Ernest Hemingway is an incredible writer often known for what he leaves out of stories and not for what the story tells. His main emphasis in Hills Like White Elephants seems to be symbolism. Webster's dictionary defines symbolism as the art or practice of using symbols. Hemingway was a master at investing the things that he wrote about with a symbolic meaning. He expresses invisible or intangible ideas in a way that makes you feel like you can reach out and touch them. He uses this technique to emphasize the importance of ideas. Hemingway leaves out the important details of this short story by symbolizing their meaning.
This short story is filled with symbolism. I had to read the story multiple times, and I'm sure that there are many that I will never find. Even the title can be analyzed a lot deeper to see the symbolism that is used in it. The "hills" can be associated with the shape of the female body during pregnancy and the "white elephants" symbolizes something that requires a lot of care and can be very expensive. Maybe, Hemingway is referring to a newborn baby. The story is about a man and a woman taking a train to get an abortion. The train is supposed to show change and movement, something this couple appears to need because their life is very routine.
In the story, he describes a curtain made of strings of bamboo beads that are hung across the open door into the bar, to keep out flies. The bamboo beads not only keep them from their problems, but it also seems like it keeps them separated from all of the other people in the bar. Hemingway then tells us that the train will stop at this junction for two minutes and then go to Madrid. The train only stopping for two minutes is to show the importance of the girl's decision to have the abortion. It is a huge life changing decision that must be made immediately. There is no time for her to sit around and think about it.
Next, the guy and the girl are sitting at the bar deciding what they...
...Women have stepped out of traditional roles of the housewife, the mother and the submissive doormat to more assertive natures. Many controversial issues surround women’s crusade of freedoms including the widely debated right to choose what she does to her body, referring to an abortion. 1n 1927 Ernest Hemingway wrote a short story titled, “HillsLikeWhiteElephants” that expressed a feminist movement focusing around this issue. Born in 1899 in Illinois, Hemingway prematurely ended his own life in 1961, seven years after winning a Nobel Prize for literature. Despite being recognized as one of the most influential writers of his time, Hemingway also received the popular reputation for being a notorious “woman hater”. Through his rocky relationships with his four wives, his publicly known loathing of his mother, whom he had referred to as the “all-time, All-American Bitch”— he was however, “sensitive to the plight of women” expressed in stories such as “Up in Michigan”, “Out of Season” and In Our Time.
Through the character’s development and ability to come to her own decision despite her boyfriend’s constant pressure suggests a powerful feminist theme in a society dominated by men. First of all, the plot of the story shows that the man has more control and authority than the woman. Since he is the protagonist, he takes up more space in the story. He has more influence because he is the main character...
... Throughout his work “HillsLikeWhiteElephants,” Ernest Hemingway uses symbolism and condensed metaphors to sensationalize the power, yet subtleness of the main theme: happiness. While the title does not blatantly represent the characters pursuit of happiness, the simile used in the title does epitomize Hemingway’s writing style as well as the diverse use of symbolism throughout the narrative. Hemingway uses this symbolism to convey the unspoken thoughts and emotions of the characters and the ultimate decision made to begin her journey on the pursuit of happiness.
The roots of the title, the hills, are sporadically mentioned within the first seven lines of the narrative. The hills foreshadow the lack of respect and communication in the characters relationship and allows the reader to recognize their unhappiness; “The hills across the valley of the Ebro were long and white. On this side there was no shade and no trees and the station was between tow lines of rails in the sun.” Hemingway presents the reader with imagery of two hills; one of the hills “[has] no shade and no trees” while the other has “fields of grain and trees along the banks of the Ebro river” (Lines 1-2). The opposition of the hills is reflective of the pastime and current tone of the relationship between the characters;...
...In Hemingway's "HillsLikeWhiteElephants", he utilizes the audience in understanding the substance of his plot. He takes on a sense of truth by putting an intense amount of dialogue, thus giving a realistic type of writing. Through the usage of dialogue between the couple, it shows the depth of expectations. The audience must rely and fall back upon their own personal experience in order to interpret the conversation/plot. The correlation with nature plays into the language and the action of how the story flows. There is a definite split between the two different sides of the tracks. Basically, all that ties in with the hills represent life and that particular side of the tracks. It is a flash comparison of fertility versus barrenness by using language in description. Typical stereotype of the pensive, unsure female who has yet to step up and voice her opinions and speak her mind about her stance upon this pregnancy. Hemingway has truly taken on the modernist view. He completely takes out the third person narration and replaces the storytelling through dialogue. We are no longer aware of what is going on through the characters' minds and the emotions that overwhelm them. You no longer are sure of the characters' motives behind their actions and words. For the audience to an extent, we must be able to tell them apart through this alienation effect. There is a necessity to step back from he...
...HILLSLIKEWHITEELEPHANTS: A TRANSITIVITY ANALYSIS
Human beings can communicate with each other. We are able to exchange knowledge, beliefs, opinions, wishes, threats, commands, thanks, promises, declarations, and feelings – only our imagination sets limits. We can laugh to express amusement, happiness, or disrespect, we can smile to express amusement, pleasure, approval, or bitter feelings, we can shriek to express anger, excitement, or fear, we can clench our fists to express determination, anger or a threat, we can raise our eyebrows to express surprise or disapproval, and so on, but our system of communication before anything else is LANGUAGE.
In linguistics, language meaning is what the source or sender expresses, communicates, or conveys in their message to the observer or receiver, and what the receiver infers from the current context. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meaning_(linguistics))
Ernest Hemmingway’s been born in a strict household where if they commit mistakes Punishment will definitely sure and being his parent the first congregational Church his style in writing shows respect with using indirectly words which causes the reader to think critically and analyze each lines to understand the real meaning behind every word.
Therefore, this paper would like to examine the transitivity...
...Abraham Lee Lee 1
English III Pd. 1
By Ernest Hemingway
The author, ErnestHemingway’s, “HillslikeWhiteElephants” uses setting to reveal his authorial attitude. Hemingway uses the background of a train station in Spain as a symbolic backdrop to his tale about a man he portrays as selfish, self-indulgent, and unconcerned about his partner’s best course of action. He uses obvious symbols such as a fertile river to demonstrate that the situation potential, but contrasts this with the man’s lack of empathy within the relationship.
Ernest Hemingway places the setting at a train station for many motives. The fact that the couple are waiting for a train is significant. From the first paragraph, the setting immediately introduces the tense atmosphere. By their style of traveling, the act of waiting for a train represents the pressure and anxiety of their decision. The train station brings a sense of urgency to the story.
The train station itself represents the choice on whether or not to have the abortion. The station is positioned between two lines of tracks. They each represent one of the choices. On one side of the station, it is fertile, full of trees, fields of grain, a river
and mountains. This symbolizes one choice that...
..."HillsLikeWhiteElephants" by Earnest Hemingway In his summary of "HillsLikeWhiteElephants" by Earnest Hemingway, Paul Rankin comes to a few conclusions about the a young girl in the story. Using both Carl Jung and Karen Horney’s application of human behavior to buttress his opinion, Rankin comes to the conclusion that Jig was the superior actor and the unnamed American is the inferior actor in the play. The evidence Rankin uses to prove Jung’s theory is that the nature of the mans feelings of inadequacy and inferiority in the face of Jigs imminent transformation from the girl into motherhood (Rankin 234). And his conclusions using Horney’s school of thought is mans fundamental lack of a life-creating power with which woman is imbued, has motivated the creation of such historically masculine enterprises as state, religion, art, and science, in mans attempt to compensate for that insurmountable deficiencies .a (Rankin 235) There is further evidence that Rankin’s take on the American in WhiteElephants is one of an inferior player by using the banter between Jig and the unnamed American male to show she was in control, We encounter further evidence of the mans inferiority complex in his severe response to Jigs playful banter about the similarity between hills and elephants. Having already admitted that he...
HillsLikeWhiteElephantsHillsLikeWhiteElephants was written by Ernest Hemingway, and first published in 1927. Although its title leads you to believe the story is going to be about landscape or animals, it is in fact, about a couple’s struggle over whether or not to go through with an abortion.
This short story takes place in Ebro, Spain during the middle of the summer, at a train station. The two characters in the story are a man referred to as ‘The American’, and a woman referred to as Jig. The nonchalant attitudes of the main characters shape the thought and introduction to the presentation of the story. As the story starts, you get the feeling that this man and woman are just out for a friendly drink and some traveling, until they start to mention the ‘procedure’, but this leaves you wondering what outcome they chose.
The word abortion is never directly printed in the story, but the author gives us clues as to what he is talking about, “it’s a really simple operation Jig,….I know you wouldn’t mind it, Jig. It’s really not anything. It’s just to let the air in” (Hemingway 42, 44). The American thinks of the abortion as a ‘procedure’. The way he views and describes the ‘perfectly simple procedure’ is unfeeling towards Jig. He keeps telling Jig, “I don’t want you to do it if you don’t really want to”...
...Essay on “The Hills Have WhiteElephants”
The hills of whiteelephants have brought along many problems for Jib. The thought of having a child is a hard topic to think about, especially, but even more so when isn’t planned. There will be arguments and issues with any ordinary couple, but these two try to figure out a way besides fighting. Love is always a difficult subject to explore but talking about it is only half the problem. Things can get so messed up, lost in the translation when you’re trying to explain yourself, that it can even makes things worse when you drag it out. To talk is to compare to compare is to solve, and thinking about all the issues these two have to work out is mind boggling. But for Jig and the man and for their relationship to work, it's necessary for them to figure it out.
It seems if Jig is a foreigner, someone the American (pg. 475) man may have met while traveling in Europe that he’s become very attached to. Lying can it be good or can it be bad, depending on the people that this speaks to, it could go either way. Maybe she decides to lie to Jib, maybe that was her plan all along just to get Jib to speak his mind. You never know what anyone is thinking; maybe she loves him so much she'll lie about anything just to keep Jib around. Lies can take you to far places, from experience I know, but when things go bad and suddenly turn south it's hard to dig yourself...