Female Genital Mutilation and Its Ethical Issues Essay - 5688 Words

TOP ESSAY WRITING SERVICES REVIEWS


Rank
Service
General
Prices

1
  • Since 2008
  • Free revisions
  • Money-back guaranty
  • Up to 5% for the first order. Up to 15% for the orders starting from 2nd

from $9.97/pp

visit site

2
  • Since 2009
  • Free title page, revisions
  • Discount policy
  • Satisfaction guarantee
  • More than 100 000 orders delivered

from $9.97/pp

visit site

3
  • Since 2010
  • PhD holding authors only
  • SMS notifications & VIP support
  • Discount policy

from $22/pp

visit site

4
  • Since 2010
  • 24/7 support team
  • More than 500 writers
  • Money-back guaranty
  • Up to 15% discounts

from $9.97/pp

visit site

 

StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes

Products

About

@2017 studym.wressy.com

Exclusive

  1. Home >
  2. Essays >
  3. Female Genital Mutilation...

Female Genital Mutilation and Its Ethical Issues

Only available on StudyMode Open Document Save to my library

Please sign up to read full document.

Text Preview FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION
AND ITS ETHICAL ISSUES

A Research Paper Presented to
Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Colleges
General Santos City

In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements
For Philo 3

Vinna P. Boholst
Glicen Lou L. Monton
Patrick L. Villas
March 2012

Table of Contents

PAGE

TITLE PAGEi

CHAPTER

IINTRODUCTION1
Statement of the Problem2
Scope and Limitation of the Study3
Definition of Terms3

IIREVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE6
Cultural Justification of Female Genital Mutilation6
Ethical Issues in Female Genital Mutilation6
Female Genital Mutilation – What it is and
Why it Still Continues9
Classification9
How Widely it is Practiced9
Why the Practice Continues10
Female Genital Mutilation is a Violation of Human Rights14
International and Regional Sources of Human Rights15
International treaties15
Regional treaties16
Consensus documents16
Human Rights violated by Female Genital Mutilation16
The Rights of the Child17

IIIFINDINGS AND INTERPRETATION19
What Female Genital Mutilation is19
Why Female Genital Mutilation is Controversial19
Why Female Genital Mutilation is Unethical21

IVCONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION22

BIBLIOGRAPHY23

Chapter I
INTRODUCTION
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM) is practiced in so many countries in Africa and Asia. FGM is a deeply rooted social and cultural requirement for girls before marriage. Supporters of the practice rely on religion and tradition to defend their belief. Nowadays it is considered as an important problem, from both public health and ethical aspects in the countries where it still exists. It violates the essential principles of medical ethics and human rights. The main ethical drawback of FGM is that; it is a senseless practice which provides no direct benefit to girls on whom it is performed. It also inflicts undue harm on the little girls (who are primarily the victims). It is performed without consent. So the essential principles of medial ethics are violated. Undefined medical indications for FGM and possible risks to females make it ethically unacceptable.

The term Female Genital Mutilation and Cutting (FGM/C) applies to any procedure involving the removal of all or part of the vulva and/or clitoris. It exists and is practiced in so many countries in North and Sub-Saharan Africa including the Sudan. The most frequent type of FGM that occurs throughout Africa involves the removal of the entire clitoris, usually with the labia minora, and in some instances, the labia majora.

The justification for FGM appears to be grounded in the social desire in terminating or reducing feelings of sexual arousal in women so that they will be much less likely to engage in pre-marital sexual relationship or adultery. Nevertheless, it is now considered a major social health problem in the countries where it is practiced. Between 100 and 140million girls and women in the world are estimated to have undergone such procedures, and 3 million girls are estimated to be at risk of undergoing the procedures every year. Female genital mutilation has been reported 2

to occur in all parts of the world but it is most prevalent in: the western, eastern and north-eastern regions of Africa, some countries in Asia and the Middle East and among certain immigrant communities in North America and Europe. It also become of public health concern in North America and west Europe due to emigration from countries where it is still practiced. It is not surprising to notice that FGM seen in some emigrants was not performed in their country. Evidence shows that the practice was introduced to new countries. It has, arguably gained most attention among the governments, religious leaders, health professionals, individuals,... Show More

Please sign up to read full document.

YOU MAY ALSO FIND THESE DOCUMENTS HELPFUL

POPULAR ESSAYS

Management and Business Event Solve Sundsbo Healthcare Essay Vitamin Essay Film noir Essay George Pullman Essay Boy Essay Tom Shadyac Essay

Share this Document

Cancel Send

Join millions of other students and start your research

Become a StudyMode Member

SIGN UP - IT's FREE

Have a great research document you think will help inspire other StudyMode members?

Share your document

Upload Now

Get full access to more research and tools for only $0.33/day

Upgrade your Membership

GET PREMIUM @2017 studym.wressy.com Legal Site Map Advertise studym.wressy.com, Online Education, Hollywood, CA

More great study tools:


{"hostname":"studym.wressy.com","essaysImgCdnUrl":"\/\/images-study.netdna-ssl.com\/pi\/","useDefaultThumbs":true,"defaultThumbImgs":["\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_1.png","\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_2.png","\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_3.png","\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_4.png","\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_5.png"],"thumb_default_size":"160x220","thumb_ac_size":"80x110","isPayOrJoin":false,"essayUpload":false,"site_id":1,"autoComplete":false,"isPremiumCountry":false,"userCountryCode":"US","logPixelPath":"\/\/smhpix.com\/pixel.gif","tracking_url":"\/\/smhpix.com\/pixel.gif","cookies":{"unlimitedBanner":"off"},"essay":{"essayId":35847262,"categoryName":"Periodicals","categoryParentId":"17","currentPage":1,"format":"text","pageMeta":{"text":{"startPage":1,"endPage":19,"pageRange":"1-19","totalPages":19}},"access":"premium","title":"Female Genital Mutilation and Its Ethical Issues","additionalIds":[9,103,13,25],"additional":["Entertainment","Entertainment\/Film","Health \u0026 Medicine","Religion \u0026 Beliefs"],"loadedPages":{"html":[],"text":[1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19]}},"user":null,"canonicalUrl":"http:\/\/studym.wressy.com\/essays\/Female-Genital-Mutilation-And-Its-Ethical-1024609.html","pagesPerLoad":50,"userType":"member_guest","ct":10,"ndocs":"1,500,000","pdocs":"6,000","cc":"10_PERCENT_1MO_AND_6MO","signUpUrl":"https:\/\/studym.wressy.com\/signup\/","joinUrl":"https:\/\/studym.wressy.com\/join","payPlanUrl":"\/checkout\/pay","upgradeUrl":"\/checkout\/upgrade","freeTrialUrl":"https:\/\/studym.wressy.com\/signup\/?redirectUrl=https%3A%2F%2Fstudym.wressy.com%2Fcheckout%2Fpay%2Ffree-trial\u0026bypassPaymentPage=1","showModal":"get-access","showModalUrl":"https:\/\/studym.wressy.com\/signup\/?redirectUrl=https%3A%2F%2Fstudym.wressy.com%2Fjoin","joinFreeUrl":"\/essays\/?newuser=1","siteId":1,"facebook":{"clientId":"306058689489023","version":"v2.9","language":"en_US"}} tracking img