Early Life of the Prophet Muhammad (whose name means "highly praised") was born in Mecca in 570 AD. His father died shortly before his birth, and he lost his mother at the age of six. The young orphan was then raised mostly by his uncle, as a young man, Muhammad worked as a camel driver between Syria and Arabia. Soon he established a career managing caravans for merchants. Through his travel first with his uncle and later in his career, Muhammad came into contact with people of many nationalities and faiths, including Jews, Christians and pagans. At age 25, Muhammad was employed by Khadija, a wealthy Meccan widow 15 years his senior. The two were married, and by all accounts enjoyed a loving and happy marriage. Early records report that "God comforted him through her, for she made his burden light." Although polygamy was common practice at the time, Muhammad took no other wife than Khadija until her death 24 years later. Revelation In his late 30s Muhammad took to regularly visiting a cave in Mount Hira, on the outskirts of Mecca, to seek solitude and contemplation. In 610, at the age of 40, Muhammad returned from one such visit telling his wife he had either gone mad or become a prophet, for he had been visited by an angel. The initially startled Khadija became his first convert. Muhammad reported that while in a trance-like state, the Angel Gabriel appeared to him and said "Proclaim!" But like Moses, Muhammad was a reluctant prophet. He replied, "I am not a proclaimer." The angel persisted, and the Prophet repeatedly resisted, until the angel finally overwhelmed Muhammad and commanded him: After receiving Khadija support, and additional angelic visits, Muhammad became confident he had indeed been chosen as the messenger of God and began to proclaim as he had been commanded. Muhammad’s message to his countrymen was to convert from pagan polytheism, immorality and materialism, repent from evil and worship Allah. He was always careful to clarify his role in God's...
...I. A Prophet and His World
A. Muhammad and His Message
1. The Arabian peninsula
a. Nomadic Bedouin lived in the desert-covered peninsula for millennia
1. Kept herds of sheep, goats, and camels
2. Organized in family and clan groups
3. Importance of kinship and loyalty to the clan
b. Post-classical Arabia, active in long-distance trade
c. An important link between India/China and Persia/Byzantium
2. Muhammad's earlylife
a. Muhammad ibn Abdullah born in a Mecca merchant family, 570 C.E.
b. Difficult earlylife, married a wealthy widow, Khadija, in 595
c. Became a merchant at age 30, exposed to various faiths
3. Muhammad's spiritual transformation
a. At age 40, he experienced visions
1. There was only one true god, Allah ("the god")
2. Allah would soon bring judgment on the world
3. The archangel Gabriel delivered these revelations to Muhammad
b. Did not intend to found a new religion, but his message became appealing
4. The Quran
a. Followers compiled Muhammad's revelations
b. Quran ("recitation"), became the holy book of Islam
c. A work of magnificent poetry
B. Muhammad's Migration to Medina
1. Conflict at Mecca
a. His teachings offended other believers, especially the ruling elite of Mecca
b. Attacks on greed offended wealthy merchants
c. Attacks on idolatry threatened shrines, especially the black rock at Ka'ba
2. The hijra
a. Under persecution,...
...EXAM NOTES – ISLAMIAT – THE LIFE OF THE HOLY PROPHET (PBUH) !
Sent by Allah as His last messenger,
Brought the Quran .
He is a model of how people could live by its teachings.
He struggled against persecutions and difficulties.
Early years in Makka
Born in Makka in CE 570.
Most important tribe of thetime was theQuraysh of Makka.
Makkans worshipped dods and godesses.
Themain CE ntre of worship was theKabah.
Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh)s motHer was Amina and fatHer was Abdullah.
Thetribe He was born to was theQuraysh tribe.
His fatHer died before His birth and motHer died when He was 7.
He was an orphan from a very young age.
Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) was nursed and cared by a Bedouin woman, Halima.
After themotHers death, His grandfatHer looked after him, tHen His uncle Abu Talib.
Abu Talib was a merchant so Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) travelled with him.
At theage of 12 Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) was questioned by a christian monk, Bahira who claimed that Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) is theProphet (pbuh) of Allah.
During His youth He was a shepherd in theArabian Desert like theotHer Prophet (pbuh) s, Hazrat Ibrahim and Hazrat Musa.
He was extremely honest and fair in His dealings.
His honesty resulted in giving him thetitle of Al-sadiq (thetruthful) and Al-Amin(thetrustworthy)
25 years old.
Hazrat khadija 40 years old, 15 years older than him.
Hazrat Khadija Herself sent a proposal for marriage after...
...The !rst Islamic century began in 622 of the Common Era with the hijra
(Hegira), Muh.ammad’s ‘emigration’ from Mecca to the town of Yathrib,
which lies about 275 miles to the north. As we shall see, the event was a
turning point in Muh.ammad’s life: delivered from the pagan opposition of the
city of his birth, he was free to preach, teach and lead in Yathrib so successfully
that he remained there until his death in 632. In time it would even come to be
called ‘the Prophet’s city’ or ‘the city’ (Medina) tout court. The hijra thus
marked a new beginning for Muh.ammad and his followers. It also illustrates a
striking feature of Islamic history. For Muh.ammad’s decision to leave Mecca
was in purpose both deeply religious and deeply political.
On the one hand, he and those who believed in his prophecy were escaping
polytheist intolerance towards his uncompromising monotheism. They were
making their way to a town where, as the Qurpan seems to show,
Muh.ammad’s ideas about God, man, this World and the Next, would evolve
and sharpen, in part because he came into contact with the town’s Jews, and in
part because as Muslim numbers grew, so, too, did their demands upon him.
Far more than in hostile Mecca, it was in Muh.ammad’s experience in Medina,
as it is re"ected in the Qurpan (the great bulk of which was apparently revealed
there) and Prophetic tradition, that so much of Islamic belief and law came to
be anchored. At the same time, the emigration...
...The Prophet Muhammad
The Prophet Muhammad is the founder of Islam. He is known as the Messenger of God to people of the Islamic faith. Muhammad lived a rough life but he also changed people’s lives. His religion has had an effect on millions of people. There are no pictures of Muhammad’s face; he made a point that the religion was to not be about him, but about Allah.
In 570 C.E in Mecca, Arabia a baby boy, a descendant of Abraham named Muhammad, whose name means “highly praised”, was born. Muhammad’s father, Abdullah, died before he was born and his mother, Amina died when he was only six years old. After the death of his mom, he became an orphan. He was taken in by a woman named Halmiah, who became his foster mother. In 595 C.E., Muhammad was contacted by one of his wealthy widowed cousins, Khadijah, who needed him to sell some goods for her. Many of Muhammad’s cousins lived in Mecca, so it was not uncommon that Khadijah had contacted him. He was known for being a very good merchant. Muhammad and Khadijah met several times to discuss the selling of goods. Khadijah began to become interested in him on a personal level, even though she was fifteen years older than Muhammad. Khadijah asked Nufaysah (known as the matchmaker) to ask Muhammad if he was interested in marrying Khadijah. Muhammad and Khadijah were soon engaged and married. Polygamy was common during this time but, Muhammad married nobody else while he was married to...
...Muhammad in Mecca
Prophet Muhammad was born and lived in Mecca for the first 52 years of his life (570–622). Orphaned early in life, he became known as a prominent merchant, and as an impartial and trustworthy arbiter of disputes. He married his first wife, the 40-year-old widow Khadijah bint Khuwaylid at age 25. He would not take other wives during her lifetime.
According to Muslim tradition, Muhammad began receiving revelations at the age of 40. The key themes of his messages in Mecca were the oneness of God and the rejection of polytheism, generosity towards the poor and the needy, kind treatment and emancipation of slaves, and the equality between men and women before God. Some of his peers respected his words and became his followers. Many others, including tribal leaders, opposed, ridiculed and eventually boycotted his clan, and Muhammad and his followers were harassed, assaulted, tortured and forced into exile. Several attempts were made on his life. When his uncle and chief protector, Abu Talib, who was the head of the clan of Banu Hashim died, Muhammad migrated to Medina in 622, where he had many followers who agreed to help and assist him.
Muslims celebrate the birth of Muhammad, and Islamic tradition relates many events during this period that foreshadow his prophethood. They also believe he made the night journey to Jerusalem and the heavens while still living in Mecca.
...History of Civilizations I – Response Paper: Life of Muhammad
The persuasion of the prophet Muhammad was to make sure that everyone believes in the goodness and oneness of Allah, to show everything comes to you from Allah and his gift and point in peoples’ actions. His persuasion was not only existing for people around him; but also; the persuasion was existing for those who believed in the Old or the New Testament who were also in the search of the truth of the God’s covenant.
Water was significant for the Apostle because of the fact that water was indispensable for the purification. The purification was important because it was the beginning of the prayers for Allah. All prayers follows the purifications as the prophet Muhammad followed Allah; people followed the prophet Muhammad. That is why water was significant for the Apostle.
The prophet Muhammad found his first convert was sent by Allah at Hira where every year the apostle of Allah was praying for a month. The convert was “Read” that was told over and over again by Allah until the prophet Muhammad stopped saying “I cannot read it” and asked “What shall I read?” As you can see here, the prophet Muhammad started to follow Allah by asking what he can do for Allah and it was clear that the mission was only depends on the act of “following”: follow the prophet Muhammad, follow Allah.
There were mainly two...
...Birth and Upbringing
Prophet Muhammad was born in Arabia. In those days, there was a custom among the Arabs to give their suckling infants in charge of Bedouin women, who would take them into the desert, and return them to the parents after a few years. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) was given in charge of Halima Saadia. She loved Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) very much and the Prophet (pbuh) always had the highest regard for her. He used to call her ‘my mother’.
At the age of six, Halima Saadia brought him back to this mother who took him to Yasrib to visit the grave of his father Abdullah and also to meet her relatives. During the return journey, Aminah died and was buried at Abwa. Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) was brought back to Madinah by Umm-e-Aimen.
Abdul Muttalib, grandfather of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) then took over the charge of his grandson. He showered on him all his love and affection. Unfortunately, this also could not last for a long time as Abdul Muttalib died when the Holy Prophet was only eight years of age. Then Abu Talib, an uncle of the Holy Prophet(pbuh) took over the responsibility of bringing him up as his son. He faithfully and kindly discharged his duties and loved his nephew more than his own sons.
In those days, reading and writing were not common; therefore, Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) did not get any formal education. When he was nine years old, Hazrat Muhammad began to show signs...
...Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was born in Mecca on Monday, Rabi-al-Awwal 12, 53 BH, or December 9, 571 AD, 50 days after the attack of Abrah, the ruler of Yemen, with his army of elephants on Ka'aba (as described in Holy Qura'n in Surah Feel -- Chapter Elephant). He belonged to the clan of Hashim. Banu Hashim was a noble branch of the prestigious and influential tribe of Quraish. His father had died before his birth. He was nursed by Sobia and then by Halima Sadia, with whom he stayed for four years.
When he was six-year-old, his mother Syeda Amna fell sick and died in Abwa, near Madina (then Yitsrab). She was buried there. His grandfather brought him up for two more years, until he also died. Orphaned three times at the age of eight, he went to live with his uncle, Abu Talib.
He travelled to Syria to trade on behalf of Hazrat Khadija (R). He did good business. Hazrat Bibi Khadija (R) was informed about his honesty, personality, and his business acumen, she was very much impressed. Consequently, she proposed marriage and he accepted her offer. He married her when he was 25 years of age and she was 40.
Since His early age, He remained pensive and withdrawn in temperament and always displayed an acute moral sensitivity. He avoided all kinds of luxuries, lust and whatever may fall in the purview of bad habits. He never lied, never even touched any sort of intoxicants, or passed near any game of chance. As a traditional brave and noble Arab, he...