Understanding the Indian Education System
India today is the second largest higher education network in the world. Universities in India are set up by the Central or State Governments by means of legislation, while colleges are established by either the State Governments or private bodies / trusts. All colleges are affiliated to some university.
The different types of universities are:
Central or State Universities -- while the former are funded directly by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, the latter are set up and funded by the various state governments. Deemed Universities - which enjoy the same academic status and privileges as a university. Examples are the Deccan College of Post Graduate and Research Institute, Pune; Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai; Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore; etc. Institutions of National Importance
They are university-level institutions that are established or designated by Acts of Parliament and funded by the Central Government. Most universities are 'affiliating universities', which prescribe to the affiliated colleges the admission criteria and courses of study, hold examinations and award degrees. University departments impart postgraduate education and conduct and promote research in a variety of disciplines. Undergraduate and, to some extent, postgraduate instruction is imparted by the colleges affiliated to a particular university.
Classification of Colleges:
Colleges in India come under four different categories.
This categorization is done on the basis of the kind of courses offered by them (professional/ vocational) / their ownership status (Private/Government) or their relationship with the university (affiliated/university owned). University Colleges
These colleges are managed by the university itself and situated mostly in the university campus. Government Colleges
The government colleges are few, only about 15-20 percent of the total. They are managed by state governments. As in case of other colleges, the university to which these colleges are affiliated, conducts their examination, lays down the courses of studies and awards the degrees. Professional Colleges
The professional colleges are mostly in the disciplines of medicine, engineering and management. There are few for other disciplines too. They are sponsored and managed either by the government or by private initiative. Courses offered at Higher Education Level:
Indian Universities offer various courses in the following disciplines. Engineering and Technology
Computer Sciences, Information Technology, Biotechnology and Bio-informatics. Medical, Dental, Nursing, Pharmacy and Paramedical.
Agriculture / Veterinary Sciences, Dairy Technology and Fisheries. Arts & Fine Arts, Humanities, Social Sciences, Commerce, Science and Management. Hotel Management & Catering Technology, Travel and Tourism. Fashion Design & Technology.
The academic programmes are offered at Vocational Diploma, Undergraduate, Postgraduate and Doctoral levels. Distance Education
In India, there are 66 distance education institutions functioning in 60 universities besides, 11 open universities offering distance education programmes. India Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), New Delhi is one of the mega open universities in the world and caters to around 1 million students around the world. Vocational Education
Vocational Education at Certificate level are offered by 1500 vocational institutions in the country in the areas of agriculture, business, commerce, health and Para-medical, home science and humanities in addition to engineering trades. Privately Managed colleges
About 70% of the colleges are founded by the privately owned trusts or societies. But these institutes are also governed by the rules and regulations of the university they are affiliated to. Though initially started up as a private initiative, the state government also funds these colleges. Functions, Drawbacks and...
India and Korea are two Asian countries separated by vast continental landmass. Being oriental countries, the two nations share certain common oriental values like the attitudes towards the family certain social institutions, certain moral values and things like that which are distinct to Asian culture. Not enough is known about the historical links between India and Korea in the pre-modern times except that Buddhism went fromIndia to Korea.
India has a long history of organized education. The Gurukul system of education is one of the oldest on earth but before that the guru shishya system was extant, in which students were taught orally and the data would be passed from one generation to the next.Like other East Asian countries with a Confucian heritage, South Korea has had a long history of providing formal education. Although there was no state-supported system of primary education, the central government established a system of secondary schools in Seoul and the provinces during the Choson Dynasty.
It is important to note that a colonial legacy, which marred both India and Korea for long-time, created an elaborate system of exclusionary education aimed at nurturing a privileged minority willing to play a second fiddle in the grand...
...The System of Education in India
The System Of Education in India
The System of Education in India
BITS PILANI, .K.K. BIRLA GOA CAMPUS
A REPORT ON
SYSTEM OF EDUCATION IN INDIA
PREPARED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF REQUIREMENTS OF COURSE BITS F112 (TECHNICAL REPORT WRITING) SUBMITTED TO DR. K.A. GEETHA
The System of Education in India
Acknowledgement 1. Introduction 2. History 3. Structure of current Educationsystem 3.1 Primary Education 3.2 Secondary Education 3.2.1 Senior Secondary Education and Entrance to Colleges 3.3 Higher Education in India 4. Questionnaire and analysis Bibliography 10 13 15 24 34 4 5
The System of Education in India ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
An activity can be considered as an accomplishment only when the purpose is fulfilled. The accomplishment of an activity requires continuous unflinching effort, motivation and support from its mentor. We would like to thank our instructor in-charge Prof. Meenakshi Raman and our mentor Dr. K.A. Geetha for providing us with the opportunity of writing this report.
We would also like to thanks students of B.I.T.S. Pilani...
...Education in India is seen as one of the ways to upward social mobility. Good education is seen as a stepping stone to a high flying career. EducationSystem in India currently represents a great paradox. On the one hand we have IIMs & IITs that rank among the best institutes in the world and on the other hand there are number of schools in the country that don't even have the basic infrastructure. Even after more than 50 years after independence we are far away from the goal of universal literacy. But on a positive note, Indian professionals are considered among the best in the world are in great demand. This signifies the inherent strength of Indian educationsystem.
The Educational structure in India which operates at all conceivable levels from pre-school to post doctoral is of monumental proportions. According to a World Bank report there are more than 7,40,000 formal schools; more than 3.6 million teachers are working on full time basis; there are more than 175 Universities offering under graduate and post graduate courses and about 6000 colleges affiliated to these universities.
The educational structure in India is generally referred to as the Ten + Two + Three (10+2+3) pattern. The first ten years provide undifferentiated general education for all students. The +2 stage, also known as the higher...
...Essay #1: Education
When it comes to education, many people automatically have a negative reaction; especially when discussing the United States’ educational system. Whether it is grade school or a higher education, most people would agree that something needs to be changed. However, finding the specific “what” that should be changed in the educationsystem is hard, because it’s failure is a combination of many things, rather than one direct problem. As citizens, we know that flaws are expected in any sort of process/system and the educationsystem, being so vast, is bound to have many issues in its own. Authors and scholars from around the world, such as Jonathan Kozol, David Orr, Sir Ken Robinson and many others, help present these flaws to the public through intense persuasive and informational writing/speaking. Data shows that the United States has been and continues to fall behind other countries like Finland, Hong Kong, Canada, Japan, and Korea in typical testing of subjects like mathematics, science, and reading (Husén 455). Standards of education are varying from country to country and this is a direct reflection of differing goals per country on national scale, in terms of education. The United States has seemingly lower overall standards of education, as well as various and less...
... In the past, Hong Kong education was closely modeled on the system that was found in the UK. This is hardly surprising since Hong Kong was administered by Britain from 1841 to 1997, when the former UK colony was handed back to China. However, since 1997, the educationsystem taught in local schools has undergone a series of changes. While some of these changes have reflected different language of instruction policies, there have also been changes to the senior secondary curriculum. The new model, brought in at the beginning of the 2009/10 academic year, is now more in line with those found in China and even the USA.
While there are nine years of compulsory schooling in Hong Kong, six in primary school and three in junior secondary school, the Hong Kong government has recently moved to make it easier and more likely that the majority of students will receive 12 years of education. The removal of fees and one series of public exams in senior secondary school is a move which will make a full twelve years’ of education a much more accessible option for a great number of students.
There has always been schooling beyond the years of compulsory education. The majority of students attend 3 years of kindergarten (K1 – K3) before attending primary school. Under the new secondary system, the three years of junior secondary is followed by three years of senior...
...Indian EducationSystem- An Advantage or Disadvantage
India is a promised land of scholars and saints. There has been no dearth of knowledge in India since time immemorial. Indian civilization has been blessed with priceless knowledge of Vedas and Puranas. Coming all along with these Holy Scriptures, till the modern age of science and technology, India can be found nowhere legging behind. Nevertheless we need not deny the fact that, India still possesses some quarters where a bud of education is still to sprout. As India witnesses tremendous upheavals in Indian economy- a segment ascending, while another suffers heavy descend- Educationsystem is also building similar pandemonium. Every year India produces thousands of brilliant assets from IITs, IISc, IIMs, AIMS, BITS and ISB, who glows in every sphere of modern world. Concurrently, India still owns people in large numbers who are debarred of the basic education. Hence, in spite of its triumph in major areas, Indian EducationSystem is tainted wit a few blemishes.
At the dawn of Modern India, she has received privileged initiatives by scholars like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Dayanand Saraswati to spread education to many quarters of Indian population- big or small. British Government also...
...education. These institutions, with the exception of some notable ones, have however, not been able to maintain the high standards of education or keep pace with developments, especially in the fields of knowledge and technology.
Over time, financial constraints with exploding enrolments, and a very high demand from primary and secondary education has led to the deterioration in the financial support provided by the Government. On top of this, an overall structure of myriad controls with a rigid bureaucracy has stifled its development. However, on the science and technology side, India has built up the largest stock of scientists, engineers and technicians.
Since 1950-51, when there were only 2,63,000 students in all disciplines in 750 colleges affiliated to 30 universities, the growth of higher education in India has been phenomenal. Today, there are more than 11 million students in 17,000 colleges affiliated to 230 universities and non-affiliated university-level institutions. In addition, there are about 10 million students in over 6500 vocational institutions. The enrolment is growing at the rate of 5.1 per cent per year. However, of the Degree students only 5 per cent are enrolled into engineering courses, while an overall 20 per cent in sciences. The demand for professional courses is growing rapidly.
Both public and private institutions operate simultaneously in...
...Higher educationsystem of India
In India 69 crore(6.9 billion) people belong to 15-60 year age group. This is the working age group. Growth of any nation depends on its youth. It is possible only if the youth get proper education. Higher education plays a key role to produce Good engineers, doctors, administrators, artists etc.
Today, we have 16 IIT’s, 30 NIT’s, 13 IIM’s and around 550 universities in all over India. But still the nomination rate in higher education is only 13%. In developed countries this rate is approximately 57%. Our government is spending 0.7% of its GDP on education and 19% of education expenditure is for higher education. But our educational institutes are passing through the lack of quality. Our 25% engineers and managers are not suitable for industry and market.
More than 90% of our private institutes are not providing standard level of education.
In such situations we can have following solutions-
1. Concentrating on enhancing the capabilities and approach of students by introducing research oriented facilities.
2. The privatization is necessary to increase the number of graduates. If we want to increase our nomination rate to 20% till 2020 in, it is necessary to invest Rs. 5 lakh crore. So we need the help from private sector but there should be...