28 May 2013
The government sees the rights of the human fetus as a complex topic, along with civil and human rights. In most states fetuses are not given entitlements because it can be seen as a violation of the privileges of the woman carrying the fetus. As of today the U.S. Supreme Court does not recognize the fetus as a person under the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution (Constitution). In the Declaration of Independence it is stated that the government is in place to give the U.S. people, “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness,” as part of societies’ inalienable rights. In the entitlements of a fetus – a combination of a sperm and an egg – which many believe becomes a human being at the moment of conception. If this is the case then the fetus is entitled to these same privileges. Society should be able to go against the government in the case of fetal rights because they deserve to be treated as any other U.S. citizen. The citizens of the U.S. should fight for the rights of the fetuses because that is where every human being’s life began. The treatment of these unborn infants throughout pregnancy affects the overall health, both physical and mental, throughout their lifetime. Society and government officials need to put themselves in the situation of the disabled or mentally ill children that are born into this world with a preventable defect had they been taken care of properly within the womb. When a woman is pregnant they harbor another life that is completely innocent and should be treated as so. The fetus deserves to be given the same inalienable rights that those already born into this world receive, despite the wishes of the carrier. The acknowledgement of the human fetus and determining whether or not it has certain rights varies from state to state. In 1987 in the state of California, these rights were put to a test in the case of People vs. Stewart (Maternal)....
...Americans believe in "pro life" theory. According to another poll, which was conducted by a state medical board, concluded that the majority of Americans believe in a "pro choice" ideology. Who do we believe? There seems to be an obvious difference in the definition of the terms. I suppose it is possible to create unanimous definition of both terms, which will be approved by both sides, but until then our society will continue to fight a never-ending battle. I also believe that we would not have to fight over this issue if everybody fully understood the indisputable consequences, which would be caused by a ban on abortion.
Abortion right is the most controversial issue among women. I find it disturbing that some women advocate a ban without considering the consequences. By advocating a ban on abortion women deprive themselves of some of the fundamental rights of our political system. The freedom to make individual choices and decisions should be protected at all times. If people understood this principle, we probably would not be in the situation that we are in today. Most Americans would not want the government to interfere in their personal lives but a "pro life" decision will do just that.
The majority of abortions, however, are not performed in the interests of saving the mothers life, but to deter inconvenience and difficulty on either her part, or the child's. For example, the mother may feel she is unable to raise a child in her...
...Assignment: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Axia College of University Of Phoenix
By: Christie Guite
Civil Liberties: The Right to Privacy
Sub Category: Controversy over Abortion
I will examine civil liberties, with my focus being rights associated with the abortion controversy, in this assignment. Many civil liberties and civil rights are at risk in today’s society. Abortion rights are of special concern today. This subject is debated worldwide and is a very complex issue for obvious reasons. This issue has many different facets and supporters and detractors of abortion both feel very strongly about the issue. In my view, it is against the nature and my own religion, but others feel differently and have a right to their views. As with many civil rights issues, abortion is one that concerns deep ethical beliefs. Some people turn to abortion to protect their own rights and some take this route through sheer desperation. In some cases, medical necessity makes abortion a feasible option. I will examine this issue further as a matter of civil liberties in this assignment. I will also discuss my own view on the matter, adding a subjective voice to the discussion.
I reviewed an article in which the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and the Planned Parenthood organization went before the U.S. Supreme Court in a case that these...
...Is the Right to Abortion Unconstitutional?
Thomas Jefferson’s words in the Declaration of Independence concerning inalienable rights and the infamous case of Roe versus Wade have been the subject of debate for many years. Supporters of women’s right to choose abortion state that it is unconstitutional for women to not be able to decide on whether or not they want to terminate a pregnancy, while those that oppose abortion believe that ending the life of a fetus takes away the fetus’ constitutional rights. Whichever side you support can depend on your interpretation of Thomas Jefferson’s words, religious beliefs, and life experiences. Women should be able to decide whether or not to terminate a pregnancy based on how it can affect her quality of life, as a fetus that is not viable outside the womb has less rights and quality of life to consider. To support women’s rights to abortion, you must understand the hierarchy of inalienable rights, the impact on both the mother and the fetus, and what is meant by “person” in the Fourteenth Amendment.
Inalienable rights are those rights that every human being is entitled to that cannot be taken away by the Congress, a court, or a President. Also, a person cannot legally surrender one of these rights. In terms of inalienable rights, there is conflict on the subject of abortion....
...Fetus viability and rights
In the 1973 case Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court proclaimed the unborn are not legally defined as people. However, the court also allows states to restrict access to abortions where fetuses are viable, this means potentially capable to survive outside the womb on their own. Pro-choice supporters argument that you cannot have two entities with equal rights in one body. As a woman and a pro-choice supporter I believe givingrights to an embryo cancels out the mother's right to life. Pro-life supporters argument that a fertilized egg if left to grown becomes a full develop baby.
The court did not state that viability is or is not when a fetus becomes a person; but that 24 weeks is the earliest point at which it can be proven that the fetus has the capacity to have a meaningful life as a person. I'm pro-choice and I support legal abortions. I believe a woman has the right to make decisions about her own body as long as it doesn't hurt anybody else.
Genetics inform us that every cell that contains DNA has potential to develop into a complete person, so does a dead dandruff flake given the proper environment. So we can't use “living” as a characteristic of a person. A fetus is alive because cells have multiply, divide and grow. It is human because it has human DNA and left to grow it can become a full human person. However, it is not a person yet because it does not possess...
...Protecting Foetal Rights
"Prenatal Substance Abuse and Judicial Intervention" by Richard D. Bell.
Many dissenting views on judicial intervention in pregnancy and birth exist. In his article, Bell demonstrates his disagreement with the decision put forward by Shulman J. in the Winnipeg Child and Family Services case against G. (D. F.) to intervene and impose treatment on a pregnant, substance abusing woman. For Bell, judicial intervention usurps the rights and bodily integrity of a woman and upsets the balance existing between foetal and maternal rights. He believes judicial intervention poses complicated moral questions that should be answered solely by the Parliament.
I will look more closely at the issues surrounding this case and others similar to it by finding fault in Bell's reasoning and by putting forth the idea that foetuses need protection as much as Bell enforces the a pregnant woman's rights need to be protected.
What is a foetus? The foetus is the developed mammal after the embryonic stage and before birth. The foetus develops from the ninth week of gestation, when primary structures and organ systems have formed, until birth. Factors affecting foetal growth include maternal, placental, and foetal. Maternal factors affecting foetal growth include size, weight, nutritional state, cigarette smoking,...
...WHAT IS A FETAL PIG ?
Fetal pigs are collected from the packing house as a by-product of the meat industry. These pigs are removed from the uterus of pregnant sows, taken to our facility where they are preserved. These pigs would otherwise be discarded.
REASONS FOR USING FETAL PIGS
IN THE CLASSROOM DISSECTION
Anatomy of the fetal pig closely resembles that of man. Unlike a frog (an amphibian), thefetal pig is a mammal.
Economical - fetal pigs can cost less than using the same size frog, rat or any other vertebrate.
By-product of the food industry. These fetal pigs are considered waste products of packing houses.
Abundant - as long as pork is consumed, fetal pigs will continue to be available.
The fetal pig was never born; it did not "die" for dissection purposes. For those concerned about the use of live animals in scientific study, these fetal pigs are a viable alternative.
Soft fetal tissue is easy to dissect.
WHERE DO FETAL PIGS COME FROM?
Sows are sent to market to be butchered. As part of the butchering process, we remove many organs including the uterus. Fetal pigs in various stages of development are often found within the uterus.
These fetal pigs are removed from the uterus and are then transported to our...
...Abortion: A Violation of Human Rights?
A medical procedure designed to end a pregnancy is called an abortion. Why a woman would no longer want to be pregnant after conception is a question of many answers in which only the individual woman can answer. Some people are against abortions and believe for one reason or another they should not take place. Others argue, saying that because the pregnancy exists within their body they have the right to do with it as they please, regardless of how it affects the fetus inside of them. Thus the argument begins, pro- or anti-abortion.
Here in the United States there are two different methods of abortions. A woman can either end her pregnancy by taking medicine (called medical abortion) or having surgery (called surgical abortion) (National Institute of Health; Medline Plus). The method of medical abortion involves a two-part medication which is ingested orally at different time intervals and requires the woman be less than eight weeks pregnant. The first part called mifepristone is given to the woman by a doctor. Mifepristone blocks the hormone progesterone needed to maintain the pregnancy. The second part of the medicine called misoprostol is taken twenty four to seventy two hours after the first. Misoprostol causes contractions resulting in a miscarriage. With the later addition of the second medication the uterus contracts and the pregnancy is usually expelled within six...
...Abortion: A Woman’s Right To Choose
The government should not interfere with a woman’s right to choose whether she has an abortion or not. This issue has been heavily debated since January 22nd, 1973 when the Supreme Court made its initial ruling in Roe v. Wade. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the woman from Texas allowing her and women around the nation the right to have an abortion. Since the decision was made many issues have been brought up from both sides, one saying the fetus is a human being and has the right to live, prolife, where the other says that the woman should have the right to choose whether to continue or abort the pregnancy, prochoice.
Women should be allowed to choose whether they have an abortion or not due to the many factors that can come into play from conception to birth. If a woman doesn’t have the means to provide for a child when it is born, whether she was raped, if the conception was an accident, or if the child is unwanted due to any number of other reasons should be considered. These are some of the factors the Supreme Court took into account when they viewed Roe v. Wade where Norma McCorrey, the woman behind the pseudonym Jane Roe, said she was gang raped (Tribe 10).
Abortion should be a woman’s right because medically a fetus is not considered alive until it can survive outside of the mother’s womb (Thomson 48). Legally the Supreme Court...