Explain how continuous improvement models, knowledge management systems, quality systems and sustainability principles can be incorporated into business systems
Continuous Improvement Models
To close the gap between actual and desired performance, decisions need to be made. Decision making involves making a selection from among alternative courses of action. Implementation and evaluation of the implementation provide feedback into the next cycle of group decision making. Effective problem solving and decision making processes follow an ordered format, requiring you to: 1.Examine the current situation, in measurable terms, to discover or identify the discrepancy (this could be a problem, issue or opportunity). 2.Diagnose symptoms and root causes.
3.Gather and analyse data relevant to the situation and the solutions. 4.Generate alternative solutions/ options/ projected outcomes. 5.Evaluate and assess alternatives.
6.Make a choice between alternatives, or a combination of alternatives. 7.Assess associated risks and benefits, in terms of organizational objectives. 8.Assess costs and benefits.
9.Define the intended solution/s, also in measurable terms. 10.Express solutions as a set of targets or goals.
11.Implement the chosen actions.
12.Monitor and evaluate the decision to determinethe success or need for changes to the intervention.
Group decision making demonstrates several advantages over single person decision making. In high performance teams, members and leaders demonstrate sound, orderly decision making abilities – they know how and when to make decisions and accept responsibility for reliably and consistency implementing decisions. The advantages come from the ability of the team to readily source a range of ideas and information and to generate problem solutions through cooperative sharing of ideas.
Consensus-based decision making
Effective group decisions are based on consensus. Consensus means that team or group members are actively encouraged and supported to participate in the decision making processes, and to assume responsibility and exercise initiative as appropriate on the basis of agreement. Agreement is achieved as a result of examination of information relevant to the issues under discussion. Consensus is a method by which an entire group of people can come to an agreement. The input and ideas of all participants are gathered and synthesized to arrive at a final decision acceptable to all. Consensus based decision making helps to achieve better solution and promotes the growth of trust and collaboration.
Consensus is a power sharing mechanism. If there are serious conflicts, consensus can be difficult. A fallback is a good option. If consensus cannot be reached, a vote with two thirds majority might be accepted. Voting is a means by which it is possible to choose one alternative from several and is, therefore, a win or loose model, in which people are more concerned with numbers it takes to win than the issue itself. Voting does not take into account individual feelings or needs. In essence, it is a quantitative, rather than qualitative, method of decision making. With consensus people can and should work through differences and reach a mutually satisfactory position. It is possible for one person’s insights or strongly held beliefs to sway the whole group. No ideas are lost, each members input is valued as part of the solution. A group committed to consensus can utilize other forms of decision making (individual, compromise, majority rules) when appropriate; however, a group that has adopted a consensus model will use that process for any item that brings up a lot of emotions, is something that concerns people’s ethics, politics, morals or other areas where there is much investment.
Knowledge Management Systems
Organisations should value the insights and experiences gained through their business activities and capture them using a knowledge management system....
...goals. All organizations have a management structure that determines relationships between the different activities and the members, and subdivides and assigns roles, responsibilities, and authority to carry out different tasks. Association of Computer Technology Students (ACTS) is an organization of Bachelor in Industrial Technology, Major in Computer Technology in Bulacan State University which is making project to develop and improve the skills of Computer Technology students.
But Computer Technology Students are growing in terms of their population. Which are the officers of the Association of Computer Technology Student (ACTS) is having a difficult time in managing the organization. By doing the manual procedure counting and encoding the name of the new or old student that are join as a member of the organization, for those want to avail the items.
That’s why, the proponents is proposing this Association of Computer Technology Students (ACTS) ManagementSystem to lessen the difficulty in managing the organization.
Objectives of the Study
The general objective of the study is to develop “Association of Computer Technology
Specifically, this study sought answers to the following question:
1.) To incorporate the following into the project:
LCD Touchscreen Monitor
...know it and the failure of management to cope with change.” During this module I will discuss information overload and how it has become a problem requiring additional time and energy to research information that may not be necessary. I will also discuss how we people should deal with information overload by limiting the amount of time they spend on information tools learning to organize what they learn.
Search Engines provide us with a wealth of information. Information that we need and information we don’t need. This causes us to become inundated with more information than we can use. Networked Information should simplify and expedite our research time. For some this is not always true. The information available on the internet is overwhelming. Blair, A. states, “It takes only one or two pages of Google hits to overwhelm the average reader.” This is true in so many ways. For example, someone searching for a particular subject will first be bombarded with many links relating to his subject. The user will also receive unrelated pop-ups for advertisements causing other window browsers to open for viewing. These distractions are preventing you from focusing on initial search results. Next thing you know there is information coming at you through numerous open links and you find yourself closing pop-ups as quickly as new ones appear. This unnecessary work can be very stressful and...
BusinessModels, Systems and Organization
June 15, 2015
Instructor: Tammy Patchin
A local business that I frequent on a daily basis is Walmart, and will be explaining the types of businesssystems there are and how they incorporate them within the company. The three main components of a businesssystem are:business commerce, business occupation, and business organization. All three of these components are significant to running a business, and some companies use some parts more than others.
BUSINESSSYSTEMSBusiness commerce is the process in which people produce, exchange and trade goods and services (Jones, 2007). Walmart buys produce, merchandise and household goods from different entities that they in turn trade to consumers for money. In recent years, Walmart has started providing services such as hair salons, optometry, and a pharmacy.
Business occupation is where an acquired set of skills and abilities that allows people to create valuable goods and services (Jones, 2007). The different departments that use some of these specialized skills are in the deli, bakery and the tire and lube department. Employees have a set area of skills that provide these services to...
System Training Metrics
and Measures: A Key
Dinesh Verma,1, * John Farr,1 and Line H. Johannesen2
Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ 07030
Product Support & Logistics, Kongsberg Defense and Aerospace, AS Missiles and Space Division, Kongsberg, Norway
SYSTEM TRAINING METRICS AND MEASURES: A KEY OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS IMPERATIVE
Received 4 August 2002; Accepted 28 April 2003
An assessment framework to make explicit the “cause and effect” relationship between design
decisions and their impact on system operations, maintenance, and support is essential to
influence new and upgrade program development from the longer-term life-cycle perspective. This becomes even more urgent with increasingly greater utilization of commercial-offthe-shelf (COTS) elements within information and knowledge intensive systems in the
commercial (IT, Telecommunication, Banking, Finance) and aerospace domains. These architectures are often characterized by an evolving physical baseline (technology refreshment)
driven by obsolescence and end-of-life risk considerations. The first objective of this paper
is to present the concept of System Operational Effectiveness (SOE). System Operational...
...PROJECT INTEGRATION MANAGEMENT
Project managers coordinate all of the other knowledge areas throughout projects life cycle. Many new project managers have trouble looking at the “big picture” and want to focus on too many details.
Project integration management is not the same thing as software integration.
PROJECT INTEGRATION MANAGEMENT PROCESSES
Develop the project charter
Develop the preliminary project scope statement
Develop the project management plan
Direct and manage project execution
Monitor and control the project work
Perform integrated change control
Close the project
A PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENTSYSTEM
Multi-weighted scoring models
Use several weighted selection criteria to evaluate proposals.
PROJECT SCREENING PROCESS
STRATIGIC PLANNING AND PROJECT SELECTION
Strategic planning involves determining long-term objectives, predicting future trends, and projecting the need for new products and services
Organizations often perform a SWOT Analysis:
Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats
As part of strategic planning, organizations should:
Identify potential projects.
Use realistic methods to select which project to work on.
Formalize project initiation by issuing a project charter.
METHODS FOR SELECTINGPROJECTS
There is usually not enough time or resources to implement all...
...1 The problem of opportunity 3
1.2 Affects 3
1.3 The impact of which 3
1.4 Successful solution 3
2. Business Process 4
2.1 Data exchange with OLAF (Import data from OLAF) 4
2.2 Treatment Follow-u of the workflow 4
2.3 Reporting 4
2.4 Export report to OLAF 4
3. General Actors Description 5
3.1 Units 5
3.1.1 Coordination unit A3: head of unit and 2 officials. 5
3.1.2 Geographical units C3, D3 & E3: head of unit and all desk officers 5
3.1.3 DG MARE – Hierarchies Map of Coordination Unit and Geographical Units. 6
3.2 Model Hierarchy 7
3.2.1 Obligations management. 7
3.3 Diagrams of the Use-Case Model 7
4. Use-Case Specification: UC01 - Import Data from OLAF 8
5. Use-Case Specification: UC02 - Visualization an Irregularity Case 10
6. Use-Case Specification: UC04 - Edit (Follow-up) Irregularity Case 12
8. Use-Case Specification: UC05 - Send Reports to OLAF 13
10. GLOBAL Architecture 14
The system is proposed to follow-up the irregularity cases on projects financed under the FIFG and EFF and communicated by the Member States to OLAF. "Irregularities" also include cases of established or suspected fraud.
Around 20 actors will take part of the follow-up: the coordination unit will manage the contacts with OLAF, and the Desk Officers in three geographical units.
The system is supposed to...
Q1. Is quality is a Philosophy? Explain
A. The concept of quality is at the very centre of many ideas and practices of effective management and leadership, and programs like Total QualityManagement and Six Sigma have been at the sole reason for the success of many companies.
Companies and Management professionals now know that quality needs to be built into every level of a company, and it needs to be a part of everything the organization does. From answering the phone to assembling products and serving the end customer, quality is vital for the success of organizations.
Quality is now a large part of modern management philosophy. Before globalization took over the world and technological advances became vital for survival, competitive pressures were much lower, and companies were usually satisfied with focusing their efforts on ensuring quality in the production process only.
Now however, quality is often thought to start and end with the customer, it exists in every activity of a company and all points leading to and from the customer must aim for high-quality service and interaction.
Therefore Quality is definitely a philosophy and any company which wants to succeed has to ensure...
THE YORK MANAGEMENT SCHOOL
Module: Knowledge Information Systems
Module Co-ordinator: Dr Ignazio Cabras
Maximum word count: 4,000
Release: Noon, Monday 10th February 2014
Submission: Noon, Wednesday 14th May 2014
If you are unable to complete your open assessment by the submission date indicated above because of Mitigating Circumstances you should apply for an extension using the form available on Yorkshare. Any extension request must be made before the scheduled deadline indicated above. 10 marks are deducted for every 24 hours (or part thereof) that the submission is late for a total of 5 days. After 7 days it is treated as a non-submission and given a mark of zero. The consequences of non-submission are serious and can include de-registration from the University.
If you submit your open assessment but feel that your performance has been affected by Mitigating Circumstances you should submit a Mitigating Circumstances claim form, available on Yorkshare, by Noon: Wednesday 21th May 2014. Claims submitted after the deadline will not normally be considered. Further details on the remedies likely to be offered to students with accepted Mitigating Circumstances can be found on Yorkshare.
The Knowledge Information Systems module has one assignment, a reflective report based...