Explain why there was mass immigration to the USA between the years 1890 and 1914 There was mass immigration to the USA between the years 1890 and 1914 for a combination of reasons, all of which are based around socio-economic, ideological, political, cultural and technological factors. America was considered at this time “The Great Melting Pot” due to immigrants from everywhere mixing into this one country, however, this immigration did not form a “melting pot” of cultures because each ethnic group had their own area in a town or even its own town. For immigrants, America was seen as a place for achieving the dream of improving and having a better life, there they had freedoms and liberty, this is why immigration was not only from Europe but from other parts of the world. The other form of immigration was formed called migration. There was a lot of migration from African-Americans from poorer South to the more prosperous North; however, the migrating African-Americans were not welcomed, they suffered much the same way as they had in the South. The changes in American society that immigration brought about were friction between newly arrived and older established groups, religion being the main one, with older groups (Protestants) and the newer ones(catholic). The changes in American politics that immigration brought about were very little; power was kept by the WASPs (White Anglo Saxon Protestants). Irish Americans began sticking together for collective political clout which brought about the significance of Tammany Hall. Tammany Hall was notorious for the corruption in city and state politics that it fostered; it was built by local politics to support the Democratic Party and it provided immigrants with a social “safety net”. It also controlled businesses, influenced police, certain labour unions and voting. “Push” and “pull” factors are said to be a main cause of immigration to America. Push factors are reasons that generally push people out of their country;...
...Germany was prepared for the war in August, 1914. The Schlieffen Plan was a huge plan of attack to be used in the event of a war which was announced by Count Von Schlieffen on the 31st of December, 1905 (9 years before the war started). The European powers (allies) heard about this plan in 1914 before the outbreak of the war. The idea was that the Germans would sweep across Holland and Belgium to the sea at Dunkirk, the area between forts at Verdun and the Dunkirk coast would be attacked by 35 army corps and France was thought to of been defeated in about 6 weeks. These are only examples of results that Germany would get after using their plan of attack ‘The Schlieffen Plan’.
This was until unforeseen problems occurred. This included the unexpected supply problems created by the rapid advance through Belgium and France, The Germans not realising the strength of French armies and how they would be able to switch troops using the rail network, German rail transport ended at the Belgian border meaning that from there soldiers would need to walk making them exhausted, Germans did not account the strategic importance of the royal Navy and it’s control of the English Channel, Germans did plan for unexpected attacks such as the Russian attack on them into East Prussia. These immediate unexpected difficulties that German ran into caused...
...LYNDA DUBE (YEAR 10 SAFARAT)
EXPLAINWHY RELATIONS BETWEEN THE SOVIET UNION AND THE USA CHANGED WITHIN THE YEARS? (1957-69)
During the war the Soviet Union and the USA formed a close alliance due to the shared aim of the defeat of Germany. The Soviet Union became a lot more powerful due to Stalin’s five year plans, and became a contender with theUSA for the world’s largest superpower. This sparked conflict between the two nations and a race to see who would be the most powerful, the Cold War.
One of the main factors that that caused the relationship between the Soviet Union and the USAwas the arms race, which consisted of both nations building up their military and economic power to more than the other. A large army, navy, air force and weaponry were maintained and each party aspired to be more powerful with the bigger military force. America established the first nuclear bomb in 1945. When Stalin heard of this at the Potsdam conference the race began. By 1949 the USSR also had a nuclear bomb. America then created the Hydrogen bomb. Both countries steadily built their nuclear weaponry in secret which prompted both sides to send spies to collect information of the other country’s progress. This caused a feeling of mistrust and contempt and caused a strong dislike...
...Whywas the USA unable to defeat Communism in Asia between 1965-1973?
The policy of containment in Asia was probably one of America’s worst executed political strategies of the last centaury. There were a number of fatal flaws that meant the USA could never really claim a total victory in the war. These reasons can be separated out into Military and Political reasons, these include events that were occurring thousands of miles away from the conflict zone. These failures culminated in a Peace with Honour strategy that would never be counted as a defeat of Communism.
The first thing to evaluate in America’s failure in Asia was their political strategies. Only 2 years before this period started there was the Missile Crisis in Cuba, although this does not appear to have any link to the strategy in Asia in fact it does. The Cuban Missile Crisis resulted in the USA never committing its self to “total victory” because of the idea that this may result in Soviet/Chinese intervention and therefore nuclear war. This would of course be disastrous for the whole world not just America. This meant that despite all their military dominance the USA were never “whole hearted” in their campaign for victory over communism.
A further issue with the political strategy in fighting Communism was that the government...
...prudent to understand the reasons why there was so much mistrust between the two opposing superpowers. Each side had adopted separate ideologies that greatly contrasted with each other. The USA with the backing of the western world was capitalist, who essentially belied that the freedom of control for the individual was far more important than being equal and alike. Contrary to this, the USSRwas a Communist one party dictatorship that believed that the rights of the individual were far less important than the whole of society. Not only did this lead to a rivalry but it lead to each side to despise the rival ideology and the way the other side administered its nation. Controversial U.S president Richard Nikon stated “The cold war isn’t thawing, it is burning with a deadly heat, communism isn’t sleeping; it is, as always plotting, scheming, working, fighting”. In contrast Nikita Khrushchev himself claimed that ‘support given by United States rulers is rather in the nature of the support that the rope gives to a hanged man”. Furthermore, each side wanted to rebuild Europe in its own accord, for the USA this mean adopting capitalistic policies such as free trade and increased dependence on the United States. However for the USSR this would mean economic development that would be centrally planned with the concept of satellite communist states. Another major factor...
...I’m going to explainwhy there were tensions between countries in Europe and why they led to war in 1914.
For years before 1914, tension had been building in Europe. One cause of tension was overseas colonies. For example Germany and France clashed over in Morocco, between 1905 and 1911. This started by France who wanted to have more colonies in Africa. As Germany disliked this idea and wanted to test the “alliance” between France and Britain, he decided to support Morocco’s independence. His only intention was to bother France and to test him, as he thought that the alliance France had with Britain was just a paper. France was angry with Germany’s ideas. He thought that Germany hadn’t anything to do in their affairs. At an international conference in Algeciras, in 1906, Germany was humiliated by France and Britain in front of the whole world and he was treated as inferior. This made Germany bitter. This proved that this two old rivals, France and Britain were now seemed very close and that it was more than just a paper. In 1911 France tried to take over Morocco again. They said that they were ready to compensate Germany if trade suffered as a result but in response, Germany send a gunboat to Agadir. Britain disliked this action taken by Germany...
...USA, in 1890 – 1945
USAwas a nation that was constantly changing and became an 18th century society based on the Thirteen Colonies, after the American Revolution. Ever changing, USAwas constantly expanding territories, increasing population growth and improving industrialisation through modernity. Although this was the case, the principals of the Founding Founders were heavily influential which would impact the decisions made by USA in the future; portraying that as well as change being enforced there was still a sense of continuity.
This can be seen through the affairs of USA and the rest of the world. USA had potential and was growing, but never became a Great Power in 1890 and never wanted to. They based their idea in the concept of Brotherhood of Man; therefore they rejected war, alliances and standing armies but welcomed the idea of independence and neutrality.
The American Revolution and War of Independence played a key role for USA to have a strong sense of national history and identity. The ideal of “Jeffersonian democracy” were set out in the Declaration of Independence of 1776 and the American Constitution in 1787. Due to this most Americans believed that their republican democracy was a democracy which would be better than the...
...Whywas France unstable during the period 1920-40?
Between 1920 and the fall of the Third Republic in May 1940, France had seen 44 different governments and over 20 Prime Ministers. The divide between Right-wing and Left-wing parties at the time was bigger than ever before. So many political parties made it difficult to accomplish stable government during this period. The country was faced with huge losses in manpower and economic destruction after the war, despite being one of the victors. The country was mourning the loss of an entire young male generation. With the onset of the Great Depression, the French people felt the democratic system had failed them and so they looked to extremist organisations to lead them. As the international situation was worsening, it became clear that the instability in France from 1920 to 1940 meant the nation was divided, depressed and in danger of being captured by the Germans in 1940.
Immediately after the First World War, there was a period of political instability with the election of four different Prime Ministers in three years. Suprisingly, Georges Clemenceau, despite having lead his country to victory in the Great War was not elected as president. The anti-Socialist lawyer, Raymond Poincare, brought stability to France until forced to resign after he proposed tax...
...Balfour's leadership was responsible for the decline in the popularity of the conservative party between the years 1902 – 1906.
Explainwhy you agree or disagree with this view. ( 24 marks )
Balfour's leadership along with other key factors, including chamberlain's influence, the Boer war and the liberal party's actions, overall led to the decline in popularity for the conservative party giving the liberals their first taste of power in the 1906 general election.
Balfour's character consisted of a very cautious, indecisive man which came across when faced with Chamberlain and his debate on 'tariff reform', which stated that all non-British colonies should have to pay tariffs on imports into Britain, making foreign goods more expensive. At this time free trade was thoroughly indented into British society and nearly all voters were against the idea. Despite Balfour expressing his opinion that he had no settled convictions for tariff reform, when he was faced with the endorsement of tariff reform by a 'retaliationist' who embraced tariffs as the most effective means of forcing protectionist nations to the negotiating table, Balfour consistently rejected the protectionist argument which Chamberlain endorsed. When its ambiguity provoked conflict within the Conservative Party, Balfour’s failure to clarify his policy or assert his authority only exacerbated the confusion and...