6 July 2012
The Defense of Liberty
The most heinous of crimes are those committed by those who are your loved ones. The practice of killing a family member for the honor of the family (Honor Killing) is repulsive. Muslims commit 91% of all Honor Killings. One tenant of the basic human rights is that all persons have the right to live. The existence of a belief system that allows one person to have control of life and death over anyone else’s needs to be amended or eliminated. While stationed in the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt, I witnessed my first act of inhumaneness. There is a stop light in front of a crosswalk, the light turns red and a woman starts to cross the road. Then the light turns green, all the cars take off, and one driver runs over the woman with his car, only stopping because she is wedged underneath it. While waiting for the police to show up, the Egyptian man stated that, it was Allah’s will that she died. As a American taught that a person is responsible for their actions, I did not understand moving the blame to God. I stated that she died because you chose to run her over. His response was he was not responsible; she died because it was Allah’s will. I tried to argue with him, but he was not going to take responsibility for this. To my surprise, the police’s official response was also that it was Allah’s will. This has made me wonder about the world of Islam ever since. The lack of respect for life in Islam leads to killing for God as an acceptable practice. The Qur’an and Hadith (book of accounts written by those who were witness to the Prophet) do not forbid Honor Killing. The methods of conviction and punishment are in the Hadith for violations against their religious law. The punishments for adultery and fornication with a non-Muslim carry the death penalty for women and lashes from a whip for men. Not civil but religious authorities carry out the punishments to restore the families’ honor. Honor Killing is condoned or at least tolerated in every Islamic nation in the world. The punishments for Honor Killing range from no punishment to two years in confinement. It is not viewed as a crime to make those under your charge submit to your authority by any means necessary. To understand the practice of Honor Killing we have to look at the source of the practice. I have found Honor Killing is an ancient practice from the earliest times, well before the creation of Islam. The practice is as much a cultural practice as a religious one. The practice made the transition from personal honor to religious honor and the authority is now in the Qur’an. The punishments under Islamic or Shari ’a law are carried out in a much different fashion that the western idea of courts and punishments. There are no courts, as we perceive them; the accused appear in front of the religious leaders. All of the crimes are crimes against the Shari ’a law, the state law is not involved until someone’s death. Most Islamic states are just a national version of the local Shari ’a law or vice versa. Then most all of the perpetrators are set free or receive very short sentences. To understand this practice we have to find the source of the practice. The Islamic Prophet Mohammad lived from 570 CE until 632 CE. The angel Gabriel appeared to Mohammad in a cave outside Mecca, Saudi Arabia and recited the Qur’an from the years of 610 CE until 632CE. The Qur’an contains 114 chapters called suras and they are arranged by length not in chronological order. Islam also uses something called Abrogation, which nullifies previous verses. Abrogation is the term used when the new messages from Allah changed a verse that was previously given. This can lead to confusion and used as a way to deceive non-Muslims. The Qur’an teachings about women are at best Patriarchal and much worse, consider women as chattel. They have almost no rights under the Shari ’a Law...
We must recognize that liberty is not free. It must be both earned and guarded; therefore, liberty requires public moralities or virtues. The greatest and probably most generally unrecognized threat today, results from the gradual erosion of the virtues of our fore-fathers.
What does liberty mean? “Liberty!” originated from the French word “Liberte” and has one core meaning which is being free with a power to move forward or to choose a response, and to be in control of that response which denotes the “Sovereignty of the mind.” Liberty is what we have every day; it is the choices we make in our everyday life. I could decide to wear a jersey as an audience into a courtroom as a result of being free, simply because I chose to. Liberty according to a popular belief is the freedom from slavery and captivity. On the other hand, liberty has different meanings to others based on individual experience.
Political liberty and civil liberty are types of liberty. Political liberty refers to one’s freedom to exercise his or her rights that are guaranteed to a citizen under the law of the country. “Democracy” (The government of the people, by the people, and for the people) for example, provides a citizen with political rights which include the right to vote for the candidate of their...
The definition of liberty to me is still best expressed by Thomas Jefferson, who once gave us the following definition: “Rightful liberty is unobstructed action according to our will within the limits drawn around us by the equal rights of others. I do not add ‘within the limits of the law’ because law is often but the tyrant’s will, and always so when it violates the rights of the individual.” This definition of liberty was and still is the foundation for us to follow. I would like to expand on what liberty meant to our Founding Fathers. Depending on what historian you would like to refer to, I would like to settle on what I consider the core group of Founding Fathers: John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and George Washington. (Bernstein)
Leading up to the Revolutionary War, one has to look back to the conflict between France and England, know in Europe as the Seven Years’ War. Those countries were fighting for dominance in world trade and naval power. By spilling over to North America, it became a conflict bringing into the battle the Iroquois, later known as the French and Indian war in North America. For the first two years of the war, the colonists had been left to their own affairs and to fight on their own, with little or no success. The war effort in North America was now brought under total British control. The British forcibly...
...Market Leader Strategy
A market leader should generally adopt a defense strategy.
Six commonly used defense strategies.
* Position Defense
* Mobile Defense
* Flanking Defense
* Contraction Defense
Bharti Airtel limited is a leading global telecommunication company .
The company offers mobile voice & data services, fixed line, high speed broad band, IPTV, DTH and national & international long distance services to carriers.
It operates a GSM network in all countries.
Airtel is the fifth largest telecom operator in the world with over 200 million subscribers as of October 2010. It is the largest cellular service provider in India, with over
143 million subscribers
as of September 30, 2010. It has a
29.00% market share
of the GSM mobile service in India
This involves the defense of a fortified position.
This tends to be a weak defense because you become a sitting duck.
It can lead to a siege situation in which time is on the side of the attacker, that is, as time goes by the defender gets weaker, while the attacker gets stronger.
Position defense Example:
Airtel Enjoying tariff plans as they wish before Tata Docomo came with per paisa billing (06thAugust, 2009) now Airtel also...
... CHARACTRISTICS OF SUCCESSFUL ONLINE LEARNERS
Characteristics of Successful Online Learners
Liberty University Online INFT 101
There are many characteristics for online learners. My characteristics are scared, overwhelmed, and excited all in the same breath. However there are three main characteristics found in every person, entry characteristics, participation behaviors, and course outcomes. Such characteristics can be broken down into age, race, gender, and employment status. Although these are the main characteristics found in this article, I think there are much more to the characteristics to online learners then meet the eye. (British Journal of Education Vol 44 No 5 2013)
In the article Exploring the link among entry characteristics, participation behaviors, and course outcomes of online learners by Erman Yukselturk and Ercan Top, talks about how the entry characteristics of early online learners were older, male, employed students, (THOMPSON 1998) but as online learning progressed all ages, sexes and employment status used online learning as the way they furthered education. (Dabbagh 2007) Participation behaviors of online learners were described in the article as people who possessed more knowledge of online communication tools like blogs and interactive tools had increased knowledge of how online learning worked. The articled also stated that learners that had knowledge of...
Give me Liberty or Give me Death Response Paper
Times New Roman
In 1775, when Henry stood in front of his colonies at St John's Church in Richmond, Virginia, he
addressed how the Coercive act of 1774 will affect their government. When Virginia was the
largest of the American colonies, and prided itself on having the longest-serving legislature, the
House of Burgesses. Patrick Henry also spoke extemporaneously, and the text was compiled by
his biographer, William Wirt, from recollections of those who heard his energetic defense of
liberty. When Henry was addressing the colonies, he used certain imagery of slavery to illustrate
his point to his audience. “While speaking of British troops, he proclaims that they are sent over
to bind and rivet upon us those chains which the British ministry has been so long forging.
(Patrick Henry Speech- Liberty Or Death Essay." Insert Name of Site in Italics. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2012)
Britain is enslaving the U.S. At the conclusion of his speech, he also adds the question Is life so
dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery.” (The American
Experience, p.128) “One of the principles upon which America prided itself was its potential for
freedom so by referring to their position as a country as one of enslavement Henry makes his
PO ABE ESCIO, ET AL.,
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
I, ABE BARRERA ESCIO, Filipino, of legal age, a resident of NO. 351 Mayon Street, San Isidro Labrador, Quezon City, after having been sworn to in accordance with law, hereby depose and state: THAT –
1. I am the respondent in the above-entitled case and I am filing the instant Counter-Affidavit in compliance with the Order of this Honorable Office dated September 27, 2010 directing me to submit my Counter-Affidavit and the Affidavit of my witnesses, if any and such other controverting evidence in defense of the charge of complainant Nelson Abrenica Calleja (“complainant”), a Barangay Public Safety Officer (BPSO) of Barangay Lourders, Quezon City, against me for Less Serious Physical Injuries.
2. I am a Senior Police Officer III (Salary Grade 18). Attached hereto as Annex “1” is a photocopy of my Form No. 33 issued by the Philippine National Police (PNP) – Police Security and Protection Group and submitted with the Civil Service Commission (CSC) anent to my appointment as such.
3. In a nutshell, complainant alleged that I assaulted and beat complainant thus inflicting injuries on him while he and his fellow BPSO, Arnold Gajelloma Quibete were allegedly manning the traffic at Simoun corner Perez Streets,...
Liberty Paper Draft
Liberty Paper Draft
In Julia Alvarez’s story, she used a certain theme to talk about her past life. In this case the main theme was Liberty. Discussing about liberty is severely difficult because of the way each person interprets it. Is each person determined to obtain it? Liberty brings up many questions. But Alvarez’s story had one message that generally explained the meaning of liberty. Liberty and the pursuit of happiness end up being the most important element of life despite any injustice.
Liberty may exist without misery, or hardship, but only with an opportunity. In the story, Papi says, “All liberty requires a sacrifice.” This may not always be the case. When obtaining freedom from unfortunate events, you’d think it would involve sacrifice. But, the whole point of liberty is that you can do whatever makes you happy without any feelings of disgrace. Once freedom from hardship is obtained, liberty can always be found in that fortunate chance for happiness. Pursuing happiness is human nature. As Papi said again when naming the dog, “We will call him Liberty. Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”, the U.S constitutions says the exact same thing as what I believe in. Everyone strives for...
...Protecting Civil Liberties
September 11, 2001 was one of the most devastating disasters that our nation had encounter. The fact that we had been targeted on our own land and the fact the terrorist were being trained being here in the United States put fear and a sense of insecurity in our nation. The terrorist attacks upon our nation prompt the Bush administration to make homeland security its top priority. The focus was to make an effort to prevent future terrorist attacks and to secure our country but at what cost? The outcome of the 2001 attacks was the creation of the USA Patriot Act which stands for “Unity and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to intercept and Obstruct Terrorism” (Cited in Monk,2003,p.259). The bill was passed by lawmakers and was enacted on October 26, 2001. According to Monk “many Americans believe that the bill has gone too far and is a threat to our civil liberties” (Cited in Monk, 2003, p.127). After the attacks we as Americans had to make a choice to secure our country at a time when we were most vulnerable as a nation. Could it be that the government overreacted when they passed the Patriot act? Were we reacting too quickly to our tragedy? Yes and no. I believe that lawmakers did not for see any flaws in the Patriot Act when it was created and the impact it would have on our rights.
Our country is governed by laws found in the U.S. Constitution. These laws contain the...