Discuss the relative importance of economic, social, cultural and moral considerations underlying Canada’s migration policy.
Canada is the world’s second largest surface area, with a population of 33 million. It is a rich resource base for industry with fertile soil, plentiful power supplies, well developed modern industries and a highly urbanised population. About 70% of Canada’s workforce growth comes from immigration and currently one in five Canadian workers are foreign born. Canada’s establishment and economic growth are directly attributable to immigration, but the country has always operated a highly selective system with policies changing due to the economic, social, cultural and moral needs of the country at that time.
Between 1870 and 1918 was known as the ‘Open Door’ policy. The main need at this moment in time was economic and for infrastructure development, especially a rail network. In the west of Canada the main industry was agriculture and the East was mainly manufacturing. A rail network was then essential to link the two and create an integrated economy. This stage was called Open Door because there was no restriction on numbers into the country, but there was some cultural considerations underlying this policy as well. The migrants sought were almost exclusively from the USA, UK, NW Europe to reflect Canada’s customs and ideals. Therefore, the government could control racial composition of migrants.
From 1919-1929 immigration became more selective and the main focus underlying the migration policy was social. Prospective migrants had to pass a literacy test. Migrants were separated into those from ‘preferred’, such as from the U.K and were given financial assistance, and ‘non preferred’ countries. ‘Non-preferred’ countries included Russia. Immigrants from here were only admitted in times of need for the lowest-paid jobs, and there were still restrictions. This shows further cultural considerations in the policy. The non-preferred...
This report will discuss how immigration can assist the Canadian economy to fill labour gaps more efficiently and effectively. The future of Canada'seconomic growth lies with a productive immigration policy that will attract the foreign individuals needed to fill our skilled worker gaps.
For many years, the governing bodies of Canada have been aware that the labour force in Canada would diminish to a point where it could no longer effectively supply enough skilled workers to meet the countries needs due to a decreased birth rate and high levels of people leaving the workforce.
There have also been many discussions covering future labour shortages, including particular concern for the shortage of necessary trade's people required for the construction industry. Other concerns were that sixty percent (60%) of the operating Royal Canadian Mounted Police will be retiring before the year 2010 together with many individuals that, after completing post secondary education, are leaving Canada in search of jobs with better pay and benefits, giving credibility to the idea of the Canadian Brain Drain'.
This foresight led the government towards decisions that would help expand the labour force in Canada. An immigration policy was instigated that invited foreign people with various skills and trades together with foreign people who were interested in investing in Canada's...
Project: Economic migrants
The general meaning of “ Migration” is relocation or a move. An economicmigration is happening when a person travels a long distance and from one country into another in order to find an employment or a better living.
From the late 1950th onwards Germany had one of the world’s strongest economies. The newspapers called it an “economic miracle” when they wrote about theeconomic development in Germany after the World War II. Reasons for the massive economic growth were skilled labor as many people chose to emigrate from the former East German regions into West Germany. The monetary reform was another reason for the growth as well as the Korean War in 1950-53 as Germany had little production costs and was capable export war equipment to Korea which doubled the German export numbers.
In order to cover the demand of manpower Germany started to recruit workers from Mediterranean countries like Spain, Greece and Italy. Due to the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961 East German people could no longer enter to West Germany. In the beginning of the 1960th Turkey experienced unemployment, therefore the Turkish government started the initiative of asking Germany to also recruit people from Turkey as guest workers. On the 30th of Oct 1961 Turkey and Germany signed a convention that Germany will hire labour from Turkey.
Advantages for the...
...what extent is economicmigration a threat or a benefit to developed countries?
Migration is the movement of people from one place to another. Migration can be international (movement between different countries) or internal (movement within a country, often from rural to urban areas). In this article we consider the impacts of migration on the individual, the place left behind by the migrant and the place hosting the migrant. We also consider the push and pull factors of migration. More people are migrating today than at any other point in human history. Migrants travel in many different ways and for many different reasons. People move in order to improve their standard of living, to give their children better opportunities, or to escape from poverty, conflict and famine. Today, with modern transportation and communications, more people are motivated and able to move.
People migrate for many different reasons. These reasons can be economic, social, political or environmental. Socialmigration involves moving somewhere for a better quality of life or to be closer to family and friends. Political migration involves moving to escape political, religious or ethnic persecution, or conflict. Environmental migration – causes of this type of migration include natural disasters such as flooding or...
...successful were the economic, social and political policies of the Tsar’s government from 1894-1914?
In 1894, Nicholas II ascended to the throne following the death of his father, Alexander III. Woefully unprepared for such a role, Nicholas II has been characterized as a naive and incompetent leader. At a time of enormous social and political change in Russia, Nicholas held fast to the outdated, autocratic policies and opposed reform of any kind. His inept handling of the military matters and insensitivity to the needs of his people helped to fuel the 1914 Russian Revolution.
It can be argued that the most successful economicpolicies were of those, set by Sergei Witte; however, these policies had successes and failures. Sergei Witte, a finance minister from 1892 to 1903, was the architect of Russian industrialisation. Witte believed that, because Russia was so far behind other countries, the state had to play a large role in stimulating industrial growth. He launched Russia into an age of Russia into an age of heavy industry, using the railways as a starting point. Some successes of Witte’s policies were that Russia was modernising from a position that was further behind the economies of other countries. The economic modernisation allowed Russia to equip their armed forces with more sophisticated weaponry and compete as a World...
...Social Cost of Migration on families/children
It is not only now that migration of parents have been prevalent, it has been a long debated topic among foundations that focus on the welfare of the family and of the children. Due to the Philippines’ long history of low unemployment rate, many a family has resorted to migration, that is, looking for jobs abroad so as to support their family in their country of origin. The process ofmigration, no matter how beneficial to the family income-wise has effects on the family being left at home. Although migration has a couple of positive effects, its negative effects have greater weight as opposed to its positive counterpart.
So far there had been one common purpose for parental migration in foreign countries, that is, to support their families at home. In the last decade, remittances have been the second largest source of income for most families in developing countries. Remittances, not just help support families of migrants but it also contributes to the aggregate strength of the country’s peso value against other currencies. Therefore, migrants do not only help their own families but in the process they become modern heroes of the country. It also “…relaxes the household budget, enables households in developing countries to increase expenditures on health, to invest in the human capital of children reducing labour...
... ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ISSUES
Economics is the social science that studies the behavior of individuals, groups, and organizations (called economic actors, players, or agents), when they manage or use scarce resources, which have alternative uses, to achieve desired ends.
SOCIAL ISSUES (also called a social problem or a social situation) is an issue that relates to society's perception of a person's personal life.
A.EDUCATION is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research.
There is a breakdown in our educational system that places education under the umbrella of a social problem.
1. Critical Conflict Theory - Social Problems ranging from inequalities.
Educational inequality is the disparity that certain students experience in their education as compared to other students.
CAUSES ATTRIBUTED TO THE EXISTENCE OF EDUCATION INEQUALITY:
A. HISTORY – The historical relationship between racial/ethnic minorities plays a role in the current educational inequality.
B. FAMILT BACKGROUND – Another crucial factor in determining educational inequality is the family background of students. There is a proven correlation between the academic success of parents with the...
...To what extend was Fidel Castros maintaining in power a result of his economicpolicies?
Fidel Castro was one of the longest ruling leaders in South America. This essay discusses the question if his maintaining in power was caused by his economicpolicies, namely his agriculture reforms, his reforms towards the ideals of the revolution and communism, the year of the ten million and the fight against the influence of foreigners, or by his social reforms, the influence of the foreign powers of the USSR and USA, the lack of an organized opposition, his personality and war-hero image and the state propaganda.
The main targets of the agricultural reforms are the creation of cooperatives, an increase in the efficiency, the restriction of “rich farmers” that means people who own too much land, a shift away from a monoculture and cheap food supply for the people. To reach these targets the state expropriated landowners with too much land and organized these areas in cooperatives, which were motivated to grow other crops. Everything had to be sold to the government at very low prices. This took motivation from farmers to produce more than they need and lead because of that and the fact that most of the cooperatives were bad organized and not as efficient as expected, to a decrease in productivity. The tries to shift away to a monoculture failed as well, they had to go back to sugar production in 1964. The...