Older adults spend more time thinking and reflecting about their past than they use to. They also tend to be much less critical now of decisions made years ago then they do at that time. They often remember dreams they wanted and how close they may have come. Is this process of reflection something that older adults go through? This may be in response to retirement, the death of a spouse or close friends, or may simply result from changing social roles. According to Erikson (1982), a personality theorist who examined aging as a stage of development, this struggle comes about as older adults try to understand their lives in terms of the future of their family and community. As the older adult enters late life, they begin the struggle of integrity and despair, which is the process by which people try to make sense of their lives.
Thoughts of the older adults own death is harmonized by the understanding that they will live on through their extended family. Erikson calls this understanding a “life-affirming involvement” in the present. Within the integrity versus despair, older adults encounter a life review, the process by which older adults reflect on the events and experiences of their lifetime. The most important event at this stage is coming to accept one’s whole life and reflecting on that in a positive manner. Erikson believed that to achieve integrity, a person must come to terms with the choices and events that have made his or hers life unique, and accepting one’s life for what it is. He believed older adults that reached integrity become self-affirming and self-accepting, and they judge their lives to have been worthwhile and good. The adult feels a sense of fulfillment about life and accepts death as an unavoidable reality. Those people who can look back on their lives with happiness and decide that they have lived a well rounded and fulfilling life will gain ego integrity and will not be fearful of death. "People develop ego integrity...
...important event that this conflict resolves itself around.
Favorable outcomes of each stage are sometimes known as "virtues", a term used in the context of Erikson's work as it is applied to medicine, meaning "potencies." Erikson's research suggests that each individual must learn how to hold both extremes of each specific life-stage challenge in tension with one another, not rejecting one end of the tension or the other. Only when both extremes in a life-stage challenge are understood and accepted as both required and useful, can the optimal virtue for that stage surface. Thus, 'trust' and 'mis-trust' must both be understood and accepted, in order for realistic 'hope' to emerge as a viable solution at the first stage. Similarly, 'integrity' and 'despair' must both be understood and embraced, in order for actionable 'wisdom' to emerge as a viable solution at the last stage.
The Erikson life-stage virtues, in order of the eight stages in which they may be acquired, are:
1.Basic trust vs. basic mistrust - This stage covers the period of infancy. 0-1 year of age. - Whether or not the baby develops basic trust or basic mistrust is not merely a matter of nurture. It is multi-faceted and has strong social components. It depends on the quality of the maternal relationship. The mother carries out and reflects their inner perceptions of trustworthiness, a sense of personal meaning, etc. on the child. If successful in this, the baby develops a...
...Stage 2 is headlined Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt. Between ages 1 and 3 is when a “toddler learns to exercise will, make choices, and control themselves. Caregivers’ patience and encouragement help foster a sense of autonomy versus shame and doubt.” (Huffman, 356) “Autonomy is fostered when parents permit free choice and do not force or shame the child”. (Berk, pg. 17) Throughout the two first stages Erikson reiterates the need for encourage and trust which is mentioned throughout the early stages.
Initiative vs. Guilt is the third stage which occurs between the ages of 3 and 6. “Supportive caregivers promote feelings of power and self-confidence”. (Huffman, pg.356) I have seen preschoolers initiate activities between one another at a social level which is interesting to see in correlation to Erikson’s study. A child that is taught too much self-control and less exploration freedom can be negative upon the growth of a child due to the fact it negates their freedom of purpose in their mind. Between the ages of 3 and 6 is when children are beginning school and introduces the phallic stage.
Stage 4 is based on Industry vs. Inferiority. At this stage is when much of home life can affect the child as well as school. This could be the strongest nature versus nurture stage because it is the first point in our young lives which we are introduced to our peers at an increased conscious level, unlike stage 3 when a child is transitioning from toddler...
...exhausted and fretful. She requests that Katie not be too much in the care of one caregiver, because she does not want more hard days like today.
1. Which stage of psycho-social development is important in this scenario?(3 pts)
Erikson’s first stage- Trust versus Mistrust.
2. What is the special bond between Katie and her caregiver and why is it important to a Katie’s development?(3 pts) External and internal bonds. It means, Belief that adults will be present to meet baby’s needs, and belief in baby’s own power to effect change, and cope with variety of circumstances.
3. Identify a common characteristic of children who lack strong attachments.(2 pts)
Empathy- having the ability to put yourself in another persons’ place and understand how they feel.
4. Name two things you can you do as a parent or teacher to develop trust in babies like Katie?(3 pts) Two things that can help would be; holding babies close and having warm physical contact with them while they are being fed, and responding right away to their distress when they cry or fuss. Stated in Theories of Childhood (Erik Erickson)p.41
5. Describe what Erikson says about spoiling a baby? Is Katie spoiled? How do you know?(4 pts) Erickson states it is impossible to spoil a baby the first year of its life. Babies will develop the strongest sense of security if they know adults will aid them when they cry. With consistent responsive care, they...
...Integrity means being true to ourselves and being honest, upright, and decent in our dealings with others. Our conduct speaks for us, more than words ever could. It becomes the basis for both reputation and self-respect. Developing integrity requires internal honesty, because we can’t be honest with others unless we are honest with ourselves. People of integrity can be counted on to stand up for what it is right, even if it is means getting that person in trouble, and to do what is right even when there is no one around to see. Many times in my life I have had integrity problems. Integrity allows other people to trust us because they know that we value our commitments and seek to live by them. When you don’t show integrity in some cases, it can make that person not trust you and can hurt your relationship. Integrity, the antonym is dishonesty and the synonym is honor. Honesty is a principle through which a person can earn respect and honor. Respect and honor from others helps build lasting personal and business relationships, which leads to long term success.
First we must define integrity which is doing the right thing consistently. That means that we must do the legally and morally correct thing every time. Just because something is hard or you just think you can’t do it does not mean that we can look the other way. “Doing the right thing is not a matter of...
...List the appropriate psycho-social developmental stage for your patient according to Erikson.
Stage: Integrity vs. Despair Age of Pt: 80
As we grow older and become senior citizens we tend to slow down our productivity and explore life as a retired person. It is during this time that we contemplate our accomplishments and are able to develop integrity if we see ourselves as leading a successful life. If we see our life as unproductive, or feel that we did not accomplish our life goals, we become dissatisfied with life and develop despair, often leading to depression and hopelessness.
From what I could tell, my pt falls into the Integrity stage. He was always positive about what came his way and he seemed in good spirits even though he was sick and in the hospital.
Physical: My patient was in excellent overall physical condition considering his age. Aging adults, especially the very old, are vulnerable to skin breakdown. Pressure ulcers are due to impaired circulation. My patient had a reddened area on his elbow and he said it was from getting in and out of bed and pushing his self up with his elbows.
Emotional: The elderly have a development of a greater emotional complexity with better comprehension and control of emotional reactions. My patient seemed to be in great emotional status in the time I got to spend with him. He was in very good spirits even though he was in the hospital....
28 Nov 14
Integrity, what does it mean to me? How does it apply to the world around me? How does it affect the lives of everyone if integrity is not held to a certain standard? Why is integrity important? Those are some of the questions I am going to answer. The word Integrity has many different meanings and it cannot just be summed up into just one person’s definition. And I will capture my definition ofintegrity and what it means to me.
By definition the word Integrity is the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles, moral uprightness. To me Integrity means being completely, openly honest at what ever the cost. To hold a responsibility and come through with it when noone is looking when no one is around and when all eyes are on you it’s a standard to be held in the highest degree. It can be summed up to be the stature of a person who has built a reputation weither it be negative or positive. One can be looked at for having zero integrity and zero credibility no one will trust anything that person will say or do. On the flip side a person with a great reputation of being truthful and honest will be leading a group of people and teaching them the right way all the time.
Integrity applies to everything in the world around me. In the Strategic Weapons world Integrity is one of a few tools sailors are judged...
...What is Integrity?
By SPC Zaras, Zachary
The definition of integrity according to Webster's Dictionary is, "a rigid adherence to a code of behavior." There are though many ways to look at a person’s integrity. A person with integrity possesses many qualities. Three of these qualities are honesty, the ability to follow a moral code, and loyalty to yourself and your beliefs.
In The Crucible, a prime example of a person withintegrity is Elizabeth Proctor. Elizabeth shows her personal purity when she refuses to persuade her husband to confess to crimes of witchcraft. She refuses because she believes that he is good now in God's light. God, to her, will show her the right way, and she believes that by following God's moral code she will be right and just. John Proctor, Elizabeth's husband, also shows his integrity when he refuses to confess to crimes of witchcraft. Even though confessing would save his life, he won't confess to a crime he didn't commit. He knows that being dishonest isn't being loyal to his beliefs.
In The Crucible, an example of not possessing integrity is also shown. Danforth, is the prime example of having no loyalty towards himself or his beliefs. Danforth, is the Deputy Governor who convicts the citizens of being witches. When Danforth is asked to pardon the accused, he refuses saying that he can't because twelve have already hung for the same...
I think t hat integrity y is super import ant because integrity is like
showing your respect t o another person and it s like helping and or
alerting another person when this situation happens right away like
in a heartbeat that 's why you show integrity because one day
something like t hat happens t o you t hat person or another person
would show t heirintegrity t o you.
Having integrity is something that defines a person. If a person says
what he/ she says they will do, this is integrity. If a person lives up to
commitments, that is integrity. The importance of integrity in public
life is that society operates more smoothly. For example, if there is
no integrity, you can not writ e checks at stores due to the high risk
of t hem bouncing, which translates
o lost revenue or higher cost s
of doing business f or st ores. Without integrity, it is more difficult t o
borrow money for a home or car. Without integrity, the
government has to step in and pass very expensive laws such as t he
Sarbanes-Oxley act t hat cost s businesses billions of dollars per year
just t o show t hat t hey are acting appropriately. Without integrity,
lawyers make more money and everything cost s more for us
because those fees get...