“The importance of education and the right type of education cannot be over emphasized. If we are to make any real, speedy and substantial progress, we must earnestly tackle this question and bring our educational policy and programme on the lines suited to the genius of our people, consonant with our history and culture, and having regard to the modern conditions and vast developments that have taken place all over the world”. .“All Pakistan Educational Conference at Karachi: November, 27, 1947”
• Situation Analysis.
• Education For all
• Problems / Recommendations
Education has always been considered as one of the main factors for socioeconomic and subsequently the national development because of its ability to raise the quality and productivity of the human capital. Education also creates awareness, tolerance, self esteem and confidence, which empower people to defend their rights, reduce poverty and inequality and improve in health, status and good governance in implementation of socio economic policies. It also enables the people to protect their ideological inspiration and help in developing national cohesion. Source: Wikipedia, MoE GoP
Education in Pakistan is overseen by Ministry of Education of Government of Pakistan. The academic institutions are the responsibility of the provincial governments whereas the federal government mostly assists in curriculum development, accreditation and some financing of research. Background:
The Government of Pakistan recognizes education as one of the fundamental rights of a citizen as well as extends its commitment to provide access to education to every citizen. According to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the State is responsible, “to provide basic necessities of life, such as, food, clothing, housing, education and medical relief, for all citizens, irrespective of sex, caste, creed or race, [38 (d)] … to remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period.” [37 (b)]. In this context, the public sector has invested in education in both urban as well as in rural areas, and in formal as well as non-formal institutions. The private sector also participates, though on a limited scale, in extending education and has established formal schools, mostly located in urban localities. Besides, some NGOs and non-profit organizations also offer primary schooling, both under the formal as well as non-formal systems.
Stages of formal education
The education in Pakistan is generally divided into five levels: primary (grades one through five); middle (grades six through eight); high (grades nine and ten, leading to the Secondary School Certificate or SSC); intermediate (grades eleven and twelve, leading to a Higher Secondary (School) Certificate or HSC); and university programs leading to graduate and advanced degrees.
Only 63% of Pakistani children finish primary school education. Furthermore, 68% of Pakistani boys and 72% of Pakistani girls reach grade 5. The standard national system of education is mainly inspired from the British system. Pre-school education is designed for 3-5 years old. After pre-school education, students go through junior school from grades 1 to 4. This is preceded by middle school from grades 5 to 8. The two commonly used indicators for measuring changes in primary and middle schooling are the Gross Enrolment Rate (GER and Net Enrolment Rate (NER). The Primary education is divided into the following three stages. i) Pre-Primary Education
Pre-Primary Education is an important component of Early Childhood Education (ECE), Prep or Kachi classes of children having age of 3-4 years. An increase of 2.6 % in...
...13.CENTRAL ISSUES AND PROBLEMS IN PAKISTANEDUCATION SYSTEM AND THEIR NEEDED REFORMS:
The existing education delivery system is not meeting the needs and aspirations of the society as such particularly, it is a challenge to the provinces and districts for the 21st century. Moreover, prior to devolution, the policy and planning have been undertaken by the central and provincial governments without taking into account the ground realities and without the participation of community. The main objectives of the devolution plan is to empower the community at the grassroots level in planning, management, resource mobilization and utilization, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the education system to improve the service delivery at that level. The main inherent issues of education systems are:
* teachers absenteeism,
* high drop out rates particularly at primary level,
* high repetition rates,
* low completion rates,
* inequalities by gender,
* location and social groups,
* low literacy rate and
* unsatisfactory performance of schools,
these issues have been addressed under DOP through empowerment of local communities.
The present government has initiated political and administrative devolution under its reforms agenda under Local Government Plan 2000. The Local Government Ordinance was promulgated on 14th August 2001. Under devolution, political...
...“When right of education is denounced”
Education is a universal, fundamental human right, recognized by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and reaffirmed in international human rights conventions. In this era of technology, advancement and globalization, education is the key to success and peace. Education is considered as the cheapest defense of a nation. But the worst condition of education inPakistan reflects the fact that it is unable to defend its own sector. Though 62 years have passed and 23 policies and action plans have been introduced yet the educational sector is waiting for an effective educational reforms. With respect to Human Development Index, Pakistan has been placed by UNDP at 136th position, lower than some of its regional neighbors like Sri Lanka, Maldives, India and Myanmar mainly due to its low literacy rate and low primary level enrolment. In different reports the Ministry of Education claimed that literacy in Pakistan is over 50%, but open sources disagree with it and they say that it is merely 35%. Ratio of budget indicates the level of importance given by a nation to the education. Historically, Pakistan has been spending less on education, as compared to other countries in the region. Pakistan spends less than 2% of its GDP on education...
...The Education System in Pakistan
At independence, Pakistan had a poorly educated population and few schools or universities. Although the education system has expanded greatly since then, debate continues about the curriculum, and, except in a few elite institutions, quality remained a crucial concern of educators in the early 1990s.
Adult literacy is low, but improving. In 1992 more than 36 percent of adults over fifteen were literate, compared with 21 percent in 1970. The rate of improvement is highlighted by the 50 percent literacy achieved among those aged fifteen to nineteen in 1990. School enrollment also increased, from 19 percent of those aged six to twenty-three in 1980 to 24 percent in 1990. However, by 1992 the population over twenty-five had a mean of only 1.9 years of schooling. This fact explains the minimal criteria for being considered literate: having the ability to both read and write (with understanding) a short, simple statement on everyday life.
Relatively limited resources have been allocated to education, although there has been improvement in recent decades. In 1960 public expenditure on education was only 1.1 percent of the gross national product (GNP); by 1990 the figure had risen to 3.4 percent. This amount compared poorly with the 33.9 percent being spent on defense in 1993. In 1990 Pakistan was tied for fourth place in the world in its ratio...
...Education Reform In Pakistan – Challenges and Prospects
Education can be dangerous. It is very difficult to make it not
dangerous. In fact, it is almost impossible. The only way you can
prevent education from being dangerous is to try and develop an
educational system in which the pupil is exposed to no ideas
whatsoever. [Robert Hutchins]
The connection between education and human security – defined in a broad sense – is
immediate and direct. How future Pakistanis will live, the qua lity of their lives, the
kinds of employment available, the political system to be, the manner in which
citizens will resolve conflicts between themselves, and the country’s relationship to
the global community of nations, will ultimately be determined by the content and
quality of their education.
Education also provides a society with its scientists, engineers, managers, technicians,
and trained and trainable people. In a world where economies are increasingly based
upon the availability of sophisticated skills and a well- informed citizenry, education
in rapidly progressing countries is considered a sound investment into the future.
Belgium or Holland, for example, have few natural resources but have political and
economic power that is disproportionately large. On the other hand, Pakistan’s
greatest need – and its single greatest failure – is its tragic...
...The state of children education in Pakistan; situational analysis and future challenges
Faculty Member Dept of Social Sciences
University of Management & Technology, Lahore.
Protection of the rights of children constitutes a significant aspect of the responsibilities of the State. As a major helpless section of the society, children rely on the State for ensuring that a reliable, capable and approachable institutional structure exists for perpetuation of their rights. Within the perspective of children rights, there is an array of institutions liable for addressing and ensuring children’s rights. Education is the fundamental right of every child on it rests the development of the nation. The state of children education in Pakistan thus presents a very miserable picture. South Asia is illiterate region in the world and Pakistan is most illiterate country in the region. Only 56% children are enrolled in primary school. The Govt of Pakistan has taken some imitative for the children education. But situation is still dismal. The paper will analyze the status of the children education in Pakistan and will explore the problems and prospectus regarding future challenges of their rights. Child is father of man (proverb). They deserve our attention and allocation of resources for...
...Education System in Pakistan
In Human development Report Pakistan is placed at 136th position for having just 49.9% educated population. In addition to that, Pakistan is ranked at 113th out of 120 registered UN members according to the research conducted by UNESCO et. all. Some of the very basic flaws of the education system in Pakistan contribute to the economic, ethnic and sociopolitical crisis within the country.
Flaws of Education System in Pakistan
Firstly, the education system of Pakistan is based on unequal lines. Medium of education is different in both, public and private sector. This create a sort of disparity among people, dividing them into two segments. Such a distraught infrastructure is a basic cause of high illiteracy rate in Pakistan and high drop out rates in rural areas and public school.
Secondly, regional disparity is also a major cause. The schools in Balochistan (the largest province of Pakistan by Area) are not that much groomed as that of Punjab (the largest province Of Pakistan by Population). In FATA, the literacy rate is deplorable constituting 29.5% in males and 3% in females.
The third major cause of flawed education system in Pakistan is gender discrimination. The current primary school ratio of boys and girls is...
...The importance of education in Pakistan
”The definition of education in common words, that education is the transfer of knowledge, skills and information from teachers to students’’.
What is education??
Education is an important instrument in shaping destiny and good future of a person.Education is a ladder of progress. It is an essential source of development and success. Itseducation that guide us about what is wrong way or right way.
Importance of Education:
Education is very important for the individuals. Education is important for individuals to put their potential in every field of life for betterment. Its education, to grooming the human mind.No one is a human being until he has groomed in a proper way.A groomed person means, is full of ideas and having much more knowledge. Education is much more important for the betterment of individuals and for the development of the country.
Quotes on Education:
An ounce of action is worth more than tons of theory.
I am quite an artist to draw freely upon my imagination. Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Fantasy world that surrounds it.
Importance of education in Pakistan:
Importance of education in...
...Education in Pakistan is overseen by the government's Ministry of Education and the provincial governments, whereas the federal government mostly assists in curriculum development, accreditation and in the financing of research. The article 25-A of Constitution of Pakistan obligates the state to provide free and compulsory quality education to children of the age group 5 to 16 years. “The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such a manner as may be determined by law”.
The education system in Pakistan is generally divided into five levels: primary (grades one through five); middle (grades six through eight); high(grades nine and ten, leading to the Secondary School Certificate or SSC); intermediate (grades eleven and twelve, leading to a Higher Secondary (School) Certificate or HSC); and university programs leading to undergraduate and graduate degrees.
The literacy rate ranges from 87% in Islamabad to 20% in the Kohlu District. Between 2000—2004, Pakistanis in the age group 55–64 had a literacy rate of almost 30%, those aged between 45–54 had a literacy rate of nearly 40%, those between 25–34 had a literacy rate of 50%, and those aged 15–24 had a literacy rate of 60%. Literacy rates vary regionally, particularly by sex. In tribal areas female literacy is 7.5%.Moreover,...