Human rights are freedoms established by custom or international agreement that impose standards of conduct on all nations. Human rights are distinct from civil liberties, which are freedoms established by the law of a particular state and applied by that state in its own jurisdiction. Human rights are moral principles that set out certain standards of human behavior, and are regularly protected as legal rights in national and international law. They are "commonly understood as inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being." Human rights are thus conceived as universal (applicable everywhere) and egalitarian (the same for everyone). The doctrine of human rights has been highly influential within international law, global and regional institutions. Policies of states and in the activities of non-governmental organizations and have become a cornerstone of public policy around the world. The idea of human rights suggests, "If the public discourse of peacetime global society can be said to have a common moral language, it is that of human rights." The strong claims made by the doctrine of human rights continue to provoke considerable skepticism and debates about the content, nature and justifications of human rights to this day. Indeed, the question of what is meant by a "right" is itself controversial and the subject of continued philosophical debate. History of Human Rights:
The Cyrus Cylinder (539 B.C.)
In 539 B.C., the armies of Cyrus the Great, the first king of ancient Persia, conquered the city of Babylon. But it was his next actions that marked a major advance for Man. He freed the slaves, declared that all people had the right to choose their own religion, and established racial equality. These and other decrees were recorded on a baked-clay cylinder in the Akkadian language with cuneiform script. Known today as the Cyrus Cylinder, this ancient record has now been recognized as the world’s first charter of human rights. It is translated into all six official languages of the United Nations and its provisions parallel the first four Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Spread of Human Rights
From Babylon, the idea of human rights spread quickly to India, Greece and eventually Rome. There the concept of “natural law” arose, in observation of the fact that people tended to follow certain unwritten laws in the course of life, and Roman law was based on rational ideas derived from the nature of things. Documents asserting individual rights, such as the Magna Carta (1215), the Petition of Right (1628), the US Constitution (1787), the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789), and the US Bill of Rights (1791) are the written precursors to many of today’s human rights documents. The Magna Carta (1215) The Magna Carta, or “Great Charter,” was arguably the most significant early influence on the extensive historical process that led to the rule of constitutional law today in the English-speaking world.
In 1215, after King John of England violated a number of ancient laws and customs by which England had been governed, his subjects forced him to sign the Magna Carta, which enumerates what later came to be thought of as human rights. Among them was the right of the church to be free from governmental interference, the rights of all free citizens to own and inherit property and to be protected from excessive taxes. It established the right of widows who owned property to choose not to remarry, and established principles of due process and equality before the law. It also contained provisions forbidding bribery and official misconduct. Widely viewed as one of the most important legal documents in the development of modern democracy, the Magna Carta was a crucial turning point in the struggle to establish freedom. Petition of Right (1628)
The next recorded milestone in the development of human...
The Cyrus Cylinder (539 B.C.)
The decrees Cyrus made on humanrights were inscribed in the Akkadian language on a baked-clay cylinder.
Cyrus the Great, the first king of Persia, freed the slaves of Babylon, 539 B.C.
In 539 B.C., the armies of Cyrus the Great, the first king of ancient Persia, conquered the city of Babylon. But it was his next actions that marked a major advance for Man. He freed the slaves, declared that all people had the right to choose their own religion, and established racial equality. These and other decrees were recorded on a baked-clay cylinder in the Akkadian language with cuneiform script.
Known today as the Cyrus Cylinder, this ancient record has now been recognized as the world’s first charter of humanrights. It is translated into all six official languages of the United Nations and its provisions parallel the first four Articles of the Universal Declaration of HumanRights.
The Spread of HumanRights
From Babylon, the idea of humanrights spread quickly to India, Greece and eventually Rome. There the concept of “natural law” arose, in observation of the fact that people tended to follow certain unwritten laws in the course of life, and Roman law was based on rational ideas derived from the nature of things.
Documents asserting individual...
...The History of HumanRights November 30th, 2012
The belief of basic and inalienable rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled
to by virtue of his or her humanity lie within early traditions and documents of many cultures
dating as far back as 539 BCE. The documents of these cultures include the Cyrus Cylinder, the
Hindu Vedas, the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi, the Bible, the Quran and the Aztec Codes.
Documents such the Magna Carta (1215), the English Bill of Rights (1689), the French
Declaration on the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789), and the US Constitution and Bill of
Rights (1791), each of which include certain individual rights, are basis to many of today’s
humanrights documents and laws. It was a long fight towards the rights we carry today, people
throughout the world have drawn from the principles these documents express to support
revolutions that assert the right to self-determination.
When humans first began settle and develop organized city states, there were no
...Youth for HumanRights
What is youth for humanrights?
The purpose of YHRI is to teach youth about humanrights, specifically the United Nations Universal Declaration of HumanRights, and inspire them to become advocates for tolerance and peace.
What are humanrights?
Every person is entitled to certain fundamental rights, simply by the fact of being human. They are “rights” because they are things you are allowed to be, to do or to have. These rights are there for your protection against people who might want to harm or hurt you. They are also there to help us get along with each other and live in peace.
A Brief History of HumanRights
The Cyrus Cylinder:
In 539 B.C., the armies of Cyrus the Great, the first king of ancient Persia, conquered the city of Babylon. But it was his next actions that marked a major advance for Man. He freed the slaves, declared that all people had the right to choose their own religion, and established racial equality.
The Spread of HumanRights:
From Babylon, the idea of humanrights spread quickly to India, Greece and eventually Rome. There the concept of “natural law” arose, in observation of the fact...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrights universal and innate or is the Universal Declaration of Human...
HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT
Organizational Managers give their employee knowledge, skills and mould their attitude to the benefit of an organization and also to progress individual act. Human Resources Development (HRD) means to develop their employee and give opportunity to be trained in their work field. Within the structure of organization to development their employee such as training, coaching, mentoring and performance develop. HRD are into two main parts that is TRAINING and DEVELOPMENT and it goes together because we can’t be develop ourselves without training as training is tool to develop.
Managers are taking organization to forward level, are strategic thinking and planning and decision-making & problem solving. Training can cover or increase individual knowledge and techniques of work but to practice a same skill which is trained and to improve its process is development. The disadvantage of training is when training is not relevant to employee or employed at wrong jobs or individual variables. The advantage of employee development are training should be given when require, training for career planning, job rotation or appraisal.
Why are organizations invested in employee and management development?
1. Ensure the firm meets current and future performance objectives
2. Continuous improvements of the...
...HUMANDEVELOPMENT, FAMILY AND SOCIETY
Author: S.Aswathi – I MBA SSM School of Management, Komarapalayam.
Co-Author: A.Pravinth – I MBA SSM School of Management, Komarapalayam.
This paper gives an overview of Humandevelopment, family and society from three angles via., biology, psychology and humanity. In biological terms, this entails growth from a one-celled zygote to an adult human being. Whereas in terms of psychology, it refers to the gradual accumulation of knowledge and is the scientific study of changes that occur in life of human beings. In terms of humanity, it involves studies of the human condition with its core being the capability approach, which therefore needs both the resources and ability to use them. There are six basic pillars of humandevelopment: equity, sustainability, productivity, empowerment, cooperation and security. Humandevelopment can be measured by HumanDevelopment Index (HDI). India, one among the “Medium Human Developing” countries, rank 136 in the report of 2012 HDI ranking. The HumanDevelopment Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, standards of living, and quality of life for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child...
...Humanrights in today’s world have become pivotal to the functioning of our society as a whole, largely due to the increased occurrences which in turn have led to greater awareness and repudiation of the same in the world community. In present times the humanrights field encompasses a broad range of civil, political, economic and social rights which shows its all pervasive nature, and the accountability for the violation of these rights by state and non-state actors alike. The scope of humanrights in today’s day and age has thus widened considerably as gradually the individual becomes an end in himself and is recognized as being of primordial concern.
Humanrights law is a subset in the field of humanrights. Humanrights are what define a society; hence the humanrights law takes primacy over all the laws. There is nothing more important than the development of humanrights in an evolving society
Humanrights and criminal law are closely inter - related. My personal interest lies towards humanrights as under the criminal law. Today we see all kinds of crimes being committed- state or non-state, say torture of prisoners, child labour, or most...
...analyzed the relationship between leadership style and psychological contract, Theory Y is more likely fulfill the psychological contract of commitment.
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Business Case Studies, (2013) ‘Developing appropriate leadership style; A Tesco case study’, The Times 100
Business Case Studies, (2013) ‘Motivation within an innovative work environment; An ARN case study, The Times 100
Business Case Studies, (2013) ‘Meeting business needs through training and development; ASAD case study, The Times 100
Crossman, A. (2004). ‘Critical incidents and the dynamics of the psychological contract’, The Anahuac Journal,, p 55-66
Eau.C, (2001), ‘Psychological Contracts in the 21st Century: What Employees Value Most and How Well Organizations Are Responding to These Expectations’, Human Resource Planning, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p10-21
Flynn.S, ( 2011) ‘ Can you directly motivate employees’, Developing and learning in organizations Vol.25. No.1 p11-15
Herzberg, F. (1968) “One More Time: How Do You Motivate Employees?”,...