There has been much debate in recent years among politicians, military officials, and civilians on whether or not the U.S. should be fully withdrawn from Afghanistan, regardless of the country’s economic and military capabilities. There has also been a proposed timetable, which President Obama says is in effect and currently being executed, to have up to ninety percent of our military personnel out of the country by no later than 2014. It is imperative that we extract our forces out of Afghanistan and end our eleven year occupation within the country. Starting off with reasons why it is in the best interests of the U.S. to withdraw from the Middle East is the fact that U.S. presence in Afghanistan has emboldened Al Qaeda. From a outsiders position, Al Qaeda has been able to grow its financial and membership base outsideof Afghanistan, and numbers fewer than 100 members in that country, according to military experts(ABC News 2010). While they may reappear in Afghanistan once U.S. soldiers withdraw, they are no longer dependent on that country for their training bases and could easily remain in Pakistan, Iraq, or any other nearby country. Instead, they point to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) occupation as evidence of the western powers evil agenda and use the ongoing war as a recruiting tool to bolster its forces. Withdrawal from Afghanistan will not move the war’s frontline from overseas back to the U.S. Military forces in Afghanistan and Iraq, coupled with drone bombings of Pakistan, remain a critical aggravation to the people of those countries and is a primary tool for recruitment of so-called “freedom fighters”. However, there is no evidence that moving the armies from overseas back to the continental United States will expose Americans to danger here at home. Withdrawals from the war-torn country will likely result in a collapse of the international recruitment of fighters. The training of Afghan defenses and security forces is not a reason to stay and burden our troops. U.S. military and NATO plans currently project the ongoing training of Afghan defense and security forces for another 2-3 years, at minimum. They recommend that the local defense forces will eventually number in the range of 300-400,000 (NATO 2012). However, such numbers are economically unsupportable in a nation where the national government has an annual budget of only $750 million. The government would be unable to keep paying the salaries of these security forces once they are trained and able to fight on their own. While some assistance may be needed, thousands of foreign soldiers and years of training to aid the poverty stricken country will not change the financial situation. The occupation is damaging to the population, women and children especially. There is great concern among well-meaning Americans to not abandon the women and children of Afghanistan to the repressive regime of the Taliban. This is because the Taliban recruit young children, usually by excessive force, and turn them into members of their militia. Actions of the past eight years show how little the military presence has helped the women of the country, but rather have created millions of homeless families as well. The conflict and presence of American troops have only made things worse. As the military withdraws, there will be a need for peace, development, and women’s organizations to help Afghan women in building up their social standing while defending their rights. At the center of debate, however, is the question of whether the average U.S. voter will continue to believe that Afghanistan and the Taliban pose a serious threat to U.S. national security interests at home. The complications of dealing with Al Qaeda, with the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, wastes hundreds of billions of dollars from the national treasury that could go to serve the real human needs, such as providing healthcare and distributing financial aid where it would best serve the...
...himself and go and try to blow people up because he thinks it is the right thing to do. This is actually happing in the middleeast. These so called nations are Israel and the Palestine state that is not yet a nation. In the middleeast this is everyday life and all they know is that there government doesn't care for them so they continue to fight for a cause that will never be settled because their government doesn't want to come to an agreement. The United States is for peace and freedom for all people but they aren't doing enough to help out the middleeast. The United States must take action to settle the conflict in the middleeast to preserve life for the people and save the holy land.
Before you can solve the problem in the middleeast you have to understand how they became what they are today. It all started at the end of World War I and the fall of the Ottoman Empire. The southern portion of their empire was left to the British which they called "Palestine." The Jews stated to again migrate to the area and rid it of swamps and malaria, "they did not rid the land of the few Arabs that were there though(United)." For this reason many Arabs also migrated in to this area for a better quality of life. ""In 1923 Winston Churchill claimed he created, "in an afternoon," Trans-Jordan which separated Palestine into two...
...Krishia Marie P. Tadena IS 41 – XB
Chapter 1: The Making of MiddleEast Politics
The MiddleEast is made up of 20 countries with a population of about 320 million people. The vast majority of people living in all MiddleEast countries save Israel are Muslim. Indeed, a majority of the world’s Muslims live outside of the MiddleEast. Clearly, then, there is considerable distinction in the region when it comes to land, population, and indicators of development.
One of the main things the discipline of comparative politics studies is the type of governmental system a country has. Systems of government in the MiddleEast are almost without exception authoritarian which means leaders are not selected through free and fair elections, and a relatively narrow group of people control the state apparatus and are not held accountable for their decisions by the broader public.
Political rights refer to characteristics such as free and fair elections for the chief executive and the legislature; the ability of citizens to organize in multiple political parties and compete in elections free from interference by the military, religious or other powerful groups.
Civil liberties refers to the freedom of expression or more likely to be referred as individual rights. The establishment and spread of Islam began in the 17th...
...Communication fromEast to MiddleEast
Seung Bong Kim, Alihesam Azari, Jung Eun Kim, Umer Jawaid, Seyed Nasir Mortezaei Kerahroudi, and Bilyana Martinovski
School of Business and Informatics University College of Borås, Sweden
Abstract Intercultural communication and meetings with new cultures play a significant role in the process of globalization. In that context, initial greetings are important as they affect first impressions and as they give the first emotional tone of a relationship. What factors affect initial greetings in a more profound way, national culture and language or type of interpersonal relationship? The present article approaches this question by describing cross-cultural differences and similarities in opening greetings from three Asian cultures, namely Iranian, Pakistani and South Korean. Relations between factors are explored through introspective observation of four parameters: gesture, posture, eye contact, and proximity. Interpersonal relationships are divided into three categories: family, friends and authority. The study finds that greetings are more similar across national culture than across relationship.
KEYWORDS: Cross-cultural communication, Intercultural communication, Greeting, Gesture, Posture, Proximity, Eye contact, Interpersonal relationship
Today, we can easily hear the word “Globalization”. Barriers among countries are being...
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is an ongoing conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. Many issues still remain today between the two groups. These include mutual recognition, borders, security, water rights, control of Jerusalem, Israeli settlements, Palestinian freedom of movement and legalities concerning refugees. The violence resulting from the conflict has brought international actions, as well as security and human rights concerns, within, between both sides, and internationally. Many solutions have been attempted, but none successful.
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict goes back to 1947 when the United Nations voted to separate the British mandate of Palestine into two. Arab leaders refused to accept the decision. When Israel declared its independence in May 1948, surrounding Arab countries attacked to destroy the land. By the end of war in 1949, lots of Palestinians lost their homes and property. While many people left, a larger number of Jews were forced to leave all Arab countries in the MiddleEast. The Palestinians then took the Gaza Strip under their security ruled by Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon. Another conflict started in 1967. Israeli troops took control of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip that were part of the “Occupied Territories,” according to the Palestinians. Less than one million Palestinians remained in the West Bank after a large number moved to...
...“Can there be peace in the MiddleEast?”
To ask the question of whether there can be peace in the MiddleEast is an interesting and quite personal question. The question, to me has always been a resounding YES, as I myself live there and for me there is no option but to answer yes in answer. This particular question though, runs deeper than a mere comment, and answer it in such a short time, we must first look at the problems in general.
Oil ! That is what the modern Middle Eastern geopolitics have usually been about. Given the vast energy resources that form the backbone of western economies, influence and involvement in the MiddleEast has been of paramount importance for the former and current super powers, including France, Britain, USA and the former Soviet Union.
Prior to the discovery of oil, the region had already been a hotbed for conflict, mainly of a religious nature, and wars over other rich resources and arable land these varied from the Crusades in the middle ages to the present conflicts being waged in the region.
The interests that the West (primarily Britain and France during European colonial times and now the US) had was been due to the energy and resource interests and to battle against the Ottoman Empire.
Iran has had a turbulent history not just its recent past. From a democracy in the 1950s, Iran...
The middleeast is characterized by several features that makes it a unique part of the
world. The middleeast is considered as the ancient world where the ancient Egyptians
lived and built their magnificent pyramids.in addition, The Middle Eastern region, like
every other, is socially constructed based on race, language and religion. The region,
which by most accounts spans from Morocco to Iran, is called the MiddleEast as a
reference to its geographic relationship to Europe and East Asia (not western, nor far
eastern). The place is lumped into a single region because the majority shares an ethnicity
(Arab), religion (Islam) and language (Arabic, though Iran speaks Persian. What makes it
difficult for foreigners to come in close contact to the middleeast and discover the culture
of their locals is the fact that it is an unstabilized part of the world which went through
lots of wars thought history example of these wars are the war between Egypt and Israel,
iraq and Iran and a huge number of countless wars throughout the history of the Middle.
east. Furthermore, the...
...Religion and Women in the MiddleEast
Religion goes hand in hand with culture, and in the Muslim countries this is very apparent. The cultural importance of men over women may have stemmed from religion, however it was further recognized when imperialist countries introduced capitalism and class divides. “Islam must combat the wrenching impact of alien forces whose influence in economic, political, and cultural permutations continues to prevail” (Stowasser 1994, 5). Now, instead of an agrarian state where both men and women had their place, difficulties have formed due to the rise in education and awareness that women can and do have a place in society beyond domestic living Though women are not equal to men anywhere around the world, the differences between men and women are greater possibly in the Muslim world, partially due to religion and culture. “Fewer women are educated in the Muslim world than in other culture areas...The percentage of women working other than agriculture is probably the smallest in the world, the birth rate the highest, and the laws regarding marriage and related matters most unequal” (Stowasser 1994, 5). Though, of recent years inequality has been blamed on the Islamic religion, gender inequalities were in the MiddleEast before Islam. However, by radical groups and male elite, women are being discriminated because of their gender due to religious connotations amongst...
...REVOLUTIONARY NATIONALISM AND THE MIDDLEEAST
One of the effects of World War I in the MiddleEast, was a variety of nationalist movements began and spread due to the division of the Ottoman Empire. There are five essential assumptions of nationalism: all nationalists believe that humanity is naturally divided into smaller nations, nations can be identified by certain characteristics that all its citizens hold in common, including; ethnic, religious, or historical traditions, times might change but nations retain their characteristics, a people have a certain place where their ancestors first emerged, and that nations all have a “common interest” and that is what the state promotes (Gelvin, 2011, p. 208-209). All of the nations that were left in the aftermath were now “claiming that their movements represented the political aspirations of the populations that had previously been ruled by the Ottoman Empire” (Gelvin, 2011, p. 208). Three countries that promoted nationalism in their countries after World War I, were Egypt, Turkey, and Iran; the nationalism of these three countries will be thoroughly compared and contrasted in this paper.
World War I had political and economic consequences for Egypt (Gelvin, 2011, p. 196). Egypt had legally been part of the Ottoman Empire until World War I; although it had also been occupied by Britain. In December 1914, Egypt was declared a protectorate by Britain,...