Educational Leadership Challenges: Vietnam’s System of Higher Education Asia Leadership Roundtable 2010 Asia Pacific Centre for Leadership and Change Hong Kong Institute of Education Dr. My Phuong Thanh Ho, Deputy Director, Dean of Division of Education, SEAMEO regional Training Center and Dr. Dennis Berg, Director of Research, Faculty Research and Development, Hoa Sen University, HCMC Abstract There are long lists, published in numerous reports, recited at numerous conferences, contained in numerous newspaper articles, of the challenges facing the systems of education, and especially the system of higher education, within Vietnam. Vietnam is a country that has been invaded, occupied and ravaged by war on more than one occasion, which struggles to retain its dignity, protect its values and find its balance as it moves forward trying to provide a better life for its people. While the challenges of educational management and leadership are apparent through out all systems of education in Vietnam; this paper, focuses on the institutions of higher education. In the past, many have pointed to wars and poverty as the root cause for the challenges facing education in Vietnam. We, on the other hand, would suggest that while the country lacks in the area of resources, both financial and human, the larger impacts today have to do with how the resources are used. There is no doubt that one of the keys to unlocking the aspirations and abilities of this remarkable nation lies in the area of educational leadership. We must also acknowledge that we believe Vietnam presents a unique and special set of problems for those who pursue research related to leadership and change. The key educational leadership challenges facing Vietnam are discussed in an effort to articulate an educational leadership research agenda for the country. The five major areas covered include: The centralized control and administration of the educational systems; The strong resistance to change at all levels of education; The lack of trained and experienced human resources, both in quantity and quality; 1
The lack of institutional history or continuity, dramatic changes with leadership changes; The high level of global isolation and lack of global integration.
These discussions lead to the identification of a set of research agenda themes. Our position is that Vietnam‟s agenda for research in the area of educational leadership and management will not be a traditional agenda. Rather, the agenda is likely to be unique and challenging in its need to understand the complex dance between society, government and education. Studies that focus on description; what are the management styles currently in practice? How much educational leadership is evident among today‟s academic leaders? What has been the level of educational exposure by the academic leaders to formal training in the areas of management and leadership? What has been the level of experience in positions of management and leadership? Studies that compare the state of affairs in Vietnam with other nations, similar or dissimilar in circumstances. Studies that focus on the forces in Vietnam that are preventing the adoption of known improvements in the areas of leadership and management? Studies focusing on the transition from centralization to decentralization in the educational systems of Vietnam. What is the evidence of the transition in the educational systems? Where does the current state of affairs place Vietnam in relation to other systems of education? Studies that attempt to quantify the levels of integration across nations. Have there been measurable impacts of globalization on educational leadership in Vietnam? And finally, studies should explore the extent to which leadership and best practices management that are found in Vietnam have been able to impact educational functioning and student achievement?
This paper is not an academic article on the system of...
“Why Is Education Important”
"What do you want to be when you grow up?" Adults have asked that question all their life. When he/she was five, relatives smiled affectionately when you answered "an astronaut" or "a rock star." Now that you are looking at colleges, that familiar question takes on more meaning. What college is attending and what academic major he/she choose, often determine the career path. On the other hand, few high school students know for sure what career they would like to pursue. How should career planning influence her/his college choice? “Jennifer Gross, 2008” http://education.com/reference/article/Ref_Career_College/
Education is the most important part of our life pre-school, kindergarten, elementary, high school, college and university. A good education is the key to success this can affect the cost of living with a good education there is always a good possibility of getting a better job.
In the last couple of years, we have come across to a big issue, children, and adult dropping out school. How can we become a better in education? What are the benefits of having a good education? How does affect our salary when applying for a job? In this paper, we will find the answers to these questions. Will go through a couple of sources that will tell us how we can improve our education.
...Essay #1: Education
When it comes to education, many people automatically have a negative reaction; especially when discussing the United States’ educationalsystem. Whether it is grade school or a highereducation, most people would agree that something needs to be changed. However, finding the specific “what” that should be changed in the educationsystem is hard, because it’s failure is a combination of many things, rather than one direct problem. As citizens, we know that flaws are expected in any sort of process/system and the educationsystem, being so vast, is bound to have many issues in its own. Authors and scholars from around the world, such as Jonathan Kozol, David Orr, Sir Ken Robinson and many others, help present these flaws to the public through intense persuasive and informational writing/speaking. Data shows that the United States has been and continues to fall behind other countries like Finland, Hong Kong, Canada, Japan, and Korea in typical testing of subjects like mathematics, science, and reading (Husén 455). Standards of education are varying from country to country and this is a direct reflection of differing goals per country on national scale, in terms of education. The United States has seemingly lower overall standards of education, as...
Professor Ann Brooks
11 November 2011
Historical Roots of Vietnam’sEducationSystem
Vietnam is a country rich with culture and traditions. Since the colonial periods when Vietnam was ruled by China for nearly one thousand years, Vietnamese people promoted learning and engraved the idea into every child at a very young age that intellectuals in the society such as educators were all superior to parents and are only inferior to the king. Unfortunately, when the French forcibly colonized Vietnam and used French as the dominant language in the educationsystem, this resulted in the majority of Vietnamese people becoming illiterate. Despite adversity, Vietnam has increasingly made significant achievements in the education sector and country as a whole. By analyzing the historical political roots in Vietnam during time periods such as independence from France, pre-1975, and post-1975, while also taking into consideration historical economic roots, and challenges with overcoming conservative teaching methods and under qualified teachers; it will be apparent how all these factors play a role in the development of the educationsystem in present day Vietnam.
During the first meeting session of the Government independent from France in 1945, then President Ho Chi Minh established that the three critical tasks of the new...
My concept of educationalleadershipEducationalleadership in a school system refers to the promoting of the success of all students by the school administrator by establishing learning goals of the institution. The leadership should entail development and implementation of a vision of learning that the school community supports and shares. This vision will serve as guidance and monitoring the governance of the school by the administrator. The school administrator should ensure success of all students by advocating and nurturing a school culture and instructional programs to monitor student learning and promote staff growth. The instructional programs should have a curriculum that enables the students’ access to knowledge out of their classwork to enhance their development. The educational leader also has a responsibility for managing the organization effectively by ensuring the resources are efficient and conducive to provide a suitable learning environment for the students that do not limit their acquaintance of knowledge. He or she should also mobilize community resources, collaborate with community members and families and meeting the community’s needs and interests. Collaboration with all these parties will necessitate effective transformational change in schools...
...HIGHEREDUCATIONSYSTEM IN SOUTH AFRICA
South Africa’s current highereducationsystem is classified as: “medium knowledge producing, with low participation and high attrition rates, with insufficient capacity for adequate skills production and having a small ‘number of institutions which are in chronic crisis mode’.” (Badsha, N 2011. p4). A major concern regarding universities is the under-preparedness of students and the subsequent high dropout and graduation rates. I aim to outline and address the reasons behind students low performance rates, academic failure and their motives behind withdrawing from a tertiary institution. I will discuss a number of issues our country’s educationalsystem has to deal with and how implementing a 4year degree program could be the best solution to save our nation from damnation.
Since 1994 our country’s main focus has been emphasized on redressing the inequalities of the past. Highereducation institutions have been restructured to follow programs, based on values of equality and democracy. Highereducation in South Africa is a factor that determines the success of an individual and in the bigger picture, the nation as a whole. As a developing country, it is crucial that the South African youth acquire satisfactory qualifications and skills so that they can...
...Major educationalchallenges assessment for Kenya educationsystem
With a total population of over 43 million, Kenya is the biggest and most advanced economy in the east and central Africa. It is well-known for its natural resource and the vast variety of wildlife, which contribute a large proportion to Kenya’s GDP in agricultural and service sectors. It’s prosperous capital Nairobi is also given the name “East African Paris”. But behind the misleading impression of affluence left by a minority of urban population, Kenya is still a poor developing country with half of the population living in total poverty. Even though with a GINI index of 42.5 which is only medium, the economic status inequality of Kenyans is relatively high: The rich has a condo with four private cars and two maids while the poor in shabby clothes are living in slums just two miles away. The economy of the country also leads to problems in the education sector in Kenya. The objectives of this memo is to identify three most important issues that may be challenges for Kenyan Government and Kenyan education sector, and come up with potential solutions and strategies to address them.
1, Educational inequality between urban and rural areas
There’s been a significant educational inequality between urban and rural Kenya. From the data provided by “Exploring Kenyan...
...Issues and Problems in the Philippine EducationalSystem: A Challenge Towards the Attainment of Quality Education
Our country has gone through many changes and development for the past few years. The continuous process made great impacts in the lives of millions of Filipinos. Relatively, the changes have given us advantages not to mention the disadvantages it brought causing downfall to many people. There are numerous questions concerning the issues and problems existing in the Philippine EducationalSystem as to how we can resolve it the best way we could to attain that kind of quality of education we have been searching and longing for. Where do we begin and how do we respond to such? Public schools are the building blocks of our societies. They can be considered our foundational instruments. Although these venues of learning play significant roles, they are unable to provide the best they can, due to their numerous flaws. As I’ve gone through different readings and researches, questions were arising in my mind as to what solutions are applicable in addressing the problems about the quality of education, affordability, budget, mismatch, integration of sex education in the curriculum, R.A. 9710 (Magna Carta for Women) and other concerns which are somehow related to it. I will always stand for what I believe in according to my...
...Highereducationsystem of India
In India 69 crore(6.9 billion) people belong to 15-60 year age group. This is the working age group. Growth of any nation depends on its youth. It is possible only if the youth get proper education. Highereducation plays a key role to produce Good engineers, doctors, administrators, artists etc.
Today, we have 16 IIT’s, 30 NIT’s, 13 IIM’s and around 550 universities in all over India. But still the nomination rate in highereducation is only 13%. In developed countries this rate is approximately 57%. Our government is spending 0.7% of its GDP on education and 19% of education expenditure is for highereducation. But our educational institutes are passing through the lack of quality. Our 25% engineers and managers are not suitable for industry and market.
More than 90% of our private institutes are not providing standard level of education.
In such situations we can have following solutions-
1. Concentrating on enhancing the capabilities and approach of students by introducing research oriented facilities.
2. The privatization is necessary to increase the number of graduates. If we want to increase our nomination rate to 20% till 2020 in, it is necessary to invest Rs. 5 lakh crore. So we need the help from private...