Enlightened moderation Presentation Transcript
* 1. Topic: Enlightened Moderation Presented By : Malik Ahzaz Ahmad: 2k4-Cp-19 Mohammad Akmal: 2k4-Cp-07 Ghulam Murtaza: 2k4-Cp-50 * 2. Definition: Enlightenment means to show a path to someone, whereas moderation means to tell the moderate path, i..e balanced path. Enlightenment and moderation are not just two catchy expressions, these also denote some appealing notions. We will discuss this topic from three critical views. They are Social Political (Main theme of our discussion) Islamic Introductory Paragraph: The Muslim culture, society and the Shariah if viewed from Islam’s intellectual ideological and moral prospective then these two attributes would stand out as the distinct features of Islam as a religion and civilization. Quotation from Qur’an: “Ummatan Wasatan” (A moderate community) From Hadis: “ Khair ul Umoori Ausatuhaa” (Moderation is the best course) * 3. Social View Seen in this backdrop, it would sound strange if someone objects the current talk about Enlightened Moderation. The problem is that what is being tried to foist today as enlightened moderation does not emanate from our own socio-cultural milieu, our own tradition, values or requirements. It has special significance for world in general and Muslim world in particular whose politico-civilization map is being given a new contour and complexion. If we see globally it becomes evident that this call for enlightened moderation is related directly to external pressures and demands. * 4. Political View The military, cultural, economic and more importantly politics have gained equal importance as any other factor. Its objective is not just to bring all the countries and nation under the political and military umbrella of only super power. It also impose on them a single value system intellectually, economically, financially and culturally. Some broad base strategies have already been started like the 9/11 incident, which is merely a true incident. Enlightenment moderation is being used as a pointer to eliminate Muslim culture and synchronize Muslim society with the western demands. Such attempts have been made in the past and it has become the center stage at present. * 5.
* 6. Political View(Continued) From the last quarter of the past century the US intellectuals, policy makers and the media have been engaged in a new civilizational war. There objective to superimpose the west’s liberal socio-economic order over the world at large. Joseph Nye editor of the well known US journal ‘Foreign Policy’ says: “ The nature of the power in world politics is changing. Power is the ability to affect the outcome you want, and if necessary to change the behavior of others to make this happen”. The History’s lesson is also that “ War was the ultimate game in which the cards of international politics were played and estimates of relative power were proven”. * 7. Political view (Continued) The circumstances have however taken a new turn with the induction of nuclear weapons as the deciding factor. The brute forces like global politics and economic benefits have made waging a war very easy. These forces have been termed by Joseph Nye as “Hard Power”. There are other factors too which are playing the dominant role and Nye terms them as “Soft Power”; “ In this sense it is just as important to set the agenda in world politics and attract others as it is to force them to change through the threat or use of military or economic weapons. This aspect of power getting others to want what you want I call soft power. Soft power rests on ability to set the political agendas in a way that shapes the preferences of others”; * 8.
* 9. Now the further discussion will be continued by my second partner. Mohammad Akmal * 10. Political View (Continued) For an effective implementation of this strategy the media has the pivotal role to play. The main target of economic power is to bring change in ideas,...
Meetings and Moderation in History
Table 1 Salvador Dali, The persistence of Memory “melting clocks”, 1931
Table of contents
1. Introduction 3
2. Roman senate 3
2.1. Organization of a Roman senate meeting 3
3. Congress of Vienna 4
3.1. Organization of Congress of Vienna 4
5. Discussion 5
6. Conclusion 6
Table of figures
First of all I would like to mention that there are so many meetings in history that the decision which to choose isn’t easy at all. In history by research you find a lot of religious and political meetings, for instance the Council of Constance or the Treaty of Versaille or the sport meetings like the ancient Olympic games.
After a long while I have made my decision to write about two meetings in history whose results in my view affect our daily lifes. I want to demonstrate on the basis of my chosen sessions how these were organized and moderated.
Besides I want to mention in the discussion, how these historical meetings influences our business meeting culture today.
2. Roman Senate
The Roman senate was a republic institution in ancient Rome. In the first place, the Senate was formed in the early days of the kingdom of the youth Roman Empire to advise the monarch. (cf. http://spqrlive.com/#/the-senate/4536881394) However, the senate not...
...Is Moderation Really Better
Is moderation really better than excess? I believe so. How else are we to learn the measure of worth if we have too much of it. Now, there are some things that you can almost never have too much of, and the number one is money. Having money is lovely, but having too much can be unhappy. There is a saying that I grew up hearing, “More Money, equals More Problems!” Could not be truer. It’s always nice to have the moderated version so that you can do the things that you want to do, anytime that you want to do them; but it does not necessarily mean the life will be a joyous one. Too much of something is always a bad thing.
Have you ever been in a relationship that started out with astonishing passion? You felt the unbelievable thrill every time you saw the person and wanted to be with them every minute of the day. The correlations were magnetic. But after a few months or even weeks, things started to fizzle out. You began to get bored and restless, and would do just about anything for a break. That’s when you know that the magical sparks have faded out.
Or have you ever been on cruise longer than a week? When you first get on that boat and into your room, the peace begins. You can shake all of your worries and troubles off and leave them behind. You have unlimited room service, massive gourmet buffets, parties and comedy shows every night. You have a beautiful scenery whether it’s from your room or...
...“Everything in moderation. Too much of anything is bad for our health.”
It goes without saying that moderation is a precious virtue towards which every person should tend. Unfortunately, many of us make the mistake of turning a moment of pleasure into a lifelong vice. Moderation should be present in our life for a couple of reasons.
Firstly, moderation in all things affords us the time and energy to sample more of what life and the world have to offer. Let’s take the most common type of moderation, which is about of abstaining from eating a large amounts of food we like very much. Limiting our diet to just some particular dishes may well create an imbalance in our physical health. We should, in this case, eat various types of food and not do it to excess.
Secondly, moderation is the key which enables us to be at our best as humans, striking a proper balance between the mind, body, and spirit. Anything which is too much is detrimental to our mood, health and life, even the good things. For instance, doing too much sport, in order to stay fit, may do more harm than good.
From my point of view, it is more than true that moderation is vital if we want to have a healthy lifestyle .Being moderate gives us the opportunity to taste the joys of life in abundance which surely will offer us much more pleasure.
As a conclusion, if we want to have a healthy life,...
...An Successful Enlighten Thinker: John Locke
John Locke (1632-1704) is a Philosopher and Physician. He was known as one of the most affective Founding Father of Enlighten movement. Because of his past occupation, who used to persuade to become a doctor, he understood how people's lives, and what was the best form of government that they need. Locke's theories in the Second Treaty of Government and An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, and his State of Nature, for examples, have influenced people and government system with his belief of man's political nature that people have certain right in society and they willingly give up their highly valued autonomy in order to live peacefully and comfortable under one united government that enforces rules and regulation that protect its people
According to John Locke's State of Nature, he believed human being was born to have some certain right. One of them is a state of freedom; he said that all man were naturally in state of perfect freedom to order their action and disposed of their possessions and persons as they thought without any bounds of the law of nature or depending upon the will of any other man. It means that individuals have freedom on life and making decision. Equality is the second state which all man was equal with natural right that no king or other man had power to voice because each individual was born equally with " all the same advantages of nature, and the use of the same...
...Extreme Religion vs Enlightened Moderation
Islam is one of the three major world religions, which, along with Judaism and Christianity, confess monotheism, or the belief in a single God. Islam is both a “religion” and a complete “way of life”. The word Islam comes from the Arabic word “Salam”, which means “peace”, “give in” or “submission”. The full meaning of Islam is “peace through give in to the will of Allah. Islam is a religion of peace and calmness. It lays stress on sympathy, tolerance and patience. Islam teaches a collective sense of loyalty to Allah and equality of all human beings before Him. These loyalties surpass class, race, nationality and even differences in religious practices. A Muslim is one who avoids harming others with his tongue and hands. The spirit of these teachings exemplify in Islam has been summarized from the Quran: “You who believe! Enter absolutely into peace (Islam). Do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. He is an utter enemy to you”.
Although Islam is a universal message of peace and brotherhood and its logical and scientific contributions, channel of fearful agreement and a body increasing intolerance and extremism. Western opinions of Islam are often based on some misunderstandings, due to a lack of knowledge about Islam. A difficulty in the West in understanding Islam is possibly because religion does not rule everyday life in the West, whereas Muslims consider Islam a “way of life.”...
...In Aldous Huxley’s 1931 novel, Brave New World, satire is achieved through symbolism and biblical references. Sarcasm also plays a major role in this novel’s satire. Brave New World contains examples of self-gratification and self-sacrifice that occur in the New World society. Huxley’s novel describes a society in which people have pills to wash their problems away, Henry Ford is their god, and humans are created in a lab rather than naturally. The savage part of the story is filled with self-flagellation. These two societies are plotted as polar opposites. Throughout his novel, Huxley plots the pursuit of self-gratification against the pursuit of self-sacrifice using satire to ultimately suggest that moderation is the key to a successful society.
In the Brave New World society, Soma is commonly used to demonstrate self-gratification. Because characters in the novel are often faced with problem, soma is ingested to instantly make any difficulties, big or small, disappear. This drug is the answer to unhappiness. Soma is also included in the religious ceremonies to prove the point that everything in the new society is ridiculous. Typically, drugs do not go hand and hand with religion. Another thing that is not associated with religion is an orgy. Huxley places two opposites of religion, drugs and sex, in the religious ceremonies that are held in the Brave New World society because he wants the reader to know how disturbing this society actually is. When...
...Moderation is the Key to Success
From history books to present day movie franchises, a message has been embedded in. As Robert Frost has written, “Some say the world will end in fire, Some say in ice...” These two powerful forces may be completely different things with contradicting effects, yet they bring the same destruction. In the novel the Lord of the Flies, William Golding compares the fire to Jack's passion in order to set an example for pushing the potential of positive attributes that could eventually to lead to destruction. The author of Lord of the Flies uses the symbolism of fire to demonstrate the necessity of moderation as it is the key to success.
The world is full of a variety of challenges, all bringing different types of trouble and chaos. Yet success can be achieved through one key device: moderation. Golding continuously develops this theme by enhancing the role of the fire. At the beginning of the book, the fire symbolizes hope and excitement, often bringing happiness to the group of boys. Even when the idea of “A fire, make a fire” is brought up, “the boys [got] on their feet” almost at once (Golding 52). A lively mood automatically replaces the originally gloomy atmosphere. Not only is building a fire fun to the boys, the fire builds a sense of security that reminds them of the secure environment of home. This only further boosts the jolly mood of the group as whole. Yet the vast...
Moderation over Extremism
“The virtue of justice consists in moderation, as regulated by wisdom” (Aristotle). The philosophies of moderation and extremism, two completely different ways, have been implemented in the past to overcome many different challenges. However, of the two moderation has always been the better philosophy to embrace. Moderation has been used, successfully, by many notable figures in the past. The philosophy of extremism has been attempted by many in the past as well. Nevertheless, extremism has not worked as well as moderation, in many instances. Between the two philosophies of moderation and extremism, the idea of moderation clearly triumphs over the idea of extremism, and history has proven the success.
To begin, moderation has many factors that make its ideals superior to extremism. Moderation is defined as thinking before acting, never resorting to violence, and being reasonable. However, extremism’s ideals make it contradictory to moderation. For example, acting on impulse, can be extremely violent, and can push the limits. People who choose the moderate philosophy always are viewed with respect by the people they are trying to sway. In the case of extremism people are viewed as unruly. These reactions are because extremists will go beyond the norms to push their ideas or standpoints...