WRIT 1301-141, Weaver Research Paper
Date Due: 5th April [email protected]
Higher education is critical in a developed economy. In most developed countries, education is considered a basic right. Hence the costs of higher education is highly subsidized by governments. This results in a significantly reduced number of students that need to work to pay for their education. The United states is one of the few counties, developed or otherwise, where the almost all the burden of paying for higher education is put on the student. This has certain interesting consequences. One of them is the relatively large proportion of college students working. The increase in tuition in the past decade have cause this to increase even further. In “For Many College Students, A Job (or Two) to Pay Tuition”, an article in the New York Times, DAVID KOEPPEL found that every year, more students were looking for an campus jobs. New York University employed 2000 more students in 2003 compared with previous years. The percentage of college students working has been growing since the 1906s (Stern and Nakata, 1). How this affects students and whether or not students should work therefore have become increasingly important questions. ￼
￼Should undergraduate students enrolled in college full time work? Whether or not undergraduate students enrolled in college full time, should work, depends on a variety of factors. Whether a student should work depends mainly on the student’s ability to work without getting too stressed out and adversely affecting grades and other activities. A students ability to work depends on factors that include the student’s field of study, time management skills, course load, type of college and availability of loans amongst other things. There are also several factors that can influence whether a student should work which are not dependent on a student’s ability to work, for instance, wages, social and economic background, etc. In order to study its effects and suitability, it is important to know why college students work. Contrary to popular belief “upper-income students are just as likely to work as their lower-income peers.” (“WORKING THEIR WAY THROUGH COLLEGE”). their motivations to work, however, are different. Lower income students are more likely to work for paying for living expenses than higher income students (“WORKING THEIR WAY THROUGH COLLEGE”). These students are more likely to work longer hours and hence more likely to hurt performance in school. In their research paper “At what cost?”, Tracy King and Ellynne Bannon found that higher work hours leads to an increasing negative effect on a student’s performance. A student’s field of study directly affects the amount of time a student has available for work. Certain majors have a disproportionate number of students considering graduate school. This is usually because even entry level jobs in the those fields require a masters degree. Biomedical Engineering is an example of a field in which a large number of undergraduate students plan to apply for graduate. Hence, they are ￼more concerned about their GPA than students who do not intent to go to graduate school. This results in increased competition in classes primarily taken by Biomedical Engineering majors making it harder for them to get a grade the otherwise could have got with lesser effort. Other majors inherently require more effort on the part of the students. For our purposes, what majors require more effort is irrelevant, but It can be argued that it is highly unlikely that all majors require identical amounts of effort on part of the student. Students enrolled in majors that require a higher time commitment are less likely to be able to work without stressing out too much and adversely affecting grades and other activities. Another factor that affects a student’s time commitment towards studies is the student’s future plans. Students that intent to go on to medical school, dental...
...Online Education vs. Traditional
Online Education vs. Traditional Education
There are different ways to access higher education, either through online education or traditional education. For centuries, online education could not compare to traditional education. Today, online education competes with traditional education in many ways. Though onlineeducation has become very popular, how does one know which is best for him or her? Identifying the pros and cons through flexibility, communication, interaction, skills development, and affordability will help the student decide the best option. Although online education seems to be taking over the traditional means of education, both are great options in different ways. The bottom line is that the world is becoming technologically smart.
For one juggling home, school, and a job, it can be difficult commuting to class every day. Online education eliminates the need to attend class. Online courses allow the student to access coursework from an Internet site. Motivated, responsible, independent learners can work at their own pace, whenever is suitable for them. This allows the flexibility that a traditional classroom setting does not provide. However, one who struggles to be self-motivated may fall quickly behind.
In a traditional...
...Is the Cost of Education Too High?
Education is a human right. At the core of education is the development of societal and individual cultural identity. Education makes people neither tired nor rich and can make all people equal through social justice. Social justice is the precondition for sustainable human development and peaceful coexistence. Every child has the right to an education and every person has a right to satisfy their basic learning needs. However, in recent years, education is becoming more expensive. From the 2001-2002 academic year to the 2011-2012 year, tuition and fees at public four-year universities have increased by an average of 5.6% per year above inflation. Federal financial aid packages enable universities to substantially increase tuition without pricing out low-income (Roberts). College tuition hikes prove to be an even greater deturrant to higher education. Students suffer from the increase in prices and have to resort to extreme measures to attend school, such as taking out high interest loans or depending on their parents to pay for school. Many people protest against the profit on higher education.
Historically, higher education was seen as a valuable opportunity and a significant means of social advancement. In recent years, however, the cost of college has rose dramatically; which makes it...
25 June 2014
What Can College Do For You
What do you go to college for? The argument of having a college education starts with some people agreeing that a college diploma will get the higher paying jobs, where others can do without higher education because it is simply not needed and is deemed useless. In the society today, students can not answer why attending college is beneficial, and most do not have a clue as to what they are attending for. Many people do not have the urge to attend college because of the unknown competencies that can help make college students experience more beneficial and not a waste of time.
With the fall in the economy, college students have had an issue with the high expenses of attending schools such as higher rates of college tuition and purchasing expensive school books. Not all students have the luxury of affording these expenses, so most work and go to school at the same time. Rebecca Mead, author of “Learning by degrees," states a quote from Professor Richard K. Vedder, professor at the University of Illinois, “Some of them could have bought a house for what they spent on their education” (829). Here, Vedder explains the high rising costs of education and compared the cumulative price of college to the price of a house. The essential courses needed to obtain a degree are priced from an estimated 40-200 dollars a unit; that does not include housing,...
...In the society of the United States, students are expected to follow the typical path of day care, grade school, middle school, high school and hopefully college. Growing up in America today, the importance of education is stressed starting at the earliest stages of development. In a world with a competitive job market and with citizens who want to make the most money that they can, a college education is the key to success. For some students, financing college is not a problem. Money should not be a factor in the student’s decision-making process when choosing what school to attend, but unfortunately many people are unable to attend the university of their choice due to high tuition costs. Working through college is not always the best answer because this may have a negative effect on academic performance with the added stress. It is true that financial aid and loans are available, but it is sometimes much harder to take advantage of these than people realize. Although universities offer many forms of aid in paying for college, the continually increasing prices still make it impossible for many people to afford higher education, and lowering prices would be effective in increasing the amount of people able to obtain a college degree.
The average income for middle class families is an estimated $49,500. This is barely more than just the tuition of many colleges, not including services such as room and board, food, books, etc......
...Higher Education Act: INCREASING AFFORDABILITY?
Lawmakers have recently reauthorized the Higher Education Act, is an attempt to increase enrollment rates by improving the affordability of a college education through raising financial aid eligibility to in need students. Over the last four years this rise in the federal budget for student financial aid has inflated the cost of a college education to an all time high. Due to these increases in student loan availability, not only has the student debt rate been at an all time high, but graduation rate has been at an all time low. This Higher Education Act gives institutions too much flexibility to vary their course fees causing an ever rising cost for a college degree. And in the last five years that the Higher Education Act program has been enacted there has been no actual increase in the maximum Pell Grant amount, instead it has been spreading out more of the Educational Budget to a larger amount of students. And this reauthorization of the Higher Education Act will expand the access of college degree to students in need, it does nothing to guarantee any increase in the number of actual college graduates.
The Higher Education Act does provide more opportunities for in need students to receive a college education through increasing financial aid loan availability. But this rise in the student...
...A college education has lost its value.
When students attend college, they are left in severe debt after they graduate. This can sometimes be discouraging to students. This also makes you wonder, “What is the value of going to college or attending a postsecondary institution?” Has going to college become more expensive than what it’s worth?
In my role as a financial aid counselor, I have gained much insight regarding tuition costs as well as financial aid amounts and options. In my years of being a financial counselor I have observed that many students rely on loans to help finance their educations. There are advantages and disadvantages for taking out educational to pay for college. The main advantage is that these loans can help students pay for their education when they may be unable to pay out of pocket or if other types of financial aid are not enough to cover their tuition. However, it’s important to understand that by accepting a loan, the student will be entering into a contractual agreement to repay all money borrowed plus any applicable interest that may accrue. This is a fact that sometimes many students may overlook. The student will never only pay back the same amount they borrowed because the interest makes the payback amount higher.
There are approximately 37 million student loan borrowers with outstanding student loans today. (Source: Federal Reserve Board of New York). There is roughly somewhere between $902...
...Comparison of Higher Education
in Russia and the United States of America
August 19th, 2014
“Inculcation is the gradual coming to know something through mundane processes of training and learning” (Chetro-Szivos, J. Lecture 1). Through inculcation we acquire a set of dispositions that mold the body and eventually become second nature to the actor. Paralleling this concept witheducation systems in place around the world, many similarities can be drawn. In this paper, we compare universities, or four-year institutions, in Russia and the United States. To begin, a description of a typical Russian university will be given. Following, U.S. universities will be explained. In conclusion, we will provide an analysis of commonalities and differences between the two nations. It is important to mention, “culture has been described as a lens that influences our ways of seeing” (Chetro-Szivos, J. Lecture 1). Thus, below is a naturally imperfect report. During the Soviet period, universities were established on the European or ‘continental’ model. The students were trained for 5-6 years and at the end of their education they receive a professional degree. Students receive higher education once in their lifetime and the state is responsible for providing employment to graduates. This system was implemented for many years without any...
...A failing education system
The drastically increasing cost of college is effecting many students all across the United States. Whether the student is coming from a low income home, or a high middle class family, it is starting to impact students all over the country regardless of back round or income. Although there are many opportunities for scholarships, it has become increasingly difficult to get a full ride, or even a partial scholarship. Financial aid is becoming harder to access, and loan rates are steadily on the rise. The increase in tuition across the board is causing many mixed emotions from students, whether to become educated and start life in debt, or try to find a decent job somewhere local and make ends meet. This is a decision that a student should never have to encounter, and there are steps that can be taken to ensure every student that is eager to gain a education is able to do so.
The cost of college is sharply increasing day by day, while the resources
students have decrease. According to a study done by the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, “college tuition and fees increased 439 percent from 1982 to 2007 while median family income rose 147 percent.”(“College May Become Unaffordable for Most in U.S.”). This means, that while the cost of the median family did go up by 147 percent, tuition cost went up nearly 2.9 times more. The drastically increasing cost of college is...