Student: Nigay Oleg.
Batch: BMCDP 1330A (M55).
Human migration is movement of population related to the change of residence. This is a complex social process which serves an important function in society. There are different reasons for migration. One reason for the migration of the population is ecological. Environmental degradation is a serious deterioration of ecological conditions. Vast areas are virtually uninhabitable, so people are forced to leave these regions. Migration of this type are called environmental migrants. There are two types for environmental influences on human migration. One of them is fast and another one is slow (Gray and Bilsborrow, 2013). The fast one is a quick change of the environment such as natural disaster (e.g. earthquake, tornado or flood). For example, considering the effects of hurricane "Katrina", which claimed the lives of more than a thousand in 2005, it should be noted that more than 800,000 people were left without electricity and telephone services, and one and a half million people have fled their homes. Many left the city forever. This can also be man-made catastrophe, which does not cause long-term changes in the environment of serious ecological habitat. The slow one, in contrast, is a specification of environment like land quality and long-term climate norms. The best example is the deterioration of the ecological situation in the Aral Sea region due to the thoughtless melioration policy in the region, carried out during the Soviet era. Another indicator of land quality could be in connection with recent technological disasters cause long-term radiological, chemical or bacteriological contamination of areas. The most significant examples of this are accident on the fourth unit of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the tragedy in the Indian 1
city of Bhopal, which occurred two years before Chernobyl, when pesticide plant leaked about 40 tons of highly toxic gas - methyl isocyanate. More than 500 people died immediately from the direct effects of gas, about 6,000 people were serious chemical injury, including 2 thousand people died in the next few weeks. The number of deaths over the next 20 years varies according to various estimates, from 14 to 20 thousand people In addition, in recent years, the literature has become referred climatic migration related to the general warming of the planet. Such confirmation can be the fact that more than 75 thousand people in Western Europe were killed by high temperatures in 2003. Despite the fact that ecological migration has deep historical roots, as a social phenomenon it relatively recently become a subject of study by representatives of various sciences, including lawyers, and thus insufficiently explored in the world. Therefore, there is still no sound public policy assistance to environmental migrants. This category of migrants in the international instruments mentioned in passing, accepted notions of environmental migration is not developed in international law. Perhaps that is the reason why they are in no hurry to leave the environmentally disadvantaged areas. At the new place they do not expect any security in housing or work. Jin (2009) states that “the conditions of pastoralists' household economies under the "ecological and environmental migration policy" was reflected by the simulation and the analysis so the structure of income and the expenditures of pastoralists after migration were
clarified, and a case study simulation of "not emigrating" was carried out. About 50-60% of 37 households succeeded in changing the mode of production and improving their living conditions. On the other hand, about 40-50% of the households could not smoothly change the mode of production. Actually, most of them did not receive sufficient subsidies, so their living conditions worsened, especially for households with sick or elderly people.” The paper...
...Causes of migration
The causes of migration may be numerous and these may range from natural calamities, climatic change, epidemics, and draught to social, economic, cultural and political. The over population and heavy pressure on resources may be the cause of permanent or temporary, and long distance or short distance migration. Many a time the differences between groups in level of technology and economic opportunities also cause large scale migration.
People with more sophisticated technology may evade and conquer new areas. Contrary to this, less advanced groups may be attracted to the greater opportunities provided by more developed society. For example, ancient romans conquered vast areas in Europe, North Africa and south west Asia. During this period, many people migrated to Rome which provided better economic and employment opportunities.
After the industrial revolution in 1779, the Europeans emigrated to North America, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and South America. The large scale emigration from European countries continued up to the first part of the 20thcentury and the main reason was to colonise the under developed countries and to exploit their resources.
(b) Economic causes
One of the prime motives of emigration seems to be economic. Man’s need to have a virgin land to till has inspired him to migrate...
...THE VIRTUE OF HUMAN HEARTEDNESS: ENVIRONMENTAL SALVATION
By: Jalton G. Cartel 2 BS Medical Technology
This term paper aims to discuss what people do in order to save our environment. This also aims to help to discover how Che’ng Hao principle of virtue in human heartedness saves our environment. And also what people should embodied in order to save our environment.
“The truth is: the natural world is changing. And we are totally dependent on that world. It provides our food, water and air. It is the most precious things that we have and we need to defend it.” (Attenborough D. 2014).
God created the planet earth, where human, plants and animals lived. People long ago enjoying the richness of nature, the fresh air and the water. But now days the world is immensely different from what it was before.
The plants, trees and flowers are life forms which God has created for us to enjoy its beauty but human beings in today’s generation don't have any concern regarding to the importance of this nature in the environment. People continuing devastating the blessing that God gave it to us.
The issue of the environmental problems has suddenly evolved into a widespread issue which is greatly discussed throughout the world. No longer are humans living in a world where the environment is stable but much rather becoming unrecognizable and diminishing before our eyes....
...HumanmigrationHumanmigration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intention of settling temporarily or permanently in the new location. The movement is typically over long distances and from one country to another, but internal migration is also possible. Migration may be individuals, family units or in large groups.
Immigration is the movement of people into a country to which they are not native in order to settle there, especially as permanent residents or future citizens. Immigrants are motivated to leave their native countries for a variety of reasons, including a lack of local access to resources, a desire for economic prosperity, family re-unification, escape from prejudice, conflict or natural disaster, or simply the wish to change one's surroundings.
1. Build background about humanmigration and types of migration.
Explain to students that humanmigration is the movement of people from one place in the world to another. Ask: What are some different types of human movements? Then tell students that people move for many reasons, and that types of humanmigration include:
•internal migration: moving within a state, country, or continent
•external migration: moving to a different state, country, or continent...
From early hominid activities out of Africa to the worldwide diasporas of the last little centuries, migrations have joined a fundamental role in human history (Lucassen & Lucassen, 2003, p. 191). Migrations will always stay pieced together and play an important role in human history (Lucassen & Lucassen, 2003, p. 191). The deep effects of the existing and forthcomingmigrations on contemporary geopolitical assemblies, require that authoritative that we study from the achievements and letdowns of these antique instances (Lucassen & Lucassen, 2003, p. 192). Researchers now have influential and classy utensils with which to report past migration processes, counting well-documented historic instances, relative verbal lessons, examination of DNA and other natural personalities (Lucassen & Lucassen, 2003, p. 192). Earlier in the 1960s, archaeology was clearly connected to past and creation, migration, and diffusion were the plain procedures by which fluctuations perceived in archaeological cultures were clarified (Lucassen & Lucassen, 2003, p. 193).
During the 1980s, determined originally by inherited proof later maintained by archaeological and paleontological statistics, a very diverse model of future human development appeared the Eve Hypothesis or Out of Africa theory (Lucassen & Lucassen, 2003, p. 194). The...
Air pollution – contamination of the environment by any chemical, physical or biological agent
Mostly affected by transportation – pollution result from incomplete combustion of fuel
How to know how air pollution is affecting people? From hospitals… X% of respiratory diseases affected from air pollution. This percentage is standard given from US research but has correction factors
Causes of Air pollution:
1. Natural Sources:
a. Forest fires
b. Dust storms
c. Climate conditions
2. Antropogenic Sources:
A. Transport (public/private cars, military cars, aircrafts boats)
B. Energy (power plants, private generators, gas stations)
C. Industry (manufacturing processes)
D. Other economic activities (agriculture, construction/quarries)
II. Oher Sources:
A. Accidental fires
C. Burning tires
E. Open dumping/burning
Car fleet in Leb estimated to 1.2 million.. 1 vehicle for every 4 people
15% annual increase in vehicle registration. Many vehicles operate illegally (no license)
Energy industries: one of largest contributor to air pollution in Lebanon
Stacks/chimney not equipped with effective treatment units (largest producer of CO2 emissions)
4033 large industries, around 20000 industrial establishments in Lebanon overall
50% of industries in Lebanon not licensed
Large industries generate combustion and process emissions. Zouk Mikael/Zouk Mosbeh most polluting industries
Most critical industries:...
...Fast population growth and global environmental transformation is two subjects that have received considerable public thought over the past several decades. Population boost become a global public policy issue during the mind twentieth century as mortality declines in many developing nations were not matched with reductions in fertility resulting in unprecedented growth rates.
Since Population size is naturally linked to the environment as a result of individual resource needs as well as individual contributions to pollution. As a result, population increase yields heightened demands on air, water, and land environments, because they offer essential assets and act as sinks for environmental pollutants.
Concern with environmental change has come to forefront primarily since 1970, with discernible levels of environmental degradation fuelling public concern with the scope of contemporary environmental transformations and the advent of satellite imagery aiding environmental research (Colombo B. et all 1996).
At the present date are estimated roughly 6.5 billion people in the world and the figure continues to multiply. In contrast there are a restricted number of natural resources. On the worldwide root the human population has revealed a J shaped pattern (fig 1 and 2) of escalation over the past years, while the availability of natural funds are mandatory for...
...Immigration in the Twenty-First Century: Accommodation and Change 486
Women in Math and Science 505
Finding Soldiers: The Volunteer Army, Recruitment, and the Draft 528
Wal-Mart and the Public Good 557
Sustainability and the Search for Clean Energy 578
Biotech Agriculture and the Ethics of Food Production 599
Argument Classics 623
vi Brief Contents
Part One Overview of Argument 1
1 Argument: An Introduction 2
What Do We Mean by Argument? 2
Argument Is Not a Fight or a Quarrel 2
Argument Is Not Pro-Con Debate 3
Arguments Can Be Explicit or Implicit 3
LOUIS W. SULLIVAN, M.D., Let the Facts Decide, Not Fear: Ban AB 1108 6
A former secretary of health and human services opposes a ban on a chemical that
makes toys soft and flexible.
The Defining Features of Argument 10
Argument Requires Justification of Its Claims 10
Argument Is Both a Process and a Product 12
Argument Combines Truth Seeking and Persuasion 13
Argument and the Problem of Truth 15
A Successful Process of Argumentation: The Well-Functioning
GORDON ADAMS (STUDENT), Petition to Waive the University Mathematics
A student accepted to law school but delayed by a remaining math requirement argues
to be exempted.
2 Argument as Inquiry: Reading and Exploring 24
...Root Causes of Migration - Fact Sheet
An Age of Migration: Globalization and the Root Causes of Migration
Globalization Drives Migration
* Migration is a complex process and has been a feature of human societies for many centuries. There are many reasons why people choose to migrate, including:
* Armed conflict
* Social strife
* Political turmoil
* Economic hardships
These and other types of events displace millions of people across the globe every day.
* Since the mid-twentieth century, however, the nature of migration has also become largely influenced by globalization. Advances in communication and transportation technology have driven globalization forward, allowing us to live in a world where distances between countries and travel time are no longer as significant an obstacle.
* In this age of migration and globalization, the world's economies have become more integrated. As a result, it is now common for migrants to send remittances to their home country and, not surprisingly, many developing nations depend on these funds. Overall remittances sent in 2004 totaled 226 billion dollars and remittances accounted for approximately 20 percent of GDP in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Haiti, Jordan, Lesotho, the Republic of Moldova, and Tonga.
* Additionally, disparities...