Children should be treated and respected as individuals in their own rights. Like any individual, children have rights to shelter, food and education. They too should be treated fairly and equally. Many a times, we have failed to recognise these needs and as adults, we think we know best for the child. If we are able to recognise these rights, it will greatly assist in a child's development both emotionally and spiritually.
According to Bruce and Meggit (2002), "equality of opportunity means opening up access for every child and family to full participation in early childhood services. There can be no quality in early childhood services unless there is equality of opportunity". Children should not be denied of their rights based on their race, nationality, gender or abilities, boys and girls should not be treated differently. Also, equal opportunities can be defined in general as not discriminating a person by his or her race, gender, family orientation or whether they belonged to the minority in the society. I truly agree with this statement and advocates for equal opportunity to be practiced in every way.
It is now the 21st century but can we safely say that children in this world are treated equally? Some parents tend to treat their children differently if they are a boy, especially in the Eastern culture; succession is through boys instead of girls. Several parents have stereotyped the colours that their children should wear, boys should be in blue and gals should be in pink. Stereotyping basically means unduly fixed mental impression (Oxford, p.546).
Society too, plays a role in influencing the parents when it comes to bringing up their children in this part of the world and to a certain extent the children's interest will be sacrificed. Children are expected to excel academically and those who do not will be branded as slow and they will be frowned upon by the society due to the competitive environment. Parents are pressured' to have an academically sound child and as a result, children will feel inferior' if they are unable to excel academically and this would hinder their fitting into the society in the future.
In order to uphold the rights of the children in the world, UNICEF introduced the "Convention on the Rights of the Child" which was adopted by Unite Nations General Assembly on the 20th November 1989. (http://unicef.org/malaysia/UNICEF_FS_-_Understanding_the_ CRC.pdf). There are four principles that the Convention rests on and they are; non discrimination, best interests of the child, the child's right to life, survival and development and respect for the views of the child . (http://unicef.org/malaysia/UNICEF_FS_-_Understanding_the_ CRC.pdf ). The main idea of having this convention is to recognize that children should be treated fairly as human beings and they should be brought up in a safe and conducive environment in order for them to realize their full potential in life.
Malaysia signed the convention in March 1995 and being a multi cultural country that also advocates for human rights has made many changes to its legislation to adopt the convention especially in the area of education and healthcare.
However, a question that many Malaysians will ask today; are the changes sufficient to provide the children in Malaysia equal rights? Here, let us look into the two major areas to analyse the impact of the convention on Malaysia's legislation concerning children.
According to article 28 of the CRC, "The child has a right to education, " (CRC, p.19). Malaysia however has reservation on seven articles and article 28 is amongst them. The preschool education is Malaysia is under the responsibility of a few government departments and social agencies such as the Ministry of Health, Ministry of National Unity and Social Development, Ministry of Rural Development and also several states departments (http://porta;.unesco.org/education/en/ev.php-URL_ID=46167&URL...
By Kylie Thomas
Planning for equity can be a difficult task for earlychildhood educators across Australia. According to Sims (2009), equity in earlychildhood education refers to fairness and is based on a balance of two different sets of rights: every child’s right to an opportunity to attend an earlychildhood environment and every child’s right to participate and be represented equally within that environment.
Children have diverse needs and belong to different cultures and social groups which results in children participating in earlychildhood environments differently. Children’s access to quality earlychildhood programmes which address issues of equity and social justice are crucial in maximising children’s participation in the learning experiences (Robinson & Diaz, 2006).
EqualOpportunity in EarlyChildhood Education
Under the National Partnership Agreement on EarlyChildhood Education, states and territories have committed to achieving universal access to earlychildhood education for all children by 2013 (Council of Australian Governments, 2008). The Agreement targets a child’s right to have an...
...In this essay I am going to explain the term ” equalopportunities” in relation to early years practice. Explore this in the context of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and explain the impact the Convention on UK legislation. I am also going to suggest some steps which in my consideration can implement equality of opportunity for children in UK.
Equalopportunity is a descriptive term for an approach intended to give equal access to a certain social environment or to ensure people are not specifically excluded from participating in activities such as education, employment or health care on the basis of immutable traits. The lack of access might cause poor self-esteem, respect, misunderstandings, stereotyping and discrimination. (Bruce and Meggit, 2002) Also it means opening up the universe for the child and family so that they can take full benefit of the earlychildhood activities in school and in society. Equalopportunity does not mean treating everyone the same. The Common areas of discrimination are race, financial capability, gender and the ability of the child. Every child's future depends on...
...World English Dictionary defines equalopportunity as "the availability of the same rights, position, and status to all people, regardless of gender, sexual preference, age, race, ethnicity, or religion." In the nursery setting this would mean that each child should be guaranteed access to particpate in all aspects of the nursery setting regardless of their gender, race, ethnicity, social or economic status. A child that is denied access to fully participate in all that the nursery has to offer may feel excluded, have low self-esteem and develop social or emotional problems. The child's right to quality care and education in the early years is not only the responsibility of parents and childcare professionals but also government officials who formulate legislation and policy.
In recent years the issue of children's rights has been the topic of much discussion and debate. The United Nations General Assembly, in recognizing that children are individuals with the rights to survival, development, protection and participation, adopted the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) in 1989. Article 2 of the UNCRC clearly stresses the need to "respect and ensure the rights (of) each child without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child's race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status." The existence of...
...value of observation in earlychildhood studies? And how can observation be used to support children’s learning and development and inform practice?
In this essay I am going to focus on the ways in which observations have been used in early year settings. I will comment on their importance and the information they provide practitioners, parents, student and government agencies. I will address this question in two parts I will first mention the values of observations. Then I will go on to comment the on the ways in which observations help support a child’s learning and the ways they inform practitioners on their practice in the setting. This allows early years practitioners to evaluate and assess activities and equipment. I will finally discuss the ways in which observation may not be so good for early year setting and how they may affect the children.
An observation is the process in which an individual watches the actions of others, listens to what they say, who they speak to and how they speak. It can be a certain person, group of people or place over a period of time, to find out information suggest Fulcher, & Scott (1999). The observer can participant and become part of the activities taking place, or they can be non participants and watch from the sidelines.
Observations are seen as important as we are able to discover children’s unique qualities and strengthen our knowledge about child...
I will make sure that I actively promote equality of opportunity and anti-discriminatory practices for all children. I will make sure that I treat all children with equal concern and respect.
I recognise and welcome all legislation and existing codes of practice produced by appropriate commissions, for example the Equality and Human Rights Commission.
I value and respect the different racial origins, religions, cultures and languages in a multi-ethnic society so that each child is valued as an individual without racial or gender stereotyping. I will also not discriminate against children on the grounds of disability, sexual orientation, age, class, family status, and HIV/Aids status.
I provide equal chances for each child to learn and develop to their full potential, taking into account each child’s age and stage of development, gender, ethnicity, home language, and ability.
I provide, and make sure that all children have access to, a range of books, puzzles and other toys which provide positive images and examples of the diversity of life in our society.
I challenge racist and discriminatory remarks, attitudes and behaviour from the children in my care and other adults.
I will always help children to feel good about themselves and others by celebrating the differences which make us all unique.
Principles in to practice -...
...Equalopportunity is a stipulation that all people should be treated similarly, unhampered by artificial barriers or prejudices or preferences, except when particular “distinctions can be explicitly justified. The aim according to this often "complex and contested concept" is that important jobs should go to those “most qualified” – persons most likely to perform ably in a given task – and not go to persons for arbitrary or irrelevant reasons, such as circumstances of birth, upbringing, friendship ties to whoever is in power, religion, sex, ethnicity, race, caste, or “involuntary personal attributes” such as disability, age, or sexual preferences. Chances for advancement should be open to everybody interested such that they have “an equal chance to compete within the framework of goals and the structure of rules established.”
Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, and research. Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts. From an early age, we’ve been told that education is the key to one’s success in life. Study hard! Get good grades! Go to college! And by making education freely available to all children, we’re giving everyone an equalopportunity to succeed in life. But the...
...development of social skills. Playful social interactions occur from the moment of birth. Learning how to get along with others, follow directions and share are definitely promoted when children can play with other children. When playing, a child’s imagination and creativity can be expressed. A child can pretend and demonstrate knowledge of other roles, such as pretending to be a fire fighter, or doctor..etc. When using their imaginations, children can work through their own ideas, and release any aggressive impulses. (1,2) Play will help with control and independence. Play should not be directed, It should be formed from the children’s ideas. Encouraging children to make their own choices is important. Children need lots of time and opportunities for play. Diversity can also be taught and shown through play.
It is crucial in a child’s development that they have the proper environment to play in, and express themselves. Children need the right toys to engage themselves and the proper amount of space to do this in. It is good to encourage children to play and use their imaginations while doing so. Our imagination is the ability to form mental images or scenarios of things/situations that are not perceived through the five senses. Our mind will form mental scenes, objects or events that do not exist, are not present or have happened in the past. Everyone possesses an imagination, and everyone uses their imagination differently. Think of an imagination as a...
ECE311: EarlyChildhood Curriculum & Methods (CNK1235A)
October 1, 2012
Every child is unique in terms of life experiences, developmental readiness, and cultural heritage. A high quality earlychildhood program should provides a safe and nurturing environment, which promotes physical, social, emotional, language and cognitive development will ensure a positive continuation of the child’s education process.
Kindergarten for children is very important. Most parents and children are excited about this stage in life for their child, as well as children might be a scared or nervous. Kindergartens are still mastering new physical skills. They are more able to move their body the way they wants to and, most likely, can run like the wind. Throughout the year kindergarten children will show a number of new physical skills, some are more important than others to help make her kindergarten year a highly successful learning experience. Kindergarten is the year to get used to the routine of school, and the idea of being accountable to a new authority figure and to make new friends, but it's a crucial year to build the foundation for learning. Kindergarten learns differently, some may learn hands on, or visual. Kindergarten are at the most important stage in life so it is up to the educators to make a difference that can help them in the long so they are able to...