SOCIAL PHOBIAS ARE ANXIETY DISORDERS THAT HAVE THE CAPABILITY TO CLOUD MANY AREAS IN OUR LIVES AND ARE CHARACTERIZED BY THEIR SYMPTOMS AS WELL AS CAUSES. TREATMENTS ARE AVAILABLE AND CAN BE IMPLEMENTED TO SUCCESSFULLY CURE SOCIAL PHOBIAS AND FORM A BETTER COMMUNITY. 'I have not been out of the house for six months. I did go to see my doctor at Christmas, but I got into such a state that I nearly collapsed, and now I get him to see me here. I feel safe here and I don't get the awful feelings, but I'm not even relaxed at home if I know a stranger is visiting. I often have a drink to calm me if the paperboy is coming to collect the paper money or the gas man is coming to read the meter. Sometimes, though, I just refuse to answer the door.' Overcoming anxiety Helen Kennerley (Robinson 1997)
A situation like this may strike some us as plain absurd, even plunging into the realms of insanity; Yet, this is what people with phobia go through on a daily basis. Anxiety Disorders af-fect about 40 million American adults age 18 years and older (about 18%) in a given year, caus-ing them to be filled with fearfulness and uncertainty (Kessler et al.). Unlike the relatively mild, such as having butterflies in your stomach on the first date, or feeling fearful when you hear strange noises in your household, phobias and anxiety disorders can last from as soon as 6 months or even as long as a whole lifetime if not treated. Anxiety disorders happen very com-monly along with other mental or physical illnesses, including alcohol or substance abuse, which may mask anxiety symptoms or make them worse. WHAT IS A PHOBIA?
A phobia is an intense fear of a situation or an object that wouldn't normally worry other people (unless they, too, suffered from the same phobia) (Hill 2000). It severely restricts your life, and may force you to take extreme measures to avoid whatever triggers it. A phobia is known as an anxiety disorder (like obsessive-compulsive disorder and panic attacks), which means it centre’s on our natural reaction to fear. Anxiety is about fear, and we all get anxious at some time. It's a natural reaction in all of us, and keeps us safe. Almost all phobias are focused around a place, an animal, a situation, or something which isn’t necessarily threatening, but people react in a multitude of ways out of proportion to them.(Gersley 2001) Those who suffer from phobias aren't really frightened of particular situa-tions or places, but of the feelings of terror they experience when in them. While they know con-sciously that they are not in physical danger, they cannot convince themselves about this. A phobia is not a psychoses, it is more likely a neuroses. (Stein 1995, p189). When someone is diagnosed with psychosis such as schizophrenia, they may experience other people actually talking to them and clouding their decisions. A phobia is not described as an illness. However, when confronted by the object of your phobia, you are likely to panic, and panic produces very severe physical symptoms, which can make you believe that you are seriously ill. Your heartbeat may speed up, your fingers might tremble with fear, your stomach might be tightening, and you might be sweating buckets. The fear of becoming ill can become part of the problem.
The Main Types of Phobia
There are three classes of phobias: agoraphobia, social phobia, and specific phobia (Stein 1995, p256). As Wood describes, agoraphobics have a terrible fear of being put in situations in which they feel as though it is always not safe. Specific phobia is a phobia which is related to a something tangible such as an object, or something intangible, as a situation. In short, it is specific because the fear is always related to something. The last on the list is social phobia, which is the fear of embarrassment or humiliation in social settings.
Social Phobia in Detail
Social phobia is a complex disorder, characterized by the fear...
...Part 1. Phobia
1.1 Meaning of phobia.
A phobia (from the Greek: φόβος, phóbos, meaning "fear" or "morbid fear") is an intense and persistent fear of certain situations, activities, things, animals, or people. The main symptom of this disorder is the excessive and unreasonable desire to avoid the feared stimulus. When the fear is beyond one's control, and if the fear is interfering with daily life, then a diagnosis under one of the anxiety disorders can be made.
This is caused by what are called, neutral, unconditioned, and conditioned stimuli, which trigger either conditioned or unconditioned responses. An example would be a person who was attacked by a dog (the unconditioned stimulus) would respond with an unconditioned response. When this happens, the unconditioned stimulus of them being attacked by the dog would become conditioned, and to this now conditioned stimulus, they would develop a conditioned response. If the occurance had enough of an impact on this certain person then they would develop a fear of that dog, or in some cases, an irrational fear of all dogs.
Phobias are the most common form of anxiety disorders. An American study by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) found that between 8.7% and 18.1% of Americans suffer from phobias. Broken down by age and gender, the study found...
...best friend suffers from a phobia of buttons. Describe the symptoms that he/she displays in the presence of buttons, suggest possible causes for the phobia, and outline potential treatments.
Irrational fears come in all sorts of shapes and sizes, from the peculiar to the seemingly absurd. These phobias can take a hold of a person’s life and create barriers preventing them from achieving their goals and hold them back a great deal not to mention the self loathing that may occur as a person comes to term with this disorder they live with. My best friend suffers one of the more unheard of, but still reasonably common phobia ‘Koumpounophobia’, the fear of Buttons.
As far back as I remember, from the very beginning of our relationship it has been present in her everyday life. Upon seeing a button, she will instantly feel nauseas therefore having to remove either herself or it from the situation. Upon a chance contact she will have the compulsion to immediately wash and sanitize the area of exposed flesh that’s touched.
A phobia can be described as “a fear not based on reality”, so without any traumatic experience or reason they can just manifest in ones head. My friend has told me on countless occasions she has no explanation for it. When we were at school together, especially primary school she would get teased and bullied by uninformed children who just...
...Fear And Phobias
What is your greatest fear? Do you know the answer? A lot of people don't. We just know that we sometimes feel fear and most people don't like it. Sometimes, people like the feeling of fear. Have you ever heard the term "adrenaline junkie"? That's those people that like fear. In this article, I will tell you everything you need to know about fear and phobias.Fear
The Origin and Reasons of Fear
The sensation of fear is related to 2 parts of the brain, the prefrontal cortex and the amygdala. The prefrontal cortex is the body's "hub of safety" if you will. It receives stimuli and determines whether it's potentially dangerous, and sends signals to different parts of the brain to release adrenaline, hence the term "adrenaline junkie". This release of adrenaline is called the "fight or flight response". The amygdala, part of the limbic system, controls all strong emotions. It is what stores strong points of fear, causing us to have a phobia of that situation. It automatically sends a signal to the prefrontal cortex, which causes the prefrontal cortex to invoke the fight-or-flight response. This happens when the phobic gets near, sees, or, in severe cases, thinks about the thing they are phobic towards.
Picture of the limbic system....
II fear and phobias
a) What is phobia
b) Difference of fear and phobia
c) Part of the brain which is responsible for fear and phobia
d) Classification of phobia
Specific phobia- meaning
Blood injury injection phobia
Natural environment phobia
Social phobia – meaning
Agoraphobia – meaning
A phobia is an extreme, persistent fear that interferes with normal living. It is not necessarily an irrational fear. Many people have phobias of snakes, spiders, lightning, heights, and other items that really are dangerous. What is irrational is the excessive degree of the fear, leading to panic in the presence of the feared object. In most cases, people with phobias are not so much afraid of the object itself but of their own reactions. They fear that they will have a heart attack or that they will embarrass themselves by trembling or fainting. Consequently, They fear that they will have a heart attack or that they will embarrass themselves...
A phobia is an excessive or unreasonable fear of an object, place or situation. Simple phobias are fears of specific things such as insects, infections, flying. Agoraphobia is a fear of being in places where one feels "trapped" or unable to get help, such as in crowds, on a bus, or standing in a queue. A social phobia is a marked fear of social or performance situations.
Phobias are extremely common. Sometimes they start in childhood for no apparent reason; sometimes they emerge after a traumatic event; and sometimes the develop from an attempt to make sense of an unexpected and intense anxiety or panic (e.g. "I feel fearful, therefore I must be afraid of something").
When the phobic person actually encounters, or even anticipates being in the presence of the feared object or situation, she/he experiences immediate anxiety. The physical symptoms of anxiety may include a racing heart, shortness of breath, sweating, chest or abdominal discomfort, trembling, etc. and the emotional component involves an intense fear - of losing control, embarrassing oneself, or passing out.
Commonly people try to escape, and then to avoid the feared situation wherever possible. This may be fairly easy if the feared object is rarely encountered (e.g. fear of snakes) and avoidance will not therefore restrict the person's life very...
...my listeners about strange types of phobia.
Central idea: clarifying strange types of phobia such as Ablutophobia, Globophobia, and Pediophobia effects and how to avoid them.
I. Attention Material:
A. I am synonymous with fear, the one thing you hope will disappear, never to be near, I come in forms, plenty, I can even affect your sanity. Who am I?
1) It is Phobia, which is an unusual exaggerated, illogical fear of a specific object on situation.
2) No one is garn with Phobia, simply they are resulted became of past threatening situations leads to production of fear.
3) Phobia is associated with trembling, dread on panic uncontrollable physical response to the extent it can become paralyzing.
B. About 11% of people have had phobia some time.
1) Women are twice as likely as men.
2) Women also have Phobias at a younger age than men.
II. Orienting Material:
A. A Phobia is a fear response to some stimulus that is illogical in its intensity and not based a real thread so there is no basis in fact for such a strong reaction.
B. This fear can range from seven to mild, pain turn you into a shat-in on it can simply keep you away from social situations.
C. People with Phobia are often paralyzed by their fear and...
Within this paper Sally a 23 year old woman with a dog phobia will be discussed. Also, how operant and classical conditioning as well as observational learning are a factor in developing Sally’s phobia will be covered. Additionally, how extinction and tenets of cognitive theory can help Sally overcome her dog phobia will be explained.
A phobia is an abnormal, vigorous, unreasonable persistent dread or terror that causes anxiety. “Approximately 40 million American adults ages 18 and older, or about 18.1 percent of people in this age group in a given year, have an anxiety disorder (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2013)”. A person has the capability to make a fear out of anything; dog, open spaces, water, elevators, and tight spaces. Persons with a fears or phobias go to the ends of the earth to avoid any alleged risk that is larger more so in their thoughts than physical time. When confronted with the base of their fear, the person will sustain massive anguish that can hinder everyday tasks; fear can seldom lead to complete panic. Furthermore, for a number of individuals the simple thought of their fear is tremendously upsetting. Fears can be a wearying thing. The defeat of efficiency and productivity at the hands of a person’s phobia can be massive. However, a...
...PhobiasPhobias are a very common disorder in the United States these days. The definition for phobia is "an abnormal or morbid fear or aversion" ("Oxford" 655). To be considered a phobia, a fear must cause great distress or interfere with a person’s life in a major way. The word phobia is Greek, therefore, any word that proceeds it should be Greek too. To coin a newphobia name, it is proper and only accepted to follow this rule. The rule has been broken many times in the past, especially by the medical profession. The medical profession is steeped in Latin and many times when forming a name for phobia, they use Latin.
There are three kinds of phobias: simple phobia, social phobia, and panic attacks. Simple phobias, also called specific phobias, are fears of a specific thing, such as spiders or being in a closed place. Most simple phobias develop during childhood and eventually disappear. Specific phobia is a marked fear of a specific object or situation. It is a category for any phobias other than agoraphobia and social phobia. The categories of specific phobias are 1. situational phobias such as: fear of elevators, airplanes,...