Fear and Phobias
I’m sure that at least one of you is afraid of snakes or spiders. Maybe you have a fear of blood or injections, but the fact is all people have fears or situations they would rather avoid. It is part of everyday life. However, what is fear? The dictionary explains fear as a distressing emotion aroused by impending danger, evil, pain etc. whether the threat is real or imagined. Biologically fear is necessary, because it warns the organism of life-threatening dangers and with that secures the survival. Jet, fear can be extremely good and can make us handle situations better, increase our creativity and fantasy and with that lets us achieve excellent results, because of high concentration. Although fear helped our ancestors to survive, we, as individuals but also as a society, are suffering from an over dosage of this essential feeling in the modern world. This fear develops into a phobia. The difference between a phobia and a sensible fear is the panic that grips the phobic person. A phobia is like a fear gone wild, robbing a person of reason. For example, a respect for the dangers of falling off a cliff reflects a healthy sense of reality; but a panicky preoccupation with heights can prevent a person from working in a tall building or vacationing in the mountains. One of the cruellest aspects of phobia is that it can dominate a person’s thoughts even when the person knows the fear is irrational. Shockingly 25% of the world’s population suffer at least once in their lives of a phobia, females twice as much as men. It is not only the fear that makes the person anxious, but also the fear of the fear. The American Psychiatric Association separates phobias into three general kinds. The most common kind is agoraphobia, actually a complex group of fears involved with being in public places. Then there are simple phobias and social phobias. Simple phobias are connected to one thing or to a specific activity, like ophidiophobia; fear of snakes or...
SOCIAL PHOBIAS ARE ANXIETY DISORDERS THAT HAVE THE CAPABILITY TO CLOUD MANY AREAS IN OUR LIVES AND ARE CHARACTERIZED BY THEIR SYMPTOMS AS WELL AS CAUSES. TREATMENTS ARE AVAILABLE AND CAN BE IMPLEMENTED TO SUCCESSFULLY CURE SOCIAL PHOBIAS AND FORM A BETTER COMMUNITY.
'I have not been out of the house for six months. I did go to see my doctor at Christmas, but I got into such a state that I nearly collapsed, and now I get him to see me here. I feel safe here and I don't get the awful feelings, but I'm not even relaxed at home if I know a stranger is visiting. I often have a drink to calm me if the paperboy is coming to collect the paper money or the gas man is coming to read the meter. Sometimes, though, I just refuse to answer the door.'
Overcoming anxiety Helen Kennerley (Robinson 1997)
A situation like this may strike some us as plain absurd, even plunging into the realms of insanity; Yet, this is what people with phobia go through on a daily basis. Anxiety Disorders af-fect about 40 million American adults age 18 years and older (about 18%) in a given year, caus-ing them to be filled with fearfulness and uncertainty (Kessler et al.). Unlike the relatively mild, such as having butterflies in your stomach on the first date, or feeling fearful when you hear strange noises in your household, phobias and anxiety disorders can last from as soon as 6 months or even as long as a whole...
...Part 1. Phobia
1.1 Meaning of phobia.
A phobia (from the Greek: φόβος, phóbos, meaning "fear" or "morbid fear") is an intense and persistent fear of certain situations, activities, things, animals, or people. The main symptom of this disorder is the excessive and unreasonable desire to avoid the feared stimulus. When the fear is beyond one's control, and if the fear is interfering with daily life, then a diagnosis under one of the anxiety disorders can be made.
This is caused by what are called, neutral, unconditioned, and conditioned stimuli, which trigger either conditioned or unconditioned responses. An example would be a person who was attacked by a dog (the unconditioned stimulus) would respond with an unconditioned response. When this happens, the unconditioned stimulus of them being attacked by the dog would become conditioned, and to this now conditioned stimulus, they would develop a conditioned response. If the occurance had enough of an impact on this certain person then they would develop a fear of that dog, or in some cases, an irrational fear of all dogs.
Phobias are the most common form of anxiety disorders. An American study by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) found that between 8.7% and 18.1% of Americans suffer from phobias. Broken down by age and gender, the study found...
...We as humans are all afraid of something, but some of us “fears are exaggerated and reactions extreme: the heart race, sweat beads on the skin, the eyes narrow, and the throat tightens” (Gallo). These fears are then phobias, which can be divided into three categories.
Phobia is known to many as just the fear of something but the true definition is a persistent irrational fear of an object, situation, or activity that the person feels compelled to avoid (Wood 689). It is characterized by an intense desire to avoid the feared situation, and evokes anxiety when one is exposed to that situation (Beck, Emery). The three types of phobias are: agoraphobia, social phobia, and specific phobia (Wood 521).
Bill, a twenty year old college student fears public speaking. He has to take a history class requiring lots of verbal interaction. If Bill was unable to avoid the discussion class, he’d find a seat at the rear of the room and sit silently for an entire semester. His grades would naturally be suffered from this, but to him it was better than the searing anxiety he felt whenever he was called on to answer a question or share an opinion in front of twenty of thirty strangers. Bill was called on to take part in a class discussion, and froze. “Blood surged to his temples, his pulse pounded, and sweat beaded on his forehead.” The other...
...Phobias and fearsFear is a vital response to physical and emotional danger.
Phobia is an intense, unreasonable fear of a thing or a situation that is far out of proportion to the actual risk that is involves. The object of the phobia may even be totally harmless. For a fear to be considered a phobia, it has to be so extreme and cause so much distress that it seriously limits a person’s normal life.
I would like to tell you about two phobias that I find interesting.
Tetraphobia is a practice of avoiding instances of the number four. It is the superstition most common in East Asian and Southeast Asian regions such as China, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Korea and Vietnam. The main reason of tetraphobia is that in Chinese, Japanese and Vietnamese languages the word “four” sound similar or even identical to the word «death». Special care may be taken to avoid occurrences or reminders of the number four during festive holidays or when a family member is sick. Similarly 14, 24, 42 et cetera. are also to be avoided due to the presence of the digit 4 in these numbers. In these countries, these floor numbers are often skipped in buildings ranging from hotels to offices to apartments as well as hospitals.
One interesting fact: when Beijing lost its bid to stage the 2000 Olympic Games, it was speculated that the reason China did not pursue a bid for...
...Fears and phobias in general can sometimes rule a person's life. Something as simple as not drinking out of a pink glass, or going on a roller coaster aren't good examples, but a good one is on the T.V. show Fear Factor. For one of the challenges the contestants had to jump off a sixty-foot cliff. For some people who are afraid of heights couldn't do this task. Their fear of heights would control their decision and cause them to fail in winning the money from the T.V. show. Now a simple competition is one thing, but a do or die situation or a time when someone's life depends on you concurring you fear is another. Whenever there is a chance where you can take control and overcome these fears, do it. Do not wait until the urgent time comes around and you must do it, having doubts about the task at hand. From experience, when you concur a fear, you feel like you can accomplish anything; and while looking back thinking it wasn't so bad while knowing that you can do it again if ever the time comes.
My heart starts to race. It feels like it's going to explode. My throat closes and I'm having trouble breathing. My palms are sweating now, and my head is dizzy. I feel like I might fall, I want to run, but I don't know where...
This reaction is a way to describe what people feel when they are suffering from a phobia. A phobia is an intense, ridiculous...
II fear and phobias
a) What is phobia
b) Difference of fear and phobia
c) Part of the brain which is responsible for fear and phobia
d) Classification of phobia
Specific phobia- meaning
Blood injury injection phobia
Natural environment phobia
Social phobia – meaning
Agoraphobia – meaning
A phobia is an extreme, persistent fear that interferes with normal living. It is not necessarily an irrational fear. Many people have phobias of snakes, spiders, lightning, heights, and other items that really are dangerous. What is irrational is the excessive degree of the fear, leading to panic in the presence of the feared object. In most cases, people with phobias are not so much afraid of the object itself but of their own reactions. They fear that they will have a heart attack or that they will embarrass themselves by trembling or fainting. Consequently, They fear that they will have a heart attack or that they will embarrass themselves...
...Mental Health, phobias affect approximately 10% of adults. There are a number of explanations for why phobias develop, including evolutionary and behavioral theories. Whatever the cause, phobias are a treatable condition that can be overcome with cognitive and behavioral therapy techniques.
What do people fear most? The following phobias are ten of the most common fear-objects that lead to symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, and breathlessness. In some cases, these symptoms escalate into a full-blown panic attack. These common phobias typically involve the environment, animals, or specific situations.
The fear of spiders.
This phobia tends to affect women more than men.
The fear of snakes.
Often attributed to evolutionary causes, personal experiences, or cultural influences.
The fear of heights.
This fear can lead to anxiety attacks and avoidance of high places.
The fear of situations in which escape is difficult.
This may include crowded areas, open spaces, or situations that are likely to trigger a panic attack. People will begin avoiding these trigger events, sometimes to the point that they cease leaving their home.
Approximately one third of people with panic disorder develop agoraphobia.
A phobia is an excessive or unreasonable fear of an object, place or situation. Simple phobias are fears of specific things such as insects, infections, flying. Agoraphobia is a fear of being in places where one feels "trapped" or unable to get help, such as in crowds, on a bus, or standing in a queue. A social phobia is a marked fear of social or performance situations.
Phobias are extremely common. Sometimes they start in childhood for no apparent reason; sometimes they emerge after a traumatic event; and sometimes the develop from an attempt to make sense of an unexpected and intense anxiety or panic (e.g. "I feel fearful, therefore I must be afraid of something").
When the phobic person actually encounters, or even anticipates being in the presence of the feared object or situation, she/he experiences immediate anxiety. The physical symptoms of anxiety may include a racing heart, shortness of breath, sweating, chest or abdominal discomfort, trembling, etc. and the emotional component involves an intense fear - of losing control, embarrassing oneself, or passing out.
Commonly people try to escape, and then to avoid the feared situation wherever possible. This may be fairly easy if the feared object is rarely encountered (e.g. fear of snakes) and avoidance will not therefore restrict the person's life very...