Generativity vs. Self absorption or Stagnation – Care
Career and work are the most important things at this stage, along with family. Middle adulthood is also the time when people can take on greater responsibilities and control. For this stage, working to establish stability and Erikson’s idea of generativity – attempting to produce something that makes a difference to society. Inactivity and meaninglessness are common fears during this stage. Major life shifts can occur during this stage. For example, children leave the household, careers can change, and so on. Some may struggle with finding purpose. Significant relationships are those within the family, workplace, local church and other communities.
8. Late Adult: 55 or 65 to Death
Integrity vs. Despair – Wisdom
Erikson believed that much of life is preparing for the middle adulthood stage and the last stage involves much reflection. As older adults, some can look back with a feeling of integrity — that is, contentment and fulfillment, having led a meaningful life and valuable contribution to society. Others may have a sense of despair during this stage, reflecting upon their experiences and failures. They may fear death as they struggle to find a purpose to their lives, wondering “What was the point of life? Was it worth it?”
Erikson's psychosocial theory very powerful for self-awareness and improvement, and for teaching and helping others. While Erikson's model emphasises the sequential significance of the eight character-forming crisis stages, the concept also asserts that humans continue to change and develop throughout their lives, and that personality is not exclusively formed during early childhood years. This is a helpful and optimistic idea, and many believe it is realistic too. It is certainly a view that greatly assists encouraging oneself and others to see the future as an opportunity for positive change and development,...
Intimacy vs. Isolation (young adulthood)
Occurring in Young adulthood, we begin to share ourselves more intimately with others. We explore relationships leading toward longer term commitments with someone other than a family member. Successful completion can lead to comfortable relationships and a sense of commitment, safety, and care within a relationship. Avoiding intimacy, fearing commitment and relationships can lead to isolation, loneliness, and sometimes depression.
Ego Development Outcome: Intimacy and Solidarity vs. Isolation
Basic Strengths: Affiliation and Love
In the initial stage of being an adult we seek one or more companions and love. As we try to find mutually satisfying relationships, primarily through marriage and friends, we generally also begin to start a family, though this age has been pushed back for many couples who today don't start their families until their late thirties. If negotiating this stage is successful, we can experience intimacy on a deep level.
If we're not successful, isolation and distance from others may occur. And when we don't find it easy to create satisfying relationships, our world can begin to shrink as, in defense, we can feel superior to others.
Our significant relationships are with marital partners and friends.
The second crisis, occurring between late adolescence and early adulthood, is called the crisis of intimacy versus isolation. This crisis represents the struggle to resolve the...
...There are many different theories about development, however some of the theories apply to actual development more than others and describe development better. The theory that applies most to development is Erikson’sPsychosocialTheory, which was created by Erik Erikson. Several other theories do not apply to development as much, the one created by Sigmund Freud, his Psychoanalytic Theory which is one theory that least describes development.
Erik Erikson created a PsychosocialTheory that describes eight different lifespan stages that all people go through as they age. The stages are Integrity versus Despair, Generatively versus Stagnation, Intimacy versus Isolation, Identity versus Identity Confusion, Industry versus Inferiority, Initiative versus Guilt, Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt and Trust versus Mistrust (Santrock, 2011). At each stage the person has to confront a unique developmental task, each stage marks a “turning point” in a person’s life(Harder, 2009). The first stage, Trust versus mistrust is in the first stage of life, it occurs in the first year of life, and success in this stage means individuals will be able to view the world with a basic confidence. Autonomy versus Shame and doubt is the second stage between one and...
...Erikson'sPsychosocialTheory of Development: Young Adults
The young adult has numerous stresses placed upon them through the route of
development. Erikson has theorised developmental stages of growth into tasks. Of
Eriksons' theoretical tasks, one task describes the theory of intimacy versus
isolation. This task theory can be examined using the normative crisis model.
The knowledge of developmental tasks of the young adult can be beneficial to the
nurse especially associated with their ability to relate to the young adult.
One of the stages in life is the young adult, which suggests significant changes
and an increase of responsibility. This stage of development is described as
between twenty and forty years, where "...the potential for furtherance of
intellectual, emotional and even physical development occurs". (Gething, 1995,
p.377). As people age the progress of the developmental stages can differ, so
they have formulated to assess the progression by using two principal crisis
models. The first, are the normative crisis model and the second includes the
timing of events crisis model. The normative crisis model has been powerful in
shaping the psychology of the developmental stages as it has allowed theorists
to imply that stages of development can follow an age related time sequence.
The normative crisis model...
...Erik Erikson is best known for his stages of psychosocialdevelopment and identity crisis. Erik Erikson’stheory of psychosocialdevelopment is one of the best known theories of personality. Similar to Freud, Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages. Unlike Freud’s theory of psychosocial stages, Erikson’stheory describes the impact of social experiences across the whole lifespan.
Erikson’stheory of psychosocialdevelopment covered eight stages across the life span. Each stage involves what Erikson called a crisis in personality. These issues, Erikson believed was necessary and needed to be resolved for a healthy ego development. Each stage requires the balance of a positive tendency and a corresponding negative one. Erikson believed that the positive should dominate but also believed that some negativity was needed as well.
Erikson’stheory of psychosocialdevelopment is important because of its emphasis on the importance of social and cultural influences and on the development after adolescence. Erikson’s model of psychosocialdevelopment basically tells us that life is a series of lessons...
PsychosocialDevelopmentTheory was developed by Erik Erikson who was a psychoanalyst and was born in Karlsruhe Germany on June 15th 1902. One of his famous works “Childhood and Society” helped in putting forth the theory of the life cycle. It is based on a belief that the failure and achievements of the past have a strong influence on later stages of life, as later stages are just a modification and transformation of the earlier stages.
This case study analyses the theory of psychosocialdevelopment, that are very likely to occur during adulthood in reference to the counseling of mental health (Newton, 1998). This theory was introduced by Erik Erikson and was based on the difference between integrity and despair. The theory makes it evident that through life every individual goes through eight major stages of development and on the accomplishment of each stage a sense of self worth is produced.
On the contrary any interruption in any of these stages can lead to a negative result. This study is about a 68 year old female named Marie who is a retired business woman and is going through depression due to lack of confidence under the influence of various cultural and environmental factors.
...For this report, we will discuss Erikson’stheory as it relates to 2 specific stages of his theory of psychosocialdevelopment and 2 specific examples of characters at these stages. The writer has chosen 2 characters which in her opinion have a lot of complex characteristics that help illustrate interesting concepts and ideas related to Erikson’s stages of psychosocialdevelopment. This information can be used accordingly in advertising campaigns targeted at the demographic in the mentioned stages.
The first character is “David” from the movie Artificial Intelligence and the second character is “Tom Wingo” from Pat Conroy’s novel “The Prince of Tides” and the movie by the same name.
In the case of David from Artificial intelligence, I will be referring to the stage of Competence: Industry vs. Inferiority (Latency, 5-12 yrs.) and in the case of Tom from the prince of Tides I will be referring to Generativity Vs. Stagnation (Adulthood 25-64 yrs.).
Latency 5-12 yrs.
Ego Development Outcome: Industry vs. Inferiority
Basic Strengths: Method and Competence
In This stage, also referred to as Latency, humans have the capacity to learn, many new skills and knowledge capable of learning, thus developing a sense of industry. This also is a very social developmental stage. Should the child experience unresolved feelings of inadequacy...
Erikson’s Fifth Stage of
Eastern Florida State College
As a developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst, Erik Erikson crafted eight stages of human psychosocialdevelopment. The stage that has impacted my life the most is Identity versus Role Confusion, the fifth stage. This stage deals with adolescents twelve to eighteen years old. Erikson’s fifth stage prompts teens, like me, to ask ourselves who we want to be, what we want out of life, and what values and beliefs we live by.
Erikson’s Fifth Stage of PsychosocialDevelopment
Erik Erikson was a developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory of human psychosocialdevelopment (New World Encyclopedia, 2013). Erikson’stheory has eight stages. They span from birth to death. According to Gorrindo, Fishel, and Beresin (2012, pg. 282-283), “Erikson’s stages . . . describe challenges for the individual based on cognitive, emotional, and interpersonal/social issues.” Erikson’s model of psychosocialdevelopment consists of those eight stages, but each stage is characterized by a psychological “crisis” (New World Encyclopedia, 2013). The Encyclopedia has stated that “when the outcome of the crisis is...
My Psychosocial Developmental Changes
Erikson proposed a lifespan model of psychosocialdevelopment, by establishing eight stages into adulthood. These stage each requires different actions from human beings in order for them to determine their development. As we experience things in life we can tell a story based on Erikson’spsychosocialdevelopment stages. Each stages ofErikson’sdevelopment requires various types of deed from human beings in order for us to determine the personality development. Erikson’s stages has given me a chance to examine my life from birth in diverse stages. The channel of life that I have gone through from my early childhood and most parts of my adult life.
The first stage is Trust Versus Mistrust occurs during birth to age one. This stage depends on how well the parents take care of their child. This is what help me as a child determines whether or not the child will trust the world. Trust is viewing the world, environment as a safe place and mistrust is viewing it as a fearful place. As a child I had to learn how to trust those around me to keep me safe. In this stage the basic optimism is trust and security. If I did not receive the proper care then I would be faced with mistrust.
Stage two is the autonomy versus shame phase. In this stage I learn how to develop my personal...