Emergency Management in the Granite State
Crisis and Emergency Management
The state of New Hampshire remains extremely unique in developing a proper plan for Crisis and Emergency Management to protect the citizens and state property from the potential vulnerabilities. New Hampshire has an extremely unique geography that features numerous mountain ranges, lakes, and maintains an extensive coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. The state of New Hampshire also maintains the Seabrook Nuclear power plant that adds extensive mitigation and response capabilities to a potential disaster occurring with the nuclear reactor. The most common natural disasters that can strike New Hampshire include flooding, hurricanes, snow and ice storms, and earthquakes. Potential Threats
The most common natural disaster in New Hampshire is flooding. All regions of the state experiences flash flooding, main stem river flooding, coastal flooding or a combination of the natural flooding overflow. These floods all feature continuous heavy rain caused by two or more weather systems that stalled over the state’s atmosphere for a continuous period of time (Homeland Security, 2010 State of New Hampshire). New Hampshire’s rough topography and unique geology allow its many small rivers and streams to quickly overflow their banks during heavy, continuous rain (Homeland Security, 2010 State of New Hampshire). There is no place for the excess water to go except onto roads and fields and into populated metropolitan areas. The primary threats associated with hurricanes come from flooding due to a coastal storm surge, inland flooding due to heavy precipitation and severe winds. Hurricanes cause extremely high winds and damage, but about 80 percent of deaths during hurricanes are due to drowning. Hurricanes and flooding pose and extremely high risk of danger to the residents in the state of New Hampshire, because they can severely limit individuals ability to have proper transportation in evacuation procedures. The rural nature of many of the local communities would not allow for the residents to seek refugee shelter, medical supplies, and proper nutrition and hydration in the event of an emergency.
Heavy wet snow has caused widespread power outages and the collapse of buildings. Ice storms can also cause power outages and create extremely hazardous conditions for motorists, and commercial drivers through New Hampshire’s roadways. Emergency management officials urge the residents of New Hampshire to stay in their homes in the event of a heavy winter snow storm or an ice storm that can pose additional hazards to the residents. The State will often close local schools and business to aid in keeping traffic off of the major roadways to allow for plowing and response teams to adequately clear any hazardous roadway conditions. In the event that the individuals in a community lose power for an extended period of time, they are encouraged to seek an alternative form of shelter. Local officials will provide information on shelter locations and emergency services if that becomes necessary in the event of extended power loss or additional hazards. Radial ice is capable of destroying branches of trees, power lines, and even transmission towers to the breaking point. One inch of radial ice will bring down tree limbs onto power line. Two inches or radial ice on power lines with bring the lines down because of their own weight; usually destroy poles and transformers (Homeland Security, 2010 State of New Hampshire).
Ice storms cause widespread power outages and transportation hazards to the residents. Debris from downed trees and wires makes roads impassable and makes emergency access, repair and cleanup extremely difficult. The recovery and response to an individual ice storm can take weeks rather than the normal one business day needed to remove the snow from a winter storm; residents need to be prepared to stay in their in homes for an extended...
...Community Emergency Preparedness
Disasters, whether natural or man-made can strike a community at any given time without notice. Year after year, hurricanes, earthquakes, oil spills, and other disasters make news headlines. As recent history has shown, it is critical that businesses, individuals, and organizations are prepared to respond during and after a disaster situation. Situations such as those that occurred during Hurricane Katrina, serve to highlight the need for citizens and businesses to coordinate their efforts to work toward protecting lives and property prior to an emergency situation. The scenario presented in the Pearson Health Science online community demonstrates a community with a poor emergencymanagement plan.
The Neighborhood is a riverfront community bordered by the Neighborhood River and the Neighborhood Forest. There are approximately 64, 200 residents living in the Neighborhood. The residents have access to several health care facilities, including an acute care hospital with an outpatient surgery center, and two urgent care centers; a rehabilitation hospital; and the community health department that includes an immunization clinic, a family planning clinic, and homeless health care services. There are also various outpatient health care services, such as physician offices, optometrists, dentists, etc., along with several nursing homes and assisted living facilities.
The Neighborhood News...
...Emergency Response Plan for Little Rock Arkansas
It is important that all members of a community and country prepare themselves in the event of a disaster or incident. The emergency response plans assign roles and responsibilities, maximizing human safety and preservation of property, minimize danger for everyone. Emergency response plans usually include key elements such as: specific procedures to respond to, mitigate and recover fromemergencies; the chain of command in an emergency within the area and its links with local emergency response units; a communication protocol to ensure accurate and up to date information is provided to the campus community on a timely basis; and define roles and responsibilities for those assigned to respond in an emergency (Cohon 2007).
As different disasters require different levels of responsibilities and responses events are evaluated and the response is dictated appropriately in an emergency response plan (Cohen 2007). Little Rock Arkansas has an EmergencyManagement Division which is responsible for emergency preparedness and disaster planning, as well as coordinating efforts of multiple agencies during disaster response and recovery efforts. The EMD also operates and maintains the City’s Outdoor Warning System and also is responsible for the management of the...
...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response
February 19, 2012
Community Emergency Preparedness and Response
This paper discusses subjects in newspaper articles and scenarios in the Pearson Health Science Neighborhood in season two, episode five in the University of Phoenix student website under the course materials section. A fire began in the Neighborhood community and the residents developed respiratory complications related to the smoke from the fire. The fire continues to thrive even after five days (Pearson health science, 2011). The community lacks an emergency preparedness and response plan and is in need of one. Local, state, and national public health agencies are needed such as local and state emergency medical services, the American Red Cross, and the local, state, and federal emergencymanagement agency (FEMA) to participate in this emergency situation.
Summary of event
The Neighborhood community is a community located near a forest and along the bank of a river with a population of 64,200 residents. A forest fire has been raging for five days and is nearing the Neighborhood community, destroying numerous acres of land. Firefighters are battling to obtain control of the forest fire and health care workers are struggling to deal with the patients and their respiratory problems. The seniors are going to...
When an emergency happens, it is best to be prepared and understand where to go and how to arrive there. Most people will go to his or her local hospital to seek assistance, whereas some may be brought to the facility by an emergency vehicle. In any case emergencymanagement needs to know what he or she needs to do to protect their community and themselves.
Emergencymanagement (EM) entails
An emergency is the unplanned events that cause harm and death and can happen within an organization or even the environment. Emergencies are fires, whether it be man-made or by nature, floods, tornados, hurricanes, winter storms, earthquake, chemical, or an explosion. Emergencymanagement is in place for the prevention and preparation of emergencies influenced by humans or a natural disaster. Management is in place to make sure that the planning, training and drills are performed and all staff is aware of his or her duties in time of disasters. This management team is in place not to scare people, but to help protect the staff, community and environment (Federal EmergencyManagement Agency).
To make sure that an organization is prepared, the organization must have a plan. A great way to make sure that organization has a plan...
...A Case Study of Knowledge Transfer Between
Preparedness and EmergencyManagement
Thomas R. Hamblin
University of Massachusetts at Lowell
This paper examines a case study about the transfer of knowledge between preparedness and emergency response as conducted by Kerstin Erikkson of Lund, Sweden University. Erikkson (2009) conducted the case study by analyzing emergency response following Gudrun, a storm with hurricane force wind gusts that struck the South of Sweden in January 2005. This disaster caused significant damage to the region's critical infrastructure, such as roadways, railways, telecommunications systems, and electrical power supply. The storm also resulted in power outages for roughly three-quarters of a million residents, some of which were without electricity for upwards of forty days. Through the collection of empirical material gathered during one-on-one interviews with EmergencyManagement personnel, Erikkson (2009) conducted this case study some four years after the disaster in order to determine the level of knowledge transfer between preparedness stages and the actual emergency response. The results indicated that response to the disastrous effects of Gudrun was a comprehensive exercise and an important part of the municipality's preparedness work. Furthermore, the case study also found that an actual disaster itself, rather than...
...Emergency Response: Disaster in Franklin County
Western Governor’s University
Role of the Major Public Health Personnel
In the event of a disaster, the community relies upon the public health personnel to evaluate the needs of the community, assess the available resources, provide reliable information, and coordinate health activities. It is essential that local health workers are trained professionals who are reassuring and organized to address health, social, cultural and material concerns of the community. Local health personnel coordinate social services, transportation, available health services, volunteers, outside assistance, public utilities and rescue work (HELP, 1989).
The public health nurse is an integral public health team member and is uniquely qualified to serve the population. The public health nurse effectively communicates and collaborates with the local health department and other groups and agencies to mobilize resources required during a disaster. The public health nurse possesses knowledge about the community population and can help identify possible gaps in available services (Public Health Nursing, 2005). Also, as in the simulation of the Disaster in Franklin County, the public health nurse functioned as part of the canvassing team sent to conduct door-to-door interviews of the residents. The team was able to assess the health and safety status of residents living within a flood zone and provide...
Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper
June 25, 2013
Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper
Natural disasters are a part of life and emergency situation occur more frequently than most people believe. After a disaster, how well a community can recover will greatly depend on how well they have been prepared in advance. Preemptive organization of resources and the responsiveness to emergencies can mean the difference between a community’s ability to regroup and recover, and the loss of life. To better understand the preparation for emergencies, a thorough examination and summary of emergency events and health care workers in response to specific key characters’ health issues will be performed. Next, identification of types of public health agencies (local, state, and national) that could be called upon to respond to emergencies and discuss how public health care teams can enhance personal preparedness. Lastly, suggestions will be offered to boost personal preparedness for the type of emergency that is applicable to this community. A fire broke out in the Neighborhood community and the soon after the residents developed respiratory complications related to smoke from the fire. The fire continued to burn after five days (Pearson Health Science, 2011), and unfortunately the community lacks...
...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper
May 7, 2012
Theresa White, MSN
Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper
Preparing for an emergency and knowing what to do in case of an emergency is an important aspect every community should know. Preparedness can be the difference between life and death in certain situations. This is the case in Season two Episode five of this week’s assignment. A forest fire is raging out of control near the Neighborhood for five days. Resident’s are developing respiratory and problems related to the fire’s proximity to the city. As with any disaster, communities need to have a plan of action and be ready to put the plan in action for the safety of the people and the community.
Summary of Events
The city of Neighborhood, population 64,200, is along the banks of Neighborhood River and the beautiful Neighborhood Forest. For the past five days, a forest fires has been raging and is coming closer to the city. Hundreds of acres have been destroyed so far because the fire is not under control due to the early return of the windy season. As firefighters battle the blaze, health care providers battle the respiratory and other health issues the fires is causing within the city. Hospitals and outpatient clinics are being overrun with individuals suffering from respiratory problems. Mandatory overtime is being installed in the hospital...