Status of Education in INDIA
• • • • • Play School and Pre School Education Play School and Pre School Education Elementary Education Secondary Education Hi h Ed i Higher Education Vocational Education
Opportunities and Role for Private Players Opportunities and Role for Private Players • • • • Opportunities for Service Providers Public Private Partnership (PPP) Public Private Partnership (PPP) Support Services in Education Sector Indian Education Sector: A Snapshot
Status of Education in INDIA
Play School and Pre School Education
Lack of any regulatory mechanism for Play School – Pre School Segment 1 2 • P Population under the age group of 2‐6 years is 10‐11 Cr ( 9 ‐10 %) l i d h f 26 i 10 11 C ( 9 10 %) • Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) in pre‐school segment is as low as 18% @ •
Current Trends Current Trends
Rising awareness about the significance of early education for child development and maintaining high enrolment and retention rates in primary education • Majority of the Play School and Pre School market is concentrated in Urban Areas Majority of the Play School and Pre School market is concentrated in Urban Areas •
Market Size and Players
Organized pre school market is dominated by private players a few of them are Kidzee, Eurokids, Treehouse • The current urban market size is estimated to be Rs 6000 Cr •
@ at government pre schools`
Source : Fortress Team Research
Elementary Education (Std I‐VIII)
Present Status The Positives ……
• Participation: Rapid improvement in enrollment p p p rates, at least in primary schools 2 • Equity: Social disparity which was very high till 90’s has been reduced significantly. 3 Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) gets most of the credit for the improvements in Elementary Education
4 The Problem Areas ……..
• Drop out rates : 48 % in elementary Education (std I VIII) mainly because of socio economic reasons (std I‐ VIII) mainly because of socio‐economic reasons • Regional disparity: States like Bihar, UP are way behind in terms of GER, Drop outs.. ( Cont..) ( Cont..)
The Problem Areas …….
5 • Infrastructure: 5 o Low PTR and teacher absenteeism o 24% Schools in India do not have proper school building 6 o 8 % schools Lack drinking water facilities
• Quality of Education: o Pratham’s ASER survey: 60% of children aged 7 to 12 cannot read a simple paragraph ( h d k (Pratham is a reputed NGO working towards education in India)
Source: DISE, MHRD
Aspects Gross enrolment ratio (GER) Drop out rates Teacher appointments h Teacher training Construction of school buildings Construction of additional classrooms % of Expenditure on Education & Training of total Budget Better Performing States Rajasthan, Delhi , Maharashtra, Uttarakhand Kerala , Goa, Haryana, Himachal, Andhra Pradesh, J&K, Orissa, UP dh d h Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Assam, Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan Gujarat, Karnataka, Assam, AP Slow Performing States Bihar, Punjab, Haryana, Nagaland Assam, Bihar, Mizoram, Meghalaya W.Bengal, MP l Bihar, Maharashtra, Arunachal Pradesh W. Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand Chattisgarh, UP, Manipur
Assam, Maharashtra, Bihar Delhi
J&K, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh
Source : Fortress Team Research, DISE, MHRD and Presentation by Mr. Amit Kaushik UNDP Workshop on MDGs And Human Development Lucknow 2006
Secondary Education (Std IX‐XII)
Success of SSA has resulted in a pull effect on Secondary Education System Secondary Education is an important foundation for vocational / higher education Hence expansion of Secondary Education is important for the development of any Nation The problem areas …..
Financing: While India has pursued the drive
2000 the share of investment financing for (grades 9 and 10), the gross enrollment rate (GER) secondary education has declined significantly. y g y is...
...Indian Education system lacks modernization. It still follows the age-old technique of imparting education. The Indian education system puts emphasis on bookish knowledge rather than practical knowledge. Thus students lack in practical knowledge of the subjects. In the Indian education system, students only focuses at gaining marks by mugging up things and not on gaining knowledge. However, it is not the case with Foreigneducation. The foreign universities are flexible and the students can take up subjects of their own choice. This helps them to gain more knowledge as they study the subject of their interest. Moreover, foreign education system focuses on imparting practical knowledge rather than bookish knowledge and also provides employment opportunities to the students.
india has examination system..nt an education system..and its true at some point. here we r studying just fr the sake of scoring good marks.., beating the competition, bt tell me whose studying fr getting the knowledge?
Focus on skill based education
Our education system is geared towards teaching and testing knowledge at every level as opposed to teaching skills. “Give a man a fish and you feed him one day, teach him how to catch fishes and you feed him for a lifetime.” I believe that if you teach a man a skill, you enable him for a lifetime. Knowledge is...
...PROBLEMS IN EDUCATIONSECTOR AND THEIR SOLUTIONS
Islamic Republic of Pakistan, a country of 170 million people, full of natural resources and more than 60 years of independence but still not respected in the world community. In less than 30 years of independence, it’s one wing gets separated (Bangladesh). Remaining part till today is living on IMF, World Bank and foreign donations. Majority of the population is living in rural areas without basic necessities of life. It is a country where financial gap between rich and poor is widening day by day. From the last 10 years, extremism is increasing. What ever happens in the world it is almost understood even before investigations that it will have a link with Pakistan. Almost every kind of problem exists in Pakistan, including electricity load-shedding, bad economy, less educational facilities, less hospitals, inflation and no pure water in many parts. These problems exist in Pakistan right from its independence which as mentioned above was more than sixty years ago. Thus in these 60 years, why our beloved country is not among developed nations even with so many natural resources? Like China, it got independence after us and is now a super power in the world. Like Japan whose major cities were bombed to ashes and has no natural resources but still today they are world economic power. If one would think about the reasons for the problems which Pakistan is facing today, there are numerous. But...
...Education in India
Creating Qualification, But No Quality
Ravali Rupaa Amba
India fascinates people world over with its diversity and with the extreme contrasts in lives of people. Indian education scenario which also paints the same contrasted picture has gained world recognition. Many foreign nationals are considering India for higher education. Although illiteracy is a haunting problem inIndia the vast talent pool in the country never ceases to amaze people. To reach this position from the days of gurukul system - which although was a very efficient way of imparting knowledge, did great wrong to the oppressed classes - was no piece of cake. Our education system underwent tremendous changes and requires more changes especially in the quality of education to accelerate the rate at which India is growing. After independence education for all was the aim of the government. The unhealthy practice of discrimination was done away by the 86th Constitutional Amendment and education has been made compulsory for the age group 6 to 14. However, the efforts of improving the standards of Indian Education are not meeting with success, due to hurdles like accessibility, poverty, corruption and other factors. The quality of education is being compromised. The issues that are negatively...
...OPENING EDUCATIONSECTOR TO FOREIGN UNIVERSITIES IN INDIA IS A CONSTRUCTIVE MOVE.
In March 2010, Union Cabinet gave its nod to the HRD Minister’s proposal to allow foreign universities to set up operations in India. The Foreign Educational Institutes has now been submitted to parliament for its approval. Even though there is a lot of excitement in the air about this proposal bill, this clearly is the case of misplaced priorities by the government. Education knows no boundaries, no nation and no differences so why put a constraint on it.Opening education to foreign universities can prove to be a milestone in Indian Education and be a solution to various types of faced problems simultaneously.
There are many reasons for being optimistic about this decision.Kapil Sabbil in his short span of time really brought a lot of change in Indian Education system. Today we see that many graduate students are migrating to foreign universities for Masters. Once a student drift to foreign country for higher education then later on to earn their money back that they have invested for higher education, they settle over there. In this way the country loses many precious graduates. By collaborating foreign universities the students don’t migrate and they can have the same quality education in their home country and thus can impart a better...
...EDUCATION IN INDIA AND CURRENT YOUTH SITUATION
This essay is from the experience on the field which I have faced during the field work in various schools. This report contains the present condition of schools in Tamilnadu. This will also showcase the problems that students face in the name of education and also how the powerful Media acts as a barrier for the Education.
Education is now said to be one of the primary needs of the society. There was a huge reverse when some leaders like Mr. Kamaraj took over the position of Chief Minister. The Mid-day meals scheme is one of the best schemes in the country which was an initiative by Mr.Kamaraj. But now due to different discriminations and other deviations, education is now becoming a business and privatization works in here too.
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world” says Nelson Mandela but now education has become a business to earn money at large.
Education is now becoming a dream for many poor youngsters. The students who are enrolling with the higher studies after their higher secondary schooling is rather so low comparing to school education. Government has brought compulsory pass scheme till 8th standard in all the schools all over the state though it creates interest on education to some deprived students it...
Student number: 20134571
Science 1 in the Early Years
Assessment: Item 1- Views of teaching and promoting science of young learners
The pedagogy of play can be hard to understand and part of the reason for this is it’s so difficult to explain how children learn by play because play isn’t simply; it is complex. Each child begins their early childhood education with a set of skills and prior knowledge that is influenced by their family, culture and past experiences (Fellows &Oakley, 2010). The past knowledge should become the foundation for developing an understanding of scientific concepts (Duschl, Schweingruber & Shouse, 2007). Children are naturally inquisitive, creative and aware of the world around them (Campbell & Jobling, 2012). Play is an important development tool and an effective way to teach children scientific concepts while using their prior knowledge (Preston, Mules, Baker & Frost, 2007). Learning science through play shows children that science is useful and enjoyable and is a significant aspect of the real world (Bulunuz, 2013). This essay will review teaching science through play, theorists who support play and the way in which the Australian curriculum and EYLF support play pedagogy.
Science and Play
Play pedagogy is a context for learning through which children organise and make sense of their social worlds, as they engage actively with people, objects and representations. Research shows...
...WAC ASSIGNMENT 1
‘RISE OF SERVICE SECTOR IN INDIA’
SUBMITTED TOSUBMITTED BY:
MANASWINI ACHARYA SUSHMA (14PGDM013)
DINESH GUPTA (14PGDM016)
ANGAD SINGH (14PGDM003)
This paper presents an overview of how the service sector has risen in India. It speaks about the contribution of service sector to GDP growth. It also briefs about the components involved in the sector such as business, insurance and IT. It takes us through the evolution of service sector across the past few decades. This also speaks about the future projection and growth in this sector.
Following the conventional classification, an economy is classified into three sectors, agricultural (or primary), manufacturing (or secondary) and service (or tertiary). The agricultural sector consists of farming, forestry, animal husbandry and fisheries. The manufacturing sector is composed of mining, construction and manufacturing. All the other economic activities which are not covered by the agricultural or manufacturing sectors are broadly...
...COMMERCIAL BANKING SECTOR
Banking industry is the blood vascular system of our economy. The banks have played substantial role in the growth of Indian economy. From the meagre start in 1860 the banks have come to long way. The total shape of banking system was changed in 1991 due to the introduction of financial sector reforms as part of the liberalisation process. These reforms were aimed at enhancing the viability and efficiency of our banking system. Although there is a sustainable increase in deposits of SCB (Schedule Commercial Banks) at an annual average rate of 20.86% during FY09-FY13 there are lot of challenges faced by commercial banks. The challenges are capital adequacy, quality of assets, entry of new banks, regulations and soon.
Banking industry is the blood vascular system of our economy. It has a positive role to play in the economic development of the country as repositories of people’s savings and purveyors of credit, especially as the success of economic development depends on the mobilisation of resources and their investment in an appropriate manner. Till 1991, the banking industry as a whole had given emphasis on deposit mobilisation, credit deployment and branch expansion. The rapid growth of banks, especially since nationalisation of major commercial banks in 1969, brought in both quantitative and qualitative changes in their functioning and also approach towards socio-economic development of...