As South Africa looks to alleviate its situation of poverty, education is a viable option, for its people to be equipped with necessary skills to break out of this vicious cycle of poverty. These necessary skills and knowledge should be of bare minimum for its people to step out into the working community, and work towards a knowledge-based economy. To a certain extent, I agree with the statement.
Firstly, the government did not counter the problems faced in effective education, which resulted in a low quality of education in South Africa. This can be seen through assessments of the students in areas such as reading, literature, mathematics, science or computer technology. In all testing of the students in the past 12 years-reading and literature abilities, mathematics and science, or computer technology-South Africa is last compared to its international counterparts. (Mail & Guardian, 2007) Despite the government’s vast spending on education and an extensive period of 13 years for educational policies to be implemented after the Apartheid, which exacerbated the education conditions, there seems to be little fruit borne. Judging by the poor results of the educational evaluations, the South African students are not sufficiently aided in the learning process, and consequently are not equipped with relevant knowledge in their school curriculum. Therefore, many South African students would have problems attaining tertiary levels of education instrumental to them procuring key roles in the knowledge-based sectors of the economy, for them to reverse the trend of poverty. As such, the citizens are trapped in the realm of low-quality skills, making them not viable in competing for job opportunities. Without better-paying jobs, they are hence not able to break out of poverty. In fact, only 3% of the adult population has a university-type degree, compared to an average of 9.2% for emerging-market countries. (Mail & Guardian, 2007) Hence, the primary foundational...
Student number: 20134571
Science 1 in the Early Years
Assessment: Item 1- Views of teaching and promoting science of young learners
The pedagogy of play can be hard to understand and part of the reason for this is it’s so difficult to explain how children learn by play because play isn’t simply; it is complex. Each child begins their early childhood education with a set of skills and prior knowledge that is influenced by their family, culture and past experiences (Fellows &Oakley, 2010). The past knowledge should become the foundation for developing an understanding of scientific concepts (Duschl, Schweingruber & Shouse, 2007). Children are naturally inquisitive, creative and aware of the world around them (Campbell & Jobling, 2012). Play is an important development tool and an effective way to teach children scientific concepts while using their prior knowledge (Preston, Mules, Baker & Frost, 2007). Learning science through play shows children that science is useful and enjoyable and is a significant aspect of the real world (Bulunuz, 2013). This essay will review teaching science through play, theorists who support play and the way in which the Australian curriculum and EYLF support play pedagogy.
Science and Play
Play pedagogy is a context for learning through which children organise and make sense of their social worlds, as they engage actively with people, objects and representations. Research shows...
Immigration Policy Reforms: A proposed Solution to AlleviatePoverty in the US
Poverty and hunger are the key drivers of US immigration woes as most immigrants flee their native land in search of better opportunities. However, on their arrival they are met with stiff immigration policies that deny them equal employment opportunities with their native counterpart. Consequently, reforms in the US immigration policy will not only provide a solution to the problem of illegal immigration; but will also help alleviatepoverty since more immigrants will become economically empowered.
In order to find a solution for unauthorized immigration, policy makers must first acknowledge that immigration is a global phenomenon rather than a US problem. Secondly, they must understand that what drive immigration is not only global poverty, but also social inequality and scarcity of economic resources. Despite this glaring reality, national policy makers have often overlooked the global dimension of immigration while formulating poverty eradication policies. Since immigration significantly contributes to the escalation of poverty rates, this paper proposes a robust immigration policy reform dialogue. A reformed immigration policy that accords immigrants greater opportunities for socio-economic empowerment would significantly lower poverty rates. Though not a...
...Poverty Affects Student Education
August 4, 2010
Poverty Affects Student Education
What is poverty and how can we limit it in student’s educational success? According to the U.S. Census Bureau, “more than 11 million kids in the US live below the poverty line and do not have the basic supplies that they need to succeed.” Students all around the world are faced with many problems in their life at some point or another. Teenagers, sometimes have the difficulty learning and adapting to certain situations. This can lead to the problem with poverty and the ways in which the students have struggling efforts in the progression towards his or her education. “People in poverty face challenges virtually unknown to those in middle class or wealth; challenges from both obvious and hidden sources. The reality of being poor brings out a survival mentality and turns opportunities taken for granted by everyone else” (Payne). Poverty affects everyone who is around those living in poverty. Students’ achievement in the classroom shows that a child’s learning success is being affected when students are unchallenged, unmotivated, and belittled by their peers and community.
When students are faced with general patterns of poverty, their education becomes a...
1. What is the purpose of education? To transmit culture? To provide social and economic skills? To develop critical thinking skills? To reform society?
I think that the purpose of education is to get the children ready for real life, and provide them the learning skills, and abilities that they will need.
2. What are schools for? To teach skills and subjects? To encourage personal self-definition? To develop human intelligence? To create patriotic, economically productive citizens?
Schools’ purposes are major in every culture all around the world. In my eyes, schools are to educate the general public, young or old for survival in the next chapter in their life, a degree. They are taught the basic skills and subjects to maneuver on to college, or to start life. After the basics, they are taught more in depth skills and subjects. Schools aren’t good just for that. In schools children also gain life long friends, experiences and learn the social skills they need in life.
3. What should the curriculum contain? Basic skills and subjects? Experiences and projects? Inquiry processes? Critical dialogues?
The curriculum should contain all basic skills and subjects, math, reading, language, writing, science, and geography. Then on a second level, to test the knowledge, and for student’s to learn from other students, projects should come in. As for experiences, I think that students that can relate, should share their...
...Poverty and Sub-Standard Education in America
Culture within a society indicates a way of life including widespread values, beliefs, and behavior. These values dictate what is socially acceptable and exploit a preference in perspective that begins to formulate norms, an informal method of guiding behavior. Social interaction within each culture is directly related to the norms established within that location. Individuals who do not partake in these social interactions are considered outcasts. This type of judgment in behavior is responsible for nothing more than social discrimination. Individuals feel pressured to stay connected, not wanting to be labeled and treated as an outcast. As behavior is altered by social pressure, it exemplifies how an individual’s life can be shaped by society. Understanding this link is the first step in realizing that personal problems are undoubtedly influenced by society. As an individualistic culture, most Americans feel that their personal problems are a result of personal choices. This allows society to blame the victim for their own circumstances without looking at external factors that cause the same issues for millions of other Americans. A social problem is a condition that undermines the well-being of some or all members of a society and is usually a matter of public controversy. While one group may feel disadvantaged by a social problem, there is often another group that is benefitting from...
...Exploring Poverty and EducationEducation and poverty is a difficult subject to explore. Many views are held when it comes to the value of education for the underprivileged and whether or not it is the key to removing an individual from an impoverished condition. “The Social Animal”, a book by David Brooks, explores this subject of poverty and education through the life of one of his characters named Erica. Erica comes from an ethnic background, from a broken home, born from parents who did not receive higher educations, and can be considered an underprivileged child. Brooks focuses on the changes Erica goes through in her life from elementary school, all the way to adulthood, and highlights the fact that she was able to attend a prep school dedicated to giving impoverished children a chance at getting a college degree in hopes of changing the life of the student, as well as her families. People who come from low income families should be given the chance to receive a higher education so they can have a chance to break the poverty cycle by teaching them about self-control, discipline, organization and social communication.
Erica comes from an environment that generally has no hope for the future. Impoverished children tend to not have the same opportunities as children who grow up in middle class or upper class families....
...quality things in life. Whether it’s for basic things like food or supplementary materials like entertainment. So why not quality education. Especially for preschool children for the reason that they learn and develop the most during this stage.
There are many ways quality education in early childhood can be provided.
Teachers are the key person particularly trained and qualified teachers. They have more knowledge on the development stages of a child and are able to plan a curriculum accordingly. Teachers should also provide a safe and stimulating environment, as children tend to learn more in this type of environment.
Children who gain quality early childhood education develop social and learning skills that help them throughout their lives (Daycare Trust, n.d). They gain better attitude towards school are more likely to finish post secondary education. As such this will increase their chances of being employed.
Things learnt by a child even in the simplest form like ABCs is rewarding for parents. They will be more focused at work if they know that their child is well cared and educated and thus adequately provide for the family.
Society is another beneficiary of quality early childhood education. There will be understanding and respect of other people and their cultures bringing the country peace and harmony. Quality early childhood education will increase the chances of a...
15 April 2014
How College Admissions Favor Wealthy Students Over Underprivileged Minorities
The growing debate over whether college admissions are partial by overstressing standardized tests and GPA has become a very controversial topic in the realm of education. Numerous students argue that the admission process is unfair in placing a greater emphasis on certain stressed requirements, such as the ACT/SAT, while neglecting to examine the whole applicant. Those who argue against the admission policy believe that each student in the United States comes from a very diverse background, and each application should be looked into with intricacy, rather than regarding just their requirements. Although those requirements are generally what the admission people look for in what they perceive as a quality student, those who argue against it feel that it is best not to overlook a student who overcame tremendous adversity, but just may have needed a point or two to get admitted.
The central argument against college admissions has to do with whether challenging life conditions outside of school, for a student who is economically disadvantaged, should be weighted more than the slightly higher grade of a student with a different socioeconomic background in college admissions. In some cases, high school students must work full-time in order to support their families. If a college had to choose between a student who did...