For the first Law in the News it seemed fitting to jump right in so to speak. On September 30th, 2011 Anwar al-Aulaqi was killed by an airstrike from a drone. A drone is an unmanned plane of sorts that is capable of firing missiles at targets with pin point accuracy. Having airstrikes like these has become a somewhat common occurrence in President Obama’s and his predisesor George Bush’s presidencies. Obama’s administration alone has killed hundreds and even of civilians with these strikes which I think is worth it personally. However the controversy over this specific killing was that Anwar al-Aulaqui was born in the United States of America. -------------------------------------------------
The Obama Administraion very recently realesed a memo that adresses not just Anwar al-Aulaqi’s death but the killing of any American Citizens thought to be terrorists. This memo roughly says that “according to the Justice Department, the U.S. can kill a citizen who is continually planning attacks" for al Qaeda when an informed, high-ranking official decides that the target "poses an imminent threat" and capture is infeasible.”(WSJ) Attorney General Eric Holder specifically endorsed the constitutionality of targeted killings of Americans, saying, “they could be justified if government officials determine the target poses “an imminent threat of violent attack.””(nbc news) -------------------------------------------------
The Obama administration says that it knows that if these cases go to court that the judges will overwhelmingnly side with them. Also that judges should not be the ones deciding if specific targets should be fired upon or not. That the discretion should be left to those calling the shots in the admninistration. -------------------------------------------------
To counter these arguments the oopposition has raised the point that when the...
The Rise of Drones; The Civil and Social Use of Drones
The transformation of drones in the military to the civilian world is becoming a controversial topic throughout the U.S. Many American’s worry it will interfere on our privacy and freedom we are promised in the Constitution and 4th amendment because drones pose a threat and danger to our safety. The engineers of drones are increasing their intelligence and enabling drones to think on their own. This is a heated debate and I disagree with the use of drones being used in the civilian world and policing industry as a means to spy and survey Americans.
No less than fifteen to twenty years ago, the idea of drones peeping in on our phone calls, text messages, and e-mails was unheard of, but today, according to the director of the FBI, Robert Mueller, as of June 19, 2013 states the government has been using drones to spy in the U.S. but made clear, “the operations of drones is very seldom.” The transformation of drones into surveillance methods is evolving rapidly, increasing the publics concerns of invasions of privacy and violations of civil liberties. The Federal Aviation Administration certified the first two types of civilian drones in July of this year, which was a significant event for Congress. The FAA is currently seeking six testing sites for...
The Moral of Drones
Bradley Jay Strawser’s "The morality of drone warfare revisited" discusses his argument in support of using drones. The audience is the government. His thesis is that drone strikes may cause less collateral damage than bombing, but that is not an argument for current US targeted killing policy. Mark LeVine’s “When philosophers join the kill chain” discusses the negative side of drones. The audience is the scholars. His thesis is that the most vehement debates on the use of force by the US surround attacks by remotely-piloted drone aircraft. These sources are arguing about should people support of using drones or should people oppose of using drones.
“The morality of drone warfare revisited” begins by explaining that it is necessary to separate US government policy from the broader moral question of killing by aerial robots. “The policy question deserves vigorous debate by legal scholars, policy experts, and diplomats” (Strawser). The moral question posed by this new form of remote warfare is more abstract and has only recently begun to receive critical examination by philosophers and ethicists. Then Strawser talks about the drones can be a morally preferable weapon of war if they are capable of being more discriminate than other weapons that are less precise and...
Relatively cheap drones with advanced sensors and imaging capabilities are giving farmers new ways to increase yields and reduce crop damage.
Easy-to-use agricultural drones equipped with cameras, for less than $1,000.
Why It Matters
Close monitoring of crops could improve water use and pest management.
Ryan Kunde is a winemaker whose family’s picture-perfect vineyard nestles in the Sonoma Valley north of San Francisco. But Kunde is not your average farmer. He’s also a drone operator—and he’s not alone. He’s part of the vanguard of farmers who are using what was once military aviation technology to grow better grapes using pictures from the air, part of a broader trend of using sensors and robotics to bring big data to precision agriculture.
Top: A drone from PrecisionHawk is equipped with multiple sensors to image fields.
Bottom: This image depicts vegetation in near-infrared light to show chlorophyll levels.
What “drones” means to Kunde and the growing number of farmers like him is simply a low-cost aerial camera platform: either miniature fixed-wing airplanes or, more commonly, quadcopters and other multibladed small helicopters. These aircraft are equipped with an autopilot using GPS and a standard point-and-shoot camera controlled by the autopilot; software on the ground can stitch aerial shots into a...
... Executive Summary
1. Safety Concern about falling malfunctioned Drones from the sky
2. Safety Concern regarding physical threat to the pilot
3. GPS hacking of Drones
4. Privacy Issue such as spying video camera
5. Privacy Issue and Security Concerns by using hijacked or remotely hacked drones
6. Truck delivery also has safety issue such as slippery road due to inclement weather or unexpected car accident.
7. Drones will be helpful from Truck Driver’s safety concern.
8. Drones: Regulations should be placed to decrease public safety concerns
9. Drones: Insurance Costs
10. Drones: Theft More Risky
11. Abused Drone create more terrorists than they kill.
12. Abused Drone target individuals who may not be terrorists or enemy combatants.
13. Abused Drone kill large numbers of civilians and traumatize local populations
14. Another issue: Customer Satisfaction of Drones vs Human interaction involved delivery
15. Another issue: Negative PR regarding Drones replacing human
16. Added Legal Backgrounds and Current News regarding Drones
A recent study by the Chubb Group of Insurance Companies revealed a wide range of public fears when it comes to drones. Almost three-quarters of respondents expressed concerns that drones could damage their property, while 55% feared...
...Drones Attacks and its Effects
MR. Muhammad Safdar Ali
Student ID Number: 11011023
The assignment submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for obtaining the degree in
Master of Arts – International Relations
Professor: Michael Muqueen
Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool
What is a drone? The US department of defense states that, a drone, or unmanned aircraft, is an “aircraft or balloon that does not carry a human operator and is capable of flight under remote control or autonom ous programming.”1 It’s a fact that drones are introduced to the world in recent time, and there started a significant debate but its origin can be traced atleast to World war1.2 Although drones are mostly related to Asia after 2004 but throughout the twentieth century, however, they were used primarily for surveillance, most notably during the Gulf War and the conflict in the Balkans in the 1990s.3 After 9/11 drones started its role in the war on terror and the frist drone was flown in Afghanistan in ocotber 2001.4 Since then, the US has increased its arsenal of Predator drones from 167 in 2002 to more than 7,000 today.5
US Views About drones:
War on terror started to securitize people from terrorists and drones are the main equipment to securitize people. According to US...
Drone use within the United Stated of America has been a very controversial topic of the recent times; therefore, this article is being written to say why drone usage has become so controversial in our country, and all over the world.
Many people do not fully and completely understand what a drone is. A drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle fitted with multiple cameras and sensors for measuring and capturing different things and sets of data. In a warzone drones can be equipped with different attachments and weapons, such a automatic guns and missiles, to carry out remote attacks, on insurgents or enemies of our country, without putting human operators of the drones in any danger whatsoever.
Vehicles such as these can fly for very extended periods of time, hours or days even, with no human interaction, just collecting data, or intelligence. These highly-advanced machines have no limitations as to how far they can go, other than their very high battery capacity. They are tracked and controlled by GPS, or a global positioning system, signals which blanket the entire planet. The way these are tracked is very precise and accurate.
This upsets many American people because they feel as if they can have no privacy anywhere they go, even in their own backyards. I often find myself wondering if I’m being watched, as I wander about my backyard in my underwear, by an eye in the sky. We as...
...Drones for Homeland Security
WRTG 101/ 101S
July 20, 2014
Drone and Homeland Security
Increased security threats caused by heightened global terror activities, for instance, sectarian groups or Mexican drug empires, has prompted the development of decisive technologies, which will respond directly to the increased sophistication of these radical groups. A reliable technology is the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) commonly known as a drone. The drone not only investigates a terror environment but also conducts aerial strikes. The commencing research will analyze in detail the positive impacts of the drone to homeland security.
Following the increased number of casualties in World War II, proxy cold wars, and Gulf War, it became necessary to improvise military gear, which would limit the direct involvement of soldiers in a direct combat environment. Originally, a radical technology – the tank- proved decisive since soldiers could be taken to the heart of the war. However, as much as this technology proved applicable in reducing direct combat, human casualties was still on the rise. For this reason, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) invented an aircraft that would not require an on-board human pilot. The flight was to be controlled autonomously by an integrated onboard computer by use of remote control. The technology has...
...A Brief Overview of Drones
-----Based on the presentation given by Dr. John Hill and Dr. Ann Rogers
The history of drones started in 1917 when Peter Cooper and Elmer A. Sperry
invented the first gyroscopic stabilizer, which ensured airplanes to fly forward as well
keeping balance. The first drone named Sperry Aerial Torpedo was born in 1917
which equipped with the gyroscopic stabilizer, and it can fly 50 miles with 300
pounds of bombs. Nevertheless, this very first drone had never been put into use on
real battlefield. Before 1935, not a single drone could go back to where it was
lunched, which limit the drones to be used for a second time. DH.82B Queen Bee
which innovated in 1935, had totally changed the situation, the technology of drones
were more practical since then; because it could go back to its launching point. The
drone named Ryan Fire bee which appeared in 1955 was the first drone that propelled
by air injection technology. The series of drones named The Pioneer were the series
which could be produced at a low cost, they had been used in real battlefield and they
are largely used by navies; because they could float on the water and got collected
back on the water. After that the drones has been developing at an unprecedented
speed. By now, drones are...