Examine the Challenges of Immigrant in the Canadian Labour Market
The last few decades have witnessed both an expansion and a transformation of immigration flows, which pose significant challenges with respect to how people work with differences across culture and space. Against this background, this paper is mainly to explore what are the challenges of the new immigrants face in the Canadian labour market. According to new data from the Labour Force Survey, released by Statistics Canada, immigrants who landed between 2001 and 2006 had a national unemployment rate of 11.5%. Most new comers don’t have enough information about the Canadian labour market situation, so they hardly to find a suitable job. The biggest problems include a lack of recognition of foreign credentials and language barriers. In Canada, triggered by unfavorable employment outcomes of immigrants --- the gaps in employment rates of immigrants compared to the native-born, and a rapid rise of the immigrant population during the past twenty years. In addition, the pay issue has been plagued by immigrants as well. Some of them will be forced to take jobs in occupations that will imply lower wages over the long-term than they are qualified for.
Since Canada has been fully liberalized acceptance of international immigrants, Canada has become the first choice for the immigrants from one of the countries. Those immigrants start a new life in Canada after hardships; there are struggles and achievements during their survival in a new land. On the skilled migrants’ front, their condition is not bad, so logically speaking, this group of people will rapid integration into the mainstream society and live a prosperous and contented life. However, the reality is the opposite. The reason is simple: most newcomers don’t have enough information about the Canadian labour market situation, therefore they hardly to find a suitable job. Another big problem is a lack of Canada admits degree certificate and language barriers. New immigrants not only compete with the other immigrant, but also compete with the native-born. In addition, the pay issue has been plagued immigrants as well. Some of them will be forced to take jobs in occupations that will imply lower wages over the long-term than they are qualified for. This kind of unfair phenomenon often appears in the immigrants when they are looking for a job. Currently, each year from all over the world who immigrated to Canada is more than two hundred thousand. According to the data from a labor force survey, the employment rate among immigrants and local Canadian was 75.6% and 82.9% (Statistics Canada, 2011), which means there are many people still unemployed. Even though this rate had little higher than before, the gap between both is wide (Figure 1.). Meanwhile, earnings inequality of immigrants compares to the Canada’s native always exist. Lots of immigrants are not satisfied with the employment situation. Figure 1.
What difficult do immigrant workers identify in terms of obtaining employment? People who immigrate to a new country should expect to work hard, probably much harder than they would have had to work in their home country. It needs great courage for someone to take the lead to make the tough decision to leave the familiar behind and embark on a new life and to exploit a new future for themselves. Nevertheless, too often, newcomers to a multicultural area may feel out of place and end up in a small community of their fellow immigrants and fail to embrace the opportunities and advantages of their new country. Here are some possibilities: recognition of diplomats; corresponding level of educational attainment; language barriers; lack of work experience; diverse strength of social networks; and knowledge of and information about the Canadian labour market. These issues are particularly relevant for those who have landed recently. Then, I will...
...The labourmarket is where the demand and supply of labour interact to determine the wage rate and the allocation of labour resources between firms and industries in the economy. The stimulus emphasises the distinct trends in the labourmarket such as underemployment, low participation rate and high unemployment rate in Australia. The government has an active role in dealing with different employment issues by creating employment opportunities, altering wages to be equitable and other costs of hiring labour and pursuing policies to decentralise and deregulate the labourmarket.
The Australian work force includes all the people both part time and full time employed and unemployed. The total number of employed people had a 3.3% increase in 2012 compared to 2009-10 because of the government’s introduction of the 2009 Jobs and Training Compact. This was designed to support young Australians, retrenched workers and local communities to learn new skills required to obtain new jobs. This figure has also been affected, because of an increase in part time employment by nearly 4% in 2012 compared to 2010-11. This is because of the expansion in the supply of people willing to work, especially the rise in participation rates of married women re-entering the workforce after having children. The participation rate for women increased by nearly 5% since 2007...
...due to imbalance of work and life
In 2010 a large General Social Survey (GSS) was taken with the intention of following up on earlier studies which had taken place back in 2002 and 2005. In the end the GSS revealed some shocking and extremely concerning information about the overall mental state of Canadian workers. The first piece of data revealed that 27%, or 1 out of 4 Canadians claim their lives are ‘quite a bit’ or ‘extremely’ stressful. This tells us that around 3.7 million Canadians go through most of their days constantly feeling stressed and overwhelmed. Another 46% of the population claim their days are ‘a bit stressful’, which works out to about 6.3 million people. To make matters even worse, the GSS survey then revealed that out of the ‘highly stressed’ workers 62%, or 6 out 10 of them claim it is because of their job that they are so consistently stressed out.
The interesting part of these statistics is that 9 out of 10 overly stressed people were either Canadian or have been living in Canada for a minimum of 30 years. This is a very concerning statistic for the CanadianLabourMarket, and should not be taken lightly. This piece of data clearly shows that Canadian workers are not in a good mental state and this can have all kinds of negative side effects that are directly related to Human Resource departments. Some of these side effects are for...
...Discrimination in the labor market
Brigita Saikeviciute E4215
Valeriya Dimitrova E4238
Vasileios Mavromatidis E4616
University of Minho, Braga, Portugal
This paper analyzes three types of discrimination (age, sexual orientation, gender and
race) in the labor market in the different countries all over the world. The results show
that the skin color discrimination is the most widespread type of discrimination followed
by the sexual orientation discrimination. Unexpected result was about gender
discrimination which is the least likely in the EU but the evidence indicates that sex
discrimination remains a possible explanation of the unexplained gender pay gap between
men and women.
Key words: labor market, discrimination, women, skin color, sexual orientation.
It’s all about the money, isn’t it nowadays? We need to buy our food, pay our bills and
educate our children. Money is the “necessity bad” today. But even in our modern,
global, without barriers world, world in which they teach us that everything is possible,
there is still big inequity. The chance for some people to achieve job and to feed their
families is much lower than to the others. Even nowadays not only dream and ambitions
are enough. When it comes for having a job and building career there is also comes the
problem with discrimination in the labor market. This topic is...
...workers in Belgium who are long-term unemployed has remained
• The duration of unemployment of the least skilled footwear workers is, on average, less
than that of the group ofmanual textile workers.
• The duration of unemployment of non-manual workers in Belgium is considerably less
than that of manual workers.
So, for the footwear sector we find a degree of heterogeneity within the group of
workers classified as manual both interms of wage rates and unemployment duration. In
Belgium, those manual footwear workers who receive the highest wage rates are also
likely to experience longer terms of unemployment.
2.Responses to increased international competition
technology may be both a cause of increased trade flows, by allowing the outsourcing of
low-skill activities, for example, as well as a defensive response by producers in
industrial countries to increasing competition from low-wage countries. Here we simply
seek to identify the extent of technological change in the footwear sector.
It is very hard to measure technolgical change but we can look at the share of equipment in total investment to get some information. It is obviously that if in company are a lot of modern equipments like ( computers, manufacturing robots) companys production increase and at the same time quantitiy of employees decreases .
Discuss the labourmarket structure and policies and evaluate how the labourmarket is affected by technological change.
The nominal market in which workers find paying work, employers find willing workers, and wage rates are determined. Labor markets may be local or national (even international) in their scope and are made up of smaller, interacting labor markets for different qualifications, skills, and geographical locations. They depend on exchange of information between employers and job seekers about wage rates, conditions of employment, level of competition, and job location. The major concern is the wage rate and the Households in the control group are de.ned on basis of the presence among their members of individuals earning somewhat more than the 2001 minimum wage. To check for the validity of the control group, a "placebo test" is conducted where the absence of a treatment erect in the pre-policy period is ascertained. This is done by looking at changes in food consumption in the period 1999-2000. Sample size considerations restrict this analysis to the "potential" treatment case. To ensure comparability, the analysis is always restricted to households that keep a constant composition and whose income is within certain limits. Moreover to avoid confounding an increase in labourmarket risk with an increase in compliance...
Labourmarket is a key issue for many developing as well as developed countries. Whether the people are skilled or unskilled is determining factor for the inflow of foreign direct investment (FDIs) to many developing nations. So, Malaysia depended on its abundant supply of literate and trainable labour force to attract investments in the export-oriented electronics industry since the early 70s’. This labour force has gone through skilled upgrading and enhancement in the past three decades and today, Malaysia can boast of having a pool of relatively skilled and professional labour force that is capable of handling and developing state-of-the-art technologies.
Despite these accomplishments, human labour which was and remains the key factor in driving Malaysia’s economic growth. In charting the growth path for the first decade of the 21st century, Malaysia decided to engage in global information economy. As the Ex-Prime Minister Tun Datuk Dr. Mahathir Mohamad emphasised (Malaysia 2001a), “…, the force of globalization, liberalization and information and communications technology have fundamentally changed the rules and nature of global trade, resource flows and competition.
Obviously, the world is changing, the new event happen will affect labourmarket, and Government continue to face many challenges. In this...
...The UK labour’s market have seen a significant increase in income inequality. The labourmarket is “a market in which wages, salaries and conditions of employment are determined in the context of the supply and demand for labour.” (Bannock, G Et.al 2003) This disparity in income can be seen from the Gini coefficient, which is a widely used measure of inequality, at an all-time high in recent years, with a significant increase since 1980. This trend is unlikely to reverse especially as income inequality had not decrease during the previous Labour government despite its comprehensive measures aimed at reducing income inequality. This essay aims to describe the reasons of the growing income inequality in the UK and the extent to which it is possible or desirable for the UK government to try reverse this trend.
Demand for labour in the labourmarket is a ‘derived demand.’ This means that employees are demanded because there is a demand for the final good or service. (Gillespie, A 2007, 230) In a perfectly competitive labourmarket, wages for labour is determined by supply and demand for labour, with the wage rate being at the equilibrium level. When the wage rate is higher than the equilibrium, there will be an excess supply of labour as people are attracted to the high pay. This...
...Economic and LabourMarket Developments and change: Participation, Equality and Disadvantage at the National and Regional Level. Issues and implications for People Management and Policy and Practice
In the last 100 years the British labourmarket has been in many ways a more equal and fairer society it has ever been. For example, 70 years ago women were not allowed to work after they got married and people were openly discriminated on their colour of their skin. Today, it is illegal for employers to discriminate on gender, race or disability with the result that almost 50% of the workforce is female and the participation rate among most ethnic minorities keeps on growing. Despite of these improvements, inequality still persists. In many areas the improvements have stopped and in some cases the gap has started to widen again (Equalities review, 2007).
Following, Britain faces new developments like technological improvement and globalization and challenges like the economic downturn. The signs are that these can have a disproportionate impact on particular groups of workers and jobseekers (Equalities review, 2007).
In this report, we will explore economic and labourmarket developments and changes. As the London labourmarket differentiate significantly from the British labour...