, worries excessively about day to day events over a period of six months or more, they should seek treatment right away before the symptoms worsen. Researchers have still yet to find a cure for GAD.
In this particular case study I will point out how the environment influences this disorder. These influences will include family, social class, interpersonal relationships, conditioning or learning theories, and culture. I will also include the psychosocial approaches that are commonly used to treat the disorder which include psychotherapy, behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy, group counseling, support groups, hypnotism, and biofeedback or relaxation techniques.
The environment we live in and how we manage our everyday activities can have a great impact on the commencement of generalizedanxietydisorder. Our case study subject, James, has found in increasingly difficult to overcome his anxieties about himself and his career. He goes to great measures to avoid any stressful situation. These anxieties have gotten him to the point where he can't hold a job or even think about getting another one.
"Similar to previous studies, we found...
...AnxietyDisorders in Children and Adolescents
For those dealing with an anxietydisorder getting help can be difficult for multiple reasons. First, distinguishing between normal and abnormal worries and reactions can be difficult for a person. Once a person has realized they need help they face the reality that mental illness is often stigmatized, causing those suffering to feel ashamed and embarrassed and scared to reach out for help. They worry that others will judge them and deem them incapable of holding certain positions or rolls. When these issues arise in children though, a new world of challenges awaits. A child’s inability to properly communicate their feelings or worries can make distinguishing between normal childhood behavior and an actual anxietydisorder difficult. (Anxietydisorders in children and adolescents, 2012)
Anxietydisorders affect 1 in 8 children. While most children have fears and worries, when these stressors negatively impact the child’s ability to function in the real world professional assistance is often needed. Knowing when to ask for this help is not easily determined. Parents often do not know the signs of a true anxietydisorder, and will often brush it off as normal childhood behavior, believing that the...
...TREATMENT PLAN FOR
Susan is a 35-year-old woman who works as graduate assistant. She searched help for her physical problems: light-headedness, nausea, and difficulty in falling asleep, then was referred for psychotherapy. Her physical state is shaking, sweating, and fidgeting in her chair during the day. Her psychological state is distressed and tense every time, worried about almost everything, and sometimes feared for no apparent reason. She gets distracted and angry easily. She describes that there is many things she should accomplish and complains about being unable to form effective working and personal relationships. She reports that she was always nervous, had much more anxiety in adolescence, and got worse in late adolescence when parents divorce. Also, she recently broke up with her boyfriend and become more worried.
My literature review on GeneralizedAnxietyDisorder (GAD) showed that Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is the most effective technique in the treatment of GAD, therefore I will use CBT in the treatment of Susan. There are some other factors that will affect my treatment plan: patient and problem characteristics. Susan will have psychosocial treatment because her symptoms don’t require medicine. I don’t expect that she resist to the therapy, therefore it can be a therapist-directed therapy. It will be a task focused...