There are a lot of different reasons as to why people migrate, one being forced migration, where people are told to move because they could be at risk because of war or natural disasters. Another is internal migration, where people leave their country either permanently or temporarily, and could also be to escape from natural disasters or for work. Immigration is when people move to another country permanently, and could be because of a number of reasons. There are a lot of people that move from LEDC’s to MEDC’s like Mexico to America, North Africa to Europe and Japan from China, for many of those different reasons.
Indonesia is far overpopulated and so the government is trying to ease population pressures on Islands such as Java by spreading out development to some of the more remote islands like Maluku. This means that many people living in Indonesia will migrate away, as overpopulation means there is a lack of resources in that area, such as food, water and even jobs. A lot of pressure is put on the areas they migrate to because over three million people have moved there. A lot of the rainforest in the area has had to be cleared, which has led to soil erosion. This also means that a lot of the land is then not suitable to be used for farming anymore. What makes it worse is that wild animals destroy the crops, which causes a major shortage. A problem that has occurred is that there has been conflict between the migrants and the local population. The trans-migrants receive land as an encouragement to move, and the locals think of this as favouritism. The tension then grows as sometimes the government give areas of land that locals used for shifting cultivation to the migrants. Even though much of Indonesia’s population has migrated away, its population is still rapidly growing, and the scheme to Trans-migrate isn’t working as well as planned. Many trans-migrants are coming back after not having much success following their leave. Transmigration...
...MODULE: DEMOGRAPHY, MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT
NAME: KEITH JASPER MANAKE
QUESTION: Discuss the impact of natural disasters on migration on the continent
Internationalmigration is of great concern to both developing and developed countries. The movement of people is led by economic, demographic, political, social, cultural and environmental factors in both the sending country ‘push factors’ as well as in destination countries ‘pull factors’ Harris and Todaro, (1970). Natural disasters are one of the major factors leading to migration in Africa as a result of poor disaster management skills for example drought in the horn of Africa, floods in South Africa and Mozambique, cyclones in Madagascar and earthquakes in Egypt. Natural disasters destroy the infrastructure thereby living people without accommodation while others like drought increase poverty and food insecurity thereby in an attempt to secure basic needs humans are forced to migrate thus forced migration due to natural disasters. Naudé (2008) shows in the Sub-Saharan Africa context that environmental pressure has an impact on migration through the frequency of...
...The Effects of Migration
Since the 1950s, migration has by no means been on a small scale. The main reason people from the Caribbean migrate is to make a better life for themselves and their families. Many sacrifices are made when West Indians leave their homelands for foriegn lands.
Migration has disrupted the family structures. While parents are away trying to make a living and sending home remittances, guardians are expected to fulfill the role of one or both parents. Although they may be financially better off, the absence of biological parents could lead to delinquent behavior.
However, this is not always the case since some children are able to complete studies successfully and become worthwhile citizens.
In fact, some migrants are able to send for their families to join them in their adopted countries. This is a very exciting time in the life of the family and is regarded as a new adventure. Once settled, they realize how different the country and life styles are and they are forced to adjust quickly. Once fully adjusted to the new lifestyle, some people no longer yearn “for back home” but make new friends and get on with their lives. Others, especiially the older people, continue to yearn for the lifestyle they once had “back home” and make plans to return home on regular vacations these vacations, being the focal point of their lives, are enjoyed to the maximum as persons return bringing gifts...
.... Reasons of Migration
It would never be an easy decision for a person to leave his country of birth and look for
his fortune elsewhere. There are a number of reasons why migrants leave their countries.
These so-called push factors exist in the poorer or conflict-weary regions of the world
and some of them are defined as:
• dissolution and disintegration of multicultural states, accompanied by religious
and ethnic conflicts;
• increase in natural disasters, the progressive destruction of major ecosystems
and the associated global warming as a result of the industrial economic system
• discrimination on various grounds;
• political instability and wars, continuing armed conflicts (including civil wars);
• economic situation;
• uncontrollable population growth; vast differences in population and economic
• impoverishment, as a result of failing social welfare systems (EUROPOL,
In turn, there are accompanying pull factors that make some countries target for
• shortage of manpower;
• comprehensive social security;
• positive economic situation;
• democratic systems of government, political and social stability;
• historical links;
• common languages;
• existing communities;
• expectations (EUROPOL, 2004).
There are a number of reasons of migration. For instance Castles defines
migration taking place due to environmental degradation and explores links...
Definitions of Migration
There are two basic kinds of migration—internal and external. Internal migration occurs when someone moves from one section of a country to another, usually for economic reasons. The most notable example of internal migration has been the movement from rural regions to cities. This kind of migration has occurred since the earliest recorded periods of civilization.
Reasons of migration |
If people are satisfied where they are, they will not migrate. For migration to take place, there must be some factor that pushes people out or that pulls them to a new environment. Throughout history, people have left their native lands for a variety of reasons: religious or racial persecution, lack of political freedom, economic deprivation.
Obstacles to Migration
Becoming an emigrant is no easy matter. For an individual it means leaving home, family, friends, and a familiar social environment to take one's chances in a new place. For groups of people the situation is much the same; they must uproot themselves from one society to move into another. They probably will not know the language, the customs, or the laws.
At an African slave market black slavers have brought their victims to...
Migration is a world wide phenomenon that can be viewed in either a modern or historical perspective. Historically speaking, migration has been happening for hundreds of years for various reasons such as racism, war invasions, search for a better life, famine, and poor weather conditions. Modernly speaking, in a great majority of cases, people have poor and developing countries that can't provide good conditions for living and raising a family causing them to migrate to another location to in search of a better life style. Sometimes, in search of better education, one would migrate to another location to fulfill their destiny. Some even migrate in need to find unknown relatives that share the same bloodline as them due to fact there was a disconnection in where the family split through migration. But there are plenty of reasons for migration in where a person just wants to relocate for their specific reasons. Migrations even plays a role in population, and even bringing in a new culture. Today, I will enlighten you about this topic by discussing the migration that occurred through out Barack Obama's and his families life. Also, I will speak upon the Dust Storm that played a role in migration. To add on, I will inform you about he migration that occurred through out my...
...What were the four waves of migrations to New Zealand and how they have contributed to our national character.
New Zealand has had four waves of migration, the Polynesians, the Europeans, the Pacific Islanders and the Asians. These four waves of migrants have contributed so much to New Zealand such as culture, sports, food etc. They have contributed to New Zealand’s national character gratefully and we are very thankful for that.
Firstly, Polynesians (Maori) came to New Zealand from Hawaikiki around about 470-1100AD. They came to New Zealand from China and through many generations they came down to islands to another islands and eventually arriving to New Zealand. Polynesians Maori contributed culture, art,food and history. In culture, they contributed Kapa Haka which is Maori war dance. Presently New Zealand performs this dance widely. Even the famous All Blacks rugby team does Kapa Haka when they were at the Rugby World Cup. In food, they mainly contributed kumara with them which now is eaten widely around New Zealand and cooked in various ways. In art, they contributed their own way to carve bones and jades. These carvings, also made out of wood, can be seen almost every marae throughout New Zealand. In history, they contributed their own story of their ancestors. One of the famous stories was Maui and the Sun. In addition, Maori arrival had a great impact of naming of places. Because they were the first people to arrive in New...
...YOUTH MIGRATION AND ITS IMPACT ON INDIAN ECONOMY
‘INDIA, IS A SLEEPING GIANT.ONE DAY IT WILL WAKE UP AND ATTAIN WORLD GLORY’
These were the words said by SWAMI VEVEKANAND and indeed today the INDIAN ECONOMY is on the brink of an uproar. India is today one of the six fastest growing economies of the world. The country is ranked fourth in terms of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) in 2010. The business and regulatory environment is evolving and moving towards constant -improvement. A highly talented, skilled and English-speaking human resource base forms its backbone. The Indian economy has transformed into a vibrant, rapidly growing consumer market, comprising over 300 million strong middle class with increasing purchasing power. India provides a large market for consumer goods on the one hand and imports capital goods and technology to modernize its manufacturing base on the other. An abundant and diversified natural resource base, sound economic, industrial and market fundamentals and highly skilled and talented human resources, make India a destination for business and investment opportunities with an assured potential for attractive returns. Far-reaching measures introduced by the government over the past few years to liberalize the Indian market and integrate it with the global economy are widely acknowledged. The tenth five year plan document targets a healthy growth rate of 8% for the Indian economy during the plan period 2002 - 07. India has an...
...Effects and Developments of the Forced Migration of Africans
Europe and the New World:
Though the effect on Africa due to the slave trade was very negative, in the Americas it was the exact opposite. As population decreased in Africa, it increased in the Americas. Even today, approximately one tenth of our population can trace its roots back to an imported slave. The demographic effects of the slave trade varied on the area. In the British West Indies, for example, the proportion of people descendent from slaves in eve greater, since more slaves were needed in this area. Slaves went wherever they were needed, so the distribution of slaves throughout the New World is directly related to slavery. Even after slavery was abolished, most slaves were left without the necessary resources to sustain on their own, and were therefore unable to move to improve their conditions, some even wound up working for their previous masters, often under the same conditions that they endured as slaves. The slave trade also resulted in a variety of racial mixing. A growth of individuals who were not purely African, Europeans or Native American increased.
Economically, the slave trade was very profitable to the New World and Europe. Slavery in the Americas can be linked to many things that helped shape Europe today, such as industrialism, Capitalism, the scientific revolution, major migrations, a population boom, and...